Volume 4, Issue 36 - Monday, 07 December 2009                                                  Web site: http://www.functi...
Business & Market Intelligence
Kraft Begins Cadbury Tender; Stock Trades Above Bid
Kraft Foods Inc., the maker of Oreo coo...
General Mills to end some products
General Mills Inc. expects to post $24.1 million in restructuring expenses this quarter...
enemy number one. It suggested the government should take a hands on approach. ―Fonterra‘s
performance matters for New Zea...
Parmalat announces new Australian CEO
Parmalat S.p.A. has announced the appointment of Craig Garvin to the role of Chief E...
McLaughlin, said: "Despite the economic downturn, the sector has shown resilience but we must remain
adept at recognising ...
The key points for grocery products are that:
        A portion of serving size be provided;
        The label indicates...
ranked as the third hottest trend. Whether applied to produce, meat, seafood or alcoholic beverages,
the concepts of envir...
the most likely to view them as processed‖, it says. ―This is the case, despite a number of products
actively targeting ol...
volume and value sales reached their highest point since the monthly survey was launched in January
2009. Of the twelve co...
tonnes. German beef production seems set to fall by 7% in 2009, reflecting lower domestic supplies
especially young bull a...
Sponsor the Functional Foods Weekly
  Companies can now sponsor indiviudal or multiple Issues of the Functional
  Foods We...
The first nutrition bar containing resveratrol, the
ingredient in grapes acclaimed for its potential to
forestall the rava...
Regulations, Labelling, Health Claims & Related News
Unit pricing becomes mandatory in Australia
Unit pricing became manda...
An advice leaflet for people who have been newly diagnosed with
a food allergy has been published by the Food Standards Ag...
Nutrition, Health Benefits & Related Research
Omega-3 plus glucosamine ‗superior‘ for joint health: Study
Combining omega-...
uses to remove unhealthy or mutant cells, like cancer cells. Coupling this discovery with the finding that
soy is a rich s...
Reviews, Comments, Opinions and Full-text Publications
Targeting Beverages for Demographics
In today‘s beverage wars, cont...
U.S. Department of Agriculture-subsidized meals. Schools have been successful in meeting USDA
nutrient standards except th...
Commercialization.............. Read
2010
Jan 17-20           Dairy Forum 2010......... Read                              ...
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Functional Foods Weekly Vol 4 No 36

  1. 1. Volume 4, Issue 36 - Monday, 07 December 2009 Web site: http://www.functionalfoods.com.au Market intelligence and innovations in functional foods & nutraceuticals Compiled from analysis of over 500 resources every week including media releases, Internet searches, news wires, RSS feeds, magazines, research journals, patent sites etc. Join us on Table of Contents Business & Market Intelligence ............................................................................................................................... 2 Consumer & Market Trends & Market Size ............................................................................................................. 6 Innovations, IP, New Products & Related News .................................................................................................... 12 Regulations, Labelling, Health Claims & Related News ........................................................................................ 14 Nutrition, Health Benefits & Related Research ...................................................................................................... 16 Reviews, Comments, Opinions and Full-text Publications .................................................................................... 18 Webinars Worldwide.............................................................................................................................................. 19 Conferences & Meetings Worldwide ..................................................................................................................... 19 Disclaimer.............................................................................................................................................................. 20 Subscription conditions.......................................................................................................................................... 20 Subscription Information Functional Foods Weekly (46 electronic Issues/year) subscription is available as single, multiple, library, academic, site and corporate licenses. It is targeted at food industry CEOs, Marketing and R&D executives and their teams. For current subscription rates, please contact: weekly@functionalfoods.com.au © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 1
  2. 2. Business & Market Intelligence Kraft Begins Cadbury Tender; Stock Trades Above Bid Kraft Foods Inc., the maker of Oreo cookies, began its unsolicited tender offer for Cadbury Plc as the U.K. candy maker traded above the 10.2 billion-pound bid ($17 billion). Holders of London-based Cadbury have until Jan. 5 to accept the offer, which is the same as a proposal outlined on Sept. 7 and Nov. 9, Kraft said in a statement today. Kraft, based in Northfield, Illinois, is offering 714 pence a share, based on yesterday‘s closing stock price. Cadbury, which has 14 days to file a response arguing against a takeover or seeking a higher price, has called the cash-and-stock offer an ―unappealing prospect‖ from a ―low- growth‖ conglomerate. The U.S. company may still raise its offer to as much as 780 pence a share if Cadbury shareholders balk at tendering their stock, said Alexia Howard, an analyst with Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. in New York. ―It‘s going to depend on who blinks first,‖ Howard said in a telephone interview. ―Kraft is going to have to gauge what the acceptance level is and decide.‖ A spokesman for Cadbury in the U.S. declined to comment. Cadbury, which has traded above the offer since it was made, fell 4.5 pence to 795.5 pence at 4:18 p.m. in London trading. Kraft rose 18 cents to $26.60 at 11:18 a.m. in New York Stock Exchange composite trading. Kraft has 46 days to raise its bid if it chooses, according to U.K. takeover law. A competing bid, which would trigger a new timetable, hasn‘t emerged. Ferrero SpA and Hershey Co. said in November that they were evaluating options......... Read Arla Foods to build world‘s biggest dairy plant in UK Arla Foods, the company behind Lurpak butter, is close to finalising a UK site for the world's largest fresh milk processing plant after announcing that it is committed to building the facility. The Danish co- operative said it was "finalising" its quest for a site, which will be on the outskirts of London, ahead of a presentation of detailed plans to its board early next year. "We do now know the exact location, there are various options," Arla communications director Astrid Gade Nielsen told Agrimoney.com. However, the group's announcement of the plant, set to create about 500 jobs after it opens in 2012, was a signal of its confidence in finding a suitable location, she added. The plant will have a capacity of 1bn kilogrammes of milk, bigger than Arla's existing Stourton site, in the north of England, and the largest of Robert Wiseman facilities, and equivalent to about 20% of Britain's annual consumption....... Read Tesco ‗plans massive superstore surge‘ in UK Tesco is planning scores of new supermarkets across Britain before a proposed clampdown that would restrict its ability to expand. The country‘s largest retailer has lodged nearly double the number of planning applications as its two largest rivals combined, according to data passed to The Times. The intense planning activity comes as ministers discuss new rules that would limit new store openings by locally dominant chains. One rival accused Tesco of planning a ―surge‖ in new stores before a proposed competition test that would threaten its expansion plans. Tesco has approximately 76 outstanding planning applications, from convenience stores to hypermarkets. Most have been lodged in the past year. Asda and J Sainsbury have submitted only about 45 between them, excluding extensions....... Read Simplot joins Nestle in ready meals market (Australia) Simplot Australia is about to enter the Australasian ready meals market through a combined license and acquisition arrangement with Nestlé Australia that came into effect this week. Simplot Australia will licence the leading frozen meals brand Lean Cuisine and Maggi frozen brand, acquire the Papa Giuseppi frozen pizza brand and the manufacturing facility at Pakenham, near Melbourne. The Pakenham factory will become the cornerstone manufacturing facility for a meals centre of excellence, operating as Gippsland Food Company. The agreement between the two food giants became effective on 30 November. Gippsland Food Company will operate as a stand alone business with the aim of becoming the leading supplier to the Australasian ready meals market........ Read © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 2
