Shang civilization


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Shang civilization, for student's use only.

by: Cheska Peralta

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Shang civilization

  1. 1.  As we continue with our discussion, identify GRESASAW for this civilization.  Write them down on your notebook.
  2. 2. Answer: 5,000 years of continuing history The Chinese civilization is one of the oldest and continuous civilizations on earth.
  3. 3.  Yellow River  Originates from western China and flows through 9 provinces  It is 4,640 kilometres long  Loess-yellow soil that served as fertilizer  To capture the loess, the people started to plant vegetation that can control the waters that rose and created dikes.
  4. 4.  Yangshao culture existed around 5000 to 1500 B.C.E.  Longshan culture existed around 3000 to 2000 B.C.E.
  5. 5.  Farming and agriculture, hunting and fishing  Nomadic  Houses called dug-pits were arranged in a circle  Painted Pottery Culture – red and black geometrical designs, human facial and animal designs  Pottery were coiled or molded  Produced silk, cloth weaving
  6. 6.  Similar toYangshao except they are not nomadic  Bigger dug-pit houses  Invention of the potter’s wheel led to better pottery, thinner, goblet s with handles  Pottery were baked in kiln  Black Pottery Culture
  7. 7.  High earthen walls  Palace and temple are at the center surrounded by public buildings and house of government officials-inner zone  Artisans, farmers and other citizens lived in the outer zone  Ruled by priest-kings  Led armies with chariots and bronze weaponry
  8. 8.  Known to be the first dynasty in China (2070- 1600 B.C.E.)  However, this is still under debate due to lack of evidence  Ruled for about 400 years  Yangcheng-capital city
  9. 9.  Succeeded the Xia dynasty (1600-1046 B.C.E.)  Ruled for about 600 years  Anyang-capital city  Evidence of bronze-ware and human sacrifice were found in excavated tombs of emperors  Shang Zhou, the last Shang king, committed suicide after his army was defeated by the Zhou people. Legends say that his army and his equipped slaves betrayed him by joining the Zhou rebels.
  10. 10.  Succeeded the Shang dynasty (1046-256 B.C.E.)  Ruled for about 800 years  Haojing-capital city  KingWu – first emperor  Iron was introduced during this period  Bronze-ware was at its peak as well
  11. 11.  Oracle bones  Bones were used to communicate with dead ancestors, fortune telling  A question was written on an animal bone and thrown into a fire  The cracks on the bones are interpreted by priest- kings  Ancestral worship- wisdom and guidance
  12. 12.  System of writing symbols, early form of calligraphy  Found on oracle bones  Written in vertical order  Certain characters were memorized by people especially the aristocrats  These characters symbolized things, ideas or sounds  It unified China
  13. 13.  Ability to mobilize human labor for huge projects (Corvee labor)  Relatively accurate calendar  Cowrie shells for money  Pantheon of gods  Musical instruments like drums, bells and chiming stones  Horse-drawn chariots