Animal Farm Allegory Powerpoint


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Animal Farm Allegory Powerpoint

  1. 1. Allegory In Orwell’s Animal Farm
  2. 2. What is an allegory? <ul><li>from the Greek allegorein, which means ‘to speak as if to imply something other.’ </li></ul><ul><li>Draw your cheesecake and label four levels: literal meaning, satirical allegory, political treatise, beast fable. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you understand what these are! </li></ul>
  3. 3. A simple story becomes: <ul><li>A moral warning against the abuse of power; </li></ul><ul><li>A story of disillusionment with the Russian revolution; </li></ul><ul><li>An exposure of Stalin’s evils; </li></ul><ul><li>A fable of human strengths and weaknesses. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Orwell wrote the book <ul><li>He was a democratic socialist </li></ul><ul><li>He was disgusted by Stalin’s betrayal of the ideals of the Russian Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to teach us: </li></ul><ul><li>Power corrupts; </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutions come full circle and devour their people; </li></ul><ul><li>Even good people are vulnerable to power hungry leaders if they don’t question what they’re told. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Marx/Lenin <ul><li>A combination of Marx and Lenin </li></ul><ul><li>dream of abolishing class distinctions and redistribution of land and resources </li></ul><ul><li>philosophical belief in the possibility of a utopian society based on equality and work sharing </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Bolsheviks <ul><li>Russians: largely peasants with some formal education </li></ul><ul><li>on an intellectual level, this population embraces the Revolution enthusiastically because of the promise of food and work </li></ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks (or &quot;the Majority&quot;) were an organization of professional revolutionaries who considered themselves as a vanguard of the revolutionary proletariat </li></ul><ul><li>beliefs and practices were often referred to as Bolshevism . </li></ul><ul><li>party was founded by Vladimir Lenin , who also led it in the October Revolution </li></ul>
  7. 7. Josef Stalin <ul><li>totalitarian ruler of Russia after Lenin </li></ul><ul><li>expels Leon Trotsky from the Party and then adopts many of Trotsky’s financial and political plans </li></ul><ul><li>iron-fisted dictator </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stakhanovites <ul><li>The Stakhanovites (Working Class) </li></ul><ul><li>poor Russian populace with little to no formal education </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches <ul><li>under Marxism, the “church” has no official role </li></ul><ul><li>Marx comments that “The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is required for their real happiness.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. Leon Trotsky <ul><li>an intellectual and Lenin’s “right hand” man </li></ul><ul><li>much more practical than Lenin, more aware of the daily struggles of the population </li></ul><ul><li>conceives of the notion of the Five Year Plan that Stalin later adopts </li></ul>
  11. 11. White Russians (Belarusian) <ul><li>under the Czar, these Russians were land owners with a certain degree of influence </li></ul><ul><li>before the Revolution, White Russians own serfs and control distribution of wealth in “the bread basket” of Russia (Ukraine, Belarus) </li></ul><ul><li>resented by the general population as members of the elitist (class) system that exists before the Revolution </li></ul>
  12. 12. Winston Churchill <ul><li>close diplomatic ties with Lenin in order to defeat Hitler and the Nazis during World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Churchill had reservations about socialism but overlooked them in order to manage what he saw as a greater threat to England and Western Europe: fascism </li></ul>
  13. 13. Propagandists ( Pravda) <ul><li>Russian newspaper, state-run </li></ul><ul><li>Pravda was well-known in the West for its pronouncements as the official voice of Soviet Communism </li></ul>
  14. 14. Secret Police <ul><li>NKVD (later the KGB) come to be regarded with great fear by the Russians was responsible for political repression during the Stalinist era </li></ul><ul><li>conducted mass extrajudicial executions , ran the Gulag system of forced labor , conducted mass deportations of nationalities and peasants labeled as &quot; Kulaks &quot; to unpopulated regions of the country, guarded state borders , conducted espionage and political assassinations abroad, was responsible for subversion of foreign governments, and enforced Stalinist policy within Communist movements in other countries </li></ul><ul><li>also known for its Main Directorate for State Security , which eventually became the Committee for State Security ( KGB ) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Plot parallels <ul><li>October Revolution 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War 1918 -9 </li></ul><ul><li>Kronstadt rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Trotsky’s emphasis on heavy industry </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin’s emphasis on agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Trotsky’s permanent revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin’s ‘socialism in one country’ </li></ul><ul><li>Trotsky’s exile </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of the first ‘five year plan’ </li></ul>
  16. 16. … continued <ul><li>Purge trials 1936 – 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi-Soviet pact of 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>German invasion 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Tehran conference 1943 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Plot parallels <ul><li>Snowball champions the windmill </li></ul><ul><li>The animals’ rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon’s opposition to sending pigeons </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of the Cowshed led by Snowball </li></ul><ul><li>Snowball is defeated and driven away </li></ul><ul><li>The windmill is demolished </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with Frederick </li></ul><ul><li>Battle with Frederick </li></ul><ul><li>The mutiny of the hens </li></ul><ul><li>Snowball wants to send pigeons to nearby farms </li></ul><ul><li>Pigs and men are indistinguishable </li></ul><ul><li>Starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Confessions and executions of animals </li></ul>