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Roberto Rocco
Chair Spatial Planning and Strategy
TU Delft
r.c.rocco@tudelft.nl
Brief Introduction
to
Strategic Planning
!...
!"#$%#&'&#((%()
*!$+#$,)-
2
Introduction to
general concepts of
contemporary
strategic planning
3
This lecture is composed of
two parts
1
The shift in urban planning and
design
4
This lecture is composed of
two parts
2
A brief description of
strategic planning
5
The shift in
urban
planning
and design
6
Point of Departure:
Space is Socially Produced
Spatial planning deals with ‘inhabited’ space: a space of frictions but als...
Roots of Urbanism: Main
concerns
Hygiene/ Health
Separation of activities
Beauty/ grandeur/ monumentality/
representation ...
Evolution of the
object of urbanism
according to
different ideologies,
technologies and
modes of production
9
Urbanism of Monumentality,
Hygiene and Military
Strategy
Haussmann Renovations :
Paris1852-1870
10
Haussmann:
Urbanisme Militariste et Higieniste
New road system in Paris under the Second Empire
(Histoire de la France urb...
Haussmanization
12
Haussmanization
13
The Urbanism of Technical Networks:
Cerda: Barcelona 1897
14
The Cerda block
15
The Urbanism of Technical Networks:
Cerda: Barcelona 1897
16
The Urbanism of Technical
Networks: Barcelona Blocks
17
The Urbanism of Technical Networks:
Cerda: Barcelona 1897
18
The messiah
charles-
Édouard
Jeanneret,
who chose
to be known
as Le
Corbusier,
October 6,
1887 –
August 27,
1965)
19
Le Plan Voisin
Le Corbusier: Paris 1925
Modernism: Rationality, order and the motorcar
20
The modulor The Modulor is an
anthropometric
scale of
proportions
devised by the
Swiss-born
French architect
Le Corbusier
...
Le Plan Voisin
Le Corbusier: Paris 1925
22
Brasilia: brazil, 1956-1960
23
Brasilia: brazil, 1956-1960
24
Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam,
1966-1970
Siegfried Nassuth, urban designer
25
Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam,
1966-1970
26
But lately, there is a
radical change in how
we approach urban
development
27
URBANISM
Broadly, urbanism focuses on
INHABITED SPACES.
It focuses on how people,
structures and activities are
distribute...
A very wide scope
Mind map on urbanism, MSC2 students, TU Delft
29
This is incredibly important
for our well being
30
And this is a real challenge
for planners and designers
Amsterdam street scene, Photograph by the genial Arlette H..
31
So?
Spatial planning deals
with ‘inhabited’ space
This is a space of social
friction but also a space
of shared societal g...
Cities in Civilization: Culture, Technology, and Urban Order, London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998; New
York, Pantheon Book...
Planning
and design
a city is more
complex than
sending a man
to the
moon.
Peter Hall’s sending a man to the moon X planni...
Governance: positive tension creates
some kind of equilibrium in society
Notice: this is
a stupidly
SIMPLIFIED
model of
fo...
In liberal democracies: there
is friction and negotiation
36
Because it is all about
people and how they use
space, we need to have
an ethical attitude
(social responsibility)
X
37
Ethics
The field of ethics (or
moral philosophy)
involves systematising,
defending, and
recommending concepts
of right and ...
Increasing complexity
✤ The increasing complexity of
living environments results in
increasingly complex research
paradigm...
Increasing complexity
The increasing complexity of
research paradigms in
planning results in the
perception that a practic...
The broader task at hand
To understand the context,
the role and wishes of
stakeholders and the socio-
political forces th...
Increasing
complexity?
42
Sao Paulo, Brazil, pop. 16 million (2010)
43
But THIS is not so complex... Or is it?
Delft, The Netherlands, pop.: 96.000 (2008)
44
Urbanisation in the Netherlands, 1950 Urbanisation in the Netherlands, 2010
Delft Delft
45
Urbanisation in the Randstad, 1950 Urbanisation in the Randstad, 2010
Delft
Delft
46
Complex
enough for
you?
