HTML5 and CSS3 – exploring mobile possibilities - Frontend Conference Zürich

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  • 1. HTML5 and CSS3: Exploring Mobile Possibilities
  • 2. Roby on Rails
  • 3. Mozilla is a global non-profitdedicated to putting you in controlof your online experience andshaping the future of the Web forthe public good
  • 4. CSS Media Queries
  • 5. width colorheight color-indexdevice-width monochromedevice-height resolutionorientation scanaspect-ratio griddevice-aspect-ratio
  • 6. min-widthmax-widthorientation
  • 7. <link rel="stylesheet" href="pretty.css" media="screen and (min-width: 500px)">
  • 8. .nav { width: 150px;}@media screen and (min-width: 500px) { .nav { width: 300px; }}
  • 9. @media screen and (min-width: 500px) and (max-width: 1024px) { .nav { width: 200px; }}
  • 10. @media screen and (min-width: 100px),@media handheld { .nav { width: 350px; }}
  • 11. @media only screen and (min-width: 100px) { .nav { width: 350px; }}
  • 12. @media not screen and (min-width: 100px) { .nav { width: 100%; }}
  • 13. @media screen and (orientation: landscape) { .nav { float: left; width: 20%; } .main { float: right; width: 80%; }}
  • 14. @media screen and (orientation: portrait) { .nav { width: 100%; } .main { width: 100%; }}
  • 15. <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0"><meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0">
  • 16. http://mediaqueri.es/
  • 17. CSS Flex Box
  • 18. <div class="flex-container"> <section class="col-1">I am column 1</section> <section class="col-2">I am column 2</section> <section class="col-3">I am column 3</section></div>
  • 19. .flex-container { display: -moz-box; display: -ms-box; display: -webkit-box; display: box; -moz-box-orient: horizontal; -ms-box-orient: horizontal; -webkit-box-orient: horizontal; box-orient: horizontal;}
  • 20. .col-1 { -moz-box-flex: 1; -ms-box-flex: 1; -webkit-box-flex: 1; box-flex: 1;}.col-2 { -moz-box-flex: 1; -ms-box-flex: 1; -webkit-box-flex: 1; box-flex: 1;}.col-3 { -moz-box-flex: 2; -ms-box-flex: 2; -webkit-box-flex: 2; box-flex: 2;}
  • 21. .col-1 { -moz-box-ordinal-group: 2; -ms-box-ordinal-group: 2; -webkit-box-ordinal-group: 2; box-ordinal-group: 2;}.col-2 { -moz-box-ordinal-group: 3; -ms-box-ordinal-group: 3; -webkit-box-ordinal-group: 3; box-ordinal-group: 3;}.col-3 { -moz-box-ordinal-group: 1; -ms-box-ordinal-group: 1; -webkit-box-ordinal-group: 1; box-ordinal-group: 1;}
  • 22. flex- instead of box-
  • 23. CSS Transitions
  • 24. /* Shorthand version */#hello { display: inline-block; height: 20px; opacity: 0.3; -moz-transition: height 1s ease-out, opacity 1s ease; -ms-transition: height 1s ease-out, opacity 1s ease; -o-transition: height 1s ease-out, opacity 1s ease; -webkit-transition: height 1s ease-out, opacity 1s ease; transition: height 1s ease-out, opacity 1s ease;}#hello:hover { height: 40px; opacity: 1;}
  • 25. /* Shorthand version */.menu-item { position: relative; display: inline-block; border: 1px dashed #000; padding: 10px; background: #ffffa2; height: 20px; opacity: 0.3; text-decoration: none; -moz-transition: all 1s ease; -ms-transition: all 1s ease; -o-transition: all 1s ease; -webkit-transition: all 1s ease; transition: all 1s ease;}.menu-item:hover { opacity: 1; -moz-transform: scale(2) rotate(30deg) translate(50px); -ms-transform: scale(2) rotate(30deg) translate(50px); -o-transform: scale(2) rotate(30deg) translate(50px); -webkit-transform: scale(1.2) rotate(30deg) translate(50px); transform: scale(2) rotate(30deg) translate(50px);}
  • 26. .love-me { -webkit-transform: translate3d(0, 0, 0);}
  • 27. CSS Animations
  • 28. .animation-container { height: 60px; padding: 10px; -moz-animation-name: movearound; -moz-animation-duration: 4s; -moz-animation-iteration-count: infinite; -moz-animation-direction: normal; -moz-animation-timing-function: ease; -webkit-animation-name: movearound; -webkit-animation-duration: 4s; -webkit-animation-iteration-count: infinite; -webkit-animation-direction: normal; -webkit-animation-timing-function: ease;}@-moz-keyframes movearound { from { width: 200px; background: #f00; opacity: 0.5; -moz-transform: scale(0.5) rotate(15deg); } to { width: 400px; background: #ffffa2; opacity: 1; -moz-transform: scale(1) rotate(0deg); }}