  3. 3. General Mills to end some products General Mills Inc. expects to post $24.1 million in restructuring expenses this quarter as it discontinues some of its smaller, underperforming product lines. The packaged food maker is discontinuing, not selling, the product lines, said spokeswoman Heidi Geller. The company declined to name specific products that are being cut, but Geller said the lines that will be affected are small and that the company is cutting some product lines within brands and not entire brands. General Mills said the changes will allow it to focus on more profitable products. The changes made by General Mills aren't unusual. Large branded companies have been cutting lower-performing brands and offerings, many of which are little known and often steal shelf space from products in higher demand. Some of the nation's largest retailers have been cutting back on their assortments in an effort to simplify their shelves and sell more profitable offerings, putting further pressure on manufacturers to focus on their best-selling items. General Mills expects to complete its move by the end of the second quarter, which concludes Sunday, and the company said that no employees will be affected. The charge is consistent with its fiscal-year earnings forecast, which includes an estimated $30 million in such costs, the company said in a filing Tuesday with the Securities and Exchange Commission. General Mills also said earnings including the restructuring charges should be at least $1.43 a share. That is analysts' average estimate, according to Thomson Reuters, and their figures typically exclude such charges. The products affected generated about $35 million in net sales in the company's last fiscal year. General Mills expects an additional $2.5 million of exit costs in later periods......... Read Fonterra Raises Earnings Forecast After Sale of Arla Venture Share Business Cooperative Group Ltd., the world‘s largest dairy exporter, raised its forecast earnings from investments and food processing by almost 30 percent after selling its U.K. venture with Arla Foods AmbA. Distributable profit, which includes one-time items, will be between 35 and 45 New Zealand cents a share in the year ending May 31, up from the 35 cents it forecast Nov. 9. As much as 15 cents of that may be retained for reinvestment, the Auckland-based company said today. Distributable profit excludes earnings from raw-milk processing. Fonterra, which sells about NZ$17 billion ($12 billion) of milk, butter and cheese in 140 countries a year, owned a 25 percent share of the butter venture before selling it last month to free up funds to invest in its New Zealand plants. The company had owned it since 2001. Fonterra also announced its first dividend policy after last month changing the way its 10,500 New Zealand farmer- shareholders invest in the company. It aims to pay between 65 percent and 75 percent of distributable profit as dividends starting next harvest........ Read Fonterra wakes up farmers to $500m revamp hit Fonterra woke its members up to a multi-million dollar hit from its restructuring as it unveiled that their shares were worth 13% less than fair value, and that it would hold back at least one-third of profits. The New Zealand co-operative, the world's biggest dairy exporter, said that the value of their shares was being kept at NZ$4.52, even though fair value had risen to NZ$5.10, as it unveiled the impact of the first stage of its shift into a fresh capital structure. The NZ$0.58 discount, being introduced to reflect the illiquidity of Fonterra's 1.25bn shares, equates to more than NZ$700m (US$500m). It also said while it expected NZ$0.30-0.45 per share in distributable profit, it would pay out only NZ$0.20-0.30 per share in dividends, with the balance – worth more than NZ$180m at NZ$0.15 a share – being retained to strengthen the balance sheet. Fonterra last month won members' approval for its new structure, which replaces a format which saw the co-operative paying out huge amounts from its reserves in poor years and left the group with uncomfortable debts. The group warned member to expect a further discounting of their shares, adding that the price was being held at NZ$4.52 from last year as part of a transitioning process........ Read 2055 Taskforce in New Zealand slams Fonterra‘s structure Massive changes to dairy giant Fonterra‘s capital structure has been recommended by the 2025 Taskforce led by Don Brash. The taskforce‘s report out today specifically names Fonterra and criticises its co-operative model as under performing – likely making taskforce leader Don Brash dairy farmers‘ © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 3
  4. 4. enemy number one. It suggested the government should take a hands on approach. ―Fonterra‘s performance matters for New Zealand and in view of parliament‘s role in the creation of Fonterra, the government has a legitmate strong interest in the future structure of the company in a way that it would not if a more competitive model had been adopted earlier.‖ Outside capital should be allowed in the door of New Zealand‘s biggest company, and the government should kept up pressure to encourage it, the taskforce recommended. In the report, the taskforce recognised that Fonterra exists in its current dominant position because of exceptions granted to the Commerce Act to allow it to form....... Read Australia explores opportunities in Indian dairy market Australia, which accounts for an estimated two per cent of the world's milk production, is looking at India to export its premium dairy products. "In India we are exploring opportunities and bilateral ties available in the niche segment like specialty diary cheese, cultured dairy powders and other products that are not traditional," International Market Development Program, Victorian Department of Primary Industries Manager, Peter Myers told PTI. The Australian delegation met several leading retail chains like Spencers, Reliance Fresh in the country to explore the opportunities in Indian retail space. Victoria, which accounts for 80 per cent of Australia's dairy exports, is also interested in promoting the technical know-how to enhance domestic production, Myers said....... Read Canadian Dairy Firm Agropur Acquires Iowa Cheese Plant Green Meadows Foods Agropur's Board of Directors, Canada's largest dairy cooperative, is pleased to announce that it has acquired Green Meadows Foods, a new cheese factory located in the United States, in the State of Iowa. "This most recent acquisition represents a great fit with our current operations and will allow us to keep building a strong foundation for continued growth", reported Agropur's CEO, Pierre Claprood. The Iowa facility will now be part of Trega Foods' operations and will be overseen by Trega Foods' President, Doug Simon, who reports to Agropur Cheese and Functional Products Division's President, Louis Lefebvre.......... Read NMR attempts to cash in on China dairy revamp National Milk Records has expanded its global ambitions to China in an effort to exploit the restructuring of the country's milk industry following last year's melamine scandal. The livestock technology and tagging group said it had "embarked upon a number of projects and discussions" over helping China's dairy farmers promote quality checks in response to the contamination crisis, which was blamed for the deaths of at least six children and illness in thousands more. The group said its technology, which can check for diseases such as leptospirosis and bovine viral diarrhoea and traces of chemicals such as antibiotics, offered an "ideal solution" to China's concerns over quality. It would also help Chinese farmers raise annual yields per cow from a current average of 2,000-3,000 litres to a target of 6,000 litres through measures such as identifying the most productive animals to breed from........ Read United Biscuits enters Indian market with high fibre digestive biscuits United Biscuits, the world‘s third largest biscuit maker, is planning its India foray by taking over the manufacturing facility of a little known Himachal Pradesh firm, SS Food Industries (SSFI). The UK- based maker of McVitie‘s, Hoola Hoops and Jacob‘s Cream Crackers brands is buying the facility of SSFI that makes biscuits for exports to Africa and the Middle East, according to a report in The Economic Times. The plant will begin test-manufacturing McVitie‘s in India. McVitie‘s, a digestive biscuit made of wheat and high fibre, occupies a distinct health positioning. It is expected to compete with Britannia‘s Marie Gold, Nutri Choice and Sunfeast Marie Lite. The $1.6 billion United Biscuits is expected to launch its flagship brand in India in the first quarter of next year. United Biscuit has been scouting for a possible manufacturing or distribution alliance in India for more than a year and the acquisition of SSFI‘s plant marks its entry into the Rs 6,000-crore Indian biscuits market dominated by Britannia and Parle and ITC. Biscuit is an intensely competitive segment in India. Apart from the three major national players, the category has strong regional brands such as Priyagold, Cremica and Dukes........ Read © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 4