Commuting patterns in The
Randstad (2008), source:
VROM.
47
KLM Routes 1964 KLM Routes 2004
48
49
The future looks more like this
Visualizing Friendships
by Paul Butler on Tuesday, 14 December 2010 at 02:16
50
Metropolitain de Paris 2005 Tokyo Subway system 2008
51
The nature of Urbanism
The stretched scope of
urbanism, with its large range
of inputs drawn from various
disciplines, dem...
A brief
description
of strategic
planning
53
Introduction on Strategic
Planning
54
Let us start with a Metaphor
55
STRATEGY
Military origins:
Strategos in ancient
Greek means
“General of the Army”:
The Strategos
formulated the strategy
t...
A strategy is a long term plan of
action designed to achieve a
particular goal.
Strategy applies to many different fields, ...
Origins of Strategic
Planning
WAR +
BUSINESS =
COMPETITION
(M. Porter: Competitive
Advantages)
58
1920: Harvard Business School: New
Policy Model for Businesses: emphasis on
organisational policy and structure
1950s: emp...
In the 1980s and 90s
Rapid Transition
From Land Use Planning to Strategic
Planning
&
From Hard Planning to ‘Soft Planning’...
Le Plan Voisin
Le Corbusier: Paris 1925
61
Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam,
1966-1970
Siegfried Nassuth, urban designer
62
63
Today: A new Paradigm
✤Strategic Planning today is
based on social and
environmental sustainability
and global awareness
✤...
People
Planet
Profit
Prosperity!
Today: A new Paradigm
The Three Ps
65
New Emphasis in Strategic
Planning
SYNERGY +
PARTICIPATION
Strategic urban planning is a
process that allows the
articulat...
Strategic Planning is
about…
1. A tool for local development which
conceives strategic interventions that
guarantee the qu...
So what is ‘Strategic
Planning’?
Long-term plans based on overall
objectives. Strategic plans are typically
long term plan...
A quick overview
Generally,
the state is in
charge of
planning
Government
programme:
set of goals
and
objectives
69
A quick overview
Several
secretaries/
departments
Multi-
sectoral
approach
Spatial plan
(many forms)
70
Spatial strategy
71
National spatial structure
72
Swansea bay strategic plan
73
National spatial strategy
74
A quick overview
Based on
socio
economic
trends
understands
the role and
the wishes of
stakeholders
Importance
of
research...
The spatial plan
Based on
socio
economic
trends
understands
the role and
the wishes of
stakeholders
Alternative
or desirab...
Scenarios (a metaphor)
Today
In 2 weeks 77
Divergent scenarios
(but I eliminated already several possibilities!)
Scheveningen
Shopping
TV!
Most desirable
Most probab...
SUNNY!RAINY 
OUTSIDE
INSIDE
Active in
the water
scenario
The
perfect
tan
scenario
Cozy and
cuddly
scenario
Cozy and
stick...
Active in the water
80
Cosy and cuddly
81
The Perfect Tan
82
VISION: Active and healthy
in all weather scenario
83
But what do I need to
do to get there?
The
STRATEGY!
84
A strategy
85
The STRATEGY is...
.
a flexible set of steps and
actions taken over a certain
time frame, within the
framework of a desirab...
In other words, A strategy
is...
composed by several actions
and interventions laid down
in a time frame (short term/
midd...
But…
But the vision (the
objectives) is likely to
change over time. Moreover,
we cannot control all
factors, so the role o...
In spatial planning
The steps are represented
by ACTIONS and
INTERVENTIONS, many
times in the form of
PROJECTS or DESIGNS,...
Not all steps are the same
Some steps (projects) are more
important than others.
Some steps are ESSENTIAL for the
strategy...
Bilbao Ria 2000 project:
The trigger
All rights reserved by johnjohn1974 at FLICKR
91
Bilbao
1992 2009
92
Bilbao: Aban
1992
2009
93
Bilbao
1992 2009
94
Please visit!
