Systems approach
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Systems approach

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Systems approach Systems approach Presentation Transcript

  • DIGITAL POSTER ON SYSTEMS APPROACH
  • ORIGIN OF SYSTEMS APPROACH THE WORD SYSTEM IS DERIVED FROM THE GREEK WORD “SYSTEMS” which means “BRING TOGETHER”
  • ELEMENTS OF SYSTEMS APPROACH 1.OPEN/CLOSED SYSTEM: Systems may be either open or closed. An open system is one which depends on outside environment for its survival. A closed system is one which does not interacts with the outside environment. 2.SUB-SYSTEMS:The entire system is divided into many parts. Each part is called Sub-system. A system may be a sub-system of a larger system like a plant is a part of a company. 3.SYNERGY: It means the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Synergy means co-operation and interaction of various departments in an organisation which results in more productivity. 4.DEFINED BOUNDARIES: Each system has a defined boundary in an organisation which separates it from other. In a closed systems this element is rigid and in the case of open systems it is flexible. 5.FEEDBACK MECHANISM: The system can modify itself depending on the feedback of people.It helps the system to find and correct its errors. 6.INPUT-OUTPUT SYSTEM: An organisation is an input output system. The inputs include physical, human, financial resources which helps in the production of outputs of goods & services.
  • • It forces managers to view their organization as part of a whole. • It encourages managers to focus on better communication and cooperation within the organization. • It makes managers acutely aware that good internal management of the organization may not be enough to ensure survival. • It forces managers to be aware of how the environment affects specific parts of the organization. • It concentrates on end results rather than the means. • It provides an orderly and efficient plan of action. • It develops coordination of the specialized activities. • It provides a good basis of control. • It frees management from many daily details of operations management. ADVANTAGES
  •  If there is a change in environment it may react slowly resulting a chance for a loss.  It may result in internal disputes.  It does not specify the the nature of interactions and inter-dependencies.  It does not concentrate on the means it use DISADVANTAGES