  5. 5. Parmalat announces new Australian CEO Parmalat S.p.A. has announced the appointment of Craig Garvin to the role of Chief Executive Officer of Parmalat Australia. Mr Garvin replaces Fabio Genitrini who, in June this year, took over from David Lord when he resigned after eight years as CEO. ―Within the Australian marketplace, Mr Garvin has a strong FMCG background in well known branded companies and hospitality industry,‖ the Italian dairy firm said in a statement....... Read Barry Callebaut disposal attracts 'brisk' interest Barry Callebaut said that a fresh attempt to dispose of its consumer division was receiving considerable interest as it restated its determination to join in the round of chocolate sector consolidation. The world's biggest chocolate maker said inquiries for the unit, both from private equity firms and trade buyers, had been "brisk", raising hopes that its latest sale process would fare better than the last. "The business has developed well recently so a transaction can be carried out on a good basis," Juergen Steinemann, the Swiss group's chief executive, told newspaper Finanz und Wirtschaft. "We plan to settle the sale in 2010." The comments come as Cadbury, the UK chocolate giant, is being pursued by America's Kraft and is reportedly mulling a tie-up with Hershey. Barry Callebaut attempted earlier this year to dispose of its consumer division to Spain's Natra in exchange for a 45-49% stake in the merged business, but the talks foundered over differences on pricing........ Read Japan's Suntory Buys US Pepsi Bottler Conway-Myrtle Beach, May Buy More Japanese brewer Suntory Holdings, which is in talks to merge with domestic rival Kirin Holdings, said on Friday it will buy a U.S. Pepsi bottler and may consider more such acquisitions. Daily News Alerts Like other Japanese beer companies, Suntory is scrambling to expand its overseas businesses to reduce its dependence on a shrinking domestic market. A merger with Kirin would create a global food and beverage giant with sales on par with U.S.-based Kraft. Suntory recently bought soft drinks maker Orangina Schweppes for $3.9 billion. Kirin has aggressively acquired overseas drinks and food businesses, including a $1.5 billion deal to buy Australia's National Foods and Dairy Farmers. Suntory, which produces and sells Pepsi products in Japan and owns Pepsi Bottling Ventures in North Carolina, has agreed to buy Conway-Myrtle Beach Inc, a Pepsi bottler with revenue of about $41 million in neighbouring South Carolina............ Read IFF Opens New Moscow Facility for Flavors and Fragrances Businesses International Flavors & Fragrances Inc. today announced the opening of a new facility in Russia, a 460- square-meter building that provides the environment and tools to support the company's creative, technical and customer support teams.The facility is located in the business district ‗Moscow City‘ and will serve the needs of consumers in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Central Asia. The new building is designed to maximize flavor and fragrance customer access and interaction. It includes a test kitchen for IFF culinary experts, application kitchens for product application teams and a state-of-the-art laboratory for flavorists. The facility has space for sensory and consumer insight analysis, as well as offices for sales and marketing activities. IFF will be staffing the site with fragrance and flavors sales and account personnel. In addition, flavor technologists, consumer insight and support personnel are in place to interact with customers manufacturing beverages, dairy products, savory foods, sweets and snacks, as well as fine fragrances, soap and household products........ Read Scottish food industry sets new targets for growth Scotland's food and drink industry has been set a new target to grow in value to £12.5bn, an increase of £2.5bn. The industry body, Scotland Food and Drink, said it wanted exports to increase from £3.8bn to £5bn. The organisation said growth in the food and drink industry was vital to Scotland's recovery from recession. More than 337,000 people in Scotland, 14% of the workforce, are employed in the food industry which is currently worth £7.57bn to the economy. The new targets for growing the value of sales and exports should be reached by 2017. The chief executive of Scotland Food and Drink, Paul © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 5
  6. 6. McLaughlin, said: "Despite the economic downturn, the sector has shown resilience but we must remain adept at recognising new opportunities and innovative solutions to meet our £12.5bn target."...... Read Back to the Table of Contents Advertise in the Functional Foods Weekly Functional Foods Weekly is a well-regarded weekly digest subscribed by the food and beverage industry executives worldwide. We accept limited advertisements that could benefit our subscribers Consumer & Market Trends & Market Size Hot product predictions for 2010 What might you see in the way of finished products next year? A new report from market research firm Mintel, offers a preview. ―We may all be tired of hearing about the economy, but you can‘t talk predictions without talking about the economy,‖ says Mintel‘s New Product Expert Lynn Dornblaser. ―All trends are to one degree or another influenced by them.‖ Keeping that in mind, Dornblaser says that each year the trend areas don‘t change much (personal care, sustainability and so on), but it‘s rather how the trends are expressed. Next year, Mintel predicts seven core trends will impact global new product development as manufacturers try to pique interest in new launches while keeping shoppers comfortable. Symbol overload: Consumers are hungry for nutrition facts. However, people feel confused and skeptical about different companies' nutrition symbols. Sodium reduction: Poised as the next major health movement, sodium reduction is finally ready to take hold. But keep in mind that sodium reduction is being pushed by food companies and health organizations, not by consumers. Local gets stretched: In today's society, for many shoppers buying only local goods is a pipe dream. However, people still want products with recognizable origins and those that haven't been shipped too far. Simple made special: In 2010, chic packaging and premium positioning will turn today's grudge purchases into enjoyable events. Colour coding for convenience: Manufacturers will help retailers unclutter their shelves Iconic budget brands: Private label "brands" are starting to look a lot more like real brands. Gen Y cleans up: Generation Y (born between 1977 and 1994) consumers now make up 21 percent of the global population. ................ Read Consumers want consistent portion info, IGD Nutritional info should be given per portion not just per 100g, say new IGD guidelines to help food businesses provide consistent information on portion sizes. The IGD‘s Industry Nutrition Strategy Group started looking at how portion sizes are determined in 2008. It has reviewed portion advice drawn up by industry, governments and NGO, and conducted consumer research undertaken in focus groups and through a quantitative survey of 1,067 adults. In July IGD published a report on consumer understanding of portion size information, which showed up distrust of industry defined portion sizes. The findings were said to highlight the need for food companies to communicate better on how they come up with their portion sizes. The new voluntary guidelines are the next phase in the project, and aim to point food businesses towards language and tools that are practical and relevant for consumers. Joanne Denney-Finch, chief executive of IGD, said the guidelines were developed bearing in mind what consumers said would be helpful. © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 6
  7. 7. The key points for grocery products are that:  A portion of serving size be provided;  The label indicates how the product is intended to be used;  Language used in the nutrition information is the same on the front and the back;  Language used in marketing text is consistent with that on the pack;  Language is consistent with same brand products in the category  Additional words or descriptions be used to reinforce portion size messages;  Multiserve packs clearly show how many servings there are in the pack. .......................... Read Cheese industry slashes salt content UK Cheese processors are using 350t less salt in their cheeses every year than they did in 2007, according to trade association Dairy UK. On cheddar and similar hard cheeses, the industry is using 5% less salt than it did in 2007 – a reduction equivalent to 1kg of salt per tonne of cheese. Soft cheeses have seen an even bigger average fall, down more than 0.2g to less than 0.8g of salt per 100g of product. Dairy UK technical director Ed Komorowski said: ―Working with the Food Standards Agency‘s salt reduction programme we have achieved major salt savings in excess of 350t per year. That equates to a 7% reduction in salt content.......... Read Restaurant trends: Sustainability, Local Sourcing and Nutrition Top List of Hottest Menu Trends for 2010 The National Restaurant Association‘s annual survey of more than 1,800 professional chefs – members of the American Culinary Federation (ACF) – reveals that local sourcing of ingredients, sustainability and nutrition will be the hottest trends on restaurant menus in 2010. Locally grown produce, locally sourced meats and seafood, sustainability, mini-desserts and locally produced wine and beer top the list of nearly 215 culinary items in the ―What‘s Hot in 2010‖ survey. Rounding out the top 10 trends are nutritious kids‘ meals, half-portions, farm- branded ingredients, gluten-free/food-allergy conscious meals and sustainable seafood. ―No one has a better view of restaurant menu trends than the chefs of the nation‘s nearly one million restaurants, and that is why we survey these culinary professionals on what hot, new trends we‘ll see in the coming year,‖ said Dawn Sweeney, President and CEO of the Association. ―The top trends this year – local sourcing, sustainability and nutrition – reflect wider societal trends and consumers‘ growing interest in these issues. Many restaurants are sourcing some of their ingredients locally, and you often see chefs shopping at farmer‘s markets to create a host of better-for-you options that today‘s diners want.‖ Michael Ty, CEC, AAC, ACF national president, agreed. ―This is retro – it‘s what we did in the past when chefs relied on local markets because we did not have the luxury of today‘s transportation system. We are going back to our roots and the foundation of our craft that made it more pleasurable.‖ The Association surveyed 1,854 American Culinary Federation member chefs in October 2009, asking them to rate 214 individual food/beverage items, preparation methods and culinary themes divided into categories as a ―hot trend,‖ ―yesterday‘s news,‖ or ―perennial favorite‖ on restaurant menus in 2010. The leading culinary theme revealed by the survey is sustainability, which is © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 7
