The Objective Of Research .

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PPPresentation for the online session on research on Web 2.0

PPPresentation for the online session on research on Web 2.0

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  • 1. The objective of Research is to find the answers to certain questions through the applications of scientific procedures.
  • 2. The goal of research process is to produce new knowledge which takes three forms:
    • Exploratory: research which structures and identifies new problems.
    • Constructive: develops solutions to a problem.
    • Empirical: Tests the feasibility of a solution using empirical evidence.
  • 3. Types of Research:
    • Primary: (field research) involves the collection of data that doesn’t already exist .
    • Secondary: (desk) involves the summary of existing research.
    • Basic: the primary objective is the advancement of knowledge.
    • Basic research provides the foundation for further applied research.
  • 4. Approaches to research:
    • Quantitative and qualitative.
    • Descriptive and critical.
    • Large-scale and small-scale.
    • Cross-sectional and longitudinal.
    • Observational and experimental.
    • Conducted by university researchers.
    • By teachers in their own classrooms.
  • 5. Action Research:
    • A reflective process of progressive problem-solving to improve the way issues are addressed.
  • 6. ELT Professionals:
    • Research can help professionals improve the processes, outcomes and conditions for language learning and language teaching.
  • 7.
    • Research should identify and use theoretical frameworks that are articulated and within which the findings are reported.
  • 8. Research methods on sociocultural contexts and literacy development might be reported as:
    • Correlational.
    • Comparative.
    • Ethnographic.
    • Observational.
    • Case studies.
  • 9. OUTCOMES INCLUDE:
    • Observational indicators.
    • Ethnographic descriptions.
    • Examples of students’ products.
    • Motivational measures.
    • Participation or engagement measures.
  • 10. METHODS SHOULD MATCH THE QUESTIONS POSED.
  • 11.
    • A mixture of methods may provide with the most comprehensive information about the issues and questions being studied.
  • 12.