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shared innovation™




Linking Education Data

             Keynote, Day 2, 27th April 2010
              emtacl10, Trondh...
shared innovation™



#1 Technology evolution




                    http://www.flickr.com/photos/rappensuncle/143438318/...
shared innovation™



evolution of the internet




                               Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/64419960@N00/2069952053/
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/oracleopenworld09/4012920029/sizes/l/
shared innovation™



systems of record


                   Library Management
                         System




 Stude...
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/stignygaard/32003178/sizes/l/
shared innovation™



integration has to be planned


                   Library Management
                         Syste...
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/striatic/159273703/sizes/o/
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/90085116@N00/4120613074/
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/ndevil/4117337167/sizes/o/
shared innovation™



transactions vs. interactions




                                Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™



#2: Linked data




                  Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://ric...
shared innovation™



The web circa 1991

            <a href=”http://example.org”>
shared innovation™




   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




Designed for appropriation




                          Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




Data designed for appropriation




               Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded f...
shared innovation™




                                              Oct 2007
Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Download...
shared innovation™




                                              Feb 2008
Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Download...
shared innovation™




                                            Sept 2008
Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloade...
shared innovation™




                                              Mar 2009
Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Download...
shared innovation™




   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™
shared innovation™
shared innovation™
shared innovation™
shared innovation™



Open data
shared innovation™



Why?




       http://www.flickr.com/photos/24106630@N05/2735689978/
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848160/sizes/l/
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848160/sizes/l/
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848160/sizes/l/
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848724/sizes/l/
shared innovation™




   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




still at the very start of this
          disruption...




               Copyright © Richard Cyga...
shared innovation™




 ...the real disruption is in
     how behaviours are
          modified:

     changing policies,
...
shared innovation™




 A widespread change in
behaviour takes 5-10 years
  to become mainstream



            Copyright ...
shared innovation™



#3 Open education

the idea that the world’s   knowledge
is a public  good and that the Web
provides...
shared innovation™




  find,
reuse,
remix.
shared innovation™



technology-enabled
shared innovation™




   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




   Image Credit goes here
shared innovation™




http://www.flickr.com/photos/90085116@N00/4120613074/
shared innovation™




    the real disruption:

     changing policies,
 approaches to licensing,
challenging data owners...
shared innovation™
shared innovation™




         key takeaways:

   systems of record still important

    embracing linked data will allow...
shared innovation™



Over to you....
shared innovation™



Over to you....


      What data can you open up?

  What innovations might this enable?

  Who is ...
shared innovation™



Over to you....

          http://linkeddata.org

         http://www.data.gov.uk

     http://www.t...
shared innovation
                    TM
shared innovation™




This work is Copyright © 2009 Talis Group Limited.
It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attrib...
Linking Education Data
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Linking Education Data

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  • Introduce Talis
    Aim to introduce topics around the semantic web and paint picture of how these relate to education and libraries
    3 parts
  • In any industry, technology comes waves

    Waves can be very disruptive

    Publishing - paper to printing press, typesetting to desktop publishing, hardcopy to webcopy

    Evolution not revolution because adoption happens over a period of years

  • See the waves - PC - Web 1, Web 2....
  • Innovation polarised around y2k

    Geoffrey Moore&amp;#x2019;s (author of Crossing the Chasm) theory

    2 distinct waves of investment

  • enterprise
    database
    systems of record - transactions
    CRM, ERP, electronic payments: acronyms
    Oracle, IBM, SAP

    Pre-2000: Innovation was in enabling transactions: systems of record. Key market: the enterprise. Key technologies: the database, fat client-local server. Key companies: Oracle, IBM, SAP

  • Familiar examples from within the institution

    These are done - small improvements but as systems of record and focus on transactions

    Focus inside the firewall
  • data silos - interoperability is pre-orchestrated or planned.
  • Specs, formal agreements, use cases upfront, software engineers required. Very fragile.
  • Post-2000: Innovation is in enabling relationships and interactions.

