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Dillip Pattanaik   Irma India Tribal Communities
 

Dillip Pattanaik Irma India Tribal Communities

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    Dillip Pattanaik   Irma India Tribal Communities Dillip Pattanaik Irma India Tribal Communities Presentation Transcript

    • Knowledge-Livelihood-Prosperity: Community Information Centre – Empowering the isolated tribal communities through ICT Workshop on E-Inclusion and Media for Indigenous Peoples At the e-Bario Knowledge Fair, Bario, Malaysia 6-8 December 2007 Dillip Pattanaik IRMA-India
    • Introduction
      • Vision and Mission of IRMA-India: Established in 2003 at Bhubaneswar, State capital city of Orissa (Eastern India).
      • - Connecting the unconnected communities through ICT in the rural India.
      • - Development, promotion, and dissemination of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for empowering rural and isolated tribal communities and
      • strengthening their livelihood system.
      • Project for Tribal Communities:
      • - Two Community Information Centres forming part of the ‘Common Facility Centres’ providing other multiple services like fair price shop, marketing centre for local produce, IMT service centre and agro-service centre.
      • - Project area : Daspalla Block under Nayagarh district of Orissa
      • - Area coverage: Chadeyapalli Gram Panchayat of Daspalla Block covering a cluster of 35 tribal villages with population of 5177. Percentage of illiterates is 71.22 and 95 percent families are below poverty line (less than 1 $ per day).
      • - Project phases : (1) 2005-06: CICs established with library, reading room, books and reading materials, audio-video equipments and portable power generator sets. (2) 2007-08: CICs strengthened with computer hardwares including laptops, printers, scanners and other accessories.
      • - Project support: Practical Action, Intel Corporation
      • - Local partnership: Two local NGOs like IIEC & PRATHA and CBO like Chadeyapalli Anchalik Vikash Sanghathan
      • - Project Activities:
        • Running of Community Information Centres
        • Awareness and mobilization of the community for getting their entitlements, rights, opportunities and services through ICT
        • Training to local youths and women folks for open and operation of information shops.
        • Conducting workshops locally on exploring different modes of expressions such as their drawings, sketches, songs, stories, poetry, dances and even role plays
        • Discussions with the community regarding the importance of expression and communication with the outside world
        • Organizing technology camps in isolated villages for eye opening of these poor communities
      • We are trying to achieve the full participation of these isolated poor tribal communities into the development mainstream narrowing exclusion.
    • A view of the villages we are working with
    • Project Achievement
      • Project deliverables
      • - Ready availability of information, procedure, system and guidelines about
      • pro-poor government schemes, plans, policies, programmes and services
      • - The communities have easy access to information on health care, education,
      • water and sanitation, animal husbandry, agricultural practices and inputs etc.
      • - Easy access to timely information on markets, examination results, employment opportunities, weather, and disaster related early warnings.
      • - The communities are well aware of their rights, entitlements to public
      • services, facilities, Acts, rules and regulations.
      • Project outcomes
      • - Increased demanding power, capacity, articulation, capacity to make lobby and advocacy, fruitful implementation of pro-poor programmes at grassroot level, resulting in reducing poverty.
      • - Increased application of right to information under ‘Right to Information Act’ and mobilization of rights, entitlements and opportunities.
      • - The social well being of the community strengthened further with accessibility to information on health and other basic facilities
      • - Increased economic status with increased productivity, local entrepreneurship, better market access, value addition to the products. It will fuel the creation of additional local business and community enterprises
    • Snap on activities
      • Issues & Challenges
        • Communities far away from development mainstream
        • Lack of information on development priorities like health, education, agriculture etc.
        • No access to basic infrastructure like power and telecommunication
        • Poor or no access to other social and economic infrastructures, pro-poor programmes of Government and other development agencies
      • Strategy adopted to overcome
        • Establishment of 2 CICs
        • Community mobilization through better access to information
        • Providing of services including various contents in local language on agriculture, health, education etc.
        • Greater involvement of women folk and youth mass
        • Capacity building through training, group discussions, awareness, interaction with government officials
        • Interaction through e-discussions on various issues, problems faced by these communities and facilitating solution measures by sector experts, resource persons and institutions.
        • Strengthening capacity of these communities
    • Lessons Learnt
      • Development approaches need to touch the inaccessible and remote tribal pockets on priority
      • All development interventions need to be community centred and local communities need to be actively involved in planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, which could ensure sustainability
      • Before any development interventions among the tribal communities, sincere efforts are necessary for gaining their confidence as they feel that all outsiders are exploiters
      • Basic infrastructure like power, telecommunication and roads should be made available to remote tribal areas for fostering the development process. Convergence approach of different interveners is also essential.
      • The approach for development of tribals is to be holistic covering their social, cultural, economic, environmental and human needs.
    • Conclusion Note
      • Mainstreaming of ICT in development interventions by government as well as other development agencies for indigenous communities, wherever possible.
      • Provision and incorporation of modern/new technologies for further strengthening the community information centers / kiosks functioning currently.
      • Replication and scaling up of the model and experience in other indigenous community
      • Computer companies being a stakeholder, should think of investing some portion of their profit in partnership mode.
      • All these combinely can serve as boosting factors significantly for wider results.
    • Lets work together for these isolated poor ……. Thank You