Miami21 District Meetings Presentation

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This is the presentation that was presented at the District Meetings throughout the Summer of 2007.

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Miami21 District Meetings Presentation

  1. 1. DPZ
  2. 2. MIAMI DPZ
  3. 3. MIAMI 21 VISION • Sense of community • Improved quality of life • Economic vitality • Open space preservation • Pedestrian friendly • Transit oriented • Green building • Historic preservation • Form based code DPZ
  4. 4. EXISTING ZONING CODE USE AND DENSITY PERMIT PROCESS FORM •Existing Zoning: Focuses on Land Use Separation & Permitting Process Management •Emphasizes USE and DENSITY as development controls •Relies greatly on PERMIT PROCESS •Neglects the role of FORM DPZ
  5. 5. COMPLEXITY OF EXISTING ZONING DPZ
  6. 6. MULTIPLE REGULATORY DOCUMENTS DPZ
  7. 7. UNPREDICTABILITY OF EXISTING ZONING GLA and Bonuses Net lot area Net lot area Net lot area Net lot area Net lot area Only net lot area + half of R.O.W + half of R.O.W + half of R.O.W + half of R.O.W + half of R.O.W + 90’ on the water + 90’ on the water + 90’ on the water + 90’ on the water + GLA from + GLA from + GLA from adj. adjacent property adjacent property property + PUD Bonus + PUD Bonus + Affordable Housing Bonus DPZ
  8. 8. UNDESIRABLE JUXTAPOSITIONS NEED FOR TRANSITION DPZ
  9. 9. EXPOSED PARKING DPZ
  10. 10. EXISTING CODE - ZONING ORDINANCE 11,000 • Neglects quality of public realm / not pedestrian friendly • Exposed parking at pedestrian frontages (blank walls) • Lacking transitions in density and height • Required green space is inaccessible • Gross Lot Area based calculations unpredictable • Existing Floor Area Ratio (FAR) bonuses do not provide any public benefit • Numerous Special Districts are reactive – need for proactive comprehensive vision and approach • Overly complex and vague regulations DPZ
  11. 11. EXISTING ZONING CODE USE AND DENSITY PERMIT PROCESS FORM •Existing Zoning: Focuses on Land Use Separation & Permitting Process Management •Emphasizes USE and DENSITY as development controls •Relies greatly on PERMIT PROCESS •Neglects the role of FORM DPZ
  12. 12. FORM BASED CODE DPZ
  13. 13. FORM BASED CODE FORM USE AND DENSITY PERMIT PROCESS •Emphasizes the role of FORM •Reduces the role of USE and DENSITY •Effectively addresses PERMIT PROCESS DPZ
  14. 14. MIAMI 21 TEAM CONSULTANTS OTHER STUDIES LEAD PLANNER RENDERINGS PARKS & OPEN SPACE MASTER PLAN DUANY PLATER-ZYBERK & COMPANY ARX Solutions, Inc. GOODY CLANCY Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Project Principal Thomas Spain David Dixon, Principal in Charge Francisco Garcia & Marina Khoury, Project Managers James Wassell Larissa Brown, Chief Planner Judith Bell, Andres Duany, Mike Lydon, Maria E. Mercer, Christina Miller, Jorge Planas, PUBLIC RELATIONS DOWNTOWN MASTER PLAN UPDATE Gustavo Sanchez & Shannon Tracy. VILLAGE MARKETING BUREAU ZYSCOVICH, INC. Silvia Cejas, President Bernard Zyscovich, Principal TRANSPORTATION THE MONTE CHRISTO GROUP Trent Baughn, Project Manager GANNETT FLEMING, INC. James Jeune and Pradel Denis Carlos Cejas, Vice President ED O’DELL & ASSOCIATES Odalys Delgado, Project Manager Ed O’Dell THE HALL GROUP CITY DEPARTMENTS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Neil Hall ECONOMICS RESEARCH ASSOCIATES BOTA ENTERPRISES Office of Mayor Manuel A. Diaz Tom Moriarity, Vice President Tamara Philippeaux Office of City Manager Pedro G. Hernandez McDuffie Nichols, Senior Associate Offices of City Commissioners Planning Department LEGAL Office of Zoning LEWIS STROUD & DEUTSCH, P.L. Department of Economic Development Nancy Stroud, Attorney at Law Department of Capital Improvements and Transportation Office of the City Attorney Neighborhood Enhancement Team (NET) CitiStat Office of Communications Department of Public Works Department of Parks and Recreation Department of Code Enforcement DPZ
  15. 15. DISTRICTS DPZ
  16. 16. NEIGHBORHOODS DPZ
  17. 17. QUADRANTS DPZ
  18. 18. EAST QUADRANT NEIGHBORHOODS DPZ
  19. 19. COMMUNITY INPUT DIRECT MAIL SIGNAGE & INFORMATION TELEVISION, RADIO & PRINT PUBLIC MEETINGS WEB SITE EMAILS & QUESTIONS DPZ
