www.healthywomen.org Women's Health


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  • Heart disease and diabetes as you get older 3. Pelvic exam, mammogram, and cholesterol tests 4. This document should include your personal medical history, illnesses of relatives and the age of which family members were diagnosed.
  • If you are at high risk or have a family of history of medical conditions, you’ll need additional screenings and checkups beyond basic recommendations listed. 1. Every 1 to 3 years
  • Your primary health care professional can make the appropriate referrals and help build your medical team.
  • 2. Half an hour of brisk walking, swimming, cycling or dancing at least three times a week will help maintain joint flexibility and muscle strength.
  • www.healthywomen.org Women's Health

    1. 1. Women’s Health 40’s
    2. 2. Making the most of the “Menopause Transition” <ul><li>The average age of menopause for women in the US is 51, and most women start menopause between age 45 & 55. </li></ul><ul><li>This life stage is defined by physical, emotional, and psychological changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Changes to the body can occur a whole decade before menopause. As estrogen levels decrease you may notice these changes: </li></ul><ul><li>Slowing of metabolism, hot flashes, irritability, depression, shifting of weight, and problems sleeping. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Menopause Transition <ul><li>Talk with your health care professional to put together a plan that takes into account your age, health status, daily schedule and goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise and weight training will improve your health and strengthen bones </li></ul><ul><li>Your health care professional can advise you if you need additional supplements for your calcium needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables and cut down on &quot;junk foods&quot; to help keep you healthy and fit. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit alcohol to one drink per day </li></ul>
    4. 4. What’s normal and what’s not <ul><li>Increased risk for certain diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Other changes </li></ul><ul><li>Skin color or pigmentation “age spots”, “liver spots”, facial wrinkles, and changes in vision and smell </li></ul><ul><li>Get regular medical check ups and basic screening tests. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your family medical history up to date </li></ul><ul><li>Ask your health care professional about any emotional changes you may be experiencing. Some are typical to this life stage, while others may need treatment. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Necessary Preventative Health Screenings <ul><li>Pap Test for cervical cancer (1 to 3 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually transmitted infections </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical breast exam (yearly) </li></ul><ul><li>Mammography (yearly) </li></ul><ul><li>Blood pressure for hypertension (1-2 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Cholesterol (5 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes blood glucose test (3 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Weight </li></ul><ul><li>Thyroid Test (TSH) </li></ul><ul><li>Dental Exam </li></ul><ul><li>Complete eye exam </li></ul><ul><li>Skin exam for skin cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Bone mineral density exam/bone mass measurement (at age of 40) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Immunizations <ul><li>Tetanus </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B </li></ul>
    7. 7. Health Care Professionals <ul><li>Select the appropriate primary care professional </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Doctor or Physician (MD) </li></ul><ul><li>Your doctor can refer to a medical specialist if you have a serious or specialized health problem </li></ul><ul><li>Dentist </li></ul><ul><li>Eye specialist </li></ul>
    8. 8. Your Partnership with your Health Care Professional <ul><li>Be Honest </li></ul><ul><li>Speak Up </li></ul><ul><li>Share Your Family Medical History </li></ul><ul><li>Know the Signs of Illness and Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Ask Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Schedule Regular Medical Checkups and Screenings </li></ul><ul><li>Get a second medical opinion </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Best Preventative Measures <ul><li>A diet low in fat and rich in fruits, vegetable, whole grains, calcium and vitamin D can help you cope with menopausal symptoms like hot flashes. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular physical activity reduces the risk of heart diseases and osteoporosis and also provides a feeling of emotional well being </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional satisfaction/low stress reduces the risk of early menopause. </li></ul><ul><li>Other alternatives: hormone replacement therapy programs which should be discussed with your physician. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Resources - Organizations, Web sites to contact <ul><li>American Heart Association 1-800-242-8721 http:// www.americanheart.org </li></ul><ul><li>American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org </li></ul><ul><li>National Women’s Health Resource Center </li></ul><ul><li>1-877-986-9472 http://healthywomen.org </li></ul><ul><li>North American Menopause Society http://menopause.org </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Centers for disease Control and Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov </li></ul>