Bilbao Ria 2000
http://www.bilbaoria2000.org/
95
Randstad Key projects
Den Haag centraal
Utrecht centraal
Rotterdam centraal
96
Amsterdam Zuidas
97
98
99
The scenario
The ‘scenario’ (perspective) is
“a plausible description of
how the future may develop,
based on a coherent a...
The VISION
In the Dutch language, the
use of the word
‘visie’ (vision) refers to a
mental visualization of one
or various ...
Steps or Co-ordinated
Actions
These steps and actions must
have ‘strategic value’; they
must be part of a systematic
plan....
Flexible sequence of steps
Therefore, strategic planning
involves a flexible sequence of
steps and co-ordinated
processes, ...
STEP 1: Analysis/ Research:
Problem Statement
1. Analysis:
The analysis of the political, social,
economic and technical
e...
STEP 1: Analysis/ Research:
Problem Statement
Planners also look at the various
Strengths, Weaknesses,
Opportunities and T...
STEP 3: SCENARIOS► Vision
1. Planners come to conclusions
about possible scenarios and
desirable visions.
2. Typically, sc...
STEP 2: SCENARIOS► Vision
1. Planners work with various possible
and desirable scenarios in order to
talk to several stake...
The ‘vision statement’ should be designed
and explained in full detail.
It is usually an inspiring and compelling
descript...
Setting a clear vision is important to
engage different stakeholders in a
process called ‘participatory
planning’.
Very sh...
Rotterdam Feijnoord (gebiedsvisie)
110
Rotterdam Feijnoord (gebiedsvisie)
111
The Olympic legacy, London
112
113
London Olympic legacy
Olympic Legacy LondonKCAP Architects&Planners
The Olympic Legacy Masterplan can be considered as one...
STEP 5: Strategic goals
Strategic goals are
overall accomplishments
or steps in a general plan
that must be accomplished
i...
STEP 6 : Spatial
Interventions
Spatial Planning means laying out how the
strategic goals will be accomplished in
order to ...
117
118
119
120
STEP 7 : Repositioning
Assessment and Repositioning
Strategic planning often includes
specifying intermediate
objectives, ...
STEP 7 : Repositioning
Assessment and Repositioning
Thus, reaching a strategic goal
involves accomplishing a set of
object...
But: What about Governance?
Planning also includes specifying
responsibilities and timelines for each
objective.
In other ...
Governance
124
Thanks for listening
Any questions?
125
Prepared by
Roberto Rocco
R.c.rocco@tudelft.nl
Chair Spatial Planning and Strategy,
TU Delft
126
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Introduction to Strategic Planning

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  1. 1. Roberto Rocco Chair Spatial Planning and Strategy TU Delft r.c.rocco@tudelft.nl Brief Introduction to Strategic Planning !"#$$%&'%()"%(*+)+,% !"#$%#&'&#((%() *!$+#$,)- 1
  2. 2. !"#$%#&'&#((%() *!$+#$,)- 2
  3. 3. Introduction to general concepts of contemporary strategic planning 3
  4. 4. This lecture is composed of two parts 1 The shift in urban planning and design 4
  5. 5. This lecture is composed of two parts 2 A brief description of strategic planning 5
  6. 6. The shift in urban planning and design 6
  7. 7. Point of Departure: Space is Socially Produced Spatial planning deals with ‘inhabited’ space: a space of frictions but also a space of shared societal goals 7
  8. 8. Roots of Urbanism: Main concerns Hygiene/ Health Separation of activities Beauty/ grandeur/ monumentality/ representation of power Circulation/ accessibility (first connected to control and military purposes) Mobility (car/tram/train) and the Fordist mode of production 8
  9. 9. Evolution of the object of urbanism according to different ideologies, technologies and modes of production 9
  10. 10. Urbanism of Monumentality, Hygiene and Military Strategy Haussmann Renovations : Paris1852-1870 10
  11. 11. Haussmann: Urbanisme Militariste et Higieniste New road system in Paris under the Second Empire (Histoire de la France urbaine, tome 4, p. 90) 11
  12. 12. Haussmanization 12
  13. 13. Haussmanization 13
  14. 14. The Urbanism of Technical Networks: Cerda: Barcelona 1897 14
  15. 15. The Cerda block 15
  16. 16. The Urbanism of Technical Networks: Cerda: Barcelona 1897 16
  17. 17. The Urbanism of Technical Networks: Barcelona Blocks 17
  18. 18. The Urbanism of Technical Networks: Cerda: Barcelona 1897 18