  20. 20. THE TRANSECT – GUIDING PRINCIPLES NATURAL GRAPHIC MIAMI DPZ
  21. 21. AERIALS OF TRANSECT BASED CITIES WASHINGTON SAN FRANCISCO MIAMI DPZ
  22. 22. FORM-BASED CODE DETACHED, RESIDENTIAL HIGH-RISE, MIXED-USE DPZ
  23. 23. MIAMI 21 VISION • Sense of community • Improved quality of life • Economic vitality • Open space preservation • Pedestrian friendly • Transit oriented • Green building • Historic preservation • Form based code DPZ
  24. 24. NEIGHBORHOOD STRUCTURE Existing Condition Proposed Condition DPZ
  25. 25. COMMERCIAL CORRIDORS ENHANCING RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS Existing Condition Proposed Condition DPZ
  26. 26. NEIGHBORHOOD ACCESS TO OPEN SPACE Existing Condition Proposed Condition DPZ
  27. 27. NEIGHBORHOOD ACCESS TO OPEN SPACE DPZ
  28. 28. NEIGHBORHOOD ACCESS TO OPEN SPACE Existing Condition Future FEC transit stop DPZ
  29. 29. HISTORIC PRESERVATION Existing Condition Proposed Condition DPZ
  30. 30. ANALYSIS OF EXISTING ZONING DPZ
  31. 31. 360+ USES TRANSLATED TO CATEGORIES DPZ
  32. 32. CONVERSION TO TRANSECT ZONES DPZ
  33. 33. SAMPLE CONVERSION – ZO 11000 to Miami 21 DPZ
  34. 34. T3 T3 - DETACHED SINGLE FAMILY DWELLING 9 -18 units/ ac T3 R – SINGLE FAMILY DWELLING T3 L – SINGLE FAMILY DWELLING W/ ANCILLARY UNIT T3 O - DUPLEX DPZ
  35. 35. T4 T4 – PARTY WALL RESIDENTIAL, LIVE-WORK 36 units/ ac T4 R – RESIDENTIAL TOWNHOUSE, APARTMENT HOUSE T4 L, O – RESIDENTIAL TOWNHOUSE, LIVE-WORK DPZ
  36. 36. T5 T5 - RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, MIXED-USE 65 units/ ac T5 R – RESIDENTIAL APARTMENT BUILDING T5 L, O – RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, MIXED-USE BUILDINGS DPZ
  37. 37. T6 T6 -8- RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, MIXED-USE 150 units/ ac T6 R – RESIDENTIAL T6 L – RESIDENTIAL, SOME MIXED-USE T6 O – RESIDENTIAL, MIXED-USE OR COMMERCIAL DPZ
  38. 38. TRANSITIONS ACROSS THE TRANSECT DPZ
  39. 39. TRANSITIONS ACROSS THE TRANSECT DPZ
  40. 40. QUALITY OF PUBLIC REALM Public Space: detailing of streets for increased walkability and bicycling • Wider sidewalks • Narrower lanes • Trees for shade Private Property: design of buildings to embellish public realm • 10 foot setback and easement for wider sidewalks • Habitable space overlooking streets (frequent doors and windows, liners, concealed parking, commercial and retail space) • Cross-block passages to improve connectedness • Transitions for height and density • Predictable height and floor plate DPZ
  41. 41. IMPROVEMENT OF PUBLIC SPACE DPZ
  42. 42. FACE OF PRIVATE BUILDING DPZ
  43. 43. FACE OF PRIVATE BUILDING DPZ
  44. 44. SPECIAL AREA PLANS • Site area must be 9 acres minimum • Requires a detailed master plan with specific guidelines • Allows flexibility within transect regulations • Provides public benefits (open space and affordable / workforce housing) • Requires a public hearing, City Commission approval DPZ
  45. 45. PUBLIC BENEFITS For T6 (high-rise buildings) not abutting single family neighborhoods: • Existing bonus program expanded for housing, parks, civic facilities (fire station), preservation, green building and brownfields • Allows on site, off site provision, or fee payment For T5: one story on site abutting D1 (work place) for affordable – workforce housing only DPZ
  46. 46. TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT DPZ
  47. 47. TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT Del Mar Station, Pasadena, CA Portland, OR Rosslyn, DC Kendall, FL DPZ
  48. 48. CORRIDOR IMPROVEMENTS Existing Condition: narrow sidewalks, excessive pavement & few trees Proposed Improvements: wide sidewalks & medians for safety, trees for shade & beauty DPZ
  49. 49. NEED FOR GREEN SPACE AND BETTER DRAINAGE DPZ
  50. 50. STREET IMPROVEMENTS: PERVIOUS PAVEMENT Existing Condition: wide streets, irregular Proposed Improvement: street trees for shade pavement, no trees and beauty, turf block paving for drainage DPZ
  51. 51. THOROUGHFARES DPZ
