Diabetes

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Diabetes

  1. 1. Diabetes Ly Li Pang Diana Jimenez Genia Albalos Kwai Yung (Laurence)
  2. 2. What is Diabetes ? <ul><li>A disorder of metabolism --the way the body digests food for energy and growth. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3 Main Types of Diabetes <ul><li>Type 1 diabetes ~ Type 1 diabetes is believed to be an autoimmune disease. The body's immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 diabetes ~ Type 2 diabetes is believed to have a strong genetic link, meaning that it tends to run in families. Several genes are being studied that may be related to the cause of Type 2 diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Gestational diabetes ~  Gestational diabetes is a carbohydrate intolerance of variable severity that starts or is first recognized during pregnancy or the inability of the tissues to absorb glucose from the bloodstream during pregnancy due to a lack of the hormone insulin. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who Gets Diabetes? <ul><li>People of any age. </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in older people, overweight and sedentary people, African Americans, Alaska Natives, American Indians, Asian and Pacific Islander Americans, and Hispanic Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>People with a family history of diabetes. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of Diabetes Type 1 <ul><li>Type1, also called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a disorder of the body's immune system—that is, its system for protecting itself from viruses, bacteria or any &quot;foreign&quot; substances. </li></ul><ul><li>It may run in families. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental factors, such as certain types of viral infections, formula feeding beginning before age 3 months (that is, breastfeeding for less than 3 months, or not at all), and exposure to certain food additives, such as nitrates and nitrosamines, may also contribute. </li></ul><ul><li>It is most common in people of non-Hispanic white persons of Northern European descent, followed by African Americans and Hispanic Americans. It is relatively rare in those of Asian descent. </li></ul><ul><li>It is slightly more common in men than in women. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Causes of Diabetes Type 2 <ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>High blood triglyceride (fat) levels </li></ul><ul><li>Gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds </li></ul><ul><li>High-fat diet </li></ul><ul><li>High alcohol intake </li></ul><ul><li>Sedentary lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity or being overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>Aging </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Impact of Diabetes <ul><li>Affects 18 millions people. </li></ul><ul><li>6.3% of the U.S. population </li></ul><ul><li>While a third are aware that they have it, another one third or 5.2 million are unaware that they have diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>An additional 20 million people have pre-diabetes. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a leading cause of death and disability. </li></ul><ul><li>Costs $98 billion per year. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How Can Diabetes be Managed? <ul><li>Changing life style & eating behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Family supports </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce pressure </li></ul>
  9. 9. Acute Complications to Diabetes <ul><li>Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) </li></ul><ul><li>Usually occurs in Type 1 DM </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose level between 300-800 mg/dl </li></ul><ul><li>Ketones produced from lipolysis </li></ul><ul><li>Medical emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNKS) </li></ul><ul><li>Usually occurs in TYPE II DM </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose between 600-1200 mg/dl </li></ul><ul><li>No ketones produced </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoglycemia </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin shock or insulin reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose levels fall below 50 mg/dl </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chronics of Diabetes <ul><li>Eye Disease and Blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Nerve Damage </li></ul><ul><li>Foot Ulcer </li></ul><ul><li>Amputations </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Disease and Stroke </li></ul><ul><li>High Blood Pressure </li></ul>
  11. 11. Foods Commonly Used In The Treatment of Diabetes Grains and Legumes Vegetables and Fruits Herbs millet String bean Dandelion root and leaf Rice Carrot Cedar berries Sweet rice Radish Yarrow flowers Oats Jerusalem artichoke Blueberry/ huckleberry leaf Fresh Corn Turnip   Whole wheat and its bran Asparagus   Tofu and soy products Yam Sweeteners Mung bean Spinach Licorice tea or powder Garbanzo bean Avocado Stevia powder or extract   Pear     Plum   Chlorophyll Foods Lemon Animal Products   Grapefruit Clam, abalone Spirulina Lime Cow’s milk, yogurt Chlorella Blueberry Pancreas of lamb, pork            
  12. 12. Some Chinese Dietary Recipes for Diabetes to lower blood sugar levels <ul><li>Boil 250 to 300g fresh radish in water with 20 to 25 g abalone. Drink as soup, once every other day. Repeat 6 to 7 times as a treatment program </li></ul><ul><li>Boil 250 g of Dried Bitter Melon Slices in water with 100g fresh clams. </li></ul><ul><li>Boil 100g fresh corn in water. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reduce Stress and Increase Exercise <ul><li>Movement and breathing therapies such as yoga, Tai chi, and Qigong consciously combine mind and body to induce a relaxation that can purify the emotional residue of painful feelings </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese practice of Qigong combines graceful physical movements with mental concentration. This practice balances your body’s Energy along the Meridians. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Chinese Herbal Tea Recipe to Reduce Anxiety and Stress <ul><li>10 pcs of Chinese Red Date </li></ul><ul><li>20 pcs Dragons Eyes </li></ul><ul><li>3 pcs Black Date </li></ul><ul><li>Add 3 Cups of water, to a boil; Add rinsed herbs; reduce heat, and simmer lightly for 20 minutes; strain. Take an hour and a half before bed. </li></ul><ul><li>Nourishes heart and blood circulation, which allows you to sleep at night. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Imagery <ul><li>Guided imagery: </li></ul><ul><li>It allows you to escape from your daily tensions into a tranquil haven, which will decrease the risk of heart and high blood pressure, which also decrease your chance of getting diabetes. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where is more information available? <ul><li>National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse </li></ul><ul><li>URL: www.niddk.nih.gov/health/diabetes/diabetes.htm </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of Diabetes Educators URL: www.aadenet.org </li></ul><ul><li>American Diabetes Association ADA National Service Center </li></ul><ul><li>URL: www.diabetes.org </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Diabetes Foundation International </li></ul><ul><li>URL: www.jdf.org </li></ul>
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