  19. 19. The messiah charles- Édouard Jeanneret, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier, October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965) 19
  20. 20. Le Plan Voisin Le Corbusier: Paris 1925 Modernism: Rationality, order and the motorcar 20
  21. 21. The modulor The Modulor is an anthropometric scale of proportions devised by the Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier (1887–1965). It was developed as a visual bridge between two incompatible scales, the Imperial system and the Metric system. It is based on the height of an English man with his arm raised. Source: wikipedia. 21
  22. 22. Le Plan Voisin Le Corbusier: Paris 1925 22
  23. 23. Brasilia: brazil, 1956-1960 23
  24. 24. Brasilia: brazil, 1956-1960 24
  25. 25. Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam, 1966-1970 Siegfried Nassuth, urban designer 25
  26. 26. Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam, 1966-1970 26
  27. 27. But lately, there is a radical change in how we approach urban development 27
  28. 28. URBANISM Broadly, urbanism focuses on INHABITED SPACES. It focuses on how people, structures and activities are distributed over space (a territory) and how they are articulated by spaces, structures and infrastructures, as well as rules. Because the task of URBANISM is very complex, the SCOPE of the discipline is very wide. 28
  29. 29. A very wide scope Mind map on urbanism, MSC2 students, TU Delft 29
  30. 30. This is incredibly important for our well being 30
  31. 31. And this is a real challenge for planners and designers Amsterdam street scene, Photograph by the genial Arlette H.. 31
  32. 32. So? Spatial planning deals with ‘inhabited’ space This is a space of social friction but also a space of shared societal goals 32
  33. 33. Cities in Civilization: Culture, Technology, and Urban Order, London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998; New York, Pantheon Books, 1998 Peter Hall (UCL) said… 33
  34. 34. Planning and design a city is more complex than sending a man to the moon. Peter Hall’s sending a man to the moon X planning and designing a city 34
  35. 35. Governance: positive tension creates some kind of equilibrium in society Notice: this is a stupidly SIMPLIFIED model of forces operating in society 35
  36. 36. In liberal democracies: there is friction and negotiation 36
  37. 37. Because it is all about people and how they use space, we need to have an ethical attitude (social responsibility) X 37
  38. 38. Ethics The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematising, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behaviour. See more about ethics at the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy at http:// www.iep.utm.edu/ethics/ (this is a peer-reviewed resource, not Wikipedia. But the article at Wikipedia is not bad! If you want to understand the point being made at the lecture, albeit in a very simplified way, please have a look at “applied ethics”) 38
  39. 39. Increasing complexity ✤ The increasing complexity of living environments results in increasingly complex research paradigms. ✤ After all, there are new tools for analysis, new combinations of disciplines and new QUESTIONS that need to be answered. 39
  40. 40. Increasing complexity The increasing complexity of research paradigms in planning results in the perception that a practical education on design skills alone is insufficient to deal with the broader task at hand: 40
  41. 41. The broader task at hand To understand the context, the role and wishes of stakeholders and the socio- political forces that ultimately produce ‘real world’ space in order to be able to intervene effectively. 41
  42. 42. Increasing complexity? 42
  43. 43. Sao Paulo, Brazil, pop. 16 million (2010) 43
  44. 44. But THIS is not so complex... Or is it? Delft, The Netherlands, pop.: 96.000 (2008) 44
  45. 45. Urbanisation in the Netherlands, 1950 Urbanisation in the Netherlands, 2010 Delft Delft 45
  46. 46. Urbanisation in the Randstad, 1950 Urbanisation in the Randstad, 2010 Delft Delft 46
  47. 47. Complex enough for you? Commuting patterns in The Randstad (2008), source: VROM. 47
  48. 48. KLM Routes 1964 KLM Routes 2004 48
  49. 49. 49
  50. 50. The future looks more like this Visualizing Friendships by Paul Butler on Tuesday, 14 December 2010 at 02:16 50