  52. 52. PROPOSED PERMITTING PROCESS Applicant CRC - Coordinated Review Committee PZAB – Planning Zoning and Appeals Board Zoning Department By Right Waiver Warrant Exception Variance Zoning Change Preapplication Preapplication Preapplication Preapplication Preapplication File with File with File with File with File with Planning * Planning * Hearing Board * Hearing Board * Hearing Board * CRC CRC Zoning Planning Planning Planning Planning Administrator Director Director Director Director PZAB PZAB PZAB City Commission Appeal Appeal Appeal Appeal Appeal PZAB PZAB City Comm. Court Court Building Building Building Building Building Building Permit Permit Permit Permit Permit Permit * All applications shall include required notice DPZ
  53. 53. CHANGE OVER TIME • Incremental growth • Intent to ensure transition and protect neighborhoods • Limit zoning changes to two public hearings per year • Up-zoning only allowed to next successional transect • Extended context analysis • Non-conformities DPZ
  54. 54. NON CONFORMITIES Conforming Nonconforming Never conforming Legal Grandfathered Interior Permit after the fact Work Exterior Work Addition Depends Rebuild Hurricane Act of God DPZ
  55. 55. NON CONFORMITIES There are 2 considerations around which non-conformities revolve: A. Have the structure, use or lot obtained the required permits and certificates? B. Do the structure, use or lot comply with the regulations set forth by the present code? or put differently; Could the structure or use be permitted again today if they were proposed anew? NONCONFORMITIES TABLE Conforming Nonconforming Never conforming Grandfathered A. Yes Yes No B. A Yes No No B Legal Legal Illegal DPZ
  56. 56. MIAMI 21 SUMMARY • Predictability of height and intensity through the form-based code • Clear and user-friendly regulations • Significant improvements to the public realm (wider sidewalks, building design) • Requirements to avoid blank walls/garages through the use of liners (habitable space) • Requirements for active use on the ground level (eyes on the street) • Public Benefits incentives to create additional housing/parks and open space opportunities • Incentives for creation of civic spaces (i.e. fire stations) within private development • Green Building requirements and incentives • New zoning category that allows “granny-flats” • Historic preservation incentives through transfer of development rights • Streamlined permitting process DPZ
  57. 57. IMPROVED QUALITY OF LIFE DPZ
  58. 58. ECONOMIC VITALITY DPZ
  59. 59. OPEN SPACE PRESERVATION DPZ
  60. 60. PEDESTRIAN FRIENDLY STREETS DPZ
  61. 61. HISTORIC PRESERVATION DPZ
  62. 62. SUMMARY CONSERVATION • Preserve neighborhoods by creating appropriate transitions of height and density that do not exist today • Increase preservation of historical sites and districts by providing incentives for transfer of development rights • Create sustainable development through “green building” requirements and incentives and conserve energy through tree canopy and improved connectedness for walkability • Increase access to natural environment through baywalks, riverwalks, and new parks • It will create safe, vibrant, pedestrian friendly neighborhoods and thus improving the quality of life of all residents DPZ
  63. 63. SUMMARY DEVELOPMENT • Develop corridors to function as transit-oriented, walkable centers for adjacent neighborhoods • Create a predictable environment for growth and appropriate development • Create sustainable development through “green building” requirements and incentives (LEED Certification) • Create a pedestrian-friendly environment and improve the public realm by providing wider sidewalks, frequent doors and windows, liners, concealed parking, required commercial and retail space at ground level, which do not exist today • Maintain future growth capacity of downtown and develop it as a transit-oriented, walkable area to focus on the region’s economic, civic, and cultural activities DPZ
  64. 64. Existing Condition Illustration DPZ
  65. 65. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH • Parks and Public Space Master Plan • Green building • Air and light for streets • View corridors for buildings • Wider sidewalks with trees for shade • Public benefits: parks, housing, green building, brownfields • Generous ceiling heights DPZ
  66. 66. MIAMI DPZ
  67. 67. DPZ

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