Hilliard History Of Voting

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History of voting-- Basic layout.

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  • Why voting matters. If appropriate, teacher may talk about first time going with parents to vote, first time voting, polling place in the school, etc. Could also mention difficulty for women in places like Afghanistan, or that in Australia, not voting is not an option -- there’s a fine for not voting! Not all alike. State and local issues make ballots different, and these issues are usually the ones with the greatest impact on the day to day life of the voters. Discuss some local issues such as Council or Commissioners, judges, bond issues, etc. Discuss early or absentee voting. Formerly needed a pretty good excuse, now much easier, includes those out of town or overseas on business or vacation, college students, military people.
  • Humans are the only social creatures who chose leaders (as opposed to ant, bees, wolves, wild horses, etc.) and they do so in various ways. Colonies had been through horrible war for independence, feared kings or any centralized power, feared to be told what to do by larger or more powerful states among themselves, etc. So states are given most control, while only some powers are granted to federal government. States choose who is allowed to vote, and that was generally white men. At the height of the colonial America Population: numbers and kinds of settlers (3,000,000, mostly Northern European, mostly considering themselves "Englishmen."   Economic activity. Mostly farmers/planters (John Adams, Thomas Jefferson) or small businessmen (Samuel Adams, tavern keeper; Ben Franklin, printer & scientist; Paul Revere, silversmith) and so on.
  • Discuss how old it is, how country has changed, and that this document has been flexible enough to continue to function as a blueprint for our nation.
  • Republicans: Little Government, Big People Democrats: Big Government, Little People This means that Democrats believe their should be laws and regulations for most of what people do. This makes it easier to determine what is right and wrong. They believe in Government assistance for most people that are poor. They believe that the federal government should have an active role in how we live our lives. Republicans believe that there should be less laws and regulations towards people. They believe that people should be trusted to make the right decisions. They do not believe the government should play a role in our everyday lives. Assistance should be limited.
  • 15th Amendment grants vote: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. (However, poll taxes, literacy requirements and out-and-out intimidation were often used to selectively keep people away from the voting booth.)
  • 1874 it is argued before the Supreme Court that the 14th Amendment grants women the right to vote but the Supreme Court decides it is not unconstitutional for states to deny women the vote . 1920, 19th Amendment grants women the vote.
  • Electoral College: states have Electors equal to U.S. Senators plus U.S. Representatives, so not all states have the same number; most states require these Electors to vote as a block for the candidate receiving highest popular vote; can lead to election of President with fewer popular votes than opponent.
  • 1924, legislation grants Native Americans the right to vote. 1970 voting age lowered from 21 to 18 largely because of draft. Some felons, non-citizens still not allowed to vote.
  • Who wants to be President when they grow up? Constitutional limits, historical trends, Presidents seen historically as good and bad. Catholic elected in 1960, divorced man in 1980. No females or ethnicities other than white YET ! You could become president! November 2 nd , 2008 we elect the next United States President
  • Hilliard History Of Voting

    1. 1. History of Voting <ul><li>Title - Voting Rights Election Lesson Plan By – Rosemarie Hilliard </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Subject - Social Studies Grade Level – 5-12 </li></ul>
    2. 2. 1776 When this country announced its independence from Britain, voting rights were based on property ownership. This typically meant that those voting were white males over the age of 21 of Protestant religion.
    3. 3. 1787 In the newly drafted Constitution, states were given the power to set voting mandates and most were still favorable to white males who owned property.
    4. 4. 1830 Many states had dropped religion and property ownership as requirements for voting and with such a large percentage of the population at the polls, political parties were beginning to develop.
    5. 5. 1868 The 14th Amendment recognizes African Americans as citizens, giving them the right to vote. However, state officials continue attempts to deny this right. 1870 African Americans were given the right to vote in the 15th Amendment. It prohibited any state or local government from denying that right.
    6. 6. 1890 Wyoming becomes the first state to recognize women's right to vote and provide for it in a state constitution. 1920 The 19th Amendment was added to the Constitution, giving women across the nation the right to vote.
    7. 7. 1913 Voting power is expanded with 17th Amendment, calling for the popular election of US. senators. 1964 The 24th Amendment declares that no person should be denied the right to vote because they cannot pay a &quot;poll tax.&quot; 1965 An amendment to the Voting Rights Act bans the use of literacy tests, poll taxes and other obstacles designed to keep people from voting.
    8. 8. 1940 Congress recognizes Native Americans as citizens. However, it wasn't until 1947 that all states granted them the right to vote. 1971 The voting age is lowered to 18.
    9. 9. WE WANT YOU!

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