Video Production: Composition Lecture


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Video Production: Composition Lecture

  1. 1. Achieving Good Composition
  2. 2. What are some things thatmake up Good Composition? Obeying the “rule of thirds” Single Point of Focus / Selective Focus Avoiding Tonal Mergers, Dimensional Mergers, and Border Mergers Proper Amount of Nose Room Shot Composition in a Minute: 
  3. 3. Composition Evaluation The Beach: Formal Composition: The Beginning of The Royal Tenenbaums 5 Dollar Cover Seattle: The Beast What concepts from good composition do you see examples of in this video?
  4. 4. Photography vs. Video What are the differences in the ways that we should approach shooting video vs. shooting a photograph?  In many ways we should treat them the same in terms of a center of focus  Video is a dynamic composition  Choose a center of interest for a shot and hold on it – this is especially important when you are shooting handheld footage  Nathaniel & Angie
  5. 5. Demonstration of Elements of astatic composition We are now going to demonstrate the different things that we should strive for in achieving good composition Shot demonstration – We want to demonstrate the following:  Focal Length  Distance between camera and subject  Center of Interest  “Rule” of Thirds  Nose Room and Head Room  Avoiding Mergers  High and Low angles  Balance
  6. 6. Balance and Depth in Comp Shallow Depth vs. Deep Focus Shallow Depth of Field  Controlled by a Variety of Factors  Allows us to draw attention to a detail Beginning part of Citizen Kane  Innovative use of Deep Focus made possible by faster lenses  Use of characters and objects to balance composition
  7. 7. Camera Shots From Millerson and Owen “Video Production Handbook”  ELS (Extreme Long Shot) – shows significant space above and/or below the subject  LS or WS (Long Shot or Wide Shot) – features the entire person in the frame  MS (Medium Shot) – cuts the body just below or above the waist  CU (Close-up) – Just above the head to the upper chest  ECU (Extreme Close Up) – Detail shot for part of the body
  8. 8. Composing Your Shot Drew Keller on Composing Shots
  9. 9. Dynamic Composition Often times you will want to make your scene more dynamic and therefore you will move the camera around Demonstration of dynamic movements  Pan  Tilt  Zoom  Track  Dolly  Holding beginnings and ending  Rack Focus  Leading the subject
  10. 10. Handheld Techniques Occasionally, you may choose to use handheld techniques to bring realism and movement to your project.  You want to make sure that you have a good stabilization system before you shoot the video  Try to put your body into position so that you can steadily hold the camera
  11. 11. Handheld Examples Beginning of Children of Men “Intergalactic” from Awesome…. I shot that
  12. 12. Capturing B-Roll The purpose of B-Roll What B-Roll you Grab Videomaker: Capturing B-Roll
  13. 13. Exercise Composition Scavenger Hunt Shoot, Edit, and Turn in today. Projects will be screened at the beginning of class next week