Architecture humanities

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includes definition of architecture, role of architect, theories, historical trace, types, cultural meaning and challenges facing phil. architecture. from Art appreciation: looking beyond by pasagui et al.

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Architecture humanities

  1. 1. CHAPTER 9Architecture
  2. 2. I. Definition of Architecture “architectura” “arkitekton” “master builder” “chief” or “leader” “carpenter”Architecture is the art of designing structures.
  3. 3. II. The Role of ArchitectThe architect is to be concerned with thefollowing:1.Construction2.Articulation3.AestheticsErnest Gardner. “The role of the architect is constantly evolving.”
  4. 4. III. Theory of Architecture“A good building should satisfy the principles offirmitatis utilitatis venustatis.”• DURABILITY – it should stand up robustlyand remain in good condition.• UTILITY – it should be useful; and functionwell for the people using it.• BEAUTY – it should delight people, and raisetheir spirits.
  5. 5. Is this a work of an architecture?
  6. 6. “You employ stone, wood, and concrete,and with these materials you build housesand palaces: that is construction.Ingenuity is at work. But suddenly youtouch my heart, you do me good. I amhappy and I say: This is beautiful. Thatis Architecture.”
  7. 7. IV. Brief HistoricalTrace of Architecture
  8. 8. A. GREEK ARCHITECTURE1. Cretan Period2. Mycenaean Period3. Classic Greek
  9. 9. CRETAN PERIODPalace of King Minos.
  10. 10. MYCENAEAN PERIOD“cyclopean walls”
  11. 11. CLASSIC GREEK“Sacred Rock” of Athens
  12. 12. B. ROMAN ARCHITECTURECollosseum
  13. 13. Pantheon
  14. 14. Nimes
  15. 15. amphitheaters
  16. 16. C. BYZANTINE ARCHITECTUREDome of St. Peters Basilica
  17. 17. Hagia Sophia church
  18. 18. D. ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE
  19. 19. E. GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE
  20. 20. F. RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTUREThe Duomo, Florence
  21. 21. G. 19thCENTURY ARCHITECTUREManchester, Reform Club (former), King Street
  22. 22. H. CURRENT TRENDS
  23. 23. V. Modern Concepts ofArchitecture
  24. 24. “Though its aesthetic dimensionarchitecture goes beyond the functionalaspects that it has in common with otherhuman sciences (Nunzia Rondanini).”
  25. 25. “The values and attitudes which underlymodern architecture differ both betweenthe schools of thoughts, which influencearchitecture and between individualpracticing architects (Ivar Holm).”
  26. 26. VI. Architectural Planning Orientation Design Fenestration Walls Color Material and Techniques
  27. 27. VII. Types of ArchitectureAccording to Function
  28. 28. A. DOMESTICHouses
  29. 29. B. RECREATIONAL“Sabungan”
  30. 30. C. COMMERCIALSari-sari store Mall of Asia
  31. 31. D. RELIGIOUSChapel Cathedral
  32. 32. E. MILITARY OR DEFENSELighthouse Watchtower
  33. 33. F. FACTORIES
  34. 34. VIII. Cultural Meaning ofArchitecture
  35. 35. “Architects help bring meaningto the material world by shapingour understanding of where andhow we are (GeronimoManahan).”
  36. 36. “Language of architecture in ourcybernetic age, besides using thelanguage of classical architectureand that of the modernarchitecture, looks atinterconnectedness and symbiosis(Geronimo Manahan).”
  37. 37. IX. Challenges Confrontingthe Philippine Architecture
  38. 38. Jai Alai Building
  39. 39. Walls of Intramuros
  40. 40. St. Cecilia’s Hall
  41. 41. Museo Ilocos Norte in Laoag
  42. 42. X. Redefining the Boundaries ofthe Philippine ArchitectureAlcazaren believes that the year 2000 was abenchmark year for the PhilippineArchitecture.
  43. 43. Ninoy Aquino International Airport
  44. 44. Towers in our city

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