A Moral Dilemma <ul><li>Two shipwrecked people were struggling in the water. One was holding on to a plank and the other swimming towards it. The plank would not keep two people afloat, so the one who had reached the plank first pushed back the other, who subsequently drowned. </li></ul><ul><li>The survivor was accused of murder and tried in court. Was he guilty or not guilty? </li></ul>
What really happened? <ul><li>The dilemma you have just discussed is a true story. In the court case the survivor was acquitted (found not guilty). The reason was that ‘the law recognises that a person who is in the position of having a reasonable chance to survive cannot be expected to give up his life for another or to share the fate of death’. </li></ul>
Definitions <ul><li>Morals: Principles of right and wrong conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics: A system of morally correct conduct </li></ul>
Elie Wiesel’s Night <ul><li>The novel begins in Sighet, Transylvania. </li></ul><ul><li>During the early years of World War II, Sighet remained relatively unaffected by the war. The Jews in Sighet believed that they would be safe from the persecution that Jews in Germany and Poland suffered. </li></ul>
In 1944, however, Elie and all the other Jews in town were rounded up in cattle cars and deported to concentration camps in Poland. He was 14.
Roll call in Buchenwald, 1941 They were sent to Auschwitz and another concentration camp.
Ten years before he could write… <ul><li>After surviving the Nazi concentration camps, Wiesel vowed never to write about his horrific experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>He eventually changed his mind and wrote Night in 1955. Wiesel won the Nobel Prize in 1986 </li></ul>
<ul><li>““ The Holocaust is a central event in many people’s lives, but it has also become a metaphor for our century. There cannot be an end to speaking and writing about it. ” </li></ul><ul><li>-Aharon Appelfeld </li></ul>Night
Scanning <ul><li>Scanning is a fast reading technique. It's a way of reading to look for specific information in a text and is very useful for studying when you don’t have time to read every word. </li></ul><ul><li>Hints and tips for better scanning. 1. Don't try to read every word. Instead let your eyes move quickly across the page until you find what you are looking for. 2. Use clues on the page, such as headings and titles, to help you. 3 . If you are reading for study, start by thinking up or writing down some questions that you want to answer. Doing this can focus your mind and help you find the facts or information that you need more easily. </li></ul>
Food for thought… <ul><li>Why do you think I asked you to learn about the Resistance today? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it important to avoid using stereotypes when talking about the holocaust, and how can you do this? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think I asked you to consider moral dilemmas at the start of today’s class, and how might this be relevant to our reading? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think we are studying Night ? </li></ul>