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Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
Planning the Post Boom metropolis
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Planning the Post Boom metropolis

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This is a presentation on planning issues of the city of Sao Paulo. It presents trends of urbanisation in the city and discusses the main challenges of spatial planning, as well as some of the actions …

This is a presentation on planning issues of the city of Sao Paulo. It presents trends of urbanisation in the city and discusses the main challenges of spatial planning, as well as some of the actions taken in the last decades to tackle those problems.

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  • 1. Planning the post- boom metropolis Challenge the future SpatialPlanning &Strategy
  • 2. What is Sao Paulo?
  • 3. Please, click for movie
  • 4. Sao Paulo is a divided global city in a fast growing developing country What is Sao Paulo?
  • 5. Sao Paulo is this
  • 6. But also this...
  • 7. However (population) boom times are actually over 0 50000 00000 50000 00000 1872 1890 1900 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1991 2000 2010 City of Sao Paulo 93.7 % urban population in the State of Sao Paulo (2010) 87% urban population in Brazil (2010)
  • 8. Some basic starting points • Brazil (and LA as a whole) has experienced a dramatic demographic transition. Birth rates are lower, the population is mostly urban (+85% in Brazil), life expectancy is longer and families are wealthier. • Cities must face historically produced problems, the result of decades of strong demographic pressure, poor governance and lack of effective planning strategies. • Meanwhile, a new economic scenario (globalisation?) is creating new urban form and structures. Human activity is differently distributed over the territory. • Much of the continent is now democratic.This makes an enormous difference on how cities are planned and managed.The ‘right to the city’ has become a central point of many governments agendas.
  • 9. Sao Paulo is the financial and managerial centre of South America. It is also its hugest hub for advertising and fashion.
  • 10. Avenida Paulista: one of 5 main business districts
  • 11. Marginal Pinheiros:The newest and biggest CBD
  • 12. BOSS
  • 13. São Paulo International Film Festival Click  to  see  an  inventory  of  all  cinema  related  fes3vals  in  the  world:    h7p:// www.filmfes3valworld.com/fes3val/Sao_Paulo_Intl_Film_Fes3val/
  • 14. São Paulo Art Biennale Click  to  see  a  list  of  all  Art  Biennales  in  the  world:  h7p://fineart.about.com/od/Interna3onal-­‐Art-­‐ Exhibi3ons/tp/top-­‐15-­‐interna3onal-­‐art-­‐biennial-­‐exhibi3ons.htm
  • 15. Click  for  a  list  of  the  most  important  fashion  events  in  the  world  h7p://www.independent.co.uk/life-­‐style/ fashion/2011-­‐top-­‐fashion-­‐weeks-­‐around-­‐the-­‐world-­‐paris-­‐new-­‐york-­‐milan-­‐tokyo-­‐2174288.html São Paulo FashionWeek
  • 16. São Paulo Gay Pride Parade 3.5 million (2009) Click  to  see  a  list  of  the  biggest  pride  parades  in  the  world  h7p://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Pride_parade
  • 17. 2005 Estimated public: 300.000 attractions: 200 2006 Estimated public: 1,5 million attractions: 304 2007 Estimated public: 3 million attractions: 350 2008 Estimated public: 3,5 million attractions:700 2009 Estimated public: 4 million attractions: 800 2010 Estimated public: 4 million attractions: 1000 Click  for  the  website  of  the  Virada:  h4p://www.viradacultural.org/sobre/en São Paulo Virada Cultural (similar to Amsterdam Museum Nacht ): the biggest event
