SWARANJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA•Launched on 1st April 1999•An integrated scheme for providing opportunities of selfemployment to the rural poor by encouraging group and clusteractivities, providing skill development opportunities•Creation of marketing opportunities for products has beenanother major plank of the poverty alleviation schemes of theGovernment•Involves of NGOs in training and capacity building of Self HelpGroups
SGSY continued…• Implemented by the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) with the active participation of Panchayati Raj Institutions and the Banks• At the Central Level, Central Level Coordination Committee (CLCC) has been constituted to review and ensure effective implementation of the programme.• Credit targets under the SGSY are fixed every year by a Committee having representatives from the Ministry of Finance, NABARD, Reserve Bank of India (RBI), State Bank of India (SBI) and Ministry of Rural Development.• For the year 2010-11, Rs 5210.63 crore was fixed as credit target. Against this credit target, and amount of Rs 2901.36 crore was disbursed by the banks upto December, 2010.
SGSY continued…• Marketing of products made of Self Help Groups of SGSY a major area of concern SGSY emphasizes on ensuring that the products manufactured by swarozgaris are able to compete in the market and they derive adequate income to cross the poverty line.• Training and capacity building of Swarozgaris is an important component of SGSY. Under SGSY 10% of financial allocation is earmarked for training and skill development of swarozgaris.• Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) has been restructured as National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) to implement it in a mission mode in a phased manner for targeted and time bound delivery of results.
National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM)• Launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India in June 2010• Ensures at least one member of each rural BPL family, preferably a woman member, is covered under SHG net• NRLM is a demand driven programme and the states formulate their own poverty reduction action plans under it based on their past experience, resources and skills base• Dedicated sensitive support units at the National, State, district and sub-district levels staffed with professionally competent and dedicated human resources
NRLM continued…..• Salient Features: Form strong Peoples Institutions, by setting up of setting up of federations of SHGs from village panchayat to district levels. These federations will not only provide voice and strength to its members, but will also handhold the SHGs through providing all kinds of support services. Universal financial inclusion will be furthered through linking the SHGs, banks and other Financial Institutions for securing credit. Focus on ensuring skilled wage employment for rural youth through placement linked skill development projects.
NRLM continued…..• Focusses on: Coping with vulnerabilities debt bondage, food insecurity, migration, health checks Existing livelihoods stabilizing and expanding, making them sustainable Self employment Skilled wage employment oppurtunities in the growing sectors of the economy
NRLM :NATIONAL LEVEL• NRLM Advisory Committee (NRLM-AC): Policymaking body chaired by the Union Minister of Rural Development. it would set the NRLM overall vision, direction and priorities and review the overall progress• NRLM Coordination Committee (NRLM-CC): chaired by Secretary, Rural Development, MoRD ensures that its objectives are achieved in time
NRLM :NATIONAL LEVEL• NRLM Empowered Committee (NRLM-EC): reviews and approves the State Perspective and Implementation Plans and Annual Action Plans and release the funds to SRLMs• National Mission Management Unit (NMMU): Joint Secretary/Additional Secretary, NRLM, MoRD leads NRLM as Mission Director and head of NMMU comprises multidisciplinary team of professionals from open market on contract
NRLM:STATE LEVEL• At state level, it is called as State Rural Livelihoods Mission (SRLM)• An autonomous body, incorporated as a society, trust or company• Constituted by State Government, checks the implementation of all NRLM related activities in the state• State Mission Management Unit (SMMU): NRLM activities implemented at the state level through SMMU headed by a full-time State Mission Director (SMD) multidisciplinary SMMU team comprising of experts in Social Inclusion, Financial Inclusion, Livelihoods, Programme Management, Programme Support etc
NRLM:DISTRICT LEVEL• District Mission Management Unit (DMMU): responsible for meeting NRLM objectives and implementing NRLM activities in the district linked suitably with DRDA multidisciplinary, led by District Mission Manager (DMM), hired from open market on contract or on deputation from Government, includes functional specialists in Social Inclusion, Financial Inclusion, Livelihoods, Capacity Building, Programme Management, Programme Support etc., and support staff, as required These specialists and staff would be hired in a phased manner, as required, on contract or on deputation
NRLM:SUB-DISTRICT LEVEL• The Sub-district level Support Structure is either : a Block Mission Management Unit (BMMU) led by a Block Mission Manager (BMM) and consisting of 3-5 teams; or a Project Facilitation Team at cluster (sub-block) level• The members of sub-district structure(s), including the BMMs, if any, would be recruited from the open market or on deputation.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)• Enacted on 5th September, 2005• Came into force on 2nd February, 2006• Known as National Rural Employment Guarantee Act prior to 31st Dec, 2009• First year, 200 districts were covered.• Following year, extension to 130 districts• 2008-09, it was extended to 285 districts.• Coverage of districts under Mahatama Gandhi NREGA currently stands at 619.
MGNREGA : KEY RESPONSIBILITY• The Act made supplementary livelihood in rural areas through unskilled manual work a legal right.• Any rural household seeking unskilled manual work could register its family in the Gram Panchayat and obtain a job card.• With the possession of a job card, the registered rural household could apply for work for at least 100 days in the Gram Panchayat.• Gram Panchayat was entrusted with the legal duty of providing work to such applicant within 15 days of the receipt of the application, failing which unemployment allowance would become payable to the rural household.• Payment of wages every week . In the event of delay in payment of wages, workers were entitled to compensation under Payment of Wages Act, 1938
MGNREGA:SUPPORT• Financially supported by the Central and State Governments• State Governments responsible for ensuring the guarantee of livelihood and timely payment of wages.• State would provide the necessary technical and administrative support through the Districts and the Blocks to ensure proper implementation of the Act.• Separate provisions made for incurring administrative expenses by empowering the Central Government to fix a proportion of total cost of the scheme to be used for administration of the Act.