    Key market: personal.
    Key companies: Google, Facebook, Twitter

    The web is very good at this
  • All of this is happening in the cloud outside the firewall

    Integration is mashups and open APIs and protocols - not pre-orchestrated. Use cases not defined upfront.
  • driven by convergence of mobile devices, and cloud services that interoperate
  • Technologies on the left: transactions and records. Characterised by pre-orchestrated integration - specs, party agreements, proprietary protocols.

    On the right: interactions and relationships. Characterised by informal integration - multiple players, no contracts, open protocols
  • Part of the web 3 wave
    Disruption is making web data centric not document centric

    Next wave
  • Allowed integration of documents to be informal and not pre-orchestrated.
    Imagine if TimBL had enforced backlinks!
    Open participation, protocols &amp; specifications
  • Informal integration led to an explosion in connections between documents.
    Technology enabling connections between documents.
  • You don&amp;#x2019;t need to know the use case upfront. Integration of documents doesn&amp;#x2019;t require software engineers or formal specifications and agreement.

    Designed for re-use.

    This leads to freedom and people appropriating technology to do useful things
  • Linked data is about publishing data in an agreed way, making it possible to create relationships between datasets.
    Connecting up the databases and find new relationships.
    Making this simple to do with open standards, existing protocols - anyone can join in. Lowering barriers to entry making it feasible to link out to data you don&amp;#x2019;t control, in a global context, for the first time.


  • Explain diagram

    Evolution - Linked Data is still only a toddler
  • Early startups getting involved here - Garlik with QDOS
  • BBC getting involved here. People starting to &amp;#x201C;wrap&amp;#x201D; social networks.
  • Growing up quickly - now too big to draw.
  • National Library of Sweden

    This is what humans see
  • This is what mashups will use
  • wildlife finder

  • linking out to other datasets and locations on the web
  • If link data is a technology... Open Data is a movement

    UK Government &quot;Making Public Data Public&quot; initiative

    Gov recruited TBL and Prof. Nigel Shadbolt
  • Always more smart people outside google than inside
    True whatever the organisation
    what happens when organisations open their data
    Some examples from data.gov.uk...


  • data.gov.uk newspaper

  • UK government executive agency, set up from 1999 to act as a commercial entity.

    Months of public consultation, part of a wider government public data policy. Free Our Data campaign lead by Charles Arthur @ Guardian. OS OpenData set up as a result and launched 1st April 2010.

    Free use for public and commercial with attribution (compatible with CC-BY).

    Challenging concept of data ownership lead to a policy and licensing change which made this possible.
  • However... all this growth only just starting to transition from the hobbiest data publisher. Organisations only now starting to take note. Just like web 1.0. We&amp;#x2019;re back in early 90&amp;#x2019;s.


  • All the technologies to do linked data have existed for 10-15 years, or even longer - HTTP, cloud architecture, even RDF - but only now is the mind shift gaining traction


  • Part of the web 3 wave
    Disruption is making web data centric not document centric


  • Facebook est. 2003, mainstream only when your mum starts to use it.
    Technology all there to implement before 2000, but the right social norms need to be in place for it to become mainstream.


  • for me this is where the real innovation in education is happening today

  • movement enabled by the internet. Increasing use of mobile devices.

    next: innovations build on top of these initiatives
  • p2p uni

    self organising over open content

    in 2nd cycle
  • open text books - free to view, educators can customise, pay to print

  • our own offering helping people unlock and discover resource list content

    price incentive for those that do this with open data

  • synergies with open data movement
    just like data.gov.uk


  • in summary:

    innovation is in relationships and interactions, not records
    linked data is the architecture for open data on the web
    innovation in education is about quality joined up relationships




  • How will you embrace this new wave?

    What data can you open up?
    What innovations might this enable?
    Who is going to be the first open data university?

    Some links here
  • How will you embrace this new wave?

    What data can you open up?
    What innovations might this enable?
    Who is going to be the first open data university?

    Some links here
  • How will you embrace this new wave?

    What data can you open up?
    What innovations might this enable?
    Who is going to be the first open data university?

