Kettle boiling on a open flame is a linear process
Input Process Output
Why are users moving away from this design of kettle?
This electric kettle is a form of robot it has a programmable sequence Input Process Output Feedback Its sensors keep monitoring and evaluating the stages in the sequence so instead of a linear form it is a circular form, therefore it turns itself off when the water has boiled. It is a circular sequence of stages. Can anyone explain?
The design process is therefore developed from being a linear form into a circular form hence it is called the design cycle. This design cycle forms the heart of Design & Technology. It also is at the heart of Human Behaviour a necessary life skill.
Can you think of examples of how you have used or have seen other people use the design cycle. For example: Stages in the Design Cycle Cleaner Driver Holiday ? Identifying or clarifying a need or opportunity Analysing, researching and specifying requirements Generating ideas and solutions Developing the chosen solution Realising the chosen solution Testing and evaluating the chosen solution
Being able to use effectively the design cycle is an important life skill With the person sitting next to you illustrate how the design cycle is used by one of the following: An Airline pilot, when he finds that one engine has failed When buying a car, Family deciding on where to go on holiday . Decorating your bedroom. A person who wishes to resolve a dispute between themselves and another. Explain how the ladies washing clothes in the picture are using the design cycle Or how the washing machine programs are based on many design cycles. Or some other scenario .
The Design Cycle is not only a methodological process used during human interaction but it is also used to create realistic products that solve problems
. Do you know these people? By using the design cycle they have all changed the world in which we live
These products are all solutions to identified problems created by people using the design cycle from problem to solution BUT are they good designs?
What is a well designed product ? Good design is functional Good design makes a product useful Good design is aesthetically pleasing A good design is intuitive A good design makes good business A good design is honest A good design is long-lasting A good design is user-oriented A good design is unobtrusive A good design is thorough – down to the last detail
Local solution created to solve a problem GOOD DESIGN? Good design is functional Good design makes a product useful Good design is aesthetically pleasing A good design is intuitive A good design makes good business A good design is honest A good design is long-lasting A good design is user-oriented A good design is unobtrusive A good design is thorough – down to the last detail
An example of the design cycle being used to create a School Good design is functional Good design makes a product useful Good design is aesthetically pleasing A good design is intuitive A good design makes good business A good design is honest A good design is long-lasting A good design is user-oriented A good design is unobtrusive A good design is thorough – down to the last detail
Larger problems can be broken down into smaller one and solved by using the design sequence. Where shall we store the oil?
We need concrete and lots of it? How much? How quick? This is too slow. Give me a solution.
That’s better, What stage of the design sequence, produced a concrete pump on site?
Do you know where the oil storage tank is? By using the design sequence this was selected as the chosen site. Look at the size of the man at the end, the TANK is BIG
Even if designers follow the design sequence in my opinion they don’t always get it correct . Are these good design?
The design brief is still the same Shelter, warmth security WHY are the solutions different
Because of DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY we can and must create solution, but are they correct solutions?
Cavemen were self sufficient and if they required anything they had to participate in every stage of the design cycle. Modern “man” with disposable incomes employs people to assist them in following the design sequence to solve an identified problem Where in the Design sequence would you employ a: Architects, Accountants, Builders, Quantity Surveyors. Structural Engineers Market Researcher Model maker Environmentalist Aeronautics Engineer Geologists All of these profession use the design cycle in their work Identifying needs Researching Generating ideas Developing solutions Realising solution Evaluating
Design & technology is a holistic subject drawing upon and applying knowledge and skills from all subjects areas within the school curriculum What contributions do the subjects on the curriculum play in helping you and adults understand and employ the design cycle in solving problems? English, Mathematics Science Foreign languages History Geography ICT Economics Art and Design Music Identifying needs Researching Generating ideas Developing solutions Realising solution Evaluating
Design Technology Two very important words Design; is a methodical sequence we use to formulate a realistic solution Technology ; the knowledge, skills and understanding available in order to solve that problem Which one do I think is the most important one of the two .? Any ideas?
Design; is a methodical sequence we use to formulate a realistic solution Why most important? For the individual = Actions based on logical , rational decisions . Gives people independence , not just knowledge based learning but application of knowledge . For the current society / world = Job for life Future Societies /world = How do we prepare ?
So if Design & Technology is applying ones Knowledge, Skills and Understanding of the world around us to solve problems. My generation have maintained and created this. How will YOUR generation use their Knowledge Skills and Understanding of YOUR world to solve future problems
You may one day use DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY to create a solutions that changes the world in which we live. My world and more and more YOUR WORLD wants creative, motivated people to solve current and future world problems. YOU LOOK BUT DO YOU SEE?
Current Design & Technology (creating solutions ) has got us here where will your generation take US ? Being selfish I would like to live longer with peace of mind and in comfort. What would you like? IT’S DOWN TO YOUR GENERATION. Humans by Era Average Lifespan at Birth (years) Neolithic  20 Bronze Age and Iron Age  26 Classical Greece  28 Classical Rome  28 Pre-Columbian North America  25-30 Medieval Islamic Caliphate  35+ Medieval Britain   30 Early Modern Britain  40+ Early 20th Century   30-45 Current world average  67.2
Your School Challenge Is: In your school teams and by using the design cycle design a house that you would like to live in when you are 40 years old. Email Pathways Gurgaon by Tuesday the 5 pre printed sheets showing how you used the design cycle to formulate your dream house.
Your Design & Technology Challenge BRIEF In your groups use your collective Design and Technological , Knowledge, Skills and Understanding to predict a design for a dwelling suitable to accommodate you, your partner and your children one a boy the other a girl when you are 40 years old . (Basic needs: Warmth, Shelter, Food, Security, perhaps also include provision for education entertainment, leisure, employment, transport)
Design; is a methodical sequence we use to formulate a realistic solution Technology ; the knowledge, skills and understanding available in order to solve that problem What Technologies do you think will be available in 25 years time the design cycle will be the same? Remember what Design and Technology is
Design & Technology Challenge We are already using these:
Design & Technology Challenge We are already using these:
This morning we discovered the meanings of the words Design and Technology Now we are going to highlight what qualities you need to acquire and develop to be an excellent Design & Technologist. The people who were responsible for these gaffs need more education on the Design Cycle
Groups Time 1.45-2.15 Time 2.15-2.45 Time 2.45-3.15 Time 3.15-3.30 Group1 Tour Sukhbir Practical Vinnie Team David Together here Group2 Team David Tour Sukhbir Practical Vinnie Together here Group3 Practical Vinnie Team David Tour Sukhbir Together here