Cultural Policies for the Dual City: Culture, Territory and Citizenship in Sao Paulo
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Cultural Policies for the Dual City: Culture, Territory and Citizenship in Sao Paulo

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This is a presentation on aspects of cultural policies for the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Sap Paulo is divided about its cultural policies. Should it invest in high culture (Western culture) which is ...

This is a presentation on aspects of cultural policies for the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Sap Paulo is divided about its cultural policies. Should it invest in high culture (Western culture) which is a legitimate heritage of European migration or the culture of its oppressed citizens who live in its endless peripheries, which lack public spaces and services. In fact, it does BOTH, at different times and in different places, with mixed results. Downtown Sao Paulo (the old core) is a "battlefield" for two different concepts on cultural policies and urban regeneration. But perhaps there is space for more than one view.

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Cultural Policies for the Dual City: Culture, Territory and Citizenship in Sao Paulo Cultural Policies for the Dual City: Culture, Territory and Citizenship in Sao Paulo Presentation Transcript

  • Cultural Policies for the Dual City Roberto Rocco Spatial Planning and Strategy TU Delft #echolibSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • The City-regionSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Nordzee Campinas Area: 8.313 Km2 Area: 8.051 Km2 c. 2.000 urbanised 50km Amsterdam Utrecht 75km Den Haag Rotterdam SPaulo S Atlantic 0 10 20 0 10 20 Santos São Paulo ‘in comparison’ with the RandstadSunday, 27February, 2011
  • The cliché image is misleadingSunday, 27February, 2011
  • The Formal CitySunday, 27February, 2011
  • … and the informal city are physically distantSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Spatial Economic dichotomiesSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Mapping average income in Sao Paulo Data source: Prefeitura Sao Paulo, Map: Roberto RoccoSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Mapping clandestine settlements in Sao Paulo Data source: IBGE, Map: Roberto RoccoSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Human Development Index Source: IBGE. Map: Roberto RoccoSunday, 27February, 2011
  • BOSSSunday, 27February, 2011
  • A colonial cityRua Direita. Central Core circa 1860. Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • 1850:The Coffee Revolution 1880: Pop 31.000 The great coffee plantations commercialise their products in the city. The coffee economy produces the development of urban activities, because itSao Paulo Railway Station (1892) is built with English demands a complexcapitals. organisation of financing, transport, commerce and export.Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • 1895 European Immigration Pop 131.000 1900 Pop 239.820 Slavery abolished, it was necessary to have paid labour force. European and Japanese immigrants come to the city en masse.Workers at Textile Factory around 1910. The factory belonged to Matarazzo familyThe Black population is small in the city. Freed slaves establish in peripheral areas(later districts of the city)Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • An ‘European’ cityPraca do Patriarca, Down Town São Paulo, c. 1925Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Central Business District15 de Novembro Street c. 1906Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • After WW II: An ‘American city”Sao Joao Avenue 1951 • 1950 • Pop: 2.19 mSunday, 27February, 2011
  • After WW II: New Urban Paradigm The adoption of more and more buses instead of tramways allows the sprawling of the city to distant peripheries. Newly arrived migrants establish themselves in those peripheries.Tram 55 and bus 74 in Casa Verde District, 1953Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • After WW II: New Urban ParadigmSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Migration from old colonised areas in the North-East of Brazil Curiously, there are not many images of Nordeste immigrants taken at that time. These are artistic representations of immigration. Left: Immigrant family by Candido Portinari.Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • SP Urban Growth Source: Meyer et al. 2004Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • The contemporary ‘Alpha Global’ citySunday, 27February, 2011
  • A Corporate Global CitySunday, 27February, 2011
  • ….versus an ‘excluded’ peripheral citySunday, 27February, 2011
  • Why has this happened? The colonial heritage (imbalanced territorial development) Explosive growth (uncontrolled rural migration) Poor governance (military dictatorship) Lack of strong planning traditionSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Meanwhile cultural policies were being implementedSunday, 27February, 2011
