Semantic Copyright Management of Media Fragments
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Semantic Copyright Management of Media Fragments

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The amount of media in the Web poses many scalability issues and among them copyright management. This problem becomes even bigger when not just the copyright of pieces of content has to be ...

The amount of media in the Web poses many scalability issues and among them copyright management. This problem becomes even bigger when not just the copyright of pieces of content has to be considered, but also media fragments. Fragments and the management of their rights, beyond simple access control, are the centrepiece for media reuse. This can become an enormous market where copyright has to be managed through the whole value chain. To attain the required level of scalability, it is necessary to provide highly expressive rights representations that can be connected to media fragments. Ontologies provide enough expressive power and facilitate the implementation of copyright management solutions that can scale in such a scenario. The proposed Copyright Ontology is based on Semantic Web technologies, which facilitate implementations at the Web scale, can reuse existing recommendations for media fragments identifiers and interoperate with existing standards. To illustrate these benefits, the papers presents a use case where the ontology is used to enable copyright reasoning on top of DDEX data, the industry standard for information exchange along media value chains.

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Semantic Copyright Management of Media Fragments Semantic Copyright Management of Media Fragments Presentation Transcript

  • Semantic Copyright Management of Media Fragments Roberto García, David Castellà, Rosa Gil Universitat de Lleida, Spain DATA 2013 2nd International Conference on Data Management Technologies and Applications 29-31 July 2013 Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 2 of 28 MediaMixer Community set-up and networking for the reMIXing of online MEDIA fragments • FP7 Coordination Action – Started November 2012 – Create an European market for media fragments re-purposing and re-selling A history of G8 violence (© Reuters) http://slideshare.net/troncy/a-semantic-multimedia-web-create-annotate-present-and-share-your-media
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 3 of 28 Introduction • The MediaMixer project and community promote the use of semantic technologies for media mixing • Real use cases and demos that showcase these technologies – Fragmenting media assets – Annotating them using semantic descriptions – Exposing these descriptions for fragment level search and selection – Representing rights information using a copyright ontology that integrates licenses, policies and rights expressions languages
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 4 of 28 Producer checks reused media licenses vs. internal policies and agreements (with providers and rights holders) Policy example: “…avoid media fragments showing violence when producing content for children”. Problems: 1.) Semantic annotation a) For instance, automatically tag violent content 2.) Rights Integration a) Policies and agreements (unstructured documents) b) Media fragments licenses (rights expression languages) 3.) Intelligently detect conflicts Example Use Case
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 5 of 28 Current Situation Issues: • scalability (mostly a manual process) • conflicts detected too late (added costs) • missed opportunities (media already available) • …
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 6 of 28 Proposals: Assisted Policy and Agreement Modelling • Model policies and agreements • Formal model that allows automatic integration and intelligence support • Semantic model based on Copyright Ontology • Editor with assistance guided by the ontology
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 7 of 28 Policy and Agreement Modelling Assistant
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 8 of 28 Media Fragments Ingestion Provider offers media fragment: • Content: automatic annotation • Detect topics: Violence? Outdoors? Cars?... • Rights: automatic translation of rights language to Copyright Ontology • DDEX, ODRL, MPEG-21, Creative Commons…
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 9 of 28 Semantic Annotation 9 • Transform whole videos to sets of meaningful, indexable and re-usable video fragments Person, Snow, Trees, Building, Ski, … Baseball, Throwing, Sports, Plant, Running, … Kitchen, Indoor, Cake, … …
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 10 of 28 Semantic Annotation Metadata • Metadata for semantic annotation: – Descriptive metadata for media characteristics – Provenance metadata to credit source and specify rights – Conceptual metadata to reflect what media is perceived to represent
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 11 of 28 Conceptual Metadata • Globally unambiguous identifiers for any concept needed – Ideally more information about the concept itself is available via the identifier – Use of Web URIs → Linked Data concept space – Would allow for inference of concept type and relationship to other concepts
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 12 of 28 Producer Proposed Workflow
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 13 of 28 Semantic Data Exploration
