History Of The  Space  Program
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History Of The Space Program

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History Of The  Space  Program History Of The Space Program Presentation Transcript

  • By: Collin Sternad, Abby Lopez
    • NASA was founded in 1958
    • The Cold war started tensions between the U.S. and Soviets, which started the “Space Race”
    • Both the Soviets and the U.S. wanted to be the first ones to have a manned spaceship land on the moon.
    • The soviets were the first ones in space when they launched “Sputnik” and later “Sputnik 2” into space, which carried a small dog.
    • This event made the people of the world more curious about space because they realized that mankind could go into space and survive.
    • The Soviets also had the first man in space in 1957, Yuri Gagarin. This showed the world that exploring elsewhere was possible and that more discoveries were possible beyond earth’s boundries.
    • The U.S. launched “Explorer 1” in 1958, which was the first U.S. satellite to reach orbit.
    • The U.S. formed NASA in 1958, which showed dedication that they were committed to the “Space Race”.
    • Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to step foot on the moon.This made people of the world realize that there was countless opportunities in the U.S. space program.
    • Mercury : The first U.S. program for human space flight.
    • Gemini: The first two-man crews, longer missions.
    • Apollo: The first Space Flight to the moon.
    • Skylab: A place where humans lived and work in space for extended periods of time. Let astronauts have the ability to study and examine un-know lands.
    • Apollo-soyuz: First international manned Spaceflight. Many countries including the U.S. have a general mission and will work together.
    • Space shuttle: The first reusable space crafts. Saved a lot of money and time in space travel.
    • International Space Station: An effort to create a permanent orbiting laboratory in space. Would allow for scientist to discover new vaccinations and shots for sickness.
    • The U.S. Became inspired but the soviets launching “Sputnik 1” in 1957
    • May, 5 th 1961, Alan Shepard piloted America’s first manned speed craft.
    • May, 25 th 1961, John F. Kennedy announced that it was a national goal to land an astronaut on the moon by the end of the 1960s
    • NASA accepted the challenge and launched “Friendship 7” on February, 7 th 1962.
    • The pilot, John Glenn, took the first step by orbiting the earth three times.
    • July, 20 th 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin were the first men to take step on the moon.
    • The Soviets first launched “Sputnik 1” and then later launched “Sputnik 2”, which carried a small dog. In 1957
    • In 1959 the soviets launched “Lunar 1”. The first man-made satellite to orbit the sun.
    • “ Luna 3” orbited the moon and photographs 70% of it surface in 1959
    • 1961- Yuri Gagarin orbited the earth once and becomes the first man in space.
    • 1963- Cosmonaut Valentia Tereshkova becomes the first women in space.
    • 1966- “Luna 9” becomes the first spacecraft to soft-land on the moon.
    • 1967- “Venera 4” transmits data about the atmosphere of Venus.
    • “ Zond 5” is launched. It carried a biological payload including two turtles. Went around the moon and returned to earth 6 days later.
    • October Sky: This movie shows the public understanding rocketry, which is related to the space program in countless ways.
    • Star Wars: This movie takes place in space and shows the interest of the every day person in the possibilities and imaginable things that could happen in space.
  • Were NASA and the U . S. Government are Today
    • Commander George Zamka will lead the “STS-130” mission to the international space station aboard a space shuttle named “Endeavour”
    • They will deliver the space station a third connecting module and other pieces of equipment that will be used in the control room for robotics.
  • Were Russia and their space program is today
    • A possible break though might have emerged out off Russia with a new way to reduce weight and cost of hydrogen fuel tanks.
    • They are using tiny glass tubes to store the hydrogen and .They are all bundled together in an array and is said to be strong and efficient.
    • They have been tested in Germany to be safe, but it is still unknown to see if they can be produce to be cost effective.
    • &quot;April « 2008 « Dusty Loft.&quot; Dusty Loft . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://dustyloft.wordpress.com/2008/04/>.
    • &quot; Computer Spies Breach Fighter-Jet Project - Page 4 - Political Forum.&quot; Political Forum - US & World Politics Forum . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.politicalforum.com/intelligence/75630-computer-spies-breach-fighter-jet-project-4.html>.
    • &quot;HEASARC: NASA's Archive of Data on Energetic Phenomena.&quot; StarChild: A Learning Center for Young Astronomers . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs>.
    • &quot;Hydrogen storage breakthrough could come from Russian space program — Autoblog Green.&quot; Autoblog Green — We Obsessively Cover The Green Scene . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://green.autoblog.com/2009/12/14/hydrogen-storage-breakthrough-could-come-from-russian-space-prog/>.
    • &quot;NASA - Space Shuttle.&quot; NASA - Home . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/main/index.html>.
    • &quot;Space Milestones - Lesson Plan Library.&quot; Discovery Education Classroom Resources . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://school.discoveryeducation.com/lessonplans/programs/spacemilestones/>.
    • &quot;TheSpaceRace.com - Timeline of Space Exploration.&quot; TheSpaceRace.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2010. <http://www.thespacerace.com/timeline