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What are
plans
and
planners for?
Discussing aims of spatial
planning in informal urbanization
SpatialPlanning
&Strategy
De...
This presentation claims that...
THE RIGHT TO THE
CITY
RIGHT to RIGHTS
RIGHT TO THE CITY
POSITIVE RIGHTS NEGATIVE
RIGHTS
PUBLIC
GOODS
COLLECTIVE
UNDERTAKINGS
POLITICALLY, INSTITUTIONALLY
PROCEDURALLY
MAIN TOOLS
SPATIAL JUSTICE
RIGHT TO THE CITY
This presentation
shifting
paradigms:
from
criminals to
entrepreneurs
• hope
• entrepreneurship
• affirmation of the
right to BE in the
city
• the possibility to
access a much larger
and diver...
INCREASED
LIFE CHANCES
Mumbai
SaoPauloPoor official
responses
Mexico
Mumbai
Mumbai
MumbaiHow can those
compare to this?
University of California, Berkeley
slums have come
to be seen as...
Slums lack:
+-900 million people
in slums (UN Habitat)
Text
Lagos
Some problems
Aestheticization of
poverty
TurnerNot a new idea
Turn to
neoliberalism
Caracas
What I see
ENORMOUS
LACK OF
ACCESS TO
PUBLIC
GOODS
Paraisopolis
‘Let the poor take their
future in their own
hands’
SaoPaulo
SaoPaulo
SaoPaulo
SaoPaulo
SaoPaulo
SaoPaulo
The Right to the
City
Negative rights
Positive rights
Positive rights are
deeply connected to
access to public goods
Positive rights are
deeply connected to
access to public goods
Role of planning?
material/spatial
support inclusion
access to negative AND positive
rights
public goods
PUBLIC GOODS
Intangible assets that
can be enjoyed by all
Intangible assets that
can be enjoyed by all
A bridge is not a public
good but it promotes
one
‘green’SaoPaulo
Green Heart of the
Randstad
Holland
Public goods and
collective action
Exclusionary spaces
The just city
lack of access to
public goods
SaoPaul
Role of the State
and of planning
SaoPaulo
Different models of
democratic societies
Models of society
Tne European
experience
TheHague
TheHague
Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Consequences for
the role of
governments
(and planners)
Interconnections
positive rights and
the right to the
city
Sao
Paulo
SaoPaulo
0 20km
N
Anhanguera
Perus
Jaragua
S.
Domingos
Pirituba
Freguesia
do O
Brasilandia
Limao
Cachoei-
rinha
Mandaqui
Casa
Verde...
Anhanguera
Jaragua
S.
Domingos
Pirituba
Freguesia
do O
Brasilandia
Limao
Cachoei-
rinha
Mandaqui
Casa
Verde Santana
Tremem...
22.5% middle or high vulnerability
(2.5 million people)
SaoPaulo
SaoPaulo
votedistribution
mayoralelections2012
SaoPaulo
ethnicdistribution
SaoPaulo
SaoPaulo
favelaSaoPaulo
favela:
initial stages
SaoPaulo
favela:
‘consolidated’
SaoPaulo
Ocupação
clandestina
SaoPaulo
Ocupação
clandestina
SaoPaulo
Loteamento
irregular
SaoPaulo
Ocupação as
political action
SaoPaulo
Civil and political
consequences of illegality
subversion of the
rule of law
Pinheirinho
PinheirinhoIf housing is a priviledge,
then occupying is a right.
Pinheirinho
Pinheirinho
Pinheirinho
Pinheirinho
But how did we
get there?