  • 18. Source:  h4p://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0101-­‐33002012000300002&script=sci_ar4ext
  • 19. 22 Source:  h7p://www.infoescola.com/wp-­‐content/uploads/2009/11/ibirapuera2.jpg Ibirapuera Park
  • 20. But the challenges are many
  • 21. 24 Mobility
  • 22. 25 Environment (specially floods)
  • 23. 26 Source  h4p://vaccarezza.com.br/governo-­‐federal-­‐estabelecera-­‐punicoes-­‐aos-­‐municipios-­‐por-­‐uso-­‐e-­‐ ocupacao-­‐irregular-­‐do-­‐solo/ Informal urbanization
  • 24. 27 Source:  h4p://1.bp.blogspot.com/-­‐-­‐QMuHHXFq9s/UGD8P9sIRLI/AAAAAAAAAcs/DlAX8m6CcIg/ s1600/ilhas-­‐de-­‐calor-­‐mapa-­‐de-­‐sao-­‐paulo.jpg Environmental degradation
  • 25. Not a primal city... Pacific A m a z o n B a s i n ns Mato Grosso Plateau A n des Moun t a i n s AtacamaDesert a m p a s Macapa Antofagasta Arica Concepcion Iquique Valparaiso Cucuta Mitu Puno Talara Bahia Blanca Mendoza Resistencia Salta San Miguel De Tucuman SanRafael San Salvador De Jujuy Tarija Aracaju Boa Vista Campo Grande Cuiaba Imperatriz Porto VelhoRio Branco Santarem Tarauaca Teresina Pasto Apoteri Bluefields Concepcion C. Oviedo Arequipa Ayacucho Cerro De Pasco Cocama Cuzco Huanuco Ica Iquitos Orellana Sullana Tacna Durazno Paysandu Tacuarembo Ciudad Bolivar Maturin Puerto Ayacucho San Cristobal Foz Do Iguacu Puerto Cabezas Barquisimeto Brazil Argentina Uruguay Paraguay Bolivia Peru Chile Ecuador Colombia Venezuela Guiana Suriname French Guiana > than 10 million inh.(megalopolis) > than 5 million inh.(continental metropolis) > than 3 million inh.(metropolis) > than 1 million inh.(big city) São Paulo > than 18 million inh. Bogota Medellin Lima Cali Maracaibo Caracas Belem Sao Luis Fortaleza Recife Salvador Goiania Belo Horizonte Rio de Janeiro São Paulo Curitiba Buenos Aires Montevideo Florianopolis Porto Alegre Manaus Brasilia Vitoria Santos Campinas Natal Maceio Joinville Cordoba Rosario Santiago La Paz Santa Cruz Asuncion Barranquilla Quito Guayaquil Valencia Callao
  • 26. m p a s Resistencia Salta San Miguel De Tucuman San Salvador De Jujuy Tarija Campo Grande Concepcion C. Oviedo Durazno Paysandu Tacuarembo Foz Do Iguacu rgentina Uruguay Paraguay > than > than > than > than São Pa Belo Horizont Rio de Jane São Paulo Curitiba Buenos Aires Montevideo Florianopolis Porto Alegre Vitoria Santos Campinas Joinville Cordoba Rosario Santa Cruz Asuncion But the centre of a complex urban system... > than 10 million inh.(megalopolis) > than 5 million inh.(continental metropolis) > than 3 million inh.(metropolis) > than 1 million inh.(big city) São Paulo > than 18 million inh. São Paulo
  • 27. ...yet unbalanced in the Brazilian territory
  • 28. But what is what?
  • 29. A Macrometropolis in the South East of South America
  • 30. An extended metropolitan complex with 5 contiguous metropolitan areas 27.6 million
  • 31. The metropolitan area 19.8 million
  • 32. The metropolitan areaThe municipality 11.2 million
  • 33. Population (2010)  - Municipality 11.244.369  - Metro 19.672.582 Metropolitan Area: 8.051 km2 Urbanized Area: app.2.000 km2 Core Municipality: 1.500 km2 The metropolitan area and the municipality
  • 34. Different polycentricities
  • 35. GDP PPP compared
  • 36. GDP Per Capita PPP compared
  • 37. São Paulo ‘in comparison Randstad-Holland Sao Paulo Metropolitan
  • 38. Possible contrast?
  • 39. Possible contrast?