  8. 8. ranked as the third hottest trend. Whether applied to produce, meat, seafood or alcoholic beverages, the concepts of environmentally friendly practices and local sourcing – farm-to-fork – are appealing to both restaurant operators and consumers for several reasons, including freshness, minimal transportation, and supporting local communities and businesses. Nutrition is another culinary theme that ranks high on the list of trends at number 15. Healthful options for children, produce, superfruits, bite-size and half portions, and food allergy conscious and gluten-free meals all rank in the top 20, illustrating that consumer interest in health and nutrition continues to grow and that restaurants are responding......... pdf, 11 pages..... Read More than eight out of ten grocery manufacturers step up investment in sustainability New research from food and grocery expert IGD reveals that 85% of manufacturers have either stepped up their investment in sustainability or kept it the same during the recession despite just over two-fifths (42%) believing it is not yet high enough on the shopper agenda.Three-quarters (76%) of suppliers think that sustainability will play a greater role in their trading relationships with retailers in the near future, but just over 40% view increased global competition for resource (41%) and more complex legislation (40%) as two of the biggest threats to wider business sustainability in 2010 and beyond. Joanne Denney- Finch, chief executive, IGD, comments: "Our recent consumer research has shown that shoppers are already concerned about the environmental impact of products and continue to seek value for their values......... Read Milk powder prices keep rising: NZL Average whole milkpowder (WMP) prices rose 3.6 percent at Fonterra's GlobalDairyTrade online auction, reaching $US3560/tonne ($NZ4840). Bidding was marked by a jump of 5.1 percent to $US3523/tonne for WMP in short-term contracts for delivery in February. One year ago, the February contract sold for $US2078. The average for February delivery of WMP was based on $US3515 for "regular" powder, $US3565 for instant, and $US3590 for UHT, and the averages for March-May delivery were the same. Further out, for June-August delivery the average was up only 0.9 percent at $US3716 (regular $US3685, instant $US3735, and UHF $US3760). The website showed an 8.6 percent drop in price for an industrial butter product, anhydrous milkfat (AMF) -- to $US4349/tonne. AMF only began selling on the site last month, and the price dropped 8.4 percent ($US4406) for February delivery, 8.5 percent ($US4328) for March-May, and a fall of 8.4 percent ($US4335) in July-August......... Read Next year's 'superingredients:' immunity-boosters and brain foods Functional foods and dietary supplements with ingredients aimed at bolstering the immune system and optimizing brain functioning will be some of the key trends affecting the nutrition sector in 2010, according to research to be published in Nutrition Business Journal. Immunity-support ingredients: Amid fears of the spreading H1N1 flu virus, immune-boosting ingredients in nutritional supplements and added to foods will become even more popular. They include: antioxidants, beta-glucans -- a fiber-type of sugar compound present in oats, barley and yeast and that enhances the functioning of the immune system -- and botanicals like elderberry and echinacea. Brain-boosters: Baby-boomers, children thought to have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and their stressed-out parents will all be likely marketing targets for new cognitive health products, according to the forecast. Omega-3, long thought to be linked to improved cerebral functioning will be a key component of cognitive-related products, whether for mood or mental clarity. New branded ingredients will be emerging while global food giants like Nestle will be focusing more on cognitive health research....... Read Spreads with health claims faring poorly due consumer confusion and scepticism Spreads with added benefits continue to be negatively impacted by consumer confusion and scepticism, argues market researcher Mintel. New product development (NPD) in yellow fats has, therefore, shifted from functional spreads with added benefits towards premium butters, particularly spreadable butters, it says in its Yellow Fats Report 2009. It found that margarine-type products, with health claims are used by only one in four over-55s, ―these consumers being the least likely to see these spreads as tasty and © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 8
  9. 9. the most likely to view them as processed‖, it says. ―This is the case, despite a number of products actively targeting older users with benefits for heart health through lowered cholesterol. Price may also be a barrier to greater take-up amongst older consumers, particularly those who are reliant on a state pension.‖ In addition it says, over half of over-55s would pay more for foods without artificial additives. ―Consumers are moving away from active health spreads to more balanced diet management and natural ingredients.‖ For functional spreads with added benefits to be successful, the report says, ―they must offer benefits that are easy to understand and credible, in order to spark consumer interest and justify the higher price.‖ Over the last year, the total functional spreads category in the UK remained flat and was worth £65m for the 52 weeks ending October 3, 2009, says functional spreads manufacturer Benecol. In contrast, its spreads, have been significantly outperforming the category and were up around 9 per cent during the same period, according to IRI Grocery Outlets data. Benecol‘s branded spreads were recently boosted by the new EU health claim ruling, which confirmed that plant stanol esters have been shown to lower blood cholesterol, which is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease. GP survey reveals....... Read Taiwan gets most of its herbal medicine from China: report A big chunk of Taiwan's imports of Chinese herbal and traditional medicines came from mainland China, the non-profit Development Center for Biotechnology reported Monday. Taiwan imported US$29.66 million worth of Chinese herbal medicine from the Chinese mainland in 2008, making the island China's fifth largest export market for this type of exports, Liu Tzu-hui, a researcher with the center, quoted a Chinese government customs report as indicating. According to Taiwan's customs statistics, however, the percentage of Taiwan's Chinese medicine imports from mainland China was even greater - at about 60-70 percent of its total imports of this type of product. Ginseng preparations made the bulk of these imports, constituting about 28.5 percent of the total, Liu said, citing Taiwanese official statistics. Taiwan's imports of Chinese herbal medicine materials from around the world, excluding prepared herbal medicines, totaled NT$2.42 billion (US$75 million) in 2008, according to the statistics. Liu said China is the world's major exporter of raw materials of Chinese herbal medicines and prepared herbal medicines as its production chain in this industry is well rounded, with a huge number of suppliers and processors. The quality of these medicines, however, was unstable and hard to control, said Liu........ Read Australians are getting fatter and lifestyle related diseases are on the rise Australians are fatter but are smoking less and the risky consumption of alcohol has remained stable over the past decade. Nationwide research into what drives people to see their GP has also found high blood pressure was the most common health woe, while check-ups relating to diabetes and cholesterol were also on the rise. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare collects data from a new sample of about 1,000 GPs each year, looking for differences from the 1999-2000 financial year to 2008-09. "There were increases in patient requests for prescriptions, immunisations, blood tests, test results and administrative actions such as medical certificates," according to the Bettering the Evaluation And Care of Health (BEACH) 10-year review. "In 2008-09, patients also presented more often about their diabetes, depression and hypertension." Meanwhile, rates of presentations for ear pain, throat complaints and headaches fell about 25 per cent over the period. The research also showed the prevalence of overweight people who went to see their GP rose from 33 per cent to 36 per cent. The number of obese jumped from 19 per cent to 25 per cent over the 10 years. Those who smoke daily decreased from 19 per cent to 15 per cent while "at-risk alcohol consumption" remained stable at 26 per cent. Children got no fatter, with rates of overweight and obesity among those aged under 17 stable at 11 per cent obese and 17 per cent overweight............ pdf, 197 pages ........ Read Global Consumer Confidence Rebounding, and Sales Start to Follow - Nilesen Global consumers are increasingly feeling confident about the state of the economy and their own finances, and while Asia has spearheaded that rebound, signs are pointing to improved consumer behavior in other parts of the world. According to the latest edition of the Nielsen Economic Current, © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 9
