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short presentation about incas

short presentation about incas

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  • Inca: South American Indians ruled Tawantinsuyu (Incan name of empire) that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands from northern border of modern Ecuador to Maule River in central Chile
  • Polytheistic religion - Pantheon headed by Inti-the sun god , also included Viracocha-a creator god and culture hero , Apu Illapu-rain god , special attendants “chosen women” People offered food, clothing, drink to guardian spirits; gods linked to forces of nature; each month own festival
  • Engineers and architects constructed aquaducts, cities, temples, and fortresses Inca built vast network of roads; comprised two north-south roads, one running along coast about 2250 mi, other inland along Andes for a similar distance, w/ many interconnecting links Many short rock tunnels, vine-supported suspension bridges constructed Metalworking : best metal works in Americas; worked w/ alloy, copper, tin, bronze, silver gold; made statues of gods/goddesses Medical Advances : developed important medical practices- surgery on human skull, procedures close to use of modern antiseptics, anesthesia Resources : corn, potatoes, coffee, grain Art/Music/Architecture: woven baskets, metal ornaments, woodwinds, stone buildings

Mini presentation inca Mini presentation inca Presentation Transcript

  • The Inca Empire Taken from Katrina Namnama & Kathleen DeGuzman
  • Background
    • Empire extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands from southern Colombia to Maule River in central Chile
    • Inca originated in village of Paqari-tampu, about 15mi south of Cuzco
    • Official language: Quechua
    • Polytheistic religion- Pantheon headed by Inti-the sun god
    • Combined features of animism, fetishism, worship of nature gods
    • Offered food, clothing, and drink
    • Rituals included forms of divination, sacrifice of humans and animals
  • Economic Developments
    • constructed aquaducts, cities, temples, fortresses, short rock tunnels, suspension bridges, 2250mi road system
    • metal works of alloy, copper, tin, bronze, silver gold
    • developed important medical practices- surgery on human skull, anesthesia
    • resources-corn, potatoes, coffee, grain
    • created woven baskets, woodwinds
  • Cultural Conflict & Cooperation
    • religious institutions destroyed by Spanish conquerors’ campaign against idolatry
    • Spaniards superior military technology
      • horses, muskets, cannons, metal helmets, armor, steel swords and lances
    • Incan Bronze Age weapons
      • llamas, clubs, sticks, wooden spears and arrows
    • division & discontent among Inca, Spanish played on old feuds
    • disease brought by Europeans
    • survivors felt gods were less powerful than those of conquerors
    • Incans believed that disasters marked world’s end
  • Today
    • descendants of Inca are present day Quechua-speaking peasants of Andes, constitute about 45% population of Peru
    • combine farming, herding w/ simple traditional technology
    • rural settlements three kinds: families living in midst of fields, true village communities w/ fields outside of inhabited centers, combination of two
    • towns centers of mestizo (mixed-blood) population
    • Indian community close-knit, families usually intermarrying; much of agricultural work done cooperatively
    • religion is Roman Catholicism infused w/ pagan hierarchy of spirits and deities
  • Bibliography
    • Bernhard, Brendan. Pizarro, Orellana, and the Exploration of the Amazon . New York: Chealsea House Publishers, 1991.
    • Editors of Time-Life Books. Incas: Lords of Gold and Glory . Alexandria: Time-Life Books, 1992.
    • Ellis, Elizabeth Gaynor & Esler, Anthony. World History: Connections to Today . New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.
    • Ogburn, Dennis E. The Empire of the Incas . 7 Oct. 1997. 24 Feb. 2006 <http://www.millville.org/workshops_f/acker_inca/ inca.htm>
    • &quot;Inca.&quot; Encyclopedia Britannica . 2006. Encyclopedia Britannica Premium Service. 26 Feb. 2006 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/ article?tocId=9042237>.
    • “ Inca.” Grolier Universal Encyclopedia . Volume 5. New York: Grolier Inc., 1965.
  • Credits
    • This presentation is part of a presentation with the given credits. No claim whatsoever to authorship. Only used as academic resource. About 10 slides were removed.