Only Human: How Lawyers Can Recharge Physically, Emotionally & Socially
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  • 1. Only  Human:     How  Lawyers  Can  Recharge   Physically,  Emo:onally,  &  Socially   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 2. Presenter     Katherine  M.  Bender,  Ph.D.,  NCC   Programming  Director   Dave  Nee  Founda9on   _______________________       copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 3. AGENDA   Introduc9ons   Facts  &  Stats   Mental  Health  101   Wellness  9ps   Poten9al  Indicators  of  Concern   Interven9ons   Resources   Ques9ons,  Comments,  &  Evalua9ons   www.daveneefounda9on.com      copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 4. The  Story  of  Dave   https://vimeo.com/77947937 copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 5. American  Bar  Founda:on  Research   Journal  found  in  a  past  study:   •     8-­‐9%  of  law  students  reported  symptoms   at  the  of  start  law  school;     •   32%  did  aTer  two  semesters;     •   40%  did  aTer  three  years.   • 17%  2  years  AFTER  gradua9on     (Benjamin,  G.  A.  H.,  Kaszniak,  A.,  Sales,  B.  and  Shanfield,  S.  B.,  1986;  Benjamin,  Darling,  and  Sale,  1990)   Depression  in  Law  School   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 6. FSU  study  found:   Law  students  at  the  start  are  rela9vely  “normal”     BUT,     eventually   Decline  in  posi9ve  affect  and  life-­‐sa9sfac9on   Increase  in  nega9ve  affect  and  depression   Overall  decrease  in  subjec9ve  well-­‐being   (Sheldon,  K.M,  and  Krieger,  L.  S.,  2004)   Law  Student  Well-­‐Being     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 7. Dammeyer,  M.M.,  and  Nunez,  N.,  1999  found     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 8. Factors  that  contribute     to  higher  rates  of  depression   •  Isola9on   •  Expecta9on  to  be  “expert”   •  Pressure  to  Perform   •  Analysis  v.  emo9ons     Depression  in  the  Legal  Field   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 9. Are  lawyers  special?   §  Perfec9on   §  Pessimism   §  Vicarious  trauma     Your  stress  is!   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 10. CNN  REPORTS   hlp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_ZelG4_bqQ     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 11. copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 12. Mental  Health  101   What  is  mental  health?   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 13. Everybody’s  Got  It       We  all  have  mental   health,  just  like  we  all   have  physical  health.     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 14. Best  Case  Scenario:  Peace  &  Balance   •  social   •  emo9onal   and     •  psychological   states       copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 15. Social  Connec:ons   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 16. Full  range  of  emo:ons   Tragedy     Happiness     Open  to  life   experiences   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 17. Effec:ve  Coping   •  Cope  with  challenges   •  Solve  problems   •  Connect  thought  and  emo9on   •  Manage  Stress     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 18. HOWEVER…   Some:mes     things     go  wrong   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 19.   § High  blood  pressure   § Chest  pain   § Rapid  heartbeat   § Jaw  clenching   § Breathlessness   § Headaches   § Fa9gue    (Na9onal  Ins9tute  of  Mental  Health)       copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on   Physical  Symptoms    
  • 20. § Poor  appe9te  or  overea9ng   § Low  energy   § Sleep  disturbances   § Feeling  sad,  empty,  alone,  hopeless   § Low  self-­‐esteem/self-­‐cri9cal   § Excessive  crying  and/or  worrying   § Feeling  more  anxious  than  usual   § Overreac9ng  to  situa9ons   § Feeling  no  purpose  to  existence       (Na9onal  Ins9tute  of  Mental  Health)     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on   Emo:onal  and  Behavioral  Symptoms    
  • 21.   §  Decreased  mo9va9on   §  Difficulty  concentra9ng   §  Decreased  interest  in  ac9vi9es  previously   enjoyed   §  Decreased  trust  in  others   §  Irritability   §  Wan9ng  to  spend  9me  alone   §  Difficulty  rela9ng  to  people     (Na9onal  Ins9tute  of  Mental  Health)     Emo:onal  and  Behavioral  Symptoms   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 22. •  Dis9nc9on     •  Frequency,  Intensity,  Dura9on   •  Work   •  Play   •  Love   Monitor  the  Symptoms   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 23. Self-­‐Assessment   hlp://www.mentalhealthscreening.org/ screening/screening/default.aspx     Other-­‐Assessment   hlp://www.lawlifeline.org/   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 24. WHAT  HAPPENS     IF  WE     IGNORE     THE  SYMPTOMS?   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 25. Fewer  than  25%     receive  adequate  treatment     If  le_  untreated,     depression     can  lead  to    alcohol  and  substance  use     and  higher  rates  of  suicide     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on   Depression  is  the  most  common     mental  illness  