  10. 10. volume and value sales reached their highest point since the monthly survey was launched in January 2009. Of the twelve countries examined, only one – Germany – showed a decline in the survey, while France and Taiwan recorded improvement. ―While these results are encouraging, consumers in most parts of the world remain cautious about spending their money, and are increasingly moving to value channels. At the same time, retailers are selling more on promotion. It‘s likely these trends will continue until economic recovery has solidly taken root,‖ said James Russo, Vice President, Global Consumer Insight at The Nielsen Company....... Read Diabetes to double in 25 years (US) Between 2009 and 2034, the number of people with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes will increase from 23.7 million to 44.1 million. The obesity distribution in the population without diabetes will remain stable over time with ∼65% of individuals of the population being overweight or obese. During the same period, annual diabetes-related spending is expected to increase from $113 billion to $336 billion (2007 dollars). For the Medicare-eligible population, the diabetes population is expected to rise from 8.2 million in 2009 to 14.6 million in 2034; associated spending is estimated to rise from $45 billion to $171 billion. The diabetes population and the related costs are expected to at least double in the next 25 years. Without significant changes in public or private strategies, this population and cost growth are expected to add a significant strain to an overburdened health care system...... pdf, 5 pages..... Read Survey: Fewer than 10% of U.S. Consumers Dislike Grocery Shopping Price Comparisons and Planning are also Key as Consumers Across Incomes Seek Out Deals. In today‘s economy, U.S. consumers continue to feed on a back-to-basics and a ―more meals at home‖ mentality. With consumers across all incomes looking for grocery deals, how are they shopping? Key findings from Nielsen‘s most recent shopping survey and behavior-tracking insights reveal: * Only nine percent of the primary shoppers in U.S. households dislike or hate shopping; 38 percent ―get in and get out.‖...... Read 80% Canadian support biofuels Canadian support for biofuels is quite strong according to a study released at the opening of the Canadian Renewable Fuels Summit held Dec. 1 and 2 in Vancouver, British Columbia. Ontario-based Praxicus Public Strategies Inc. conducted a survey from Oct. 30 to Nov. 3 for the Canadian Renewable Fuels Association. ―The poll clearly shows that Canadians want to shift from fossil fuels towards alternatives. Eighty-four per cent of Canadians support the promotion of low-carbon, homegrown renewable fuels as a major part of that change,‖ Praxicus president Dimitri Pantazopoulos said. ―This support for renewable fuels is consistently strong in every region of the country. Canadians want our energy supply to grow beyond oil.‖ Other questions found strong support for the Canadian renewable fuels industry. The survey results have a margin of error of about 3 percent......... Read Lower EU beef output expected in 2010 The results from the latest European beef forecast working group showed declining herds across the majority of the key European producing states this year is putting some downward pressure on net production of beef. This situation seems set to continue in 2010. In terms of net production, France still remains the largest producer within the EU-27, at around 1.51 million tonnes. Looking ahead to 2010, an anticipated rise of 6% in live exports is expected to reduce French beef production by almost 3% to 1.47 million tonnes. This is expected to boost French import levels by around 2% to just over 400,000 © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 10
  11. 11. tonnes. German beef production seems set to fall by 7% in 2009, reflecting lower domestic supplies especially young bull availability and increased live exports as bluetongue restrictions have eased. For 2010 German net production of beef is forecast to fall marginally with a similar decline expected in consumption levels. UK beef production has been stable in 2009, helped by higher than anticipated heifer disposals and increasing young bull supplies as the year progressed. Higher carcase weights and the fall away in live exports have helped to offset the decline in the UK cow herd, which in June 2009 was 3% lower than 2008. Little change is expected in 2010 with production forecast to reach just over 855,000 tonnes....... Read Generation Y primary contributors to forecasted double-digit growth in salty snacks, easy meals, meat entrees, and sweet snacks consumption Each generation will make a distinctive mark on how and what Americans will be eating in 10 years, according to The NPD Group, a leading market research company. In its A Look into The Future of Eating report, NPD‘s food industry market research finds that eating patterns over the next decade will be influenced by the behaviors that occur with aging, and the differences in preferences from one generation to another. A Look into The Future of Eating looks at how Generation Z, born 1990 to present; Y (Millennials), born 1976 to 1989; X, born 1965 to 1975; Younger Boomers, 1956 to 1964; Older Boomers, 1946 to 1955; and Generation Silent, 1930 to 1945, eat today, and how as they age they will eat 10 years from now. Based on the impact of age dynamics, trend momentum (prior and current eating patterns), and population growth, the top five food groups expected to increase in consumption are salty/savory snacks, easy meals, center of plate proteins (i.e. meat entrees), sweet snacks/desserts, and heat and eat breakfasts. Based on generational and aging influences, over the next decade, people in Generation Y are expected to be primary contributors to the forecasted growth in consumption of all these food groups with the exception of heat and eat breakfasts. Future kids less than 10 years of age are expected to have more influence on consumption of this food group compared to the other foods......... Read USFDA forges partnership with Fair Food Network Deputy Agriculture Secretary Kathleen Merrigan today announced that USDA has signed a cooperative agreement with the Fair Food Network, a Michigan-based organization working toward improving consumers' access to healthy foods. The agreement lays the foundation for creating a regional food system with a strong urban-rural link by conducting research and matching small and mid-size farms in rural Southeast Michigan to emerging urban markets, particularly Detroit, where there is need and unmet demand for locally-produced fresh foods. Research results will be used to develop a comprehensive communications and social marketing plan to reach out to and inform small farmers in Southeast Michigan about urban market opportunities. USDA Rural Development will provide $40,000 to complement private funding....... Read Back to the Table of Contents © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 11
  12. 12. Sponsor the Functional Foods Weekly Companies can now sponsor indiviudal or multiple Issues of the Functional Foods Weekly Latest Market research Reports Title Price Publisher Ethical Food and Beverage, Personal Care and Household UKP 2320 Packaged Products in the U.S....... Read Facts Innovations, IP, New Products & Related News Microencapsulated Whey Protein and Omega 3 ingredient The dual benefits of Whey protein and concentrated Omega-3 fish oils can now be enjoyed in a unique combination product with the launch of Whey-O3, a micro-encapsulated powder aimed at sports people and anyone with an interest in their physical health, lipid specialist Equateq announced. ‗The beauty of Whey-O3 is its flexibility,‘ Equateq CEO Adam Kelliher said. ‗You can blend it into a breakfast shake, sprinkle it over food, even use it in cooking, at a very low heat. So it is a very easy presentation for anyone wanting the advantages of whey protein, with all the benefits of increased Omega-3 intake‘Equateq enhanced the stability of Whey-O3 by utilising its Crystalpure technology to deliver an enriched triglyceride oil that is 50% omega-3, and particularly high in EPA. By using this greater level of actives, Equateq could reduce the loading of the lipid fraction to just 30%, with the remainder of the mix being the stabilizing Whey protein. The smaller lipid fraction means a lower presence of elements that are prone to oxidize, directly improving the stability profile. But Whey-O3 also provides a high level of lipid actives with 135mg of omega-3 delivered for each gram of powder........... Read DSM launches enzymatic whey whitener DSM has developed a new fungal peroxidase that can whiten whey without the use of harsh chemicals, and avoiding off-tastes and protein irregularities. Whey is a by-product of cheese-making that finds uses in a range of finished products, such as beverages, ice cream, yoghurt, bread and cookies etc, to add texture or protein. But because of the carotenoids in it, whey is naturally a green-yellow colour; when annatto is used to make more orange-coloured cheeses, the resulting whey has a more orange colour, too. According to DSM, coloured is not very well received on the market, as it cannot be used for end products that are white. Whiter whey ingredients can command a higher price than coloured variants, with general market prices for commercial whey products varying between €75 and €125. In the past, whey processors have tended to use hydrogenperoxide or benzylperoxide to bleach their whey, DSM says this practice brings its own problems: It is said to create off-flavours and irregularities in the protein levels. ―Achieving the desired white colour is a priority for manufacturers in terms of securing a price premium, but this cannot be at the expense of taste or functionality – which is the downside of using traditional bleaching methods,‖ said Rutger van Rooijen, new business development manager at DSM Food Specialties. The new enzyme is a fungal peroxidase called MaxiBright. It is said to hydrolyse the molecules that are responsible for the colouration, rendering white without the use of harsh chemicals and preserving the whey‘s integrity. It does not produce off-flavours, but means the whey still has a ‗clean‘ taste, the company says........ Read First Resveratrol Nutrition Bar Hits the Market with DSM ingredient © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 12