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 14 of 28 Implementation • Rights, License and Policies implemented as Classes – Reproduction Right, Copy, Copy Pattern for fragment #1,... • Uses implemented as Instances – u: Peter copies media fragment #1 in the US on 2013-06-03 using… • if u ∈ Copy Pattern then pattern authorises u Reproduction Right Copy Copyright Copy Pattern u ?
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 15 of 28 Pattern Building Actions (“verbs”) Creator Actor Producer Broadcaster User Motion Picture Script Adaptation Performance manifest perform record Communication broadcast transform Literary Work tune Copyright EconomicRights RelatedRights MoralRights DistributionRight ReproductionRight PublicPerformanceRight FixationRight CommunicationRight AttributionRight TransformationRight IntegrityRight DisclosureRight WithdrawalRight PermorfersRights ProducersRights BroadcastersRights RentalRight ImportationRight SoundRecordRight MotionPictureRight BroadcastingRight MakingAvailableRight AdaptationRight TranslationRight
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 16 of 28 Pattern Building Case Roles (from linguistics) • Connect verbs to the action participants – Example: “The dog ate food” initiator resource goal essence Action agent, instrument result, patient, effector recipient theme Process agent, matter result, patient, origin recipient theme Transfer agent, instrument, experiencer, theme origin medium recipient Spatial origin path destination location Temporal start duration completion pointInTime Ambient reason manner aim, condition consequence Subject, role “agent” Object, role “theme”
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 17 of 28 DDEX Sample-08.04.xml <Deal> <DealTerms> <ValidityPeriod> <StartDate>2013-01- 01</StartDate> </ValidityPeriod> <Usage> <UseType> OnDemandStream </UseType> <DistributionChannelType> Internet </DistributionChannelType> </Usage> <TerritoryCode>ES</TerritoryCode> <TerritoryCode>US</TerritoryCode> </DealTerms> </Deal> Copyright Ontology Model <http://media.com/agreement#1> owl:Class; co:start "2013-01-01" ; owl:intersectionOf ( ddex:OnDemandStream [ a owl:Restriction ; owl:onProperty co:medium ; owl:someValuesFrom ddex:Internet ] [ a owl:Restriction ; owl:onProperty co:location ; owl:someValuesFrom [ a owl:Class ; owl:oneOf (territory:ES territory:US) ] [ a owl:Restriction ; owl:onProperty co:theme ; owl:hasValue <http://my.tv/video.ogv#t=60,100> ] ] ) . DDEX to RDF
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 18 of 28 Logical interpretation of a license model Reasoning with DDEX
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 19 of 28 Reasoning with DDEX Policy #1 Agreement #1
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 20 of 28 reasoner = new Sesame(new OWLIM-SE_5.3()) reasoner.loadOntologies() > Loaded: iso3166a2.owl (territories), ddex.owl, copyrightonto.owl reasoner.loadPolicy("NoStreamingInUS.owl") reasoner.loadLicense("DDEX_Sample-08.04.owl") use1 = new Use(use1URI, "user01", "OnDemandStream", "Internet", "http://my.tv/video.ogv#t=60,100", "ES", "2013-04-19") reasoner.load(use1) response = reasoner.isUsePermitted(use1URI) print response > Authorised: http://mediamixer.eu/copyright/examples/agreement#1 use2 = new Use(use2URI, "user01", "OnDemandStream", "Internet", "http://my.tv/video.ogv#t=60,100", "US", "2013-04-19") reasoner.load(use2) response = reasoner.isUsePermitted(use2URI) print response > Prohibited: http://mediamixer.eu/copyright/examples/policy#1 License Checking Implementation
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 21 of 28 @prefix co: <http://rhizomik.net/ontologies/2013/05/copyrightonto.owl#> . @prefix odrlv: <http://w3.org/ns/odrl/vocab#> . @prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> . <http://example.com/policy> a co:Agree ; co:agent <http://example.com/billie>, <http://example.com/sony> ; co:theme [ a owl:Class ; co:end "2012-12-31" ; co:start "0001-01-01" ; owl:intersectionOf ( [ owl:intersectionOf ( odrlv:play [ owl:complementOf odrlv:mobile_ringtone ] ) ] [ a owl:Restriction ; owl:hasValue <http://example.com/billie> ; owl:onProperty co:agent ] [ a owl:Restriction ; owl:hasValue <http://example.com/music> ; owl:onProperty co:theme ] ) ] . <http://example.com/sony:10> a co:Person . <http://example.com/music> a co:Creation . <http://example.com/billie> a co:Person . ODRL Example from LCC Rights Reference Model Spec Copyright Ontology license to text: “sony and billie Agree that billie play and not mobile ringtone music”.
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 22 of 28 Creative Commons BY-SA Model
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 23 of 28 • Following Linked Data principles, starting from just content ID (URI)… Long term vision… 23 Content URI URI a ebucore:Image dct:title “EBU HQ” dct:copyright URI … HTTP GET image/jpeg
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 24 of 28 Linked Data for Worldwide Copyright Management? 24 Content URI URI a ebucore:Image dct:title “EBU HQ” dct:copyright URI … Agreement URI URI a co:Agreement co:agent URI co:theme … … Person URI URI a foaf:Person foaf:name “…” vcard:address … vcard:country URI
  • 30.07.2013 Slide 25 of 28 Get involved • Join MediaMixer community to know more (http://community.mediamixer.eu): – discussions, use cases, demonstrators, tutorials, presentations, software,…
  • More details: http://community.mediamixer.eu http://rhizomik.net/copyrightonto/ Roberto García Universitat de Lleida, Spain http://rhizomik.net/~roberto Thank you for your attention DATA 2013 2nd International Conference on Data Management Technologies and Applications 29-31 July 2013 Reykjavik, Iceland