Appendicular Skeleton Anatomy Visual Guide


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This is a visual guide I created as a study resource for my BIOL 121 Anatomy and Physiology I labs on the bones and bony landmarks of the appendicular skeletal system.

Credits: All photography, text, and labels by Rob Swatski, Assistant Professor of Biology, Harrisburg Area Community College - York Campus, York, PA. Email:

This work bears an Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons license.

You can also download this entire photo set as a 57-page PDF document for free on my iTunes U site at

Please visit my website, BioGeekiWiki, for more anatomy and biology learning resources:

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Appendicular Skeleton Anatomy Visual Guide

  1. 1. Anatomy & Physiology I BIOL 121 Rob Swatski Associate Professor of Biology HACC – York Campus 1 Mariana Ruiz Villarreal, May 2009, Appendicular Skeleton Visual Atlas
  2. 2. Clavicle. Superior view Acromial end (extremity) Medial Lateral Sternal end (extremity) 2
  3. 3. Pectoral girdle Left anterior view Sternal ends (extremities) Acromial end (extremity) Conoid tubercle (Coracoid tuberosity) Acromion Clavicle Humerus Manubrium Body of Sternum Coracoid process 3
  4. 4. Acromion Scapular notch Superior angle Coracoid process Glenoid cavity Axillary (Lateral) border Subscapular fossa Vertebral (Medial) border Scapula. Right anterior view Inferior angle 4
  5. 5. Scapula. Right posterior view Superior angle Acromion Scapular notch Supraspinous fossa Spine Coracoid process Glenoid cavity Infraspinous fossa Axillary (Lateral) border Vertebral (Medial) border Inferior angle 5
  6. 6. Head Anatomical neck Humerus. Left anterior view Greater tubercle Intertubercular sulcus Deltoid tuberosity Lesser tubercle Surgical neck 6
  7. 7. Lateral epicondyle Humerus Coronoid fossa Medial epicondyle Capitulum Trochlea Head of radius Neck of radius Coronoid process Ulnar tuberosity Radial tuberosity Radius 7 Styloid process of radius Ulna Elbow & Forearm. Right anterior view
  8. 8. Elbow. Right anterior view Humerus Coronoid fossa Medial epicondyle Lateral epicondyle Trochlea Capitulum Coronoid process Head of radius Neck of radius Ulnar tuberosity 8
  9. 9. Elbow. Humerus Left posterior view Olecranon fossa Olecranon Medial epicondyle Lateral epicondyle Head of radius Neck of radius Ulna 9
  10. 10. Head of radius Radius. Right anterior view Neck of radius Radial tuberosity Styloid process of radius 10
  11. 11. Ulna. Olecranon Trochlear notch Radial notch Ulnar tuberosity Anterior view Coronoid process 11 Styloid process of ulna Posterior view
  12. 12. Olecranon Ulna. Right anterior view Trochlear notch Radial notch Coronoid process Ulnar tuberosity 12
  13. 13. Olecranon Trochlear notch Coronoid process Radial notch Head of radius Neck of radius Radial tuberosity Elbow. Right lateral view Ulna Radius 13
  14. 14. Hand. Distal phalanx Right posterior view Middle phalanx Proximal phalanx Phalanges (Digits) Distal phalanx Proximal phalanx II III IV V I Metacarpals Carpals Lateral Medial 14
  15. 15. II III IV V I Trapezoid Capitate Hamate Triquetrum Lateral Medial Scaphoid Trapezium Lunate Pisiform Carpals. 15 Right posterior view
  16. 16. IV III II I V Trapezoid Pisiform Hamate Capitate Trapezium Lateral Medial Lunate Scaphoid Triquetrum 16 Carpals. Right anterior view
  17. 17. Coxal (Pelvic) bone. Iliac crest Ilium Right anterior view Iliac fossa Anterior superior iliac spine Posterior superior iliac spine Anterior inferior iliac spine Posterior inferior iliac spine Pubis Greater sciatic notch Ischial spine Ischium Obturator foramen 17 Lesser sciatic notch
  18. 18. Iliac crest Posterior superior iliac spine Ilium Posterior inferior iliac spine Anterior superior iliac spine Greater sciatic notch Anterior inferior iliac spine Ischial spine Ischium Lesser sciatic notch Ischial tuberosity 18 Acetabulum Pubis Obturator foramen Coxal (Pelvic) bone. Right posterior view
  19. 19. Coxal (Pelvic) bone. Iliac crest Right lateral view Ilium Anterior superior iliac spine Posterior superior iliac spine Anterior inferior iliac spine Acetabulum Ischial tuberosity Obturator foramen Pubis Ischium 19
  20. 20. Anterior view Pelvic girdle. Sacroiliac joint Sacrum Coccyx Pubic symphysis 20
  21. 21. Sacrum Sacroiliac joint Coccyx Pelvic girdle. Posterior view 21
  22. 22. Greater trochanter Femur. Head Lesser trochanter Neck Gluteal tuberosity Lesser trochanter Linea aspera Left Anterior view Left Posterior view Lateral condyles Medial condyle Intercondylar fossa Medial condyle 22
  23. 23. Femur. Greater trochanters Left posterior view Head Neck Lesser trochanter Left anterior view Lesser trochanter Gluteal tuberosity 23
  24. 24. Femur. Medial view Head Fovea capitis femoris Greater trochanter Lesser trochanter 24
  25. 25. Femur. Left anterior view Left posterior view Lateral condyle Medial condyle Lateral condyle Medial condyle Intercondylar fossa 25
  26. 26. Patella. Base Articular surface (facet) Apex Anterior view Posterior view 26
  27. 27. Medial condyle Lateral condyles Tibia. Medial condyle Tibial tuberosity Anterior crest (border) Medial malleolus Left anterior view Medial malleolus 27 Left posterior view
  28. 28. Tibia. Proximal end, anterior view Intercondylar eminence Lateral condyle Medial condyle Tibial tuberosity Anterior crest (border) 28
  29. 29. Fibula. Head Right anterior view Lateral malleolus 29
  30. 30. Distal phalanx Middle phalanx Phalanges (Digits) Proximal phalanx I 1st (Medial) cuneiform 2nd (Intermediate) cuneiform 3rd (Lateral) cuneiform II III IV V Metatarsals Cuboid Tarsals Navicular Talus Foot & ankle. Right superior view Calcaneus 30
  31. 31. M I L Cub Nav Tal 31 Cal Tarsals schematic by Rob Swatski
  32. 32. Foot & ankle. Right medial view Navicular 3rd cuneiform 2nd cuneiform Talus Great (Big) toe II III Cuboid Calcaneus IV I V Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges (Digits) 32
  33. 33. c Credits c Photographs and labels by Rob Swatski, 2009-2013 Visit my website for more Anatomy study resources! Please send your comments and feedback to: This work bears an Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons license. 33