  13. 13. The first nutrition bar containing resveratrol, the ingredient in grapes acclaimed for its potential to forestall the ravages of time, is about to hit the marketplace. The aptly-named WINETIME™ Bar, developed by ResVez, Inc. of Rancho Santa Fe, Calif. contains as much resveratrol as 50 glasses of red wine. The bar, a rich, dark chocolate flavor harmonized with dates and almonds, is high in fiber and also contains seven extra "super fruits" -- cranberry, noni, pomegranate, goji berry, acai, mangosteen and blueberry. "It is a true healthy indulgence," said Malcolm Nicholl, President and CEO of ResVez. "If you love chocolate and wine and you want a nutrition bar that really tastes great, this is for you." Resveratrol has soared in popularity after positive coverage on major TV shows such as "60 Minutes," "Oprah," and a Barbara Walters Special. A substantial amount of research validating a remarkable range of health benefits has been published. Though most of the trials have been conducted with animals, the results of human clinical studies will soon begin to appear in peer-reviewed medical journals. A large number of dietary supplements containing resveratrol have been successfully marketed -- mostly in pills and drinks. The WINETIME bar is a breakthrough concept, putting this life-enhancing ingredient into a 190- calorie gourmet nutrition bar. ResVez elected to use two sources of resveratrol -- resVida® trans- resveratrol, a highly-purified compound produced by DSM Nutritional Products, and an extract derived from premium French red grapes. "The resVida® ingredient is a 99 percent pure trans-resveratrol and comes with the most extensive scientific and safety substantiation in the marketplace. This was extremely important to us in selecting the kind of resveratrol that was appropriate for a luxury nutrition bar," said Nicholl. "In addition, we chose another source of resveratrol from grapes harvested in France's Rhone Valley, which is particularly suitable for a bar called 'WINETIME.' No other product has such a powerful combination."......... Read Sausages ideal carriers for eye health ingredients: Study Sausages are a suitable carried for lutein, the carotenoid linked to eye health benefits, says a new study which reports higher lutein uptake than from vegetables. Spanish researchers report that 30 per cent of the lutein added to sausages was accessible to the body, and result in a significant source of the carotenoid in the diet, according to findings published in Food Chemistry. "Our results support the suitability of meat products as lutein carriers and as a means to increase the systematic intake of lutein," they wrote. Lutein, a nutrient found in various foods including green leafy vegetables and egg yolk, has a ten-year history in the dietary supplement market as a nutrient to reduce the risk of age related macular degeneration (ADM). The global lutein market is set to hit $124.5 million (€93 million) in 2013, according to a 2007 report from Frost & Sullivan, with skin health offering a major new avenue for the carotenoid. According to the report, manufacturers need to address this growing maturity in dietary supplements by identifying new and potentially lucrative application segments that offer opportunities for the continued growth of the lutein market.......... Read Back to the Table of Contents Please recommend the Functional Foods Weekly to your colleagues, suppliers or customers © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 13
  14. 14. Regulations, Labelling, Health Claims & Related News Unit pricing becomes mandatory in Australia Unit pricing became mandatory in supermarkets across Australia yesterday (1 December), with the country's competition minister suggesting the move will see the average family save at least A$96 (US$89) a year. Unit pricing, a recommendation stemming from the Australian Consumer and Competition Commission's grocery inquiry, is where grocery items are priced by reference to common units of measure such as per 100 grams and per 100 millilitres. For example, a 600 gram jar of jam that costs A$4.50 would have a unit price of A$0.75 per 100 grams. "Unit pricing will allow customers to choose the cheapest packet size for a particular brand," competition minister Dr Craig Emerson said. "It will also allow customers to compare different brands in different package sizes by reference to their price per unit." "Unit pricing is a valuable tool that enables consumers to seek better value for money when shopping for groceries."........ Read Legal changes to encourage low fat dairy products in the pipeline (UK) The Food Standards Agency (FSA) has published draft plans on fat reduction that raise the possibility of legal changes to encourage sales of low fat cheddar and ice cream. To reduce the quantity of saturated fat in the UK diet, the FSA is presenting industry with a list of recommendations to promote healthier options and reduce the size of fatty snack. For the dairy industry, the agency is focusing on promoting the supply and sale of low fat milk and cheddar. It has set ambitious targets for both these categories. Lower fat milks with 1 per cent fat or less currently make up 25 per cent of the market, and the FSA wants to increase that percentage to over 40 per cent by 2012. The FSA also wants to see an increase in the low fat share of total cheddar market from 10 per cent today to 25 per cent by 2015. For milk the aim is to capitalise on the historic shift towards lower fat options, and encourage the development of 1 per cent fat milk and skimmed milk. The FSA recommends that businesses should develop their own internal targets to supply, sell and promote the uptake of lower fat milk. The same recommendation was proposed for reduced fat versions of everyday cheddar style cheeses, but the FSA did acknowledge the existence of a legislative barrier. The current Food Labelling Regulations 1996 (FLR) do not allow reformulated versions of cheddar that contain less than the specified fat content to be marketed as cheddar cheese. The FSA said: ―We are aware of the potential disincentive this is for food companies and that this has the potential to be a source of confusion for consumers.‖ It is therefore exploring the potential for an amendment to current legislation to enable low fat options to be marketed as cheddar cheese. The same legislative impediment lies in the way of low fat ice cream, and so the FSA is considering a similar legal change......... Read Soy Peptide Lunasin Has Anti-Cancer, Anti-Inflammatory Properties Two new University of Illinois studies report that lunasin, a soy peptide often discarded in the waste streams of soy-processing plants, may have important health benefits that include fighting leukemia and blocking the inflammation that accompanies such chronic health conditions as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. "We confirmed lunasin's bioavailability in the human body by doing a third study in which men consumed 50 grams of soy protein--one soy milk shake and a serving of soy chili daily--for five days. Significant levels of the peptide in the participants' blood give us confidence that lunasin-rich soy foods can be important in providing these health benefits," said Elvira de Mejia, a U of I professor of food science and human nutrition. In the cancer study, de Mejia's group identified a key sequence of amino acids--arginine, glycine, and aspartic acid, (the RGD motif)--that triggered the death of leukemia cells by activating a protein called caspase-3.......... Read UKFSA publishes a guide to buying food when a consumer has an allergy © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 14
  15. 15. An advice leaflet for people who have been newly diagnosed with a food allergy has been published by the Food Standards Agency in collaboration with six allergy and nutrition organisations. The leaflet, ‗Buying food when you have a food allergy or intolerance‘, guides people with a food allergy or intolerance, including coeliac disease, through the steps to remember when buying food and when eating out. The topics covered include: * checking the label on pre-packed food * what to look out for when foods aren't pre-packed * talking to restaurant staff about your allergy * what to watch out for when using self-service restaurants The Agency worked closely with Allergy UK, the Anaphylaxis Campaign, the British Dietetic Association, the British Nutrition Foundation, Coeliac UK and Foods Matter to produce the leaflet. Sue Hattersley, Head of the Agency‘s Food Allergy Branch, said: 'We have worked very closely with all of the major food allergy support groups and many of our leading allergy consultants to ensure that newly diagnosed patients receive consistent and reliable advice. We hope that consumers diagnosed with a food allergy or intolerance will find the leaflet a useful checklist to refer to when buying food.'........ pdf, 12 pages...... Read Danone resubmits marquee probiotic gut health claim Danone has resubmitted an article 13.5 gut health claim for its flagship probiotic product, Activia, to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). The company said it had refined its approach in the wake of meetings with EFSA and the experience of others in the process and come up with a submission it is ―fully confident‖ of. ―We have redrafted the whole dossier, including rewording of the scientific claim, to take aboard elements coming from the June 15 stakeholder meeting [with EFSA],‖ Danone vice president of external affairs and head of EU regulatory affairs, Patrick O‘Quin, told NutraIngredients this morning. The reworked dossier has been bolstered by a study published in the British Journal of Nutrition (Vol 102, pp1654-1662) this month that demonstrated use of Activia could provide digestive health benefits in a normal population of women. ―It is one of the first clinical studies that shows the impact of a fermented milk to improve the digest comfort within the global population,‖ O‘Quin said. The dossier contains 11 clinical studies, ―selected for their direct relevance to the specific claim that is the subject of the application.‖........... Read Bioexx claims self -affirmed GRAS status for its canola protein Canada‘s Bioexx has announced it has that it has completed the self-affirmation process to qualify its specialty canola protein isolate Isolexx as self-affirmed GRAS (‗Generally Regarded as Safe‘) for use in baked goods and other food products. GRAS is a food safety standard, set and administered in accordance with the regulations of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) which governs the use of additives in foods and beverages. Self affirmed GRAS status, said the company, is a critical requirement to be able to sell its product in the initial target market of the US, and it was obtained through a review of both the manufacturing process and the resulting chemical profile of Isolexx by independent and qualified experts in the fields of toxicology and allergenicity. According to the company, its isolate compares favourably with both soy protein and whey protein isolates, and can be used in bakery products such as bread, rolls, cakes, cake mixtures, cookies, biscuits, crackers, pancakes, sweet pastry, snacks, doughnuts, and pasta as well as protein bars........ Read Back to the Table of Contents © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 15