1964
Militaryrule
Militaryrule
Militaryrule
S. Paulo: Explosive
Growth
Massruralmigratio
ABC
strikes
Social
movements
Christian (catholic)
Base Communities
Diretas Ja
Direct
Elections Now
1988
Constitution
Statute of the City
(2001):
37 X ‘right to the city’
SaoPauloCDHU Lapa
SaoPaulo Mutirao:
Self Help
SaoPaulo
Mutirao
SaoPaulo
Mutirao
“the medicine against
corruption: self-help and
self-management”
Loteamento
irregular
SaoPaulo Projeto
Cingapura
SaoPaulo Projeto
Cingapura
Unified Educational
Centres
CEU
CEU
CEU
recently
Paraisopolis
recently
Paraisopolis
recently
Heliopolis
recently
Heliopolis
recently
JardimPantanal
recently
recently
ParquedoGato
FaveladoMoinho
Pinheirinho
Estaiadinha2013
base for the
constitution of
legitimate
demands
Integration of the right to
the city with urban
development
role of planning?
Any
questions?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
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MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?

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Talk at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on March 13th 2014, at the International Development Planning Section. Part of the Spring Speakers Series, Stella Room.

In this lecture I make a strong case for state intervention in informal urbanisation, within the framework of positive rights, in order to promote access to increased life chances.

Lecture based on co-authored paper with Jan van Ballegooijen.

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Transcript of "MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?"

  1. 1. What are plans and planners for? Discussing aims of spatial planning in informal urbanization SpatialPlanning &Strategy Delft University of Technology URBANISM
  2. 2. This presentation claims that... THE RIGHT TO THE CITY RIGHT to RIGHTS RIGHT TO THE CITY POSITIVE RIGHTS NEGATIVE RIGHTS
  3. 3. PUBLIC GOODS COLLECTIVE UNDERTAKINGS POLITICALLY, INSTITUTIONALLY PROCEDURALLY MAIN TOOLS SPATIAL JUSTICE RIGHT TO THE CITY
  4. 4. This presentation
  5. 5. shifting paradigms: from criminals to entrepreneurs
  6. 6. • hope • entrepreneurship • affirmation of the right to BE in the city • the possibility to access a much larger and diversified labour market • access to improved health care, educational opportunities and cultural opportunities What do you see?
  7. 7. INCREASED LIFE CHANCES
  8. 8. Mumbai
  9. 9. SaoPauloPoor official responses
  10. 10. Mexico
  11. 11. Mumbai
  12. 12. Mumbai
  13. 13. MumbaiHow can those compare to this? University of California, Berkeley
  14. 14. slums have come to be seen as...
  15. 15. Slums lack:
  16. 16. +-900 million people in slums (UN Habitat)
  17. 17. Text Lagos
  18. 18. Some problems
  19. 19. Aestheticization of poverty
  20. 20. TurnerNot a new idea
  21. 21. Turn to neoliberalism Caracas
  22. 22. What I see ENORMOUS LACK OF ACCESS TO PUBLIC GOODS Paraisopolis
  23. 23. ‘Let the poor take their future in their own hands’ SaoPaulo
  24. 24. SaoPaulo
  25. 25. SaoPaulo
  26. 26. SaoPaulo
  27. 27. SaoPaulo
  28. 28. SaoPaulo
  29. 29. The Right to the City
  30. 30. Negative rights
  31. 31. Positive rights
  32. 32. Positive rights are deeply connected to access to public goods
  33. 33. Positive rights are deeply connected to access to public goods
  34. 34. Role of planning? material/spatial support inclusion access to negative AND positive rights public goods