  • 40. 175 km PhotobySãoPaulo,Brazil,atNigh NASAEarthObservatory city-region in a middle-income country
  • 41. Main municipalities in the Expanded Metropolitan Complex Other municipalities in the Expanded Metropolitan Complex Other municipalities in the State of Sao Paulo Main highway Regional highway Viracopos Airport Sorocaba Airport Congonhas Airport Campo de Marte Airport Sao Paulo International Airport Ernesto Stumpf Airpot Port of Santos 11.Alto Paraiba 5.Paraiba Macro- Axis 13.Mantiqueira 10.Bocaina 14.Litoral Norte 3.Santos 1.Core 2.MASP 4.Campinas 6.Sorocaba 7.Jundiai 8.Bragantina 9.Sao Roque 12.Water Sources Circuit Santos Sao Roque Jundiai Campinas Sorocaba Sao Jose dos Campos Multilevel governance in emerging city-regions
  • 42. Multilevel governance in emerging city-regions 0 15 30 45 km 1:1 500 000 1 CM = 15 KM 11.Alto Paraiba 5.Paraiba Macro- Axis 13.Mantiqueira 10.Bocaina 14.Litoral Norte 3.Santos 1.Core 2.MASP 4.Campinas 6.Sorocaba 7.Jundiai 8.Bragantina 9.Sao Roque 12.Water Sources Circuit Santos Sao Roque Jundiai Campinas Sorocaba Sao Jose dos Campos 1.Core Municipality 2.Greater Sao Paulo (MASP) 3.Metropolitan Santos 4.Metropolitan Campinas 5.Paraiba Macro Axis Proto Metropolis 6.Sorocaba Proto Metropolis 7.Jundiai Peri-Metropolitan Regional Unit 8.Bragantina Peri-Metro Regional Unit 9.Sao Roque Peri-Metro Regional Unit 10.Bocaina Peri-Metro Regional Unit 12.The 'Water Circuit' Homogeneous Outer Metro Unit 13.Mantiqueira Homogeneous Outer Metro Unit 14.Litoral Norte Homogeneous Outer Metro Unit 11.Alto Paraiba Peri-Metro Regional Unit Main unit urban node Other important urban node Airport Core: 11.3 million (31 sub-municipalities) Metro: 19.9 million (39 municipalities) Macro-metro: 27.6 million (95 municipalities)
  • 43. Who plans the region? The State of Sao Paulo Secretary of Metropolitan Development State System of Metropolitan Development Chamber of Metropolitan Development
  • 44. Ministry of Cities: The Statute of Cities +Ministry of Planning and Development Secretary of Metropolitan Development (+EMPLASA) 95 municipalities of Macro-metropolis + 5 metropolitan councils+ sectorial enterprises
  • 45. Chamber of Metropolitan Development State governor Chief of the House Finance Environment Planning and Regional Development Sewerage and water resources Energy Metropolitan Transport Economic development, science and technology Logistics and transportation Housing
  • 46. Secretary of Metropolitan Development Paulista Enterprise for Metropolitan Development Metropolitan Fund for Investment and Finance 5 Metropolitan Councils
  • 47. Main partner EMPLASA: Paulista Enterprise for Metropolitan Planning http://www.emplasa.sp.gov.br/
  • 48. Main tasks Institutional organisation Coordination and feasibility Planning foundations Territorial Planning Coordination of Regional Projects
  • 49. The metropolis today
  • 50. Areas where multi-level networked governance is required
  • 51. Water and waste management Source: Google Earth Informal development around one of Sao Paulo’s water reservoirs
  • 52. + 928 local bus lines on core municipality Metropolitan mobilitySaoPauloCompnhiaMetropolitanadeTransportes
  • 53. Large Regional Infrastructure Source: Google Earth Congonhas: the busiest airport in South America and its integration in the city
  • 54. Large Regional Infrastructure Source: http://upgradesemanal.blogspot.nl/2011/04/trem-bala-no-brasil.html The route of the proposed speed train between Rio de Janeiro and the city of Campinas
  • 55. Environmental protection and management Source: Google Earth The new external ring road of Sao Paulo crossing the water reservoirs of the city and large parts of the Atlantic Forest
  • 56. Favelas are build on invaded land. Shacks are built by each family with improvised materials. The State was absent from the space of the ‘favela’. With time, inhabitants conquered rights. They start improving their shacks and soon the houses are built with bricks and are connected (legally or illegally) to electricity and water supply. There is usually no sewage system. There are special programmes of empowerment for the inhabitants. Some of them focus on the land rights and other on the infrastructure and services available. Slums (8.7%of total pop. in 2000)
  • 57. Cortiço (tenement houses) (8.5%of total pop. in 2000)