  16. 16. Nutrition, Health Benefits & Related Research Omega-3 plus glucosamine ‗superior‘ for joint health: Study Combining omega-3 fatty acids with glucosamine achieves better improvements in joint health than glucosamine alone, says a new study from Germany. The study, published in the journal Advances in Therapy, is said to be the first clinical trial to employ the combination of glucosamine omega-3 fatty acids in people suffering from osteoarthritis. UK-based Seven Seas funded the study. Approximately seven million people in the UK alone are reported to have long-term health problems associated with arthritis. Around 206 million working days were lost in the UK in 1999-2000, equal to £18 billion (€26 billion) of lost productivity. Talking to NutraIngredients, lead author and president of the CRO which performed the trial, Analyze & Realize, Dr Joerg Gruenwald said: ―In a randomized controlled clinical trial with 177 patients with osteoarthritis, we could prove that the combination of glucosamine sulfate and omega -3-fatty acid is superior to glucosamine alone. The joint health market is dominated by glucosamine, which is extracted from the shell of crabs, lobster and shrimps. Cargill also markets a non- animal, non-shellfish derived product. The ingredient is often used in combination with chondroitin sulphate, extracted from animal cartilage, such as sharks. According to the Nutrition Business Journal, US sales for these combined supplements were $810 million (€563 million) in 2005........ Read Dairy beats soy for inflammation improvements: Study A dairy-rich diet may reduce levels of inflammatory and oxidative markers in overweight and obese people, says a new study from the US. Consuming the dairy-rich diet led to significant reductions in compounds linked to oxidative stress of over 20 per cent in some cases, and reductions in inflammatory markers of between 10 and 15 per cent, according to findings published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The blinded, randomised, crossover study, supported by the National Dairy Council, involved 10 overweight and 10 obese people consuming a dairy or soy-rich diet for 28 day periods. No benefits were observed following consumption of the soy-supplemented diet........ Read Childhood Lead Exposure Causes Permanent Damage: Study Childhood exposure to lead can cause permanent brain damage, a new study has found."What we have found is that no region of the brain is spared from lead exposure. Distinct areas of the brain are affected differently," study author Kim Cecil, an imaging scientist at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and a professor of radiology, pediatrics and neuroscience at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, said in a news release. The study included 33 adults, mean age 21, who were enrolled as infants in the long-term Cincinnati Lead Study, which looked at prenatal and early childhood exposure in 376 infants from high-risk areas of Cincinnati between 1979 and 1987. The study participants had blood lead levels ranging from 5 micrograms to 37 micrograms per deciliter, with a mean of 14. They had IQ deficiencies and histories of juvenile delinquency and criminal arrests. Functional MRI was used to monitor the participants' brains while they did two tasks that assess attention, decision making and impulse control. The scans showed that in order to complete a task that required inhibition, participants with elevated blood lead levels required activation from additional regions within the brain's frontal and parietal lobes............. Read Soy Fights Colon Cancer A new class of therapeutic agents found naturally in soy may prevent and possibly treat colon cancer, according to a new study conducted by Children‘s Hospital & Research Center Oakland (CHORI). Led by Julie Saba, MD, PhD, senior scientist and director of the Cancer Center at CHORI, the researchers made the groundbreaking discovery that Sphingadienes (SDs)—natural lipid molecules found in soy— may underlie the benefits of soy products. Researchers first identified SDs in the fruit fly, an organism that is sometimes used to study the genetics of human diseases. Further investigation indicated that elevated SDs actually induced the death of mutant cells in the fly, revealing SDs to be cytotoxic compounds. Preventative colon cancer strategies often focus on cell death—a normal process the body © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 16
  17. 17. uses to remove unhealthy or mutant cells, like cancer cells. Coupling this discovery with the finding that soy is a rich source of SDs, researchers made an innovative connection........ Read Tomato extract may cut deep vein thrombosis risk The firm behind anti-thrombotic tomato extract Fruitflow is now exploring its potential as a dietary solution for reducing the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT is mostly associated with long haul flights, but can affect anyone subjected to long periods of immobilisation such as hospital patients or truck drivers, said Provexis chief executive Stephen Moon. "We are planning a human trial in 2010. We also have patents filed in this area. We have been surprised by the interest this has generated we were even contacted by a large global food company about it." Fruitflow has a significant advantage over other functional ingredients in that it has secured a positive opinion from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) for a health claim about its ability to reduce the risk of blood clots, which can trigger heart attacks and strokes. Moon is in talks with several firms about using Fruitflow in foods, drinks and supplements, although potential customers are waiting until the European Commission confirms a more 'consumer friendly' wording for its claim before committing, he said....... Read Sugary Colas Tied to Gestational Diabetes Women who drink five or more servings of sugar-sweetened cola per week before they conceive increase their risk of developing diabetes during pregnancy, a new study indicates. "Previous studies have shown an association with other chronic metabolic problems," said study author Dr. Liwei Chen, an assistant professor of epidemiology at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, in New Orleans. "This is the first to show an increased risk among pregnant women." Gestational diabetes, known as glucose intolerance during pregnancy, is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. It increases the chances of lifelong diabetes for the woman and also can have permanent effects on the unborn child, Chen said. The report appears in the December issue of Diabetes Care. "Other studies suggest that babies born to women who are diabetic during pregnancy have higher weight at birth and also higher rates of obesity and diabetes early in life," she added. Chen, working with researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, studied 10 years of medical records on a group of 13,475 women from the Nurses' Health Study II. After adjusting for known risk factors for gestational diabetes, such as age, family history and smoking, the researchers found that women who had more than five servings per week of sugar-sweetened cola beverages had a 22 percent higher risk of gestational diabetes than women who had less than one serving per month.......... Read Vitamin D May Be Tied to Heart Disease Via Genes New research points to the possibility of a genetic link between vitamin D and heart disease. People with high blood pressure who had a gene variant that reduces vitamin D activation in the body were found to be twice as likely as those without the variant to have congestive heart failure, the study found. The finding may lead to a way to identify people at increased risk for heart disease, according to Robert U. Simpson, an assistant professor of pharmacology at the University of Michigan Medical School and his research colleagues. They analyzed the genetic profiles of 617 people. One-third had hypertension, one-third had hypertension and congestive heart failure, and the remaining third served as healthy controls. The researchers found that a variant in the CYP27B1 gene was associated with congestive heart failure in people with hypertension. The study is in the November issue of Pharmacogenomics. Previous research showed that mutations that inactivate the gene reduce the conversion of vitamin D into an active hormone.......... Read Back to the Table of Contents © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 17
