Diabetes is the growing heath problem in the United States and has risen about six fold since 1950. Its now affecting about 17 million Americans and one third of those Americans (5.9 million) don’t even now they have the disease. Today, not only are adults being diagnosed with this disease, but its also affecting today’s youth.
Our body uses a hormone called insulin to handle glucose, which is a simple sugar that’s a main source of energy. In diabetes, something goes wrong in the body so that you can not produce insulin or are not sensitive to it. That means that your body produces high levels of blood glucose, which acts on organs to produce the symptoms of the disease.
Type 2 diabetes and the insulin resistance that causes it have a strong genetic basis and are made worse by environmental factors, including inactivity, weight gain, and stress.
Most people are overweight at the time their Type 2 diabetes is discovered. Being more active or losing weight may help prevent or delay the development of diabetes .
Type 2 diabetes was once called "Adult-onset Diabetes" but this term is no longer used because it is inaccurate. Type 2 diabetes is on the increase in all age groups, even among children of high school and grade school age.
Most people are lead to believe that they’re to blame for the disease. However, this disease can also be inherited by genes as well. Not everyone that eats a lot of sugar and is overweight have the disease. But there are higher risks for people developing type 2 diabetes. Here are some facts on how it is people obtain this disease:
Type 2 diabetes is often without symptoms in its early stages. That’s the reason there are 40% of people with Type 2 diabetes are unaware of their disease. When there are symptoms, they may occur gradually. If present, they usually are:
feeling tired and weak
passing large volumes of urine, especially during the night
Because there are several defects in the body's chemistry that develop as Type 2 diabetes changes over time, there are many tools used to treat it. In its earliest stages, Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled effectively by becoming more active and by managing food to reduce the body's need for insulin. This may involve promoting a modest amount of weight loss, controlling and distributing carbohydrate intake through the day, or both.
When the disease has progressed to the point where blood sugars are not controlled by activity and food management alone, several types of oral medications (pills) and/or insulin may be used singly or in combination to regain blood glucose control. Their effectiveness is judged by testing the blood sugar periodically throughout the day.
Once you’ve been diagnosed with Type 2, there are many changes and things you have to do in order to keep your blood sugar level steady and healthy. Those ways are meal planning, weight loss, and exercise.