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Diabetes Diabetes Presentation Transcript

  • Diabetes Darla Hines Kevin Bartlett Susie Brooks
  • “ Diabetes 101”
    • Diabetes develops when your body can’t make or properly use a natural hormone.
    • This hormone, called ____________, is made in your pancreas. It helps your body’s cells take in sugar from your bloodstream.
  • Three Types of Diabetes
    • Type I Diabetes
      • Body’s immune system attacks cells that make insulin.
      • Cells die causing high sugar levels in blood.
      • Lack of insulin coupled with high blood sugar may cause acid build up in the blood.
        • Most often affects ____________ , but adults can develop also.
  • Type II Diabetes
    • Your body probably still makes insulin, but your body’s cells can’t use it well.
      • This is called ____________ ____________ .
  • Gestational Diabetes
    • Occurs in some ____________ women
      • About 4%
    • It can cause problems during pregnancy, labor, and delivery.
    • This type of diabetes is diagnosed in the last months of pregnancy.
    • Women who get gestational diabetes are more likely to develop Type II Diabetes.
  • Life with Type II Diabetes
            • diabetes: Diabetes Animation
    • Who gets it?
      • Anyone can develop Type II Diabetes
    • Risk Factors You Can Control
      • Your ____________
      • Smoking
      • Lack of physical activity
      • High blood pressure/high cholesterol
  • Prevention
    • Research:
      • Data from the 3-year Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated that the incidence of type 2 diabetes can be reduced 58% just by lifestyle changes.
    Shrier, Ian. Lifestyle Changes to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes: A Good Investment for All Ages.
    • Risk Factors You Can’t Control
      • Family History
      • Gestational Diabetes
      • Age
      • Ethnic Group
  • Symptoms of Type II Diabetes
    • Increased ____________
    • Increased urination
    • Increased appetite
    • Fatigue
    • Blurred vision
    • Frequent or slow-healing infections (including bladder, vaginal, skin)
    • Erectile disfunction in men
  • How do you deal w/ sxs?
    • Learn:
      • How to test and record your blood glucose level.
      • What you should eat and ____________ to eat.
      • How to correctly take your medication.
      • How to recognize and treat low and high blood sugar.
      • How to handle yourself when feeling sick.
      • Storing medication and supplies in easy to reach places.
      • Wear an ID band.
      • *Best Way: Choose your favorite activity and exercise!
  • Self Testing Always have equipment and supplies needed to do self test in a handy bag. Use finger prick to stick finger, DO NOT use ____________ or ____________ . http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/19811.htm
  • Self Testing Place drops of blood on indicator strips Record result and also date and time of reading. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/19811.htm
  • Complications
    • Heart disease and stroke
    • High blood pressure
    • Eye problems
    • ____________ damage
    • Nerve damage
    • Infections
    • Gum disease
    • Problems in pregnancy
    diabetes: Complications Body Map
  • Treatments for Type II Diabetes
    • Treatments take into consideration:
      • Age
      • Sex
      • Weight
      • Occupation
      • Specific ____________ ____________
  • Most Effective Treatments
    • Diet
    • Exercise
    • Oral hypoglycemic agents
    • Insulin treatments
    Urban&Scwarzberg. 1978 and http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/19811.htm -More than a _________ of ALL diabetes can be satisfactorily controlled with diet alone http://www.diabetes.com/vp010014.html
    • Support groups can be found at health centers.
    • Getting into exercise groups with fellow ____________ .
    • Keeping active with friends and family.
    • Talking to a doctor about ways of dealing with diabetes.
    diabetes: Meeting The Challenge Of Diabetes
  • In Conclusion, with the proper attention and treatment… Diabetes CAN Be Controlled, so DON’T let it control you!