Improving Grant Funding AASIG - NYC October 5 ,2002 The NIH Stuart A. Binder-Macleod, PT, PhD University of Delaware Dept. of Physical Therapy
Overview of the Review and Funding Process
Funding Mechanisms for Research and Training
Overview of the NIH
The NIH mission is to uncover new knowledge that will lead to better health for everyone. NIH works toward that mission by:
conducting research in its own laboratories;
supporting the research of non-Federal scientists in universities, medical schools, hospitals, and research institutions throughout the country and abroad;
helping in the training of research investigators; and
fostering communication of medical information.
Overview of the Grants Process
Over $27,000,000,000 in funding for FY2003
85% for extramural funding
Training, Fellowships and Career Development Programs
Institutional Training Grants
Fellowships (F series)
Career Development Programs (K series)
Individual Predoctoral National Research Service Awards For M.D./PH.D. Fellowships
Individual Predoctoral Fellowships for Minority Students (F31)
Individual Predoctoral Fellowships for Students with Disabilities (F31)
Individual Fellowships for Graduate Students in Neuro-, Behavioral, Addiction, and Communication Sciences (F31)
Individual Postdoctoral Fellowships (F32)
Senior Fellowships (F33)
Career Development Programs
K01 Mentored Research Scientist Development Award. Career development in a new area of research.
K02 Independent Scientist Award. Develop the career of the funded scientist. . .
K08 Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Award. Development of the independent clinical research scientist.
K22 Career Transition Award. Support to an individual postdoctoral fellow in transition to a faculty position.
K23 Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award. Development of the independent research scientist in the clinical arena.
K24 Midcareer Investigator Award In Patient-Oriented Research. Development of clinical mentors conducting funded research.
Small Grants (R03) - provides limited financial support for new biomedical and behavioral research projects.
2 years max. - $50K/year – non-renewable
Academic Research Enhancement Award (R15) - support individual research projects in the biomedical and behavioral sciences conducted by faculty, and involving their undergraduate students, who are located in health professional schools and other academic components that have not been major recipients of NIH research grant funds.
3 years max. - $100K/year - non-renewable
Research Grants (continued)
Exploratory/developmental grants (R21) - used to encourage the development of new research activities in categorical program areas. Most institutes do not accept unsolicited R21 applications. Complete descriptions of eligibility requirements, scope, and application procedures would be presented in a Request for Applications (RFA) utilizing this mechanism.
3 years max. - $150 K/year - non-renewable
Research Project Grant (R01) - grants are awarded to institutions on behalf of a principal investigator to facilitate pursuit of a scientific focus or objective in the area of the investigator's interest and competence.
5 years max. - > $500K/year must contact institute staff - renewable
Overview of NIH funding
Comprised of 27 separate components, mainly Institutes and Centers.
From a total budget of $300 in 1887, the NIH budget has grown to more than $27 billion in FY2003.
Overview of NIH funding: Institutes and Centers
NHGRI - National Human Genome Research Institute
NHLBI - National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
NIA - National Institute on Aging
NIAAA - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
NIAID - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIAMS - National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
NICHD -National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
NIDA - National Institute on Drug Abuse
NIDCD - National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
NIDDK - National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
NIDCR - National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
NIEHS - National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
NIGMS - National Institute of General Medical Sciences
NIMH - National Institute of Mental Health
NINDS - National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
NINR - National Institute for Nursing Research
Overview of the Grants Process
Overview of the Review Process
CSR Study Section
Institutional National Research Service (Training) Award
RFAs (R01, R21)
Institute SRG CSR * Does not require Council review.
Overview of the Review Process IRGs Within CSR
AARR Behavioral and Biobehavioral Processes
BCS Biochemical Sciences
BPC Biophysical and Chemical Sciences
BDCN Brain Disorders and Clinical Neuroscience
CVS Cardiovascular Sciences
CDF Cell Development and Function
ENR Endocrinology and Reproductive Sciences
GNS Genetic Sciences
IMM Immunological Sciences
IDM Infectious Diseases and Microbiology
IFCN Integrative, Functional, and Cognitive Neuroscience MDCN Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Neuroscience MSD Musculoskeletal and Dental Sciences NMS Nutritional and Metabolic Sciences ONC Oncological Sciences PPS Pathophysiological Sciences RPHB Risk, Prevention and Health Behavior SNEM Social Sciences, Nursing, Epidemiology, and Methods SRB Surgery, Radiology and Bioengineering
Overview of the Review Process Study Sections within the MSD IRG: General Medicine A-1 Study Section [GMA-1] General Medicine B Study Section [GMB] Geriatrics & Rehabilitation Medicine Study Section [GRM] Oral Biology & Medicine-1 Study Section [OBM-1] Oral Biology & Medicine-2 Study Section [OBM-2] Orthopedics & Musculoskeletal Study Section [ORTH] Urology Special Emphasis Panel [UROL SEP] Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/ Fibromyalgia Syndrome Special Emphasis Panel[CFS SEP] Bioengineering Research Partnerships/Grants SEP Special Emphasis Panel[SSS-M]
Overview of Review Process
Does the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success?
Do the proposed experiments take advantage of unique features of the scientific environment or employ useful collaborative arrangements?