Poor management of waste has been a critical aspect in urban areas specially in mega cities which are major center of waste generation.a result of inefficient andinsufficient collection service, uncollected wastes are disposed thoughtlessly in streets and in drainsas such contributing to flooding, breeding ground for insects and rodents and spreading of diseases.More over the collected waste is also disposed in uncontrolled dumpsites or burnt openly resulting insevere environmental hazards including pollution of air and water sources.
Scientific land fill
Solid waste management practices in dehradun under jn nurm
Solid waste management Practices
in Dehradun under JnNURM
• created every day because of human activities
• pose risks to environment and public health
• the method of handling, storing, collecting
and disposing is a major issue
• Solid waste in India includes commercial and
residential wastes generated
• India generates over 1,15,000 metric tons of
municipal wastes per day & It’s generated in
Class 1 cities.
• the per capita production of solid waste is
relatively low when compared to other
• An average Indian generates 0.3 to 0.6 kg of
waste per day whereas an average American
generates 2 kg of waste per day
• A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was filed in Supreme Court
in 1996, seeking adoption of hygienic waste management
practices by the ULBs.
• The Supreme Court of India formed an Expert Committee in
1999 to provide recommendation for improving waste
• Subsequently, the Ministry of Environment & Forest
introduced MSW (Management and handling) rules in
2000, incorporating key recommendation of Supreme Court
appointed “Expert Committee”.
• Another important landmark in MSW space was setting up
of “Service Benchmarks”. in Urban Services by MoUD in
LOOPHOLES IN CURRENT SWM
• Poor Waste Segregation System
– Lack of Public awareness about the need for waste
– Lack of accountability for waste segregation
• Poor Collection and Transportation system
– Inadequate equipment and inappropriate technology
– No system for Door-to-Door collection
• Poor processing and disposal (P&D) system
– Insufficient fund allocation to processing and
– Unproven technologies
Solid Waste Management Practices in
• The city on an average generates about 200
MT of MSW per day
• Assumption of per capita generation at
• Sources are domestic, shops, commercial
establishments, hotels, restaurants, fruit and
• The waste has very high moisture content, low
C/N ratio and high calorific value.
• High moisture content increases weight of
solid waste and thus increases cost of its
• C/N value is important factor for determining
sustainability of composting. High calorific
value is an indicator for better prospect of
Collection, Storage and Transportation
• Collection from the doorstep
• Community bins/containers
• Municipal Corporation sweepers
• Sanitary workers engaged by the Mohalla
• The collected waste is in small heaps and
subsequently loaded manually or mechanically
on to the solid waste transportation vehicles for
onward transportation to the disposal site.
• The present collection and transportation
system involves multiple handling of solid
waste. About 300 open handcarts and 50
cycle-rickshaws are used for collection of
waste including wastes generated from street
sweeping and cleaning of drains.
• Primary collection system exists in very few
localities(e.g. Nehru Colony, Vasant Vihar)
• Mohalla Swachata Samiti (MSS), comprising of
a group of residents
• In the old city area no municipal collection
• Individual households usually obtain the
services of a sweeper who collects wastes
from houses daily
• The collected wastes are dumped or thrown in
to the nearest surface drains and/or storm
water nallahs. The river passing through these
areas are substantially obstructed and silted
due to this waste deposition.
• 650 kg/day of Bio-Medical Waste (BMW) is
generated from various hospitals
• Private agencies “Signet” and “Pahal BMW”
• Transports it to Haridwar for incineration at
Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd (BHEL) complex
• Site is located at Dateda Lakhond on
• Being used for last 3 years
• Waste is disposed into pre-excavated trench
and covered with a layer of soil.
• DNN has identified 15 acres of land at Selaqui
& at 4 other places if its runs out of land.
• The dead animals are disposed in two places
namely Bhandari Bagh and Kargi
Under the guidance of JnNURM
• Integrated solid waste management project in
Dehradun for which Rs. 24.60 crore was approved for
which 80 percent is to be given by GoI and 20 percent
support from State government on 16th May 2003 with
• Storage of waste at source
• Primary collection
• Street sweeping
• Secondary storage, transportation
• Treatment & recycling
• Disposal of wastes.
• On 7th of June 2010 Dehradun Nagar Nigam
inviting private parties for the integrated SWM
project in Dehradun on BOT basis
• 8 national and international firms applied to
procure the project.
• SPML infra pvt ltd, New Delhi was awarded on
4th of March 2011 for 15 years.
• GoI and state government has released Rs 9.84
crores Rs 9.86 crores would be released in the
Rules that are to be followed during
• Setting up of user charges and gazette
• Operation to be done by SPML New Delhi
• SPML would be provided 24.6 crores for the
commencement of the project
• Creation of an SPV Doon Valley Waste
Management Pvt. Ltd (DVWM) and all the funds
to be directed towards it.
• Capital cost, Tipping fee and User charges to be
collected and utilized for operation and
maintenance of the project.
• J.M. Envior Net. Pvt. Ltd was appointed as Project
• Vehicles and technology to be used in the project
would be recommended by the Procuring Committee
and on the basis of requirement of the project.
• Door to door collection of waste has already been
started in 45 wards; rest 15 wards would start in the
month of November.
• Close secondary storage of waste and closed
transportation vehicle are only to be used for land
• Construction of transfer station has already been
started and nearly 80 per cent of which is
• Till date the first instalment of Rs 9.84 crore has
been used and now of Rs 9.16 crore.
• The second instalment is already being dispersed
out of which Rs 8.75 crore is being given to
DVWM Pvt Ltd and rest of the amount has been
used for the payment of other expenses.
• Request for the payment of the third instalment
is being sent to Urban Development body.
• 8 NGOs for the purpose of
Information, Education and Communication of
• August 2011 to September 2012, DVWM Pvt
Ltd has collected 38943.60 MT of waste
• September 2011 to September 2012 DVWM
Pvt Ltd has taken Rs 80.33 lakhs as user fee.
• Due to delay in funds released by Dehradun Nagar Nigam,
DVWM are still following traditional method of waste
disposal but with improved efficiency.
• Local dispute has resulted in the delay in construction of
SLF which may further the project cost.
• As non- scientific methods of Solid Waste disposal are being
practiced which may cause serious health hazard to the
• Site should be chosen after proper planning and must be
far away from human settlement.
• Capacity building for the sector is needed
• Bio- gas generation plant should be considered for
additional revenue generation