  51. 51. Metropolitain de Paris 2005 Tokyo Subway system 2008 51
  52. 52. The nature of Urbanism The stretched scope of urbanism, with its large range of inputs drawn from various disciplines, demands another approach by urban planners and designers, where communication and negotiation have a more central role. 52
  53. 53. A brief description of strategic planning 53
  54. 54. Introduction on Strategic Planning 54
  55. 55. Let us start with a Metaphor 55
  56. 56. STRATEGY Military origins: Strategos in ancient Greek means “General of the Army”: The Strategos formulated the strategy to win the war 56
  57. 57. A strategy is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal. Strategy applies to many different fields, such as: *Military strategy*Marketing strategies*Strategic management*Football strategy*Game theoretical strategy*Economic strategy* etc. In many fields 57
  58. 58. Origins of Strategic Planning WAR + BUSINESS = COMPETITION (M. Porter: Competitive Advantages) 58
  59. 59. 1920: Harvard Business School: New Policy Model for Businesses: emphasis on organisational policy and structure 1950s: emphasis on risk, growth and competitiveness: strategic decisions derive from analyses of competitive power relationships Mid 1980s: leakage into the public sector and public management ▶ “run the government like business” ► city competitiveness ▶strategic planning Origins of Strategic Planning 59
  60. 60. In the 1980s and 90s Rapid Transition From Land Use Planning to Strategic Planning & From Hard Planning to ‘Soft Planning’ & From ‘Planning’ to ‘Competitive Strategic Planning’ & From ‘Zones’ to ‘Networks’ 60
  61. 61. Le Plan Voisin Le Corbusier: Paris 1925 61
  62. 62. Bijlmermeer, Amsterdam, 1966-1970 Siegfried Nassuth, urban designer 62
  63. 63. 63
  64. 64. Today: A new Paradigm ✤Strategic Planning today is based on social and environmental sustainability and global awareness ✤Planning is an instrument to increase participation and strengthen societal cohesion. 64
  65. 65. People Planet Profit Prosperity! Today: A new Paradigm The Three Ps 65
  66. 66. New Emphasis in Strategic Planning SYNERGY + PARTICIPATION Strategic urban planning is a process that allows the articulation of the initiatives of public and private stakeholders which seek synergies for the development of a city. (Source: Steinberg, 2003) 66
  67. 67. Strategic Planning is about… 1. A tool for local development which conceives strategic interventions that guarantee the quality of life, and economic and social progress 2. A mechanism to promote progressive forms of governance, substantially improving local democracy through collaboration between public and private urban stakeholders 3. A modern, participatory and democratic form of thinking about urban development which allows the establishment of references for all economic and social actors 4. A new instrument which facilitates the management of a city in a period of frequent and substantial changes (various sources) 67
  68. 68. So what is ‘Strategic Planning’? Long-term plans based on overall objectives. Strategic plans are typically long term plans that use Scenarios (Visions) in order to: ✤ Test Assumptions ✤ Set Specific Goals ✤ Investigate Strengths ✤ Examine Weaknesses ✤ Check Risks Generally, strategic planning involves continuous/ periodical/reassessment of these aspects 68
  69. 69. A quick overview Generally, the state is in charge of planning Government programme: set of goals and objectives 69
  70. 70. A quick overview Several secretaries/ departments Multi- sectoral approach Spatial plan (many forms) 70
  71. 71. Spatial strategy 71
  72. 72. National spatial structure 72
  73. 73. Swansea bay strategic plan 73
  74. 74. National spatial strategy 74
  75. 75. A quick overview Based on socio economic trends understands the role and the wishes of stakeholders Importance of research 75
  76. 76. The spatial plan Based on socio economic trends understands the role and the wishes of stakeholders Alternative or desirable scenarios Probable scenario Desirable scenario Possible scenario 76
  77. 77. Scenarios (a metaphor) Today In 2 weeks 77
  78. 78. Divergent scenarios (but I eliminated already several possibilities!) Scheveningen Shopping TV! Most desirable Most probable 78