  • 58. “Auto Construcao” Informal self-help (28.5%of total pop. in 2000)
  • 59. Slide provided by Jan Loerakker, TU Delft
  • 60. Click to see a complete map of informal urbanisation
  • 61. Area covered by irregular occupations is 338,8 km2 (2000), or 22,5% of the total area of the municipality (1500 km2), with c. 17% of the population. Irregular occupation of land The Clandestine City Population:c.10.5million(estimated2000) Population Percentage Illegal or unregulated land occupation c.338 sq.km (22,5%) Population living in sub-standard dwellings (favelas,slums,tenement houses):c.1.8 million (2000) 17% of total population (source:Amaral & Pereira,2003) 0 20km N ast South-West Centre North-West North South-East East 1 East 2 South
  • 62. Human Development Compared 0 20km N Anhanguera Perus Jaragua S. Domingos Pirituba Freguesia do O Brasilandia Limao Cachoei- rinha Mandaqui Casa Verde Santana Trememb e Tucuruvi Jacana Vila Medeiros Vila Maria Vila Guilherme Cangaiba Penha Tatuape Carrao Belem Mooca Agua Rasa Vila Matilde Vila Formosa Ermelino Matarazzo Itaquera Ponte Rasa Artur Alvim Cidade Lider Parque do Carmo Jose Bonifacio Cidade Tiradentes Guaianases Lajeado Vila Curuca Itaim Paulista Jardim Helena Sao Miguel Vila Jacui Iguatemi Sao Rafael Sao MateusSapopopembaemba Aricanduva Sao LucasVila Pruden te Ipiranga Sacoma Cursino Jabaquara Cidade Ademar Pedreira Cidade D utra Grajau Socorro Camp o Grande Santo Amaro Parelheiros Marsilac Jardim A ngela Jardim Sao Luis Capao Redondo Camp o Limpo Vila Andrade Vila Sonia MorumbiRaposo Tavares Rio Pequeno Butanta Jaguare Vila Leopoldina Lapa Jaragua Alto de Pinheiros Itaim Bibi Moema Camp o Belo Saude Vila Mariana Jardim Paulista Pinheiros Perdizes Barra Funda Consolacao Santa Cecilia Bela Vista Lib erdade Cambuci Bras Pari Bom Retiro Se republica Norway Norway Iceland Iceland Australia Australia SWEDEN SWEDEN Netherlands Japan Denmark Finland FRance Austria Austria New Zealand germany spain spain Hong kong Hong kong singapore singapore slovenia s.Korea kyrgyztan Dominican Rep. S. Korea S.KOrea Cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus Czech Rep. Malta MALTA MALTA Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina poland poland chile chile estonia slovakia qatar bahrain bahrain croatia cyprus uruguay latvia st kitts bahamas bahamas bahamas seychelles seychelles cuba cuba cuba mexico bulgaria Panama Panama lybia lybia lybia Malaysia Malaysia Russia mauritius bosnia oman Albania thailand venezuela saudi arabia ukraine ukraine ukraine ukraine peru kazakhstan Dominican republic China sri lanka sri lanka turkey bulgaria Sky high: SWEDEN Very high: Spain high: Czech republic moderately high: mexico Medium: thailand Medium to low: kyrgystan HDI Human development index (2007( city of sao paulo districts compared data source: PMSP and IBGE/PNUD 2007 there are no districts that score less than 0.7, therefore no district with low HDI the lowest HDI index belongs to marsilac (0.701
  • 63. Anhanguera Perus Jaragua S. Domingos Pirituba Freguesia do O Brasilandia Limao Cachoei- rinha Mandaqui Casa Verde Santana Trememb e Tucuruvi Jacana Vila Medeiros Vila Maria Vila Guilherme Cangaiba Penha Tatuape Carrao Belem Mooca Agua Rasa Vila Matilde Vila Formosa Ermelino Matarazzo Itaquera Ponte Rasa Artur Alvim Cidade Lider Parque do Carmo Jose Bonifacio Cidade Tiradentes Guaianases Lajeado Vila Curuca Itaim Paulista Jardim Helena Sao Miguel Vila Jacui Iguatemi Sao Rafael Sao MateusSapopopembaemba Aricanduva Sao LucasVila Pruden te Ipiranga Sacoma Cursino Jabaquara Cidade Ademar Pedreira Cidade D utra Grajau Socorro Camp o Grande Santo Amaro Parelheiros Jardim A ngela Jardim Sao Luis Capao Redondo Camp o Limpo Vila Andrade Vila Sonia MorumbiRaposo Tavares Rio Pequeno Butanta Jaguare Vila Leopoldina Lapa Jaragua Alto de Pinheiros Itaim Bibi Moema Camp o Belo Saude Vila Mariana Jardim Paulista Pinheiros Perdizes Barra Funda Consolacao Santa Cecilia Bela Vista Lib erdade Cambuci Bras Pari Bom Retiro Se republica Norway Norway Iceland Iceland Australia Australia SWEDEN SWEDEN Netherlands Japan Denmark Finland FRance Austria Austria New Zealand germany spain spain Hong kong Hong kong singapore singapore slovenia s.Korea Dominican Rep. S. Korea S.KOrea Cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus Czech Rep. Malta MALTA MALTA Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina poland poland chile chile estonia slovakia qatar bahrain bahrain croatia cyprus uruguay latvia st kitts bahamas bahamas bahamas seychelles seychelles cuba cuba cuba mexico bulgaria Panama Panama lybia lybia lybia Malaysia Malaysia Russia mauritius bosnia oman Albania thailand venezuela ukraine ukraine ukraine ukraine peru kazakhstan Dominican republic China sri lanka sri lanka turkey bulgaria Sky high: SWEDEN Very high: Spain high: Czech republic moderately high: mexico Medium: thailand Medium to low: kyrgystan
