Nowadays, people tend to interchangeably usereligion and philosophy. By etymology, religioncomes from the latin word religionem whichmeans "respect for what is sacred, reverence forthe gods," "obligation, the bond between manand the gods” while philosophy comes fromtwo words “philo” which means love and“Sophia” which means wisdom.Are they the same? NO. People tend to treatthem similarly because of their very strikingsimilarities. How are they similar?
Both religion and philosophy wrestlewith problems like: What is good? Whatdoes it mean to live a good life? What isthe nature of reality? Why are we hereand what should we be doing? Howshould we treat each other? What isreally most important in life?
Religion : is a belief in a supremepower and worship of it as thecreator and controller of the universewithout reasoning whereasphilosophy is a pursuit of wisdom byintellectual search and logicalreasoning.
Religion insists on the performanceof rituals, commandments andhierarchies of leadership whereasphilosophy does not emphasize theritualistic aspect of life because it is away of thinking/of rationalization oftruth.
Another difference is the fact thatphilosophy tends to emphasize justthe use of reason and criticalthinking whereas religions may makeuse of reason, but at the very leastthey also rely on faith, or even usefaith to the exclusion of reason.
Finally, most religions tend to include some sort of belief in what can only be described as the “miraculous” — events which either defy normal explanation or which are, in principal, outside the boundaries of what should occur in our universe. Miracles may not play a very large role in every religion, but they are a common feature which you don’t find in philosophy. Nietzsche wasn’t born of a virgin, no angels appeared to announce the conception of Sartre, and Hume didn’t make the lame walk again.
In short, they key differentiating factors between religion and philosophy are: Supreme power Reasoning vs. faith Rituals miracles
Can you name two or more religions? philosophies? RELGIONS:ZoroastrianismJudaismJainismBuddhismHinduismIslamShintoismSikhismChristianity
Can you name two or more religions? philosophies? PHILOSOPHIES:ConfucianismTaoismLegalism
Is it possible that a philosophycan also become one’s religion?Why?
Assignment:Students must construct (in their AH notebook)DAILY SYNTHESIS following the format below.Let them prepare the synthesis form for thefollowing day (such as below).Information Zoroastrianism Judiasm JianismFOUNDERPLACE OF ORIGINHOLY BOOKSCountries nowfoundReligious beliefsand ritualsNote: This format applies only to religions (Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Jainism,Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, Sikhism and Christianity). For philosophiesnamely Confucianism, Taoism and Legalism, omit holy books and replace religious beliefswith philosophical beliefs.