  79. 79. SUNNY!RAINY  OUTSIDE INSIDE Active in the water scenario The perfect tan scenario Cozy and cuddly scenario Cozy and sticky scenario 79
  80. 80. Active in the water 80
  81. 81. Cosy and cuddly 81
  82. 82. The Perfect Tan 82
  83. 83. VISION: Active and healthy in all weather scenario 83
  84. 84. But what do I need to do to get there? The STRATEGY! 84
  85. 85. A strategy 85
  86. 86. The STRATEGY is... . a flexible set of steps and actions taken over a certain time frame, within the framework of a desirable VISION, used in order to fulfil the achievement of societal goals connected to the organisation of space 86
  87. 87. In other words, A strategy is... composed by several actions and interventions laid down in a time frame (short term/ middle term/ long term) which will probably lead you to the most desirable outcome within the constraints given 87
  88. 88. But… But the vision (the objectives) is likely to change over time. Moreover, we cannot control all factors, so the role of the strategy is to STEER towards a desirable overall outcome, rather than FIX a precise objective. 88
  89. 89. In spatial planning The steps are represented by ACTIONS and INTERVENTIONS, many times in the form of PROJECTS or DESIGNS, but also in the form of policies 89
  90. 90. Not all steps are the same Some steps (projects) are more important than others. Some steps are ESSENTIAL for the strategy, other support the strategy but are not ESSENTIAL One or more steps are the TRIGGERS of change (after all, you need to give the first step. If it is a good one, others will follow and you will mobilize support 90
  91. 91. Bilbao Ria 2000 project: The trigger All rights reserved by johnjohn1974 at FLICKR 91
  92. 92. Bilbao 1992 2009 92
  93. 93. Bilbao: Aban 1992 2009 93
  94. 94. Bilbao 1992 2009 94
  95. 95. Please visit! Bilbao Ria 2000 http://www.bilbaoria2000.org/ 95
  96. 96. Randstad Key projects Den Haag centraal Utrecht centraal Rotterdam centraal 96
  97. 97. Amsterdam Zuidas 97
  98. 98. 98
  99. 99. 99
  100. 100. The scenario The ‘scenario’ (perspective) is “a plausible description of how the future may develop, based on a coherent and internally consistent set of assumptions about key relationships and driving forces” (Watson et al., 1996) 100
  101. 101. The VISION In the Dutch language, the use of the word ‘visie’ (vision) refers to a mental visualization of one or various desirable ‘scenarios’. The ‘vision’ is an ‘image of the future’ which articulates an individual’s or group's values, ideals, and goals. 101
  102. 102. Steps or Co-ordinated Actions These steps and actions must have ‘strategic value’; they must be part of a systematic plan. In other words, each step or action must be part of a coherent and co-ordinated strategy designed to achieve those goals. 102
  103. 103. Flexible sequence of steps Therefore, strategic planning involves a flexible sequence of steps and co-ordinated processes, rather than a rigid set of actions towards a strict target. In strategic planning, once each step is completed, the whole strategy is re-evaluated and the targets are readjusted. 103
  104. 104. STEP 1: Analysis/ Research: Problem Statement 1. Analysis: The analysis of the political, social, economic and technical environment and The consideration of various driving forces in the environment considered (for example, increasing complexity of flows, technological advancements, changing demographics, etc.). 104
  105. 105. STEP 1: Analysis/ Research: Problem Statement Planners also look at the various Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (the SWOT analysis) regarding the position of a region or a city (McNamara, 2000). The analysis helps building up possible ‘scenarios’ (a description of possible developments) which will ground the ‘vision’ (the societal aspirations). 105
  106. 106. STEP 3: SCENARIOS► Vision 1. Planners come to conclusions about possible scenarios and desirable visions. 2. Typically, scenarios can be very different from one another. Sometimes, planners make use of opposite scenarios or extreme scenarios in order to establish strategic goals. 106