    Some links here



  • Transcript of "Linking Education Data"

    1. 1. shared innovation™ Linking Education Data Keynote, Day 2, 27th April 2010 emtacl10, Trondheim, Norway Chris Clarke, Talis Education Limited chris.clarke@talis.com
    2. 2. shared innovation™ #1 Technology evolution http://www.flickr.com/photos/rappensuncle/143438318/sizes/l/
    3. 3. shared innovation™ evolution of the internet Image Credit goes here
    4. 4. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/64419960@N00/2069952053/
    5. 5. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/oracleopenworld09/4012920029/sizes/l/
    6. 6. shared innovation™ systems of record Library Management System Student Records Finance System System
    7. 7. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/stignygaard/32003178/sizes/l/
    8. 8. shared innovation™ integration has to be planned Library Management System Student Records Finance System System
    9. 9. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/striatic/159273703/sizes/o/
    10. 10. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/90085116@N00/4120613074/
    11. 11. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/ndevil/4117337167/sizes/o/
    12. 12. shared innovation™ transactions vs. interactions Image Credit goes here
    13. 13. shared innovation™ #2: Linked data Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    14. 14. shared innovation™ The web circa 1991 <a href=”http://example.org”>
    15. 15. shared innovation™ Image Credit goes here
    16. 16. shared innovation™ Designed for appropriation Image Credit goes here
    17. 17. shared innovation™ Data designed for appropriation Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    18. 18. shared innovation™ Oct 2007 Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    19. 19. shared innovation™ Feb 2008 Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    20. 20. shared innovation™ Sept 2008 Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    21. 21. shared innovation™ Mar 2009 Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    22. 22. shared innovation™ Image Credit goes here
    23. 23. shared innovation™
    24. 24. shared innovation™
    25. 25. shared innovation™
    26. 26. shared innovation™
    27. 27. shared innovation™ Open data
    28. 28. shared innovation™ Why? http://www.flickr.com/photos/24106630@N05/2735689978/
    29. 29. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848160/sizes/l/
    30. 30. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848160/sizes/l/
    31. 31. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848160/sizes/l/
    32. 32. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/scraplab/4016848724/sizes/l/
    33. 33. shared innovation™ Image Credit goes here
    34. 34. shared innovation™ still at the very start of this disruption... Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    35. 35. shared innovation™ ...the real disruption is in how behaviours are modified: changing policies, approaches to licensing, challenging data ownership. Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    36. 36. shared innovation™ A widespread change in behaviour takes 5-10 years to become mainstream Copyright © Richard Cyganiak, 2008. Downloaded from http://richard.cyganiak.de/2007/10/lod/
    37. 37. shared innovation™ #3 Open education the idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that the Web provides an opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge Image Credit goes here
    38. 38. shared innovation™ find, reuse, remix.
    39. 39. shared innovation™ technology-enabled
    40. 40. shared innovation™ Image Credit goes here
    41. 41. shared innovation™ Image Credit goes here
    42. 42. shared innovation™ Image Credit goes here
    43. 43. shared innovation™ Image Credit goes here
    44. 44. shared innovation™ http://www.flickr.com/photos/90085116@N00/4120613074/
    45. 45. shared innovation™ the real disruption: changing policies, approaches to licensing, challenging data ownership.
    46. 46. shared innovation™
    47. 47. shared innovation™ key takeaways: systems of record still important embracing linked data will allow unconstrained and unplanned innovation the challenge is not technology it is policy and mindset Image Credit goes here
    48. 48. shared innovation™ Over to you....
    49. 49. shared innovation™ Over to you.... What data can you open up? What innovations might this enable? Who is going to be the first open data university?
    50. 50. shared innovation™ Over to you.... http://linkeddata.org http://www.data.gov.uk http://www.talis.com/nodalities http://www.talis.com/education
    51. 51. shared innovation TM
    52. 52. shared innovation™ This work is Copyright © 2009 Talis Group Limited. It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License Full details at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ You are free: to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work to Remix — to adapt the work Under the following conditions: Attribution. You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). • For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. • Any of the above conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. • Nothing in this license impairs or restricts the author's moral rights. • Some Content in the work may be licensed under different terms, this is noted separately.
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