On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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Re-established all independent nations. Example: Poland
Hitler gained power and invaded Rhineland.
The Treaty of Versailles
Agreement between Britain, France, and Germany. Signed in 1938. Germany could have Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. Hitler could not invade more of Europe.
Hitler invaded rest of Czechoslovakia later.
Established in 1919 after WWI.
Disbanded in 1945 after WWII.
Failure began with depression after WWI. Not all nations belonged to the League. League had no power or army. Punishment was cutting off trade. Unable to act quickly. Failure of The League of Nations
Axis Powers: Germany Japan Italy Bulgaria and Romania Allied Powers: United States Britain Soviet Union France China Many more countries Axis vs. Allies
Gain World Power. Destroy Communism, Spread Fascism. Gain Land. Eliminate non Arians in German territory. Axis Goals
December 7th, 1941 U.S Pacific Fleet was bombed. December 8th: Congress declared war on Japan. December 11th: Axis declared war on U.S.A. America officially entered WWII. Bombing of Pearl Harbor
American Life During WWII
1st ever national income tax. Only Government was taxed before. Help stop inflation caused by War. Victory Tax
Allowed to officially serve in Military. Doing jobs men used to do. Raising families on their own. Volunteering time for organizations (Red Cross). Role of Women
Rationing for things in short supply Meat, Butter, Sugar Metal Drives, War Bonds. Civilians started providing defenses Escorted Convoys Defended Ports Efforts at Home
African Americans allowed to join Military. Military was segregated at this time. African American Women allowed in Nursing Corps. Role of Minorities
Fear of Japanese people after Pearl Harbor. Government afraid of Spies. Roosevelt legalized interment. Moved 120,000 Japanese into Internment Camps. 2/3 were American Citizens, ½ were children. Japanese Internment
Only allowed few belongings. Placed in barracks, three families to one. Did hard labor while interned. Allowed to return home in 1944.
Three main causes of WWII. Axis powers wanted world domination. America entered WWII after Pearl Harbor. Life in America changed drastically during WWII. Japanese Americans were treated poorly.
Role of Women graphic on slide 11: Library of Congress, Oyida Peaks riveting as part of her NYA training to become a mechanic in the Assembly and Repair Department at the Naval Air Base, Corpus Christi, Texas, 1940, Public Domain Japanese Internment graphic of Slide 15: Library of Congress, Japanese-American camp, war emergency relocation, [Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, Calif.] (LOC), 1940, Public Domain Resources for Graphics