  107. 107. STEP 2: SCENARIOS► Vision 1. Planners work with various possible and desirable scenarios in order to talk to several stakeholders and find out what are their wishes and objectives and to ENGAGE them in the process. 2. By engaging stakeholders you warrant support (political/economic/) to your strategy later on. 3. You also deal with real world forces that will effectively support or benefit from your strategy. 107
  108. 108. The ‘vision statement’ should be designed and explained in full detail. It is usually an inspiring and compelling description of the benefits society will draw from the overall plan, and it is often used to engage support and participation among different actors in society. In order to be effective, the vision statement must be specific, measurable and realistic; and it must contain a detailed explanation of the strategic goals (steps) used in order to achieve it. STEP 4: VISION▶Strategy 108
  109. 109. Setting a clear vision is important to engage different stakeholders in a process called ‘participatory planning’. Very shortly put, participatory planning concerns the participation of various stakeholders at the establishment or reformulation of the vision and the elaboration of the strategy. STEP 4: VISION▶ Strategy 109
  110. 110. Rotterdam Feijnoord (gebiedsvisie) 110
  111. 111. Rotterdam Feijnoord (gebiedsvisie) 111
  112. 112. The Olympic legacy, London 112
  113. 113. 113
  114. 114. London Olympic legacy Olympic Legacy LondonKCAP Architects&Planners The Olympic Legacy Masterplan can be considered as one of the biggest London’s redevelopment projects from the last decades; it consists on the redevelopment of the Olympic Park and Lea Vally, after the 2012 Summer Olympic Games. KCAP’s vision for the Legacy is based on an urban mo- saic structure that develops on a flexible way, from time to time. The mosaic will become an organism, con- centrations of social groups and functional differen- tiations, an overlapping archipelago of social and urban islands. The ‘open city’ will emerge through the interaction, cross-fertilization and friction among these groups and networks, which leads to the emer- gence of new architecture, networks and urban cul- tures. Client London Development Agency Program Vision for the structural development of the Lower Lea Valley following the Olympic games; 7 ha Time 2007 - present Role Masterplanner Olympic Legacy London [UK] 114
  115. 115. STEP 5: Strategic goals Strategic goals are overall accomplishments or steps in a general plan that must be accomplished in order to arrive at the VISION (but the vision changes along the way!) 115
  116. 116. STEP 6 : Spatial Interventions Spatial Planning means laying out how the strategic goals will be accomplished in order to arrive at the ‘vision’ using spatial interventions. Spatial interventions can be part of a broader strategy which involves other tools (non- spatial strategies and interventions) for the achievement of the vision. However, it is the specific task of spatial planners to plan and design space. Spatial interventions are therefore a crucial part of any spatial planning strategy. 116
  117. 117. 117
  118. 118. 118
  119. 119. 119
  120. 120. 120
  121. 121. STEP 7 : Repositioning Assessment and Repositioning Strategic planning often includes specifying intermediate objectives, which will produce specific midway results. These midway results typically imply an assessment and a repositioning of the strategy and sometimes also the vision itself. 121
  122. 122. STEP 7 : Repositioning Assessment and Repositioning Thus, reaching a strategic goal involves accomplishing a set of objectives along the way. Once the strategic goal is reached, the whole strategy is assessed, re-evaluated and then adjusted. Spatial interventions must be coherent and coordinated within the framework of the overall strategy and the vision. 122
  123. 123. But: What about Governance? Planning also includes specifying responsibilities and timelines for each objective. In other words: who needs to do what and by when? It should also include methods to monitor and evaluate the plan: [1] how society will control the process [2] how different stakeholders can participate, influence and adjust the plan (adapted from McNamara, 2000) 123
  124. 124. Governance 124
  125. 125. Thanks for listening Any questions? 125
  126. 126. Prepared by Roberto Rocco R.c.rocco@tudelft.nl Chair Spatial Planning and Strategy, TU Delft 126
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