  • 26. Death  by  suicide  is  more  common  in  males,   but  females  alempt  more…there  are  oTen   observable  warning  signs     Peers  are  in  a  posi:on  to  intervene  or   recognize  that  help  is  needed,     some:mes  even  more  than  professionals.           hlp://www.afsp.org/understanding-­‐suicide/facts-­‐and-­‐figures   Drum,  Brownson,  Burton-­‐Denmark,  &  Smith,  2009;  Furr,  Westefeld,  McConnell,  &  Jenkins,  2001;  Konick  &   Gu9errez,  2005;  Stephenson,  Pena-­‐Shaff,  &  Quirk,  2006;  Westefeld  &  Furr,  1987;  Westefeld  et  al.,  2006   Bean  &  Baber,  2011;  Dadonna,  2011;  Sharkin  et  al.,  2003   Suicide   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 27. IS  PATH  WARM?   American Association of Suicidology    I   Idea:on   S   Substance  Abuse   P   Purposelessness   A   Anxiety   T   Trapped   H   Hopeless   W   Withdrawal   A   Anger   R   Recklessness   M   Mood  Change   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 28. WHAT  DO  YOU  DO     IF  YOU  HAVE  IDENTIFIED     A  PROBLEM?   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 29. DO   DO  NOT   QPR   Promise  Secrecy   Listen   Minimize   Express  Concern   Ignore   Let  People  Know   You  Care   Say,  “this  is  not  so   bad”   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 30. WHAT  CAN  YOU  DO  NOW  TO  HELP?   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 31. Sleep.  (6-­‐8  hours  a  night)   Take  breaks.   Allies.  (spend  9me  with     friends  and  family!)   Yoga  and/or  deep   breathing.     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 32. Well-­‐balanced   meals.   Exercise.   Let  go…of  things   beyond  your  control.   Laugh!   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 33.   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 34. Resources   •  LCL  or  LAP   – Na9onal  Directory   – hlp://apps.americanbar.org/legalservices/colap/ lapdirectory.html   •  9-­‐1-­‐1   •  800-­‐273-­‐TALK   •  Therapy  Directories   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 35. copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on      
  • 36. Where  can  I  go  to  find  more   informa:on?   •  Lawlifeline   •  Dave  Nee  Founda:on   •  State  LAP  or  LCL   •  Prof.  Jones  blog:   hdps://www.law.louisville.edu/blog/84   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 37. Ques:ons  and  Evalua:ons   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 38. References   American Association of Suicidology. (2006). Suicide in the USA. Retrieved February 20, 2007 from http://www.suicidology.org/associations/1045/files/SuicideInTheUS.pdf American Foundation of Suicide Prevention (hlp://www.afsp.org/ understanding-­‐suicide/facts-­‐and-­‐figures) Bean, G., & Baber, K. (2011). Connect: An effective community based youth suicide prevention program. Suicide and Life –Threatening Behavior, 41(1), 87-97. doi:10.1111/j.1943-278X.2010.00006.x Benjamin GA, Darling EJ, Sales B. (1990). Int. J. Law Psychiatry 13(3), 233- 246. Benjamin, G. A. H., Kaszniak, A., Sales, B. and Shanfield, S. B. (1986), The Role of legal education in producing psychological distress among law students and lawyers. Law & Social Inquiry,11, 225–252. doi: 10.1111/j. 1747-4469.1986.tb00240.x Carrington, P., & Conley, J. (1977). The alienation of law students. Michigan Law Review, 75, 887-889. . copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 39. References   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Violence Prevention- suicide datasheet (2012). Retrieved September 23, 2013 from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/Suicide-DataSheet-a.pdf Daddona, M. (2011). Peer educators responding to students with mental health issues. New Directions for Student Services, 133, 29-39. doi: 10.1002/ss.382 Dammeyer, M.M., and Nunez, N., (1999). Anxiety and depression among law students: Current knowledge and future directions. Law and Human Behavior, 23, 55-73 Drum, D., Brownson, C., Denmark, A., & Smith, S. (2008). New data on the nature of suicidal crises in college students: Shifting the paradigm. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40, 213-222. doi: 10.1037/a0014465 Furr, S. R., Westefeld, J. S., McConnell, G. N., & Jenkins, J. M. (2001). Suicide and depression among college students: A decade later. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32(1), 97-100. doi: 10.1037//0735-7028.32.1.97 copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 40. References   Gibson, B. (2010). How law students can cope: A student’s view. Journal of Legal Education, 60, 140-146. Gutierrez, F.J. (1985). Counseling law students. Journal of Counseling and Development, 64, 130-133. Konick, L. C., & Gutierrez, P. M. (2005). Testing a model of suicide ideation in college students. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 35(2), 181-192. McKinney, R.A. (2002). Depression and anxiety in law students: Are we part of the problem and can we be part of the solution? The Journal of the Legal Writing Insitute,8, 229-255. National Institute of Mental Health http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/ depression/index.shtml Sharkin, B., Plageman, P., & Mangold, S (2003). College student response to peers in distress: An exploratory study. Journal of College Student Development, 44(5), 691-698. Sheldon, K.M. & Krieger, L.S. (2004). Does legal education have undermining effects on law students? Evaluating changes in motivation, values, and well-being. Behavioral Sciences and the Law 22, 261-286. copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 41. References   Stephenson, H., Pena-Shaff, J., & Quirk, P. (2005). Predictors of college student suicidal ideation: Gender differences. College Student Journal, 40(1), 109-117. Tani, M. and Vines, P. (2009). Law students attitudes to education: Pointers to depression in the legal academy and the profession. Legal Education Review, 19, 3-39. Westefeld, J, Button, C., Halet, J., Jenks-Kettmann, J., MacConnell, J., Sandil, R., & Tallman, B (2006). College student suicide: A call to action. Death Studies, 30, 931-956. doi:10.1080/07481180600887130 Westefeld, J., & Furr, S (1987). Suicide and depression among college students. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 18(2), 119- 123.   copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on  
  • 42. Thank  you  for  joining  us     and     Rocket  Mader  for  hos:ng  us!     copyright  ©  2014  Dave  Nee  Founda9on