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Regenerative 21st Century Farming: A Solution to Global Warming & The Organic Green Revolution
 

Regenerative 21st Century Farming: A Solution to Global Warming & The Organic Green Revolution

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Regenerative 21st Century Farming:

Regenerative 21st Century Farming:
A Solution to Global Warming
& The Organic Green Revolution

By Timothy J. LaSalle, PhD
CEO, Rodale Institute

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    Regenerative 21st Century Farming: A Solution to Global Warming & The Organic Green Revolution Regenerative 21st Century Farming: A Solution to Global Warming & The Organic Green Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • Regenerative 21st Century Farming: A Solution to Global Warming & The Organic Green Revolution By Timothy J. LaSalle, PhD CEO, Rodale Institute
    • The Farming System Trial ®
    • Energy Used in Different Corn Production Systems 231.7 77.5 121.6 199.2 Conventional Organic
    • CO 2 Over Past 420,000 Years CO 2 Concentration (ppm) Years before 2005 from the Vostok Ice Core Data
    • Global Effect 3.5 billion tillable acres 40% Mitigation Agriculture
    • No-Till Roller Crimper No-Till using Biology not Chemistry
    • Natural N Production Hairy Vetch Biomass Measurement 150 - 200 pounds per acre
    • Carbon Impact by Field Treatment Carbon Sequestration ( kg C / ha /year)
    • Soil Organic Matters 1% 5% 5 % 1%
    • Rodale Institute Soil Depth (cm) Soil Carbon (%)
    • 2025: 2 Billion People Without Water Austin Brown II, 65, on his ranch in Beeville, TX. Much of the state has not had a significant rainfall since August. The worst drought in nearly 100 years is racking three-quarters of Texas Photo byMichael Stravato for The New York Times
    • C - N cycle C - H2O Soil Carbon Matter Matters Soil Carbon Matter(s)
    • Rodale Institute
    • Organic Corn - 1995 Drought Organic Conventional Better infiltration, retention, and delivery to plants helps avoid drought damage
    • Creating New Soil
      • A photo from a Canadian research station showing the root growth of bunchgrass plants that were kept clipped at certain levels.
      • Research efforts in the soil science arena have concentrated on reducing the rate of soil loss. The concept of building new topsoil is rarely considered.
      From Dr. Christine Jones, Carbon For Life, Inc.
    • Proven, Affordable, Immediate Mob Grazing Keyline Plow
    • These basic processes determine whether landscapes end up like this: … or like this. (Two rivers in the same area, with the same soils and rainfall, on the same day.) © ManagingWholes.com Restoring Water
      • Higher corn and soybean yields in drought years
      • Increased soil C and N
      • Higher water infiltration
      • Higher water holding cap.
      • Higher microbial activity
      Soil in Organic Systems
    • Organic Matter Increases Infiltration Conventional Organic Using Compost
    • Buildings floated in the cedar river in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, following a devastating flood last year. Flooding in Agricultural Zones
    • Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone
    • 40% Mitigation Cuba – Two rice plants the same age and same variety Systems Rice Intensification By: Dr. Norman Uphoff, Cornell University
    • Systems Rice Intensification 40% Mitigation After typhoon, FFS farmer in Dông Trù village, Hanoi Province, Viet Nam By: Dr. Norman Uphoff, Cornell University
      • Extends plant root systems
      • Produces erosion-resistant, carbon enriched soil
      • Provides mechanisms for soil biological carbon fixation
      • Slows decay of organic matter
      Mycorrhizal Fungi
    • Soil Aggregation: A Biological Process
    • a relic of sampling methodology? Depth (feet) Corn plant root system Sampling depths of 140 studies comparing tillage impacts on soil carbon (shaded area denotes sampling depth) (Figure from Baker et al. 2007) Soil Carbon Sequestration in Conventional No-till Agriculture
    • Global Effect 3.5 billion tillable acres 40% Mitigation Agriculture
    • Single biggest solution 11 billion acres 100+ % Mitigation
    • A sizable % of human population now depends on [artificial] N fertilizer. T.E. Crews & M.B. Peoples 2002 Agricultural Calamity
    • Frogs Not Ready for Roundup Roundup still killed up to 71 percent of tadpoles in outdoor tanks. Rick Relyea, University of Pittsburgh
    • Human Sperm Count Decline
    • Representative drawings of a person by 4 & 5 year-old Yaqui children from the FOOTHILLS of Sonora, Mexico Representative drawings of a person by 4 & 5-year-old Yaqui children from the VALLEY of Sonora, Mexico. An Anthropological Approach to the Evaluation of Preschool Children Exposed to Pesticides in Mexico © Elizabeth A. Guillette, María Mercedes Meza, Maria Guadalupe Aquilar, Alma Delia Soto and Idalia Enedina Garcia 4 Years Old 5 Years Old Female Female Male Female Male Female Male Male 4 Years Old 5 Years Old
    • In spite of current realities of soil loss, global water shortages, high cost of fossil fuels ecologically and financially, increased aquatic dead zones, and soil fertility depletion there exists an agriculture that is restorative, regenerative and profitable. Agricultural Hope
      • Build Soil
      • Clean Waterways
      • Improve Water Retention
      • Increase Drought & Flood Resistance
      • Improve Yields
      • Increase Adaptability to Climate Change
      Ecological Restoration Too
    • Biological farming and ranching works to build the biology. “ Bio-logical” Chemical conventional agriculture degrades the biology. “ Bio-logical”
    • New Markets
    • Rodale Institute Reaches for Consumers
    • Rodale Institute Paradise Lost 1970
    • Organic Farm Conservancy Rodale Institute