  • 64. Average income (2000) Average household income (2000) (in US$ in december 2000) from 230 to 343 (relative poverty) from 347 to 448 (low income) from 452 to 616 (low middle income) from 628 to 933 (middle-income) Source: IBGE Census 2000,EMPLASA. above 1096 (high-income)
  • 65. The politics of social-spatial difference
  • 66. Race and space % of unemployed persons among blacks and whites Source: Seade, 2003 0 4 8 11 15 2003 Blacks Whites
  • 67. Low vulnerability Middle vulnerability Very high vulnerability % of the wealth of the poorest 50% in relation to the richest 50% No serious vulnerability High vulnerability Parks, green areas, dams and inhabited places Social Vulnerability Scale
  • 68. 1990s Emigration: Centre looses almost 20% of pop. Causes: 1. Low birth rate (national trend) 2. Deconcentration of industrial production 3. Disappointment with lifestyle/housing/ economic opportunities 4. Cost of life (plots are cheaper in outside municipalities) Population Growth per District in the period1991-2000 Lost population > 7.87% Source:IBGE 1991 and 2000 Pop.1991: 9.646.185 Pop.2000:10.405.867 Growth: 7.87 % Centre Lost 19.73% of its inhabitants Pari District lost 31.82% < 7.87% Centre Anhanguera Perus Jaragua S. Domingos Pirituba Freguesia do O Brasilandia Limao Cachoei- rinha Mandaqui Casa Verde Santana Tremembe Tucuruvi Jacana Vila Medeiros Vila Maria Vila Guilherme Cangaiba Penha Tatuape Carrao Belem Mooca Agua Rasa Vila Matilde Vila Formosa Ermelino Matarazzo Itaquera Ponte Rasa Artur Alvim Cidade Lider Parque do Carmo Jose Bonifacio Cidade Tiradentes Guaianases Lajeado Vila Curuca Itaim Paulista Jardim Helena Sao Miguel Vila Jacui Iguatemi Sao Rafael Sao MateusSapopopembaemba Aricanduva Sao LucasVila Prudente Ipiranga Sacoma Cursino Jabaquara Cidade Ademar Pedreira Cidade Dutra Grajau Socorro Campo Grande Santo Amaro Parelheiros Marsilac Jardim Angela Jardim Sao Luis Capao Redondo Campo Limpo Vila Andrade Vila Sonia MorumbiRaposo Tavares Rio Pequeno Butanta Jaguare Vila Leopoldina Lapa Jaguare Alto de Pinheiros Itaim Bibi Moema Campo Belo Saude Vila Mariana Jardim Paulista Pinheiros Perdizes Barra Funda Consolacao Santa Cecilia Bela Vista Liberdade Cambuci Bras Pari Bom Retiro Se Repu- blica 0 20km N
  • 69. 79
  • 70. 80
  • 71. 81
  • 72. 82
  • 73. 83
  • 74. 85
  • 75. 86
  • 76. World Cup Stadium click for movie Source: http://esportes.r7.com/futebol/fotos/r7-exclusivo-fotos- aereas-revelam-como-estao-os-novos-estadios-de-sp-e-os-ultimos-dias- do-pacaembu-20130115-4.html#fotos
  • 77. Source: http://esportes.r7.com/ Source: http://fifa.com/
  • 78. Source: Google Earth Source: http://noticias.uol.com.br Intermunicipal Bus Terminals
  • 79. Source: Google Earth
  • 80. Source: http://www.mysaopaulo.net
  • 81. Source http://www.mysaopaulo.net
  • 82. Main problems in regional planning and design 1. GOVERNANCE a. excessive sectorialization: lack of integration of policies b. lack of transparence and accountability c. too many levels of decision making + too many administrative units: bureaucratic nightmares
  • 83. Main problems in regional planning and design 2. LACK OF REGIONAL STRATEGIC VISION Reactive planning rather than active planning The regions develops faster than plans and planners
  • 84. Policy formulation and implementation Networks involving: • public actors (politicians and administrators) in different decision levels • technocrats • economic agents • interest representatives (civil + corporate) • other stakeholders • experts (e.g. planners)
  • 85. New forms of steering complex governance networks Deliberation Bargaining Compromise-seeking
  • 86. Thanks for listening Questions ?
  • 87. Prepared by Roberto Rocco Chair of Spatial Planning and Strategy, TU Delft for information, please contact r.c.rocco@tudelft.nl

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