Happiness… what do we know about it?
To be stupid, selfish, and have good healthare three requirements for happiness,though if stupidity is lacking, all is los...
Smart people against happiness: Schopenhauer   Freud    Sartre
Smart people against happiness:                Every happiness is but lent by chance for                an uncertain time,...
Smart people against happiness:The intention that man shouldbe happy is not included inthe plan of Creation.       Schopen...
Smart people against happiness:@#%$*$( happiness %^!#@(^*)!@#!@__*#@!^#!!!! Schopenhauer   Freud     Sartre
Amount of articles in psychology                                       359,295magazines from 1887 to 2003:                ...
Who needshappiness?
They do: Martin       Mihaly        Daniel       Sonja        EdSeligman Csikszentmihalyi   Gilbert   Lyubomirsky   Diener
They are positive psychologists
They research happiness    (maybe not exactly this way)
They research, how happiness links to...Intellect    Money     Income    Love   All the rest…?
For instance:Is it true, that only  fools are happy?                        Source: Lisa Simpson
Is thishappiness?
Actually…HAP                  There’s a mildlyP                  positive correlationI                  between happinessN...
Is it true thathappiness leads    to laziness?
Actually, happy people areMORE achievement oriented.                     Source: Lyubomirsky, King, Diener (2005)
In companies, where happy people work…                Customer      Personnel   Work-relatedProductivity               sat...
Happy people earn more:Happy in 1976:     Income in 1990:     :-(              $50,000     :-)              $65,000       ...
Does money bring      happiness?
To some extent — yes  Text
If everybody’s poor —             êÓÒÒËflthere’s no difference.
The richer —   the happier
Nobody to envy again.                   êÓÒÒËfl
The real income increased by 100%,    but the happiness level is…
In the US, as of today:            10             9             8                                                         ...
Money could make you happier, but if      they are TOOimportant for you...
Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
If you are concerned with moneyyou are more likely to be unhappy.                          Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
Happiness isin marriage!
It’s a popular opinion…              What makes you happy? 37%              22%            26%                            ...
Marriage correlates with happiness 10%  Married            are        happier than                                     ...
However, there are some nuances…                 Got married                 Got divorced                                S...
Wedding!...The effect lasts for~ 2 years
Children:Smallnegativeimpact**Yes, that’s shocking!   Source: Gilbert, 2007
Exception: women with their first child
Friends are more reliable: if you can name5 or more close friends you are 60% morelikely to be very happy.                ...
Good healthis essential!                
Typical emotions of a recovering patient                         Point of recovery                                     Sou...
Gerald is thehappiest person     I ever met.
Older people are happier!Happiness                          Age           Source: BHPS
True   happinesslies in faith.
Percentage of very happy people in the US:                                               41%                              ...
But this is true only for religious countries. (Also, non-religious Denmark and Netherlands are happier than the US.)     ...
So where is it?
Factors that affect happiness:                                                                   Income                   ...
Pleasures bring happiness (nothing new)
But not the purchases — activities!            (people adapt easily)
Source: Fontane (1996)      Start   +12%              to theexercising:   happiness              level
Sleep enough:minus 8% for every hour if less than 8 hours                                         Source: Pilcher, Ott (19...
Sex* = a lot of happiness* with someone you like ;-)           Source: Kahneman, Krueger, Schkade, Schwarz and Stone (2003)
Happiness is in the FLOW
The flow is a psychological state    where things just happen…            Too hardChallenge                    lo w       ...
Work that you like:   +28%                      Source: Thakar and Misra (1995)
Monetize!                              Stop doing!                            Can doHappiness                             ...
There’s only one thing you needto know about sustainedindividual success: "Discoverwhat you dont like doing andstop doing ...
Happiness is finding the meaning of life
Does your life have meaning?Yes                       No             Happy70%                        30%30%               ...
The secret of happiness is finding something bigger thanyou and devoting your life to it.                — Daniel Dennett ...
What’s YOUR Holy Grail?
What are you SEEKING?    (maybe not exactly this way)
Alexei Kapterev           kapterev@gmail.comContents:       www.newcode.ruSlide design:   www.kapterev.com
Happiness eng-091220132018-phpapp02
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Happiness eng-091220132018-phpapp02

  1. 1. Happiness… what do we know about it?
  2. 2. To be stupid, selfish, and have good healthare three requirements for happiness,though if stupidity is lacking, all is lost. Gustave Flaubert
  3. 3. Smart people against happiness: Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  4. 4. Smart people against happiness: Every happiness is but lent by chance for an uncertain time, and may therefore be demanded back the next hour. Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  5. 5. Smart people against happiness:The intention that man shouldbe happy is not included inthe plan of Creation. Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  6. 6. Smart people against happiness:@#%$*$( happiness %^!#@(^*)!@#!@__*#@!^#!!!! Schopenhauer Freud Sartre
  7. 7. Amount of articles in psychology 359,295magazines from 1887 to 2003: 242,134 93,381 38,349 43,529 23,790 933 4,247 Prophy- Therapy Courage Fear Happiness Depression lactics Good BAD
  8. 8. Who needshappiness?
