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The Rise And Fall Of Arab Nationalism
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The Rise And Fall Of Arab Nationalism

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  • 1. Taha Hussein (1899-1973)
    • One of the most influential intellectual Egyptian figures-father of Egyptian modernism.
    • “ Egypt belongs by heritage to the same wider Mediterranean civilization that embraces Greece, Italy and France".
    • “ His thought was not Islam so much as the collective identity of the Egyptian nation…not only how it could become independent, but how it could have the strength and health to prosper in the modern world (Hourani, pg 342)
    •  
  • 2. Gamal Abdel Nassir (1918-1970)
    • Pan Arabism (Nassirism)
    • Anti colonial ideology
    • Restored Arab pride and dignity
    • Modernized Egypt’s education system
  • 3. The Muslim Brotherhood
    • Founded in 1928 by Hassan al-Banna (1906-1949)
    • It is the world’s largest and most influential Islamic political group
    • Called for the return to “original” Islam and that the Arab world today has been corrupted by Western influences
    • Was often in conflict with Nasser
    • Attempted assassination of Nasser in 1954 led to full scale repression of MB
  • 4. Sayyed Qutb (1906-1966)
    • For Muslims, there are no gap between faith and life
    • The Qur’an and the Hadith provide the principles on how one should live
    • Redefined the Quranic term jahilliya (pre-Islamic period of ignorance), jihad and ummah
    • Revolution from the bottom
    • His works are widely read across the Muslim world
    • Important to recognize that he is not a cleric