CONFUCIANISM TAOISM (based on Dao way)Founder CONFUCIUS / kung-fu-tzu / master Kong Lao TzuGod/ Creator NONE None (but believes in Dao)Place of Origin China ChinaHoly books or important text ANALECTS Tao Te China (writings of Lao Tzu) The book of Confucius or the Confucian canonBeliefs and Practices *REN *Harmony with Tao (Dao) or *ETIQUETTE nature/natural word thru Meditation *LOYALTY •3 Jewels of the Tao *FILIAL PIETY & Other relations A.) COMPASSION -the humane quality of *Gentlemanliness understanding the suffering of others and wanting to do something about it B.) MODERATION - quality of being moderate and avoiding extremes C.) HUMILITY the state or quality of being humble; freedom from pride and arrogance; lowliness of mind; a modest estimate of ones own worth; a sense of ones own unworthiness through imperfection and sinfulness; self- abasement;humblenes. * YIN AND YANG (passive and active force)Present in which countries? KOREA JAPAN VIETNAM VIETNAM CAMBODIA CHINA KOREA JAPAN (About 5-6 M)
• The Lun-yü (Analects) are the most revered sacred scripture in the Confucian tradition. It was probably compiled by the second generation of Confucius disciples. Based primarily on the Masters sayings, preserved in both oral and written transmissions, it captures the Confucian spirit in the same way that the Platonic dialogues embody Socratic teachings.
• The Confucian Canon achieved its present form in the Sung dynasty under the direction of Chu Hsi (1130-1200). It consists of the Five Classics and the Four Books.• The Five Classics are:• Shu Ching (Classic of History) - collection of documents and speeches dating from the Later Han Dynasty (23-220 CE)• Shih Ching (Classic of Odes) - collection of 300 poems and songs from the early Chou Dynasty (1027-402 BC)• I Ching (Classic of Changes) - collection of texts on divination based on a set of 64 hexagrams that reflect the relationship between Yin and Yang in nature and society• Chun Ching (Spring and Autumn Annals) - extracts from the history of the state of Lu 722-484, said to be compiled by Confucius• Li Ching (Classic of Rites) - consists of three books on the Li (Rites of Propriety)
• The Four Books are:• Lun Yu (Analects) of Confucius• Chung Yung (Doctrine of the Mean)• Ta Hsueh (Great Learning)• Meng Tzu (Mencius)
To sum up his life“At 15 I set my heart on learning; at 30 I firmly took my stand; at 40 I had no delusions; at 50 I knew the Mandate of Heaven; at 60 my ear was attuned; at 70 I followed my hearts desire without overstepping the boundaries of right”.
• Ren• Ren is one of the basic virtues promoted by Confucius, and is an obligation of altruism and humaneness for other individuals within a community. It is best expressed in the Confucian version of the Ethic of reciprocity, or the Golden Rule: "do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you.“• Etiquette• conventional requirements as to social behavior ;proprieties of conduct as established in any clas sor community or for any occasion.
• Loyalty• Loyalty is particularly relevant for the social class to which most of Confucius students belonged, because the only way for an ambitious young scholar to make his way in the Confucian Chinese world was to enter a rulers civil service. In later ages, however, emphasis was placed more on the obligations of the ruled to the ruler, and less on the rulers obligations to the ruled.• Loyalty was also an extension of ones duties to friends, family, and spouse. Loyalty to ones family came first, then to ones spouse, then to ones ruler, and lastly to ones friends. Loyalty was considered one of the greater human virtues.
• Filial piety• "Filial piety" is considered among the greatest of virtues and must be shown towards both the living and the dead (including even remote ancestors). The term "filial" (meaning "of a child") characterizes the respect that a child, originally a son, should show to his parents. This relationship was extended by analogy to a series of five relationships.• The Five Bonds• Ruler to Ruled• Father to Son• Husband to Wife• Elder Brother to Younger Brother• Friend to Friend.
• The gentleman• Confucianism exhorts all people to strive for the ideal of a "gentleman" or "perfect man". A succinct description of the "perfect man" is one who "combines the qualities of saint, scholar, and gentleman." In modern times the masculine translation in English is also traditional and is still frequently used. Elitism was bound up with the concept, and gentlemen were expected to act as moral guides to the rest of society.
TAOISMLaozi (Chinese: 老子; pinyin: Lǎozǐ; Wade–Giles: Lao Tzu; also romanized as Lao Tse, Lao Tu, Lao- Tsu, Laotze, Laosi, Laocius, and other variations) was a philosopher of ancient China, best known as the author of the Tao Te Ching (often simply referred to asLaozi). His association with the Tao Te Ching has led him to be traditionally considered the founder of philosophical Taoism(pronounced as "Daoism"). He is also revered as a deity in most religious forms of Taoist philosophy, which often refers to Laozi asTaishang Laojun, or "One of the Three Pure Ones".
The Tao Te Ching, often called simply Laozi after its reputed author, describes the Dao (or Tao) as the source and ideal of all existence: it is unseen, but not transcendent, immensely powerful yet supremely humble, being the root of all things.
SIKHISMFounder Guru Nanak DevGod/ Creator None (in form but there is “EK ONKAR” (one God)Place of Origin IndiaHoly books or important text Teaching of 10 Gurus Guru Granth Sahib JiBeliefs and Practices *Sant – Sipahi (saint soldier) -control of self and defend the oppressed *worship in GURDWARA *LANGAR *Prohibitions of Cutting hair Intoxication Worthless talk etc.Present in which countries? INDIA PAKISTAN (over 25 M – 5th Largest)
• Guru Nanak  (Punjabi: Hindi: Urdu: [ ɡʊɾu ˈ nɑnək] Gurū Nānak) (15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539) was the founder of the religion of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus.• The Sikh Gurus established Sikhism from over the centuries beginning in the year 1469. Sikhism was founded by the first guru, Guru Nanak, and subsequently, all in order were referred to as "Nanak", and as "Lights", making their teachings in the holy scriptures, equivalent. There are a total of 11 gurus, of which the current, and everlasting, Sikh Guru is the integrated Sikh scriptures known as the Adi Granth or, Siri Guru Granth Sahib.
• Ik stands for the Gurmukhi numeral "One".• On is a combination or O and An stands for "Everything".• Kar is inferred and stands for "Creator".• Sant Sipahi stands for the Sikh concept of "Warrior Saint". The two words Sant and Sipahi can be translated as:• Sant is used to refer to a wise, knowledgeable and Dharmic person or a "person with knowledge of God". Sometimes it is naively translated as "Saint".• Sipahi means Warrior or Soldier.
• The first word in this phrase is "Sant" and so this has domination and means that the first duty of the Sikh is to be a "Sant" or to be a wise and knowledgeable person.• The second word in the phrase is "Sapahi". So this "Sant" should also be a soldier able to fight and engage in warfare. A Sikh who cannot fight cannot be a "Sant-Sapahi" and would be lacking in the required qualities. So the second duty of a Sikh is to be able and ready to fight for a worthy cause and for the protection of righteousness and the weak. So the idea for being a warrior is to protect and defend the weak and oneself from any tyrants and bullies. Sikhs are taught to be kind as well as fearless.
• The essential feature of a gurdwara is the presiding presence in it of the holy Sikh Scripture, called the Guru Granth Sahib also referred to as Satguru.
• The Langar or free kitchen was started by the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak Dev Ji. It is designed to uphold the principle ofequality between all people of the world regardless of religion, caste, colour, creed, age, gender or social status. In addition to the ideals of equality, the tradition of Langar expresses the ethics of sharing, community, inclusiveness and oneness of all umankind. "..the Light of God is in all hearts." 282