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BIOL 121 Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 1 Lecture Presentation: Intro to the Human Body

BIOL 121 Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 1 Lecture Presentation: Intro to the Human Body



BIOL 121 Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 1 Lecture Presentation: Intro to the Human Body ...

BIOL 121 Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 1 Lecture Presentation: Intro to the Human Body

This is a lecture presentation for my BIOL 121 Anatomy and Physiology I students on Chapter 1: Intro to the Human Body (Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 13th Ed. by Tortora and Derrickson).

Rob Swatski, Assistant Professor of Biology, Harrisburg Area Community College - York Campus, York, PA. Email: rjswatsk@hacc.edu

Please visit my website, BioGeekiWiki, for more anatomy and biology learning resources: http://robswatskibiology.wetpaint.com



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    BIOL 121 Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 1 Lecture Presentation: Intro to the Human Body BIOL 121 Anatomy & Physiology I Chapter 1 Lecture Presentation: Intro to the Human Body Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 1 An Introduction to the Human Body BIOL 121: A&P I Rob SwatskiAssistant Professor of Biology HACC-York
    • Themes organize & connectbiology concepts2 Chunk it!!!
    • Anatomy Physiology body body structures functions organs & chemical systems reactions 3
    • Anatomy is… 4
    • Physiology is… 5
    • Subspecialties of Anatomy SurfaceCell biology Histology anatomy Gross Systemic Regional anatomy anatomy anatomyRadiographic Pathological Embryology anatomy anatomy Develop- mental biology 6
    • Subspecialties of PhysiologyCardiovascular Respiratory Immunology physiology physiology Exercise Neuro- Endocrinology physiology physiology Renal physiology Pathophysiology 7
    • Levels ofOrganization 8
    • 2 CELLULAR LEVEL1 CHEMICAL LEVEL 3 TISSUE LEVEL Smooth muscle Smooth muscle cell tissue Atoms (C, H, O, N, P) Molecule (DNA) 5 SYSTEM LEVEL 4 ORGAN LEVEL Epithelial and Salivary connective tissues glands Pharynx Mouth (throat) Esophagus Smooth muscle tissue layers Epithelial tissue Stomach Liver Stomach Gallbladder Pancreas (behind stomach) Large Small intestine intestine 6 ORGANISMAL LEVEL Digestive system 9
    • Integu- Skeletal Muscularmentary system systemsystem 10
    • Cardio- Lymphatic Respiratoryvascular system system system 11
    • Digestive Urinary Endocrine system system system 12
    • Nervous Female Malesystem reproductive reproductive system system 13
    • ResponsivenessMetabolism Movement LifeReproduction Growth Differentiation 14
    • 15
    • 16
    • 17
    • Homeostasis 18
    • Intracellular fluidExtracellular fluid Interstitial fluid 19
    • How does the body regulate homeostasis? • Nerve impulses Nervous (action System potentials) • Fast • Hormones Endocrine • Slow System 20
    • Disorder Disease Disruptions to homeostasis Aging Death 21
    • Can you name this diseasefrom these generalsymptoms? 22
    • How about nowusing these specific signs? Hemoglobin A1c testFasting plasma glucose test Avg blood glucose over >126 mg/dL 6-12 weeks 23
    • What makes up a feedback system?Part 1 24
    • Part 2 25
    • Negative Feedback Systems Decrease stimulus if too high Increase stimulus if too low 26
    • Positive Feedback System 27
    • Negative Feedback System Blood pressurehomeostasis, Part 1 28
    • Negative Feedback System Blood pressurehomeostasis, Part 2 29
    • NegativeFeedback Loop 30
    • PositiveFeedback System Childbirth, Part 1 31
    • PositiveFeedback System Childbirth, Part 2 32
    • PositiveFeedback Loop 33
    • Anatomical positionDirectional Anatomical Body terms regions Terminology Planes & sections 34
    • Anatomical Position 35
    • Reclining PositionsProneSupine 36
    • BodyRegions, anterior view 1 37
    • BodyRegions,anteriorview 2 38
    • BodyRegions,posteriorview 1 39
    • BodyRegions,posterior view 2 40
    • DirectionalTerms 41
    • Superior InferiorAnterior Posterior 42
    • Medial LateralProximal Distal 43
    • Planes & Sections Frontal planeParasagittalplane Midsagittal ParasagittalTransverseplane Frontal Transverse Midsagittal plane (through midline) Oblique Oblique plane Anterior view 44
    • Planes & Sections of the Brain Transverse Frontal Midsagittal 45
    • Palpation Percussion Aortic Thorax Abdominal Abdominal TMJ Dorsalis pedis Noninvasive46 Techniques
    • Dorsal Body Cavity Cranial cavityCranial Vertebral Vertebral canalcavity canalFormed by Formed by cranium vertebrae Contains Contains brain spinal cord (a) Right lateral view (b) Anterior view 47
