Dillip Pattanaik Irma India Tribal Communities


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Dillip Pattanaik Irma India Tribal Communities

  1. 1. Knowledge-Livelihood-Prosperity: Community Information Centre – Empowering the isolated tribal communities through ICT Workshop on E-Inclusion and Media for Indigenous Peoples At the e-Bario Knowledge Fair, Bario, Malaysia 6-8 December 2007 Dillip Pattanaik IRMA-India
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Vision and Mission of IRMA-India: Established in 2003 at Bhubaneswar, State capital city of Orissa (Eastern India). </li></ul><ul><li>- Connecting the unconnected communities through ICT in the rural India. </li></ul><ul><li>- Development, promotion, and dissemination of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for empowering rural and isolated tribal communities and </li></ul><ul><li>strengthening their livelihood system. </li></ul><ul><li>Project for Tribal Communities: </li></ul><ul><li>- Two Community Information Centres forming part of the ‘Common Facility Centres’ providing other multiple services like fair price shop, marketing centre for local produce, IMT service centre and agro-service centre. </li></ul><ul><li>- Project area : Daspalla Block under Nayagarh district of Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>- Area coverage: Chadeyapalli Gram Panchayat of Daspalla Block covering a cluster of 35 tribal villages with population of 5177. Percentage of illiterates is 71.22 and 95 percent families are below poverty line (less than 1 $ per day). </li></ul><ul><li>- Project phases : (1) 2005-06: CICs established with library, reading room, books and reading materials, audio-video equipments and portable power generator sets. (2) 2007-08: CICs strengthened with computer hardwares including laptops, printers, scanners and other accessories. </li></ul><ul><li>- Project support: Practical Action, Intel Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>- Local partnership: Two local NGOs like IIEC & PRATHA and CBO like Chadeyapalli Anchalik Vikash Sanghathan </li></ul><ul><li>- Project Activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Running of Community Information Centres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness and mobilization of the community for getting their entitlements, rights, opportunities and services through ICT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training to local youths and women folks for open and operation of information shops. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducting workshops locally on exploring different modes of expressions such as their drawings, sketches, songs, stories, poetry, dances and even role plays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussions with the community regarding the importance of expression and communication with the outside world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing technology camps in isolated villages for eye opening of these poor communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We are trying to achieve the full participation of these isolated poor tribal communities into the development mainstream narrowing exclusion. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A view of the villages we are working with
  4. 4. Project Achievement <ul><li>Project deliverables </li></ul><ul><li>- Ready availability of information, procedure, system and guidelines about </li></ul><ul><li>pro-poor government schemes, plans, policies, programmes and services </li></ul><ul><li>- The communities have easy access to information on health care, education, </li></ul><ul><li>water and sanitation, animal husbandry, agricultural practices and inputs etc. </li></ul><ul><li>- Easy access to timely information on markets, examination results, employment opportunities, weather, and disaster related early warnings. </li></ul><ul><li>- The communities are well aware of their rights, entitlements to public </li></ul><ul><li>services, facilities, Acts, rules and regulations. </li></ul><ul><li>Project outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>- Increased demanding power, capacity, articulation, capacity to make lobby and advocacy, fruitful implementation of pro-poor programmes at grassroot level, resulting in reducing poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>- Increased application of right to information under ‘Right to Information Act’ and mobilization of rights, entitlements and opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>- The social well being of the community strengthened further with accessibility to information on health and other basic facilities </li></ul><ul><li>- Increased economic status with increased productivity, local entrepreneurship, better market access, value addition to the products. It will fuel the creation of additional local business and community enterprises </li></ul>
  5. 5. Snap on activities
  6. 6. <ul><li>Issues & Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communities far away from development mainstream </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of information on development priorities like health, education, agriculture etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No access to basic infrastructure like power and telecommunication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor or no access to other social and economic infrastructures, pro-poor programmes of Government and other development agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategy adopted to overcome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of 2 CICs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community mobilization through better access to information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing of services including various contents in local language on agriculture, health, education etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater involvement of women folk and youth mass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity building through training, group discussions, awareness, interaction with government officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction through e-discussions on various issues, problems faced by these communities and facilitating solution measures by sector experts, resource persons and institutions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthening capacity of these communities </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Lessons Learnt <ul><li>Development approaches need to touch the inaccessible and remote tribal pockets on priority </li></ul><ul><li>All development interventions need to be community centred and local communities need to be actively involved in planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, which could ensure sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Before any development interventions among the tribal communities, sincere efforts are necessary for gaining their confidence as they feel that all outsiders are exploiters </li></ul><ul><li>Basic infrastructure like power, telecommunication and roads should be made available to remote tribal areas for fostering the development process. Convergence approach of different interveners is also essential. </li></ul><ul><li>The approach for development of tribals is to be holistic covering their social, cultural, economic, environmental and human needs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conclusion Note <ul><li>Mainstreaming of ICT in development interventions by government as well as other development agencies for indigenous communities, wherever possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Provision and incorporation of modern/new technologies for further strengthening the community information centers / kiosks functioning currently. </li></ul><ul><li>Replication and scaling up of the model and experience in other indigenous community </li></ul><ul><li>Computer companies being a stakeholder, should think of investing some portion of their profit in partnership mode. </li></ul><ul><li>All these combinely can serve as boosting factors significantly for wider results. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Lets work together for these isolated poor ……. Thank You