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Transcript

  • 1. Speech Preparation Part 1
  • 2. The Power of Public Speaking
    • Public speaking includes…
      • A speaker with a reason for speaking
      • An audience that gives the speaker attention
      • A message that is meant to accomplish a specific purpose
  • 3. The Purpose of Your Speech
    • The General Purpose
      • Informative Speeches
      • Persuasive Speeches
      • Special-Occasion Speeches
  • 4. Informative Speech Assignment
    • Three minutes in length
    • Speech outline required. Upload to Blackboard.
    • Must reference at least two sources of information both aurally and within the outline
    • Site sources in written outline using APA style
    • Does not require a visual aid
  • 5. Informative
    • Explain something
    • Expand audience’s understanding of a subject
    • This is not a persuasive speech, speakers are NOT to state their opinion or try to sway the opinion of the audience
  • 6. Analyzing Your Audience
    • Decentering (Dance and Zak-Dance)
    • Your audience may have a different point of view from yours
    • Try putting yourself in the place of the audience
    • Speaker must find ways to connect to the audience
    • Speakers can select the associations that will be most conducive to accomplishing the speech goals
  • 7. Analyzing Your Audience
    • Audience demographics
      • What do you know about your classroom peers?
      • The quantifiable characteristics
      • May focus on statistics regarding gender, socioeconomic status, age, nationality, and so on.
  • 8. Choosing Your Topic
    • Find a topic that intrigues you
    • Brainstorm your topic
    • Narrow your topic
      • Am I interested?
      • Does it meet the assignment’s criteria?
      • Will my audience find it worthwhile?
      • Is there information available for research?
      • Can I convey the information in the time limits of the speech?
  • 9. Quick Brainstorm
    • Write down as many topics as you can
    • Then, circle the top three that are most appealing to you
    • Now, circle the topic that would be most appealing to your audience
  • 10. Choosing Your Topic
    • Developing a thesis statement
      • A simple, clear statement that tells the listeners what the speech will do.
      • Gives listeners a reason to attend mindfully by alerting them that the information to come will be useful to them.
  • 11. Researching the Topic
    • Types of information
      • Expert testimony
      • Lay testimony
      • Statistics
      • Anecdotes
      • Quotations
      • Comparisons
      • Contrasts
  • 12. Researching the Topic
    • Researching Supporting Material
      • Talk to people
        • Interviews
        • Surveys
      • Search the literature
      • Use the Internet
  • 13. Researching the Topic
    • Evaluating Supporting Material
      • Credible
      • Up-to-date
      • Accurate
      • Relevant
      • Compelling
      • Reliable
  • 14. Ethical Speaking
    • Recognizing plagiarism
      • Presenting someone else’s information as your own
    • Taking accurate notes
      • Quotes and paraphrases
      • Running bibliography
    • Speaking ethically and
    • responsibly
      • Be trustworthy, respectful, responsible, and fair
  • 15. Organizing your Speech
    • Introduction
    • Body/Main Points
    • Conclusion
  • 16. Introduction
      • Capture your audience’s attention
        • Use surprise
        • Tell a story
        • Start with a quote
        • Ask a question
        • Make them laugh
    • Helps the audience understand how the subject relates to them
    • Tell the audience the purpose of the speech
    • Provides a preview (of signposting) of the speeches main points
    • Transitions into the main body of the speech
  • 17. Body
    • Covers only the material in support of the speeches specific purpose
    • Usually includes about three main points
    • Popular Organizational Patterns
      • Chronological pattern
      • Spatial pattern
      • Problem-solution pattern
      • Cause-effect pattern
      • Narrative pattern
  • 18. Conclusion
    • Summarizes
    • Reinforces any points needing restatement
    • Moves quickly and forcefully
    • Mirrors introduction
  • 19. Outlining Your Speech
    • See example posted in Blackboard
    • Working outline
      • Rough draft used in speech preparation
      • Firm up thesis statement and
      • organize points
    • Speaking outline
      • Delivery outline
      • Final speech plan
      • The basis for your note cards
  • 20. Outlining Your Speech
    • Styles of Outlines
      • Sentence outline
        • Full text of your speech in outline format
      • Phrase outline
      • Key-word outline
      • **Phrase/Key-word are best for speaking outlines
  • 21. Using Language That Works
    • Respect your audience
    • Keep it simple
    • Use vivid language
    • Use language to make a lasting impression
      • Repetition
      • Allusion
      • Comparisons, similes, and metaphors