  • But...what culture? For whom? And where?Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Two distinct types ofpolicies supporting “the” culture/ (globalized/ European/ central) X supporting local “alternative” culture (African/ Northeastern/ peripheral)Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Creating spaces forcorporate culture Not only office buildings but theatres/ show houses/parks and other equipments for the this culture to thriveSunday, 27February, 2011
  • ViSunday, 27February, 2011
  • BOSSSunday, 27February, 2011
  • theestablishmentculture?Central/ white/European/ GLOBALSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Good tradition in organization of big events São Paulo Fashion Week Virada Cultural (equivalent to Paris Nuits Blanches) São Paulo Art Biennale São Paulo International Film Festival São Paulo Gay Pride Parade Anima Mundi (International Animated Film Festival)Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • São Paulo International Film FestivalSunday, 27February, 2011
  • São Paulo Art BiennaleSunday, 27February, 2011
  • São Paulo Fashion WeekSunday, 27February, 2011
  • São Paulo Virada Cultural: the biggest event 2005 Estimated public: 300.000 attractions: 200 2006 Estimated public: 1,5 million attractions: 304 2007 Estimated public: 3 million attractions: 350 2008 Estimated public: 3,5 million attractions:700 2009 Estimated public: 4 million attractions: 800 2010 Estimated public: 4 million attractions: 1000Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • São Paulo Gay Pride Parade 3.1 million (2009)Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • alternativeculture?Peripheralnon-whiteLOCALSunday, 27February, 2011
  • new cultural and artisticmovements created in the poorperipheries of São Paulo havearticulated responsesto both urban violence and to thenew forms of urban segregation.Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • “I have an old bible, an automaticpistol, and a sentiment of revolt.I’m trying to survive in hell”Hip Hop lyricsSunday, 27February, 2011
  • HIP HOP CultureSunday, 27February, 2011
  • In São Paulo, the centre is peripheralSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Graffiti as social contestationSunday, 27February, 2011
  • … and social affirmationSunday, 27February, 2011
  • …as opposed to graffiti as artistic expressionSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • ‘revitalizing’ the CENTRE: Projeto Nova LuzSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Cracolandia, São Paulo DowntownSunday, 27February, 2011
  • PinacotecaSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Luz Train StationSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Museum of the Portuguese LanguageSunday, 27February, 2011
  • State Music SchoolSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Downtown Revitalisa=on Sala São PauloSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Centro ViejoSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Centro ViejoSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Projeto Nova LuzSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Development Strategy • Commerce of electronics + Biggest technical college of São Paulo + ICT Businesses= TECHNOLOGY CENTRE • Commerce of car parts + vehicle show rooms + new transportation modes + commercial events= MOBILITY CENTRE • Existing museums + City orchestra + city ballet + music school + community centre + cinemas + shopping centres = CULTURAL AND ENTERTAINMENT AREASunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • The critique: Gentrification Spectacularisation (promotion of real estate operations) Promotion of an elitist culture etc.Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • building citizenship in the PERIPHERYSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Casas da Cultura de São Paulo São Paulo CULTURE POINTS and CEUS Street smart teachers teach: Hip-hop Graffiti DanceSunday, 27February, 2011
  • VAI Program Valorização de Iniciativas Culturais Objectives: • Stimulate creation, access, formation of the small creator in the city’s cultural development • To promote cultural inclusion • To stimulate local cultural dynamics and artistic creationSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Vocational programmes • Cultural Action: continuous action to open dialogue fronts in order to allow the cultural occupation of OTHER SPACES IN THE CITYSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Vocational programmes • Artistic and Pedagogic Research: to develop the capacity to instigate and formulate questions, to reflect upon and reinvent their artistic practices from the relationship between participant and PLACES where action takes placeSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Vocational programmes • Reflection on from and content: to propose an active relationship with the work of art, making the relation between WHAT one wants to express and HOW one wants to express it in artistic expressionSunday, 27February, 2011
  • CEU Centro de Educacao UnificadoSunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • Sunday, 27February, 2011
  • CEU Centro de Educacao Unificado Sports and Didactical Bloc cultural Bloc External AreasSunday, 27February, 2011
  • THANK YOU! Obrigado! Prepared by Roberto Rocco, Spatial Planning and Strategy, TU Delft r.c.rocco@tudelft.nlSunday, 27February, 2011