  35. 35. PUBLIC GOODS
  36. 36. Intangible assets that can be enjoyed by all
  37. 37. Intangible assets that can be enjoyed by all
  38. 38. A bridge is not a public good but it promotes one
  39. 39. ‘green’SaoPaulo
  40. 40. Green Heart of the Randstad Holland
  41. 41. Public goods and collective action
  42. 42. Exclusionary spaces
  43. 43. The just city
  44. 44. lack of access to public goods SaoPaul
  45. 45. Role of the State and of planning SaoPaulo
  46. 46. Different models of democratic societies
  47. 47. Models of society
  48. 48. Tne European experience TheHague
  49. 49. TheHague
  50. 50. Amsterdam
  51. 51. Amsterdam
  52. 52. Consequences for the role of governments (and planners)
  53. 53. Interconnections positive rights and the right to the city
  54. 54. Sao Paulo
  55. 55. SaoPaulo
  56. 56. 0 20km N Anhanguera Perus Jaragua S. Domingos Pirituba Freguesia do O Brasilandia Limao Cachoei- rinha Mandaqui Casa Verde Santana Trememb e Tucuruvi Jacana Vila Medeiros Vila Maria Vila Guilherme Cangaiba Penha Tatuape Carrao Belem Mooca Agua Rasa Vila Matilde Vila Formosa Ermelino Matarazzo Itaquera Ponte Rasa Artur Alvim Cidade Lider Parque do Carmo Jose Bonifacio Cidade Tiradentes Guaianases Lajeado Vila Curuca Itaim Paulista Jardim Helena Sao Miguel Vila Jacui Iguatemi Sao Rafael Sao MateusSapopopembaemba Aricanduva Sao LucasVila Pruden te Ipiranga Sacoma Cursino Jabaquara Cidade Ademar Pedreira Cidade D utra Grajau Socorro Camp o Grande Santo Amaro Parelheiros Marsilac Jardim A ngela Jardim Sao Luis Capao Redondo Camp o Limpo Vila Andrade Vila Sonia MorumbiRaposo Tavares Rio Pequeno Butanta Jaguare Vila Leopoldina Lapa Jaragua Alto de Pinheiros Itaim Bibi Moema Camp o Belo Saude Vila Mariana Jardim Paulista Pinheiros Perdizes Barra Funda Consolacao Santa Cecilia Bela Vista Lib erdade Cambuci Bras Pari Bom Retiro Se republica Norway Norway Iceland Iceland Australia Australia SWEDEN SWEDEN Netherlands Japan Denmark Finland FRance Austria Austria New Zealand germany spain spain Hong kong Hong kong singapore singapore slovenia s.Korea kyrgyztan Dominican Rep. S. Korea S.KOrea Cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus Czech Rep. Malta MALTA MALTA Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina poland poland chile chile estonia slovakia qatar bahrain bahrain croatia cyprus uruguay latvia st kitts bahamas bahamas bahamas seychelles seychelles cuba cuba cuba mexico bulgaria Panama Panama lybia lybia lybia Malaysia Malaysia Russia mauritius bosnia oman Albania thailand venezuela saudi arabia ukraine ukraine ukraine ukraine peru kazakhstan Dominican republic China sri lanka sri lanka turkey bulgaria Sky high: SWEDEN Very high: Spain high: Czech republic moderately high: mexico Medium: thailand Medium to low: kyrgystan HDI Human development index (2007( city of sao paulo districts compared data source: PMSP and IBGE/PNUD 2007 there are no districts that score less than 0.7, therefore no district with low HDI the lowest HDI index belongs to marsilac (0.701 SaoPaulo
