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  • 1. In the High Middle Ages there were also changes in European art. A new style developed: GOTHIC ART.  Chronology: 12th - 15th centuries.  Origin: France. The name "Gothic" was given during the Renaissance (15-16th centuries), because people of those times considered Gothic art as a barbarian art (like the Goths!) compared to the Classical Art (Greek & Roman).
  • 2.  GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE:  Main examples of Gothic art  CATHEDRALS.  Other Gothic buildings  Town halls & palaces. Notredame Cathedral in Paris (1163 – 1345)
  • 3. Diagram of a Gothic cathedral
  • 4. Cathedral of Leon (1205–1301)
  • 5. Town Hall of Brugge (Belgium)
  • 6. Palazzo Ducale (Venice)
  • 7. Characteristics of Gothic cathedrals:  Tall buildings built with stone  Many stained glass windows that added light and colour to the interior of the cathedral.  Pointed arches  Rose windows  Inside: • Latin Cross floor plan • Side chapels • Ribbed vaults • Pillars • Three storeys (levels)  Outside: • Flying buttress • Pinnacles • Two high towers on the sides
  • 8. Tall buildings built with stone Cathedral of Valencia Cathedral of Notredame (Paris)
  • 9. Stained glass windows (vidrieras) Cathedral of Chartres (France) Cathedral of Leon
  • 10. Pointed arch (arco apuntado o de ojiva) Cathedral of Bilbao Cathedral of Amiens (France)
  • 11. Rose Window (Rosetón) Rose window (interior) of St.Denis Cathedral (Paris) Rose window (exterior) of St. Francis of Assisi Cathedral (Assisi, Italy)
  • 12. Latin Cross floor plan (planta de cruz latina)
  • 13. Side chapels Side chapels in the Cathedral of Burgos Cathedral of Valencia
  • 14. Ribbed Vaults (bóveda de crucería) Cathedral of Leon Gothic Romanesque St.Denis Cathedral (Paris)
  • 15. Pillars Cathedral of Salamanca Cathedral of Notredame (Paris)
  • 16. Three storeys (levels) inside: Clerestory Triforium Arcade (claristorio) (triforio) (aracada)
  • 17. • 1st Story: Arcade. There are 3 long naves (one central & two side aisles) separated by arcades of pointed arches. Arcade of the Cathedral of Cologne (Germany)
  • 18. • 2nd Story: Triforium. Sometimes it contains a narrow walkway Triforium of the Cathedral of Burgos
  • 19. • 3rd Story: Clerestory. It holds large stained glass windows adding light and colour to the interior of the cathedral. Clerestory of the Cathedral of Leon
  • 20. Flying buttress (arbotante) Cathedral of Notredame (Paris)
  • 21. Pinnacles (pináculos) Duomo di Milano (Italy)
  • 22. Two high towers on the sides Cathedral of Notredame (Paris) Cathedral of Cologne (Germany)
  • 23. GOTHIC SCULPTURE AND PAINTING     Focused on realistic depiction. Figures express movement and sentiment. Usually religious themes. Sculpture: • Common in the facades of cathedrals • More lifelike & natural positions than Romanesque sculpture.  Paintings: • Painted on wooden plates, not on the walls anymore because that space is now occupied by windows. • Sometimes several paintings were put together to form an altarpiece.
  • 24. Gothic sculptures
  • 25. Gothic painting (altarpieces)