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Animal Farm Allegory Powerpoint

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  • 1. Allegory In Orwell’s Animal Farm
  • 2. What is an allegory?
    • from the Greek allegorein, which means ‘to speak as if to imply something other.’
    • Draw your cheesecake and label four levels: literal meaning, satirical allegory, political treatise, beast fable.
    • Make sure you understand what these are!
  • 3. A simple story becomes:
    • A moral warning against the abuse of power;
    • A story of disillusionment with the Russian revolution;
    • An exposure of Stalin’s evils;
    • A fable of human strengths and weaknesses.
  • 4. Why Orwell wrote the book
    • He was a democratic socialist
    • He was disgusted by Stalin’s betrayal of the ideals of the Russian Revolution
    • He wanted to teach us:
    • Power corrupts;
    • Revolutions come full circle and devour their people;
    • Even good people are vulnerable to power hungry leaders if they don’t question what they’re told.
  • 5. Marx/Lenin
    • A combination of Marx and Lenin
    • dream of abolishing class distinctions and redistribution of land and resources
    • philosophical belief in the possibility of a utopian society based on equality and work sharing
  • 6. The Bolsheviks
    • Russians: largely peasants with some formal education
    • on an intellectual level, this population embraces the Revolution enthusiastically because of the promise of food and work
    • Bolsheviks (or "the Majority") were an organization of professional revolutionaries who considered themselves as a vanguard of the revolutionary proletariat
    • beliefs and practices were often referred to as Bolshevism .
    • party was founded by Vladimir Lenin , who also led it in the October Revolution
  • 7. Josef Stalin
    • totalitarian ruler of Russia after Lenin
    • expels Leon Trotsky from the Party and then adopts many of Trotsky’s financial and political plans
    • iron-fisted dictator
  • 8. Stakhanovites
    • The Stakhanovites (Working Class)
    • poor Russian populace with little to no formal education
  • 9. The Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches
    • under Marxism, the “church” has no official role
    • Marx comments that “The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is required for their real happiness.”
  • 10. Leon Trotsky
    • an intellectual and Lenin’s “right hand” man
    • much more practical than Lenin, more aware of the daily struggles of the population
    • conceives of the notion of the Five Year Plan that Stalin later adopts
  • 11. White Russians (Belarusian)
    • under the Czar, these Russians were land owners with a certain degree of influence
    • before the Revolution, White Russians own serfs and control distribution of wealth in “the bread basket” of Russia (Ukraine, Belarus)
    • resented by the general population as members of the elitist (class) system that exists before the Revolution
  • 12. Winston Churchill
    • close diplomatic ties with Lenin in order to defeat Hitler and the Nazis during World War II
    • Churchill had reservations about socialism but overlooked them in order to manage what he saw as a greater threat to England and Western Europe: fascism
  • 13. Propagandists ( Pravda)
    • Russian newspaper, state-run
    • Pravda was well-known in the West for its pronouncements as the official voice of Soviet Communism
  • 14. Secret Police
    • NKVD (later the KGB) come to be regarded with great fear by the Russians was responsible for political repression during the Stalinist era
    • conducted mass extrajudicial executions , ran the Gulag system of forced labor , conducted mass deportations of nationalities and peasants labeled as " Kulaks " to unpopulated regions of the country, guarded state borders , conducted espionage and political assassinations abroad, was responsible for subversion of foreign governments, and enforced Stalinist policy within Communist movements in other countries
    • also known for its Main Directorate for State Security , which eventually became the Committee for State Security ( KGB )
  • 15. Plot parallels
    • October Revolution 1917
    • Civil War 1918 -9
    • Kronstadt rebellion
    • Trotsky’s emphasis on heavy industry
    • Stalin’s emphasis on agriculture
    • Trotsky’s permanent revolution
    • Stalin’s ‘socialism in one country’
    • Trotsky’s exile
    • Failure of the first ‘five year plan’
  • 16. … continued
    • Purge trials 1936 – 8
    • Nazi-Soviet pact of 1939
    • German invasion 1941
    • Tehran conference 1943
  • 17. Plot parallels
    • Snowball champions the windmill
    • The animals’ rebellion
    • Napoleon’s opposition to sending pigeons
    • The Battle of the Cowshed led by Snowball
    • Snowball is defeated and driven away
    • The windmill is demolished
    • Deal with Frederick
    • Battle with Frederick
    • The mutiny of the hens
    • Snowball wants to send pigeons to nearby farms
    • Pigs and men are indistinguishable
    • Starvation
    • Confessions and executions of animals