  57. 57. Anhanguera Jaragua S. Domingos Pirituba Freguesia do O Brasilandia Limao Cachoei- rinha Mandaqui Casa Verde Santana Trememb e Tucuruvi Jacana Vila Medeiros Vila Maria Vila Guilherme Cangaiba Penha Tatuape Carrao Belem Mooca Agua Rasa Vila Matilde Vila Formosa Ermelino Matarazzo Itaquera Ponte Rasa Artur Alvim Cidade Lider Parque do Carmo Jose Bonifacio Cidade Tiradentes Guaianases Lajeado Vila Curuca Itaim Paulista Jardim Helena Sao Miguel Vila Jacui Iguatemi Sao Rafael Sao MateusSapopopembaemba Aricanduva Sao LucasVila Pruden te Ipiranga Sacoma Cursino Jabaquara Cidade Ademar Pedreira Cidade D utra Socorro Camp o Grande Santo Amaro Jardim A ngela Jardim Sao Luis Capao Redondo Camp o Limpo Vila Andrade Vila Sonia MorumbiRaposo Tavares Rio Pequeno Butanta Jaguare Vila Leopoldina Lapa Jaragua Alto de Pinheiros Itaim Bibi Moema Camp o Belo Saude Vila Mariana Jardim Paulista Pinheiros Perdizes Barra Funda Consolacao Santa Cecilia Bela Vista Lib erdade Cambuci Bras Pari Bom Retiro Se republica Norway Norway Iceland Iceland Australia Australia SWEDEN SWEDEN Netherlands Japan Denmark Finland FRance Austria Austria New Zealand germany spain spain Hong kong Hong kong singapore singapore slovenia s.Korea Dominican Rep. S. Korea S.KOrea Cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus Czech Rep. Malta MALTA MALTA Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina poland poland chile chile estonia slovakia qatar bahrain bahrain croatia cyprus uruguay latvia st kitts bahamas bahamas seychelles seychelles cuba cuba cuba mexico bulgaria Panama Panama lybia lybia lybia Malaysia Malaysia Russia mauritius bosnia oman Albania thailand venezuela ukraine ukraine ukraine ukraine peru kazakhstan sri lanka sri lanka turkey bulgaria Sky high: SWEDEN Very high: Spain high: Czech republic SaoPaulo
  58. 58. 22.5% middle or high vulnerability (2.5 million people) SaoPaulo
  59. 59. SaoPaulo votedistribution mayoralelections2012
  60. 60. SaoPaulo ethnicdistribution
  61. 61. SaoPaulo
  62. 62. SaoPaulo
  63. 63. favelaSaoPaulo
  64. 64. favela: initial stages SaoPaulo
  65. 65. favela: ‘consolidated’ SaoPaulo
  66. 66. Ocupação clandestina SaoPaulo
  67. 67. Ocupação clandestina SaoPaulo
  68. 68. Loteamento irregular SaoPaulo
  69. 69. Ocupação as political action
  70. 70. SaoPaulo
  71. 71. Civil and political consequences of illegality
  72. 72. subversion of the rule of law Pinheirinho
  73. 73. PinheirinhoIf housing is a priviledge, then occupying is a right.
  74. 74. Pinheirinho
  75. 75. Pinheirinho
  76. 76. Pinheirinho
  77. 77. Pinheirinho
  78. 78. But how did we get there? 1964
  79. 79. Militaryrule
  80. 80. Militaryrule
  81. 81. Militaryrule
  82. 82. S. Paulo: Explosive Growth
  83. 83. Massruralmigratio
  84. 84. ABC strikes
  85. 85. Social movements
  86. 86. Christian (catholic) Base Communities
  87. 87. Diretas Ja Direct Elections Now
  88. 88. 1988 Constitution
  89. 89. Statute of the City (2001): 37 X ‘right to the city’
  90. 90. SaoPauloCDHU Lapa
  91. 91. SaoPaulo Mutirao: Self Help
  92. 92. SaoPaulo Mutirao
  93. 93. SaoPaulo Mutirao “the medicine against corruption: self-help and self-management”
  94. 94. Loteamento irregular SaoPaulo Projeto Cingapura
  95. 95. SaoPaulo Projeto Cingapura
  96. 96. Unified Educational Centres CEU
  97. 97. CEU
  98. 98. CEU
  99. 99. recently Paraisopolis
  100. 100. recently Paraisopolis
  101. 101. recently Heliopolis
  102. 102. recently Heliopolis
  103. 103. recently
  104. 104. JardimPantanal recently
  105. 105. recently ParquedoGato
  106. 106. FaveladoMoinho
  107. 107. Pinheirinho
  108. 108. Estaiadinha2013
  109. 109. base for the constitution of legitimate demands
  110. 110. Integration of the right to the city with urban development
  111. 111. role of planning?
  112. 112. Any questions?
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