  9. 9. They do: Martin Mihaly Daniel Sonja EdSeligman Csikszentmihalyi Gilbert Lyubomirsky Diener
  10. 10. They are positive psychologists
  11. 11. They research happiness (maybe not exactly this way)
  12. 12. They research, how happiness links to...Intellect Money Income Love All the rest…?
  13. 13. For instance:Is it true, that only fools are happy? Source: Lisa Simpson
  14. 14. Is thishappiness?
  15. 15. Actually…HAP There’s a mildlyP positive correlationI between happinessNE and intelligence.SS INTELLIGENCE Source: Choi and Veenhoven (2008)
  16. 16. Is it true thathappiness leads to laziness?
  17. 17. Actually, happy people areMORE achievement oriented. Source: Lyubomirsky, King, Diener (2005)
  18. 18. In companies, where happy people work… Customer Personnel Work-relatedProductivity satisfaction turnover injuries Profits Source: Harter, Schmidt (2002)
  19. 19. Happy people earn more:Happy in 1976: Income in 1990: :-( $50,000 :-) $65,000 Source: Diener, 2008
  20. 20. Does money bring happiness?
  21. 21. To some extent — yes Text
  22. 22. If everybody’s poor —  êÓÒÒËflthere’s no difference.
  23. 23. The richer — the happier
  24. 24. Nobody to envy again. êÓÒÒËfl
  25. 25. The real income increased by 100%, but the happiness level is…
  26. 26. In the US, as of today: 10 9 8 7.85Happiness 7 6.38 6 5level 4 3 2 1 < 10 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 150 > 200 Income, thousand US$ per year Source: Lucas and Schimmack (forthcoming)
  27. 27. Money could make you happier, but if they are TOOimportant for you...
  28. 28. Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
  29. 29. If you are concerned with moneyyou are more likely to be unhappy. Source: Diener and Oishi (2000)
  30. 30. Happiness isin marriage!
  31. 31. It’s a popular opinion… What makes you happy? 37% 22% 26% 15%Family life Friends Work Income Source: Loewenstein
  32. 32. Marriage correlates with happiness 10% Married are happier than   single
  33. 33. However, there are some nuances… Got married Got divorced Source: Diener (2008)
  34. 34. Wedding!...The effect lasts for~ 2 years
  35. 35. Children:Smallnegativeimpact**Yes, that’s shocking! Source: Gilbert, 2007
  36. 36. Exception: women with their first child
  37. 37. Friends are more reliable: if you can name5 or more close friends you are 60% morelikely to be very happy. Source: Myers, 1992
  38. 38. Good healthis essential! 
  39. 39. Typical emotions of a recovering patient Point of recovery Source: Diener (2008)
  40. 40. Gerald is thehappiest person I ever met.
  41. 41. Older people are happier!Happiness Age Source: BHPS
  42. 42. True happinesslies in faith.
  43. 43. Percentage of very happy people in the US: 41% 36% 21% 16% Atheists Former believers Believers New believers
  44. 44. But this is true only for religious countries. (Also, non-religious Denmark and Netherlands are happier than the US.) Denmark India NepalAfghanistan
  45. 45. So where is it?
  46. 46. Factors that affect happiness: Income Employment 10% Family status Genes Health Age 50% Religiousness 40% Hedonic affect Flow Meaning of lifeSource: Lyubomirsky (2008), consensus estimate
  47. 47. Pleasures bring happiness (nothing new)
  48. 48. But not the purchases — activities! (people adapt easily)
  49. 49. Source: Fontane (1996) Start +12% to theexercising: happiness level
  50. 50. Sleep enough:minus 8% for every hour if less than 8 hours Source: Pilcher, Ott (1998)
  51. 51. Sex* = a lot of happiness* with someone you like ;-) Source: Kahneman, Krueger, Schkade, Schwarz and Stone (2003)
  52. 52. Happiness is in the FLOW
  53. 53. The flow is a psychological state where things just happen… Too hardChallenge lo w F Too boring Skills Source: Csikszentmihalyi (1975)
  54. 54. Work that you like: +28% Source: Thakar and Misra (1995)
  55. 55. Monetize! Stop doing! Can doHappiness There’s Want a market to do for that Source: loosely adapted from Practice! Jim Collins’ Good to Great
  56. 56. There’s only one thing you needto know about sustainedindividual success: "Discoverwhat you dont like doing andstop doing it." — Marcus Buckingham
  57. 57. Happiness is finding the meaning of life
  58. 58. Does your life have meaning?Yes No Happy70% 30%30% 70% Unhappy Source: Lepper, 1996
  59. 59. The secret of happiness is finding something bigger thanyou and devoting your life to it. — Daniel Dennett (he’s an atheist)
  60. 60. What’s YOUR Holy Grail?
  61. 61. What are you SEEKING? (maybe not exactly this way)
  62. 62. Alexei Kapterev kapterev@gmail.comContents: www.newcode.ruSlide design: www.kapterev.com
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