DANCE Involves a successive group of motions and steps rhythmically performed and timed to music. Oldest of the arts. The beginnings of music has been traced to the dance. For these reasons it has been called mother of the arts.• An Art - a dance may tell a story, set a mood, orexpress an emotion.• A form of recreation - provided fun, relaxation, and companionship.
WHY PEOPLE DANCE? - used in worship - played a role in courtship - joy they feel - primitive peoples believe that dances bringthem magic powers. - bring victory, or to restore health to life. - have fun or to entertain other. - give beauty and inspiration to others. - treat physically handicapped andemotionally distributed people
KINDS OF DANCING1. Ethnological Dance - dance which is native to specific race orethnic group. * Folk dance – associated with national andcultural groups. Ex. Square dance, the Irish and Polka. * Filipino folk dances TINIKLING is our national dance. All attired in native apparel, the balintawak and barong tagalog, imitating the movements of „tikling‟ birds.
ALCAMFOR – is a dance that suggest the exotic aroma of scented kerchiefs with which the ladies tease the gentlement
BANGA – these clay pots are balanced on the head of Igorot women.
BILAAN – depicts the lively, simple movements of birds.
Itik-Itik – is a Philippine native dance interpreting the playfulness of duckling wading in the river.
JOTA CAVITEÑA – shows strong Spanish influence.
PANDANGGO SA SAMBALILO – is a flirtatious dance from Bulacan. It shows a barrio swain and his lady love play and dance with a native hat.
SAYAW ED TAPEW NA BANGKO – a couple “showing off” their skills while dancing on top of a long narrow bench.
SINGKIL – is a famous dance from Mindanao. The Princess, the Prince, and their retinue, in a pose of the Singkil.
THE IFUGAO DANCE depicts a Mountain tribe of the Philippines dancing to the sound of the “gangsa‟ (brass gong).
2. SOCIAL OR BALLROOMDANCES – are a popular type of dancinggenerally performed by pairs. (popular dancing). Ex. Waltz, fox trot, swing, and the old favoriteas the cha – cha, boogie, tango as well as thelatest rock dances. TANGO CHA CHA WALTZ FOX TROT BOOGIE SWING
3. THEATRICAL or SPECTACULAR DANCE – this type of dance is so called because it is performed for the entertainment of spectators. Theatrical dancing includes the ballet,modern dance, musical comedy dances, and tapdancing. a. Ballet – formalized type of dance whichhas its origin in the royal courts of the MiddleAges. It is often shown in the Cultural Center ofthe Philippines. The term „ballet‟ refers to a seriesof solo and concerted dances in which poses andsteps are combined with light flowing figures,.
b. Modern Dance – characterized as natural andfree. Also called expressional dance.
ELEMENTS OF THE DANCE1. Theme – is one of the important elements of the dance. It is the main ingredient of the dance.2. Design – planned organization or pattern of movement in time and space.3. Movement – action of dancers as they use their bodies to create organized patterns. Body movements can be divided into steps, gestures, of arms and hands, and facial expression.4. Technique – this is skill in executing movement.
It is something melodic and harmonious usuallyused as accompaniment.6. Costumes and properties – the type of danceperformed and the costumes worn at any stage ofhistory relate closely to the customs, beliefs, andenvironment of the people.7. Choreography. Dances are performed in anorganized manner, following steps andmovements.8. Scenery. The setting or backgroundestablishing the place of action of any dance isimportant to make the dance more realistic andbeautiful.