The Objective Of Research .

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The Objective Of Research .

  1. 1. The objective of Research is to find the answers to certain questions through the applications of scientific procedures.
  2. 2. The goal of research process is to produce new knowledge which takes three forms: <ul><li>Exploratory: research which structures and identifies new problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Constructive: develops solutions to a problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Empirical: Tests the feasibility of a solution using empirical evidence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Research: <ul><li>Primary: (field research) involves the collection of data that doesn’t already exist . </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary: (desk) involves the summary of existing research. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic: the primary objective is the advancement of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic research provides the foundation for further applied research. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Approaches to research: <ul><li>Quantitative and qualitative. </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive and critical. </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale and small-scale. </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-sectional and longitudinal. </li></ul><ul><li>Observational and experimental. </li></ul><ul><li>Conducted by university researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>By teachers in their own classrooms. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Action Research: <ul><li>A reflective process of progressive problem-solving to improve the way issues are addressed. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ELT Professionals: <ul><li>Research can help professionals improve the processes, outcomes and conditions for language learning and language teaching. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Research should identify and use theoretical frameworks that are articulated and within which the findings are reported. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Research methods on sociocultural contexts and literacy development might be reported as: <ul><li>Correlational. </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic. </li></ul><ul><li>Observational. </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies. </li></ul>
  9. 9. OUTCOMES INCLUDE: <ul><li>Observational indicators. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic descriptions. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of students’ products. </li></ul><ul><li>Motivational measures. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation or engagement measures. </li></ul>
  10. 10. METHODS SHOULD MATCH THE QUESTIONS POSED.
  11. 11. <ul><li>A mixture of methods may provide with the most comprehensive information about the issues and questions being studied. </li></ul>

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