    • VentralBody Cavity Thoracic cavity Thoracic Diaphragm cavity Abdominopelvic cavity Abdominal cavity Pelvic Abdomino- cavity pelvic cavity (a) Right lateral view (b) Anterior view 48
    • Pleural cavityThoracic Mediastinum Cavity Pericardial cavity 49
    • Thoracic Cavity 50
    • Mediastinum 51
    • AbdominopelvicCavity 52
    • 53
    • Pleura Serous Membranes of the Ventral Body CavityPeritoneum Pericardium 54
    • How are Serous Membranes Organized? Parietal layer Serous fluid Visceral layer 55
    • Serous membranevisual analogy 56
    • AbdominopelvicRegions 57
    • AbdominopelvicQuadrants 58
    • Medical Imaging 59
    • The Anatomy Theater 60
    • 61
    • Vesalius“De HumaniCorporisFabrica…”(1543) 62
    • “Anatomy Lesson by Professor Deyman”Rembrandt (1606-1669) 63
    • “The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp” Rembrandt (1632) 64
    • “The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp” (with Legos) 65
    • Wilhelm RontgenThe first ever x-ray photograph (1895) ? 66
    • ConventionalRadiography 2-D radiograph Cheap, quick, simple White, gray, black 67
    • Contrast X-rays Angiography Intravenous urography Barium contrast x-rayStenosis of left subclavian artery 68
    • ComputedTomography CAT scanMoving x-ray beamTransverse section 3-D views More soft tissue details 69
    • 70
    • Ultrasound High-freq sound waves  sonogram Safe, noninvasive, painless, no dyes Doppler ultrasound 71
    • 72
    • Endoscopy Colonoscopy Laparoscopy Arthroscopy 73
    • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) High-energy magnetic field aligns protons 2-D or 3-D blueprint of cellular chemistry Fine soft tissue details Tumors, plaques, brain imaging, blood flow, liver & kidney disorders 74
    • Radionuclide Scanning Color intensity = activity level Single- photoemission computerizedtomography (SPECT) Brain, heart, lungs, liver, tumors 75
    • 76
    • Positron EmissionTomography (PET) +/- charges collide Color intensity = activity level Brain & heart physiology 77
    • 78
    • “WORKING BRAIN” by http://commons.wikim “Thermostat” by FlickrFlickr user edia.org/wiki/File:R%C user super-structureEUSKALANATO 3%B6ntgen,_Wilhelm_ Conrad_(1845- 1923).jpg“035” by Flickr user “CT Scan” by Flickr user “Cell” by Flickr usernaku Akira Ohgaki Fujoshi“Aircraft jet engine” by “CT Scan” by Flickr user “774 – NeuronFlickr user Akira Ohgaki Connection - Pattern”FrancoisRoche by Flickr user Patrick Hoesly“Airbus A380” by Flickr “3D CT Scan – Front” “Baby 1” by Flickr useruser FrancoisRoche by Flickr user Pretre GreenFlames09“New old skeleton “Pocketwatch” by “so ive been trying towatchworks, seen Flickr user pawpaw67 drink more water.” bythrough its crystal Flickr userback” by Flickr user baking_in_pearlsreaderwalkerhttp://commons.wikim “Nuclear face – small” “Day 168” by Flickredia.org/wiki/File:Anna by Flickr user user Sashala_Berthe_Roentgen.gif katzenroehrl 79
    • “Migraine” by Flickr “Savasana” by Flickr “My Tubal Ligation” byuser Queen Roly user tarnalberry Flickr user Serolynne“Blurry vision of Patrick J. Lynch, 23 Dec “Internal Set Two” byJessica’s apartment” by 2006, Flickr user mobologyFlickr user The Young http://commons.wikimRyan G edia.org/wiki/File:Skele ton_anterior.svg“fasting blood glucose “Evan – 3D Ultrasound “MRI Suite” by Flickrtesting” by Flickr user – 1/20/2009” by Flickr user Just Us 3louloulou user tmat1075“Annual A1C Blood “Medical Care in “20060508 – Carolyn’sTest 2” by Flickr user Panama” by Flickr user MRI - Image 8 of 24 -programwitch thinkpanama Carolyn crab eyes” by Flickr user Rev. Xanatos Satanicos Bombasticos (ClintJCL)“Brockhaus & Efron “Ultrasound Week 21 http://commons.wikimEncyclopedic 09-3” by Flickr user edia.org/wiki/File:MIP-Dictionary” by Flickr abbybatchelder mouse.gifuser DoubleM2“Salabasana (Variation http://commons.wikim “Heart SPECT nuclearw/ Legs Only)” by Flickr edia.org/wiki/File:Usgc imaging” by Flickr useruser tarnalberry olordoppler3.jpg Patrick J. Lynch 80
    • “PET scan of an healthy “The anatomy lesson” http://commons.wikimbrain compared to a by Flickr user Luciana edia.org/wiki/File:Rembrain at an early stage of Christante brandt_Harmensz._vanAlzheimers disease.” by _Rijn_008.jpgFlickr user InstitutDouglas“My dads brain during “Anatomy Theatre -a pet scan today” by Archiginnasio Palace”Flickr user Susan NYC by Flickr user uncia Each of these images are Creative Commons licensed works attributed to their original authors.“2008_11_07_Köln_13 “Andreae Vesalii2622” by Flickr user Bruxellensis” by FlickrTimo Beil user UIC Digital Collections 81
    • Credits by Rob Swatski, 2012 Visit my website for more Anatomy study resources! http://robswatskibiology.wetpaint.com http://www.flickr.com/photos/rswatskiPlease send your comments and feedback to: rjswatsk@hacc.edu This work bears an Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons license. 82