  18. 18. Reviews, Comments, Opinions and Full-text Publications Targeting Beverages for Demographics In today‘s beverage wars, contenders are spread across the supermarket. They fill the dairy case and the juice aisle, the soft drink section and the beer coolers, and let‘s not forget the shelves containing coffee, tea or water selections. While competitors try to market to niche demographic groups, it‘s important to also remember that threads of commonality can be found among even the most-diverse groups. Insights can be learned from all. ―Nowadays, the market for people trying to manage cholesterol does not fall into a neat demographic age bucket,‖ says Pam Stauffer, marketing programs manager, Cargill Health & Nutrition, Minneapolis. ―While high cholesterol continues to be an issue for the aging population, it also strikes even young children who also suffer from obesity.‖ Consumers are becoming increasingly aware of beverages‘ role in a healthy diet. For example, plant sterols and barley fiber ―are clinically shown to reduce LDL cholesterol and are backed by an FDA health claim,‖ says Stauffer, and can be used to formulate drinks that can be enjoyed by the whole family or targeted to children, teens, parents or grandparents. Plant sterols are currently added to milk, orange juice and rice drinks. Worldwide, moms are substituting more nutrient-dense offerings for high-caloric choices. Doug Edmonson, director of technology, Sensient Food Colors, St. Louis, finds ―the biggest trend coming from Europe is more naturally formulated beverages, using natural colors and flavors, replacing high-fructose corn syrup with other ‗healthy‘ sugars, and lowering the calories per serving. The trend for health and wellness appears to be strongest for children, and adults 35 and over.‖ Weight control crosses all demographics. ―For men and women, this can mean fortifying products with ingredients designed to increase satiety or boost metabolism,‖ says Donna Hansee, director of marketing, Wild Flavors, Inc., Erlanger, KY. ―For children, this means developing products around reduced and healthy sugars, and paying attention to portion size for beverages. All-natural, no-calorie sweeteners like stevia are driving many low-calorie developments targeted to all demographics.‖ Fiber in beverages enhances satiety while contributing to digestive health.......... Read Obesity research data may be skewed by so called ―White-Hat Bias‖ Researchers at the University of Alabama (UAB) at Birmingham School of Public Health say a ―white- hat bias‖ abounds in obesity research, and may skew reported results. White-hat bias is described as the ―tendency to distort information about products regardless of the facts, when the distortions are perceived to serve good ends.‖ In the case of obesity research, results may be misrepresented by scientists operating with particular biases on topics related to weight, nutrition and the food industry, as well as biases toward products like sugar-sweetened beverages, and practices like breastfeeding, according to the UAB study. For the study, published in the International Journal of Obesity, UAB researchers examined ways in which scientists writing new research papers referenced two studies reporting the effects of sugar-sweetened beverages on body weight. They found that less than one-third of the papers that cited the beverage studies accurately reported the overall findings, and more than two-thirds exaggerated evidence that reducing sugar-sweetened drink consumption reduced weight or obesity. The UAB researchers also found several examples in breastfeeding studies in which the authors selectively included some data and discarded other research to support the theory that breastfeeding decreases the risk of obesity......... Read Meeting Total Fat Requirements for School Lunches: Influence of School Policies and Characteristics Concerns about child obesity have raised questions about the quality of meals served in the National School Lunch Program. Local, State, and Federal policymakers responded to these concerns beginning in the mid- 1990s by instituting a range of policies and standards to improve the quality of © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 18
  19. 19. U.S. Department of Agriculture-subsidized meals. Schools have been successful in meeting USDA nutrient standards except those for total fat and saturated fat. This report uses school-level data from the School Nutrition Dietary Assessment-III to calculate statistical differences between the fat content of NSLP lunches served by schools with different policies (e.g., menu planning) and characteristics like region and size. Positive associations are found between a meal‘s fat content and the presence of a la carte foods and vending machines, which are thought to indirectly affect the nutrient content of USDA- subsidized meals........ pdf, 22 pages.... Read Please recommend the Functional Foods Weekly to your colleagues, suppliers or customers Webinars Worldwide Webinars or Web seminars often provide a free or cost effect way of enhancing knowledge or help stay on top of market trends and opportunities. This Section is continuously updated. Why not recommend a webinar to Functional Foods Weekly? Date What Presenter Timing* Price Dec 7 Nanotechnology: Is Nano a No-No?......... Read Nutracon 1 PM EDT USD 169 Dec 8 Private Label 2010: Three Key Battlegrounds for Hartman Group 10 AM PST Free Brand Loyalty......... Read Dec 10 Food & Beverage opportunities in ASEAN........ AusTrade 3 PM Free Read Eastern Australian time * For your local time, please check the US Time Zones or US Live time (for US based seminars) and then use the Time Zone Converter Back to the Table of Contents Conferences & Meetings Worldwide This Section is continuously updated. Please recommend a food-related conference to Functional Foods Weekly When What Where Dec 10 Health Claims 2010 - Developing your strategy to survive the EU shake- Brussels, Belgium up......... Read Dec 11-12 Functional Foods for Heart Health: Continuum Between Science and Winnipeg, Canada © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 19
  20. 20. Commercialization.............. Read 2010 Jan 17-20 Dairy Forum 2010......... Read Phoenix, Arizona, US Mar 2-3 12th Annual Dairy Ingredients Symposium......... Read San Francisco, US Mar 9-10 Grain Foods: Sustaining the Future, Sydney, Australia the Inaugural Go Grains Health & Nutrition Industry Conference............ Read Mar 9-11 US Ireland Functional Foods Conference 2010.............. Read Cork, Ireland Mar 10-11 Nutracon.......... Read Anaheim, US Mar 11-14 Natural Products Expo West........ Read Anaheim, US Apr 16-17 IPA (International Probiotics Association) World Congress......... Read Miami, US May 25-26 Beverage Forum 2010.......... Read New York, US Jun 1-10 3rd International Symposium on Propionibacteria and Bifidobacteria: Oviedo, Spain Dairy and Probiotic Applications.......... Read Jun 11 Probiotics: From Bench to Market....... Read New York, US Jun 15-17 International Scientific Conference on Probiotics and Prebiotics - IPC Kosice, Slovakia 2010............ Read Jul 17-21 IFT Annual Meeting & Food Expo.......... Read Chicago, US Jul 25-27 AIFST Annual Conference – Creating the Future of Foods.......... Read Melbourne, Australia Aug 22-26 IUFOST 2010 CONGRESS........ Read Cape Town, South Africa Sep 12-15 ABIC 2010: Bridging Biology and Business........ Read Saskatoon, Canada Sep 22-24 InterBev 2010............. Read Orlando, US Oct 28-29 6th International Symposium Probiotics and Health: Key Findings and Montreal, Canada New Directions........ Read Nov 8-11 IDF World Dairy Summit 2010 …….. Read Auckland Nov 16-18 Hi Europe……. Read Madrid, Spain Back to the Table of Contents Disclaimer Functional Foods Weekly uses Web links and as Web links can be unreliable, we cannot guarantee the validity of the link (although we do test the links before the Weekly is delivered). The Weekly is mailed as a bulk email and we cannot guarantee the delivery every week as individual organisations/servers have capacity to block emails and we have no control over that (although we do attempt to resend the Weekly if it bounces back; we also try to contact the subscriber). The use of the information is at the discretion of the user. OzScientific® is not liable for any damage whatsoever caused by the email or newsletter or by use of the information in this email or newsletter. As a subscriber, you agree to this disclaimer and the detailed disclaimer at http://www.functionalfoods.com.au Subscription conditions Functional Foods Weekly is addressed (unless corporate/library/bulk subscription is taken) to an individual and we request that you do not forward or share the newsletter. Your subscription may be cancelled without refund if there was an evidence of the misuse of the single-license subscription. OzScientific® reserves the right to refuse subscription, vary subscription rates and offer variable rates. Invoice for renewal is sent at the end of the subscription; subscribers are required to confirm if renewal is not required within 2 weeks. Failing that, OzScientific® will assume that the subscription is renewed. Renewal subscription payments are due within 4 weeks of renewal; delayed payments may incur additional service charge. Back to the Table of Contents © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 20
  21. 21. Subscription Information Functional Foods Weekly (46 electronic Issues/year) subscription is available as single, multiple, library, academic, site and corporate licenses. For current subscription rates, please contact weekly@functionalfoods.com.au or visit http://www.functionalfoods.com.au Functional Foods Weekly is compiled from analysis of over 500 resources every week including media releases, Internet searches, news wires, RSS feeds, magazines, research journals, patent sites etc. Join us on © 2004-2009 OzScientific® Pty Ltd 21

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