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MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?
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MIT Talk: What are plans and planners for?

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Talk at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on March 13th 2014, at the International Development Planning Section. Part of the Spring Speakers Series, Stella Room. …

Talk at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on March 13th 2014, at the International Development Planning Section. Part of the Spring Speakers Series, Stella Room.

In this lecture I make a strong case for state intervention in informal urbanisation, within the framework of positive rights, in order to promote access to increased life chances.

Lecture based on co-authored paper with Jan van Ballegooijen.

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  • 1. What are plans and planners for? Discussing aims of spatial planning in informal urbanization SpatialPlanning &Strategy Delft University of Technology URBANISM
  • 2. This presentation claims that... THE RIGHT TO THE CITY RIGHT to RIGHTS RIGHT TO THE CITY POSITIVE RIGHTS NEGATIVE RIGHTS
  • 3. PUBLIC GOODS COLLECTIVE UNDERTAKINGS POLITICALLY, INSTITUTIONALLY PROCEDURALLY MAIN TOOLS SPATIAL JUSTICE RIGHT TO THE CITY
  • 4. This presentation
  • 5. shifting paradigms: from criminals to entrepreneurs
  • 6. • hope • entrepreneurship • affirmation of the right to BE in the city • the possibility to access a much larger and diversified labour market • access to improved health care, educational opportunities and cultural opportunities What do you see?
  • 7. INCREASED LIFE CHANCES
  • 8. Mumbai
  • 9. SaoPauloPoor official responses
  • 10. Mexico
  • 11. Mumbai
  • 12. Mumbai
  • 13. MumbaiHow can those compare to this? University of California, Berkeley
  • 14. slums have come to be seen as...
  • 15. Slums lack:
  • 16. +-900 million people in slums (UN Habitat)
  • 17. Text Lagos
  • 18. Some problems
  • 19. Aestheticization of poverty
  • 20. TurnerNot a new idea
  • 21. Turn to neoliberalism Caracas
  • 22. What I see ENORMOUS LACK OF ACCESS TO PUBLIC GOODS Paraisopolis
  • 23. ‘Let the poor take their future in their own hands’ SaoPaulo
  • 24. SaoPaulo
  • 25. SaoPaulo
  • 26. SaoPaulo
  • 27. SaoPaulo
  • 28. SaoPaulo
  • 29. The Right to the City
  • 30. Negative rights
  • 31. Positive rights
  • 32. Positive rights are deeply connected to access to public goods
  • 33. Positive rights are deeply connected to access to public goods
  • 34. Role of planning? material/spatial support inclusion access to negative AND positive rights public goods
  • 35. PUBLIC GOODS
  • 36. Intangible assets that can be enjoyed by all
  • 37. Intangible assets that can be enjoyed by all
  • 38. A bridge is not a public good but it promotes one
  • 39. ‘green’SaoPaulo
  • 40. Green Heart of the Randstad Holland
  • 41. Public goods and collective action
  • 42. Exclusionary spaces
  • 43. The just city
  • 44. lack of access to public goods SaoPaul
  • 45. Role of the State and of planning SaoPaulo
  • 46. Different models of democratic societies
  • 47. Models of society
  • 48. Tne European experience TheHague
  • 49. TheHague
  • 50. Amsterdam
  • 51. Amsterdam
  • 52. Consequences for the role of governments (and planners)
  • 53. Interconnections positive rights and the right to the city
  • 54. Sao Paulo
  • 55. SaoPaulo
  • 56. 0 20km N Anhanguera Perus Jaragua S. Domingos Pirituba Freguesia do O Brasilandia Limao Cachoei- rinha Mandaqui Casa Verde Santana Trememb e Tucuruvi Jacana Vila Medeiros Vila Maria Vila Guilherme Cangaiba Penha Tatuape Carrao Belem Mooca Agua Rasa Vila Matilde Vila Formosa Ermelino Matarazzo Itaquera Ponte Rasa Artur Alvim Cidade Lider Parque do Carmo Jose Bonifacio Cidade Tiradentes Guaianases Lajeado Vila Curuca Itaim Paulista Jardim Helena Sao Miguel Vila Jacui Iguatemi Sao Rafael Sao MateusSapopopembaemba Aricanduva Sao LucasVila Pruden te Ipiranga Sacoma Cursino Jabaquara Cidade Ademar Pedreira Cidade D utra Grajau Socorro Camp o Grande Santo Amaro Parelheiros Marsilac Jardim A ngela Jardim Sao Luis Capao Redondo Camp o Limpo Vila Andrade Vila Sonia MorumbiRaposo Tavares Rio Pequeno Butanta Jaguare Vila Leopoldina Lapa Jaragua Alto de Pinheiros Itaim Bibi Moema Camp o Belo Saude Vila Mariana Jardim Paulista Pinheiros Perdizes Barra Funda Consolacao Santa Cecilia Bela Vista Lib erdade Cambuci Bras Pari Bom Retiro Se republica Norway Norway Iceland Iceland Australia Australia SWEDEN SWEDEN Netherlands Japan Denmark Finland FRance Austria Austria New Zealand germany spain spain Hong kong Hong kong singapore singapore slovenia