Victorian era - Roby Vincent Arise Robism

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SUN NEVER SETS IN THE BRITISH EMPIRE

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Victorian era - Roby Vincent Arise Robism

  1. 1. “THE SUN NEVER SETS ON THE BRITISH EMPIRE” - Roby Vincent The Victorian Period: 1833-1901 ARISE ROBY
  2. 2. Queen Victoria’s Reign • 1837-1901 • Booming economy • Rapid expansion • Growth of two classes – Industrial working class – Modern middle class • Imperialist Urge • Expansion of British Empire ARISE ROBY
  3. 3. Victorian England • Parent of the modern • Sense of social responsibility • Common connotations: – Prudish – Repressed – Old fashioned • Considered second English Renaissance – Expansion of wealth, power, and culture ARISE ROBY
  4. 4. Modern Beginnings • Science and technology – Invented the modern idea of invention • Religion – Great age of doubt • Ideology, politics, and society – Democracy, feminism, unionization of workers, socialism & other “modern” movements took form ARISE ROBY
  5. 5. Social Responsibility • Victorians confident in humanity’s ability to better itself • Reformers had great faith that hard work could make all right • Writers exposed problems of manufacturing economy • Two key issues: trade policy & electoral reform ARISE ROBY
  6. 6. Industrial Revolution • Textiles, railroads, steel • Changes in the making of goods • Created profound economic and social changes • Migration to industrial towns • Wages were low and hours long • Stirred conflicting feelings ARISE ROBY
  7. 7. Etiquette and Manners • Influences on public behavior – Social background – Religious beliefs – Ethnic heritage – Geography – Profession – Wealth • Victorian Videos: – Dance: http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=FLV-WQfc8VQ – How to buy a book: http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=_WSrtNGQAmo – Manners: http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=jM9rAH4JnlY ARISE ROBY
  8. 8. Courting & Marriage • Dating was not free and unregulated • Couples had to follow strict rules in all aspects of their relationships • Young ladies would use fans to communicate with gentlemen ARISE ROBY
  9. 9. Victorian Women • “The Woman Question” • Industry created new opportunities and challenges for women • Recruited to work in factories • Unable to vote until 1918 • Chastity and innocence imperative • Educated in social living and decorum ARISE ROBY
  10. 10. Victorian Literature • Poetry – A large and diverse body of poetry – Tennyson, the Brownings, Kipling, Hardy • Drama – At first playhouses few in number, but by end of century, theater showed some sparkle – Oscar Wilde • Fiction – Novels became popular – Bronte sisters, Charles Dickens ARISE ROBY
  11. 11. Victorian Thinkers • Romanticism – Vestige of Romantic Era – Value in the individual – Romantic view of nature – Optimism associated with radical reform – Seeks to find the Absolute and the Ideal by transcending the actual Tennyson ARISE ROBY
  12. 12. Victorian Thinkers • Realism – Reaction to romanticism – Describes the common, the average, the everyday – Writing centered on characters & common actions of middle-class society – Finds values in the actual Rudyard Kipling ARISE ROBY
  13. 13. Victorian Thinkers • Naturalism – Basic assumption: everything real exists in nature – Strives to be objective in the presentation of material – Humans seen as victims of destiny or fate – Humans driven by fundamental urges Thomas Hardy ARISE ROBY
  14. 14. Victorian Thinkers • Aestheticism – aka Anti-Realists – Art has no utility (“art for art’s sake”) – Separation of art and morality – The study of the beautiful in nature, art, and literature Oscar Wilde ARISE ROBY

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