Greece pp


Published on

Published in: Travel, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Greece pp

  1. 1. The Geography of Ancient Greece<br />Chapter 11: Lesson 1<br />
  2. 2. Geography Shapes Ancient<br /> Greek Life<br />·Greece is a peninsula, a body of land surrounded by water on 3 sides. <br />·The 2nd peninsula is called the Peloponnesus.<br />·An isthmus links the Peloponnesus with the rest of Greece.<br />
  3. 3. Geography of Greece<br />Peninsula<br />Isthmus <br />Peloponnesus<br />
  4. 4. More Geography <br /> Mountains covered 70-80% of Greece<br />·This made it hard to unite under one rule<br />·This made transportation difficult<br />NO RIVER SYSTEM….<br /> -used 3 Seas for transportation/trade<br /> -Mediterranean, Ionian, Aegean<br />Climate: mild rainy winters, hot dry summers<br />
  5. 5. Aegean Sea<br />Ionian Sea<br />Mediterranean Sea<br />
  6. 6. Agriculture<br />·Greek land was rocky, only 20-30% good for farming. <br />·More than ½ of all Greeks were farmers<br />·Only MEN could own property. <br />·A landowner could…<br />·Support himself/family<br />·Buy helmets, shields, and swords.<br />3. Was considered UPPER CLASS<br />
  7. 7. More Agriculture<br />·Landowners could serve in the army and defend their homeland. <br />·In order to get more farmland, farmers had to go elsewhere and establish colonies.<br />
  8. 8. Resources/Trade<br />Resources/ Surpluses<br />-stone for building<br /> -good harbors<br /> -olive oil<br /> -wine<br /> -wool <br /> -fine pottery<br />
  9. 9. Resources/Trade<br />Resources Lacked<br />-nuts<br /> -figs<br /> -cheese<br /> -grain<br /> -timber<br /> -slaves<br /> -animal hides<br />
  10. 10. A Seafaring People<br /> Greeks became skilled sailors and shipbuilders.<br />·Rowing ships for fighting<br />·Sailing ships for trading <br />Used the Seas for trading and a source of food. <br /> -fish<br />
  11. 11. The Earliest Greeks<br />·Earliest Greek civilization started around<br />2000 B.C.<br />·The 1st Greek civilization was built on the <br />Peloponnesus.<br />·1st group of people called the Mycenaeans.<br />·Culture featured: gold jewelry, bronze<br />weapons, writing, fine pottery. <br />·Their civilization collapsed around 1200 B.C.<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. New Advances in Greek Culture<br />·Greek culture flourished…thank you Phoenicians J<br />·Phoenicians quickly spread their writing system. <br />·(They had an alphabet) (22 letters)<br />·The Greek alphabet later evolved into our own alphabet of 26 letters. <br />·Greeks also learned about coins, literature and government. <br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Pop Quiz <br />·What is a peninsula?<br />·How are the peninsula, isthmus, and Peloponnesus connected?<br />·Why was it hard for farmers to grow crops in Greece? What did these conditions have farmers result in doing?<br />·What are 2 resources Greeks had and 2 resources Greeks lacked?<br />
  16. 16. Pop Quiz<br />·How did the 3 seas act as “highways of water” for the ancient Greeks? <br />·What were the 1st Greeks called?<br />·Name ONE thing their culture featured.<br />·What group of people were able to spread their writing system and greatly impacted Greek culture?<br />