s.Korea kyrgyztan Dominican Rep. S. Korea S.KOrea Cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus Czech Rep. Malta MALTA MALTA Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina poland poland chile chile estonia slovakia qatar bahrain bahrain croatia cyprus uruguay latvia st kitts bahamas bahamas bahamas seychelles seychelles cuba cuba cuba mexico bulgaria Panama Panama lybia lybia lybia Malaysia Malaysia Russia mauritius bosnia oman Albania thailand venezuela saudi arabia ukraine ukraine ukraine ukraine peru kazakhstan Dominican republic China sri lanka sri lanka turkey bulgaria Sky high: SWEDEN Very high: Spain high: Czech republic moderately high: mexico Medium: thailand Medium to low: kyrgystan HDI Human development index (2007( city of sao paulo districts compared data source: PMSP and IBGE/PNUD 2007 there are no districts that score less than 0.7, therefore no district with low HDI the lowest HDI index belongs to marsilac (0.701 SaoPaulo
  • 57. Anhanguera Jaragua S. Domingos Pirituba Freguesia do O Brasilandia Limao Cachoei- rinha Mandaqui Casa Verde Santana Trememb e Tucuruvi Jacana Vila Medeiros Vila Maria Vila Guilherme Cangaiba Penha Tatuape Carrao Belem Mooca Agua Rasa Vila Matilde Vila Formosa Ermelino Matarazzo Itaquera Ponte Rasa Artur Alvim Cidade Lider Parque do Carmo Jose Bonifacio Cidade Tiradentes Guaianases Lajeado Vila Curuca Itaim Paulista Jardim Helena Sao Miguel Vila Jacui Iguatemi Sao Rafael Sao MateusSapopopembaemba Aricanduva Sao LucasVila Pruden te Ipiranga Sacoma Cursino Jabaquara Cidade Ademar Pedreira Cidade D utra Socorro Camp o Grande Santo Amaro Jardim A ngela Jardim Sao Luis Capao Redondo Camp o Limpo Vila Andrade Vila Sonia MorumbiRaposo Tavares Rio Pequeno Butanta Jaguare Vila Leopoldina Lapa Jaragua Alto de Pinheiros Itaim Bibi Moema Camp o Belo Saude Vila Mariana Jardim Paulista Pinheiros Perdizes Barra Funda Consolacao Santa Cecilia Bela Vista Lib erdade Cambuci Bras Pari Bom Retiro Se republica Norway Norway Iceland Iceland Australia Australia SWEDEN SWEDEN Netherlands Japan Denmark Finland FRance Austria Austria New Zealand germany spain spain Hong kong Hong kong singapore singapore slovenia s.Korea Dominican Rep. S. Korea S.KOrea Cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus cyprus Czech Rep. Malta MALTA MALTA Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina poland poland chile chile estonia slovakia qatar bahrain bahrain croatia cyprus uruguay latvia st kitts bahamas bahamas seychelles seychelles cuba cuba cuba mexico bulgaria Panama Panama lybia lybia lybia Malaysia Malaysia Russia mauritius bosnia oman Albania thailand venezuela ukraine ukraine ukraine ukraine peru kazakhstan sri lanka sri lanka turkey bulgaria Sky high: SWEDEN Very high: Spain high: Czech republic SaoPaulo
  • 58. 22.5% middle or high vulnerability (2.5 million people) SaoPaulo
  • 59. SaoPaulo votedistribution mayoralelections2012
  • 60. SaoPaulo ethnicdistribution
  • 61. SaoPaulo
  • 62. SaoPaulo
  • 63. favelaSaoPaulo
  • 64. favela: initial stages SaoPaulo
  • 65. favela: ‘consolidated’ SaoPaulo
  • 66. Ocupação clandestina SaoPaulo
  • 67. Ocupação clandestina SaoPaulo
  • 68. Loteamento irregular SaoPaulo
  • 69. Ocupação as political action
  • 70. SaoPaulo
  • 71. Civil and political consequences of illegality
  • 72. subversion of the rule of law Pinheirinho
  • 73. PinheirinhoIf housing is a priviledge, then occupying is a right.
  • 74. Pinheirinho
  • 75. Pinheirinho
  • 76. Pinheirinho
  • 77. Pinheirinho
  • 78. But how did we get there? 1964
  • 79. Militaryrule
  • 80. Militaryrule
  • 81. Militaryrule
  • 82. S. Paulo: Explosive Growth
  • 83. Massruralmigratio
  • 84. ABC strikes
  • 85. Social movements
  • 86. Christian (catholic) Base Communities
  • 87. Diretas Ja Direct Elections Now
  • 88. 1988 Constitution
  • 89. Statute of the City (2001): 37 X ‘right to the city’
  • 90. SaoPauloCDHU Lapa
  • 91. SaoPaulo Mutirao: Self Help
  • 92. SaoPaulo Mutirao
  • 93. SaoPaulo Mutirao “the medicine against corruption: self-help and self-management”
  • 94. Loteamento irregular SaoPaulo Projeto Cingapura
  • 95. SaoPaulo Projeto Cingapura
  • 96. Unified Educational Centres CEU
  • 97. CEU
  • 98. CEU
  • 99. recently Paraisopolis
  • 100. recently Paraisopolis
  • 101. recently Heliopolis
  • 102. recently Heliopolis
  • 103. recently
  • 104. JardimPantanal recently
  • 105. recently ParquedoGato
  • 106. FaveladoMoinho
  • 107. Pinheirinho
  • 108. Estaiadinha2013
  • 109. base for the constitution of legitimate demands
  • 110. Integration of the right to the city with urban development
  • 111. role of planning?
  • 112. Any questions?

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