Africa Physical map

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Africa Physical map

  1. 1. AFRICA: RELIEF AND WATERS 1ºESO – IES Camilo José Cela Teacher: Rocío Bautista
  2. 2. Satellite View
  3. 3. African climate
  4. 4. Vegetation Zones
  5. 5. African Desert
  6. 6. African Savannah
  7. 7. African Rain Forest  Really humid!!!  15% of the land surface of Africa.
  8. 8. Mt. Kilimanjaro: Snow on the Equator?!?!
  9. 9. CHARACTERISTICS:  It is located between the _________________Sea , ______, the _________ Ocean & the __________ Ocean.  It is separated from Europe by the ____________________.  It is separated from Asia by the ________ Peninsula and the ______ Sea.  It is the ___rd largest continent ( _____ million km2)
  10. 10. AFRICAN RELIEF:  It is _____ but its average altitude is ______ (750m) due to its ____________ and ___________.  Landforms in Africa:  Plateaus: Bié / Katanga  Old massifs: Ethiopian Highlands / Tibesti Mountains / Ahaggar Mountains  Depressions: Niger, Chad, Congo  Geological Rifts: Rift Valley  Plains  Young mountain ranges: Atlas, Drakensberg Mountains
  11. 11. AFRICAN COASTS:  They have ____ coastal features.  The most important are:  Somali Peninsula (Horn of Africa)  Gulf of Guinea  Gulf of Aden  Cape of Good Hope  Cape of Guardafui  Island of Madagascar.
  12. 12. AFRICAN WATERS:  African rivers are quite ________ depending on where their waters flow to:  The rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean: are _____ and ____________. Ej: Congo / Niger.  Rivers that flow into the Indian Ocean: are __________. Ej: Zambeze.  Rivers that flow into the Mediterranean Sea: are _______ and have little _______, except for the Nile, which is the __________ river in the world. In this desert area there are ___________ (channels in which rivers flow) that remain dry most of the year, known as “_______” in Arabic.  There are many lakes in the area of the _______ ________. Ej: Victoria, Tanganika.
  13. 13. RELIEF
  14. 14. PLATEAUS Katanga plateau
  15. 15. MOUNTAINRANGES Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands
  16. 16. PEAKS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro
  17. 17. DEPRESSIONS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin
  18. 18. DESERTS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert S A H A R A D E S E R T
  19. 19. VALLEYS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert S A H A R A D E S E R T
  20. 20. Great Rift Valley 4.830 km
  21. 21. COASTS
  22. 22. ISLANDS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Canary Islands S A H A R A D E S E R T
  23. 23. GULFS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Canary Islands S A H A R A D E S E R T
  24. 24. CAPES Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Canary Islands Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Cape Bojador Cape Blanc Cape Verde Cape of Good Hope Cape Guardafuí S A H A R A D E S E R T
  25. 25. PENINSULAS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Canary Islands Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Cape Bojador Cape Blanc Cape Verde Cape of Good Hope Cape Guardafuí Sinai Peninsula S A H A R A D E S E R T
  26. 26. STRAITS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Canary Islands Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Cape Bojador Cape Blanc Cape Verde Cape of Good Hope Cape Guardafuí Sinai Peninsula S A H A R A D E S E R T
  27. 27. WATERS
  28. 28. SEAS&OCEANS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Canary Islands Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Cape Bojador Cape Blanc Cape Verde Cape of Good Hope Cape Guardafuí Sinai Peninsula A T L A N T I C O C E A N I N D I A N O C E A N S A H A R A D E S E R T
  29. 29. RIVERS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Canary Islands Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Cape Bojador Cape Blanc Cape Verde Cape of Good Hope Cape Guardafuí Sinai Peninsula A T L A N T I C O C E A N I N D I A N O C E A N S A H A R A D E S E R T
  30. 30. LAKES Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Canary Islands Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Cape Bojador Cape Blanc Cape Verde Cape of Good Hope Cape Guardafuí Sinai Peninsula A T L A N T I C O C E A N I N D I A N O C E A N Lake Chad Lake Victoria Lake Tanganika Lake Malawi S A H A R A D E S E R T
  31. 31. OTHERS Katanga plateau Ahaggar Mts. Tibesti Mts. Marra Mts. Ethiopian Highlands Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro Chad basin Congo basin Kalahari Desert Canary Islands Madeira Seychelles Islands Cape Verde Islands Cape Bojador Cape Blanc Cape Verde Cape of Good Hope Cape Guardafuí Sinai Peninsula A T L A N T I C O C E A N I N D I A N O C E A N Lake Chad Lake Victoria Lake Tanganika Lake Malawi Victoria Falls S A H A R A D E S E R T
  32. 32. Victoria Falls in the Zambeze river
  33. 33. Devil’s pool in the Victoria Falls

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