  • 29. @-webkit-keyframes movearound { from { width: 200px; background: #f00; opacity: 0.5; -webkit-transform: scale(0.5) rotate(15deg); } to { width: 400px; background: #ffffa2; opacity: 1; -webkit-transform: scale(1) rotate(0deg); }}
  • 30. CSS box-shadow and text-shadow
  • 31. text-overflow: ellipsis
  • 32. HTML5 Forms
  • 33. New form types<input type="color"> <input type="range"><input type="date"> <input type="search" results="5"<input type="datetime"> autosave="saved-searches"><input type="datetime-local"> <input type="tel"><input type="email"> <input type="time"><input type="month"> <input type="url"><input type="number"> <input type="week">
  • 34. New form attributes<input type="text" autocomplete="off"><input type="text" autofocus><input type="submit" formaction="http://example.org/save" value="Save"><input type="submit" formenctype="application/x-www-form-urlencoded" value="Save with enctype"><input type="submit" formmethod="POST" value="Send as POST"><input type="submit" formnovalidate value="Dont validate"><input type="submit" formtarget="_blank" value="Post to new tab/window">
  • 35. <input type="text" list="data-list"><input type="range" max="95"><input type="range" min="2"><input type="file" multiple><input type="text" readonly><input type="text" required><input type="text" pattern="[A-Z]*"><input type="text" placeholder="E.g. Robocop"><input type="text" spellcheck="true"><input type="number" step="5">
  • 36. New form elements<input type="text" list="data-list"><datalist id="data-list"> <option value="Hugo Reyes"> <option value="Jack Shephard"> <option value="James Sawyer Ford"> <option value="John Locke"> <option value="Sayid Jarrah"></datalist>
  • 37. <keygen></keygen><meter min="0" max="10" value="7"></meter><input type="range" id="range"><output for="range" id="output"></output><progress max="100" value="70">70%</progress>
  • 38. <input type="range" id="range"><output for="range" id="output"></output><script> (function () { var theForm = document.getElementById("the-form"); if ("oninput" in theForm) { theForm.addEventListener("input", function () { output.value = range.value; }, false); } })();</script>
  • 39. http://www.quirksmode.org/html5/inputs.htmlhttp://www.quirksmode.org/html5/inputs_mobile.htmlhttp://wufoo.com/html5/
  • 40. Link protocols
  • 41. #b ro ws er<a href="tel:+441111234567">tel: link</a> lo ve<a href="sms:+441111234567">sms: link</a><a href="sms:+441111234567?body=Text%20me"> sms: with body</a><a href="sms:+441111234567,+441111678901"> sms: with multiple numbers</a><a href="sms:+441111234567,+441111678901?body=Text%20me"> sms: with multiple numbers + body</a>
  • 42. JavaScript on mobile
  • 43. Web Storage
  • 44. sessionStorage.setItem("Charming", "Piers Morgan");console.log(sessionStorage.getItem("Charming"));
  • 45. localStorage.setItem("Job", "Show host");
  • 46. var piersMorgan = { "Transportation" : "Segway", "Damage" : "Three broken ribs"};localStorage.setItem("piersMorgan", JSON.stringify(piersMorgan));console.log(typeof JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem("piersMorgan")));
  • 47. Web SQL IndexedDB
  • 48. Geolocation
  • 49. if (navigator.geolocation) { navigator.geolocation.getCurrentPosition(function (position) { alert(position.coords.latitude + ", " + position.coords.longitude); });}
  • 50. Offline Web Applications
  • 51. // Poll the navigator.onLine propertysetInterval(function () { console.log(navigator.onLine);}, 1000);
  • 52. <!DOCTYPE html><html manifest="offline.appcache"><head>...
  • 53. CACHE MANIFEST# VERSION 10CACHE:offline.htmlbase.cssFALLBACK:online.css offline.cssNETWORK:/live-updates
  • 54. History API
  • 55. window.history.pushState(state, title, url);
  • 56. var url = "http://robertnyman.com",title = "My blog",state = { address : url};window.history.pushState(state, title, url);
  • 57. Mobile Perf
  • 58. weinre
  • 59. position: fixedoverflow: scroll-webkit-overflow-scrolling: touchWeb Workers
  • 60. Robert Nymanrobertnyman.com/speaking/ robnyman@mozilla.comrobertnyman.com/html5/ Twitter: @robertnymanrobertnyman.com/css3/