Copyright, Fair Use &Creative Commons Join the interactive backchannel tinyurl.com/unietdchat
Questions Do I need permission to use this? If it’s on the web, can anyone use it? Should I cite the source? If there’...
Four Concepts GuideDecisionsCopyright Law                    Public Domainflickr.com/photos/kimberlyfaye   flickr.com/phot...
Why Should You Care? Ethical Decision   Modeling the ethical use of media &    technology for students It’s the Law   ...
CopyrightExclusive legal right to decide how, when, andwhere a work can be reproduced.  Covers text, music, pictures, vide...
Copyright Protection Does not require registration Does not require the display of © symbol Was not intended to stifle ...
Ownershipas defined by the 1976 Copyright Act: Author’s life + 70 years Work For Hire:   120 years from creation   95 ...
Public Domain Can be used freely & without permission   Works for which copyright ownership has expired   Facts or idea...
The Commons on Flickr   www.flickr.com/commons
Fair Use    stljfl.org     Concepts & guidelinesas defined by 1976 Copyright Act
“Fair Use” of MediaA legal concept that applies to… Personal use (like iTunes & its DRM) Teaching & learning News repor...
Purpose of Fair Use Guidelines Balance the rights of individuals   Recognize different needs Define legitimate use with...
Updated: Teach Act of 2002 1998: congress asked to facilitate digital  technologies in distance education 2002: law allo...
4 Criteria Determine Fair Use1. Purpose & character of the use2. Nature of the copyrighted work3. Amount used in relation ...
Fair Use applies when…...using without permission,…portions,...of lawfully acquired works,...in educational multimedia pro...
Portion Limitations The amount of a copyrighted  work that can be used in a project Limits apply cumulatively to each pr...
BriefNotes: Copyright forStudentshttp://tinyurl.com/briefnotes
Examplesof Portion LimitationsFair Use Guidelines for Teachers & StudentsRefer to your own copy ofBriefNotes: Copyright fo...
Text Material Up to 10% or 1000 words (whichever less) 10% or 2 pages from short children’s book Poems   Up to 250 wor...
Photos & Illustrations No more than 5 images by one artist No more than 10% or 15 images (whichever less)  from one coll...
Audio & VideoAudio or music video 10% or 30 seconds (whichever less)Video 10% or 3 minutes (whichever less)
Videotaping Only open broadcast or basic cable television   No premium cable channels 10/45 day rule Transmission only...
Summary Points: Fair Use Open distribution generally prohibited (www) Using portion of work in limited circumstances Pr...
Creative                 CommonsCopyright                                Public                                         Do...
Creative CommonsLicenses grant permission to: copy the work make derivative works distribute the work profit from the ...
Creators choose conditions               www.creativecommons.org/about/licenses
Flickr.com – Compare thelicenses
www.iowaaeaonline.org
www.iowaaeaonline.org
Iowa AEA Online Terms &Conditions AP Images   Prohibits use on web, newsletters, etc iCLIPART for Schools   Allows use...
You can always request to domore Obtain written consent from copyright owner May not be a time-consuming process (e-mail...
Summary Copyright Law   Protection assumed once tangible form exists Fair Use Guidelines for Teachers & Students   Por...
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  • Copyright

    1. 1. Copyright, Fair Use &Creative Commons Join the interactive backchannel tinyurl.com/unietdchat
    2. 2. Questions Do I need permission to use this? If it’s on the web, can anyone use it? Should I cite the source? If there’s no © symbol, can I copy it? I’m in education, so isn’t everything I do considered fair use? See “Brief Notes: Copyright for Students” at http://tinyurl.com/briefnotes
    3. 3. Four Concepts GuideDecisionsCopyright Law Public Domainflickr.com/photos/kimberlyfaye flickr.com/photos/library_of_congressFair Use Creative Commons www.creativecommons.org stljfl.org
    4. 4. Why Should You Care? Ethical Decision  Modeling the ethical use of media & technology for students It’s the Law  Criminal penalties up to 1 yr in jail  Civil liability for damages & profits • judge’s discretion up to $50,000  Personal liability–your job
    5. 5. CopyrightExclusive legal right to decide how, when, andwhere a work can be reproduced. Covers text, music, pictures, video, computer code, sculpture, architecture, & other intellectual works • Established as soon as a work becomes tangible • Does not cover facts or ideas, but does protect the “unique expression” of them Files On Record: http://www.loc.gov/teachers/copyrightmystery
    6. 6. Copyright Protection Does not require registration Does not require the display of © symbol Was not intended to stifle creativity Does not exempt teachers or students  “Fair Use” applies to limited portions & circumstances
    7. 7. Ownershipas defined by the 1976 Copyright Act: Author’s life + 70 years Work For Hire:  120 years from creation  95 years from publication Works published prior to 1978  28 years; can be renewed up to 95 years Copyright Basics: http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.pdf
    8. 8. Public Domain Can be used freely & without permission  Works for which copyright ownership has expired  Facts or ideas (but not their unique expression)  Works by US government employees as part of their job (includes .gov sites such as nasa.gov or noaa.gov)
    9. 9. The Commons on Flickr www.flickr.com/commons
    10. 10. Fair Use stljfl.org Concepts & guidelinesas defined by 1976 Copyright Act
    11. 11. “Fair Use” of MediaA legal concept that applies to… Personal use (like iTunes & its DRM) Teaching & learning News reporting Parody Critical comment www.copyright.gov
    12. 12. Purpose of Fair Use Guidelines Balance the rights of individuals  Recognize different needs Define legitimate use without permission  Not simply to avoid purchasing Define acceptable terms of use Specify portion limitations
    13. 13. Updated: Teach Act of 2002 1998: congress asked to facilitate digital technologies in distance education 2002: law allows fair use over a secure network such as ICN or Learning Management Systems Distribution via open networks still prohibited ICN images from iptv.org
    14. 14. 4 Criteria Determine Fair Use1. Purpose & character of the use2. Nature of the copyrighted work3. Amount used in relation to the whole  Portion limitations4. Effect of the use upon potential market value  Limited or no distribution allowed www.iowaaeaonline.org | www.copyright.gov
    15. 15. Fair Use applies when…...using without permission,…portions,...of lawfully acquired works,...in educational multimedia projects,...created by teachers or students,...as part of systematic instruction,...within nonprofit educational institution,…with limited or no distribution.
    16. 16. Portion Limitations The amount of a copyrighted work that can be used in a project Limits apply cumulatively to each project for the academic term. Recognizes that K–6 students might not be able to adhere rigidly when working independently. “Brief Notes: Copyright for Students” at http://tinyurl.com/briefnotes
    17. 17. BriefNotes: Copyright forStudentshttp://tinyurl.com/briefnotes
    18. 18. Examplesof Portion LimitationsFair Use Guidelines for Teachers & StudentsRefer to your own copy ofBriefNotes: Copyright for Students
    19. 19. Text Material Up to 10% or 1000 words (whichever less) 10% or 2 pages from short children’s book Poems  Up to 250 words (entire poem if <250 words)  No more than 3 poems by one poet or 5 poems from single anthology.
    20. 20. Photos & Illustrations No more than 5 images by one artist No more than 10% or 15 images (whichever less) from one collection Can alter if it supports instructional outcome Must cite the source where image is used – on the same page Linktribute! Image used with permission from pics4learning.com
    21. 21. Audio & VideoAudio or music video 10% or 30 seconds (whichever less)Video 10% or 3 minutes (whichever less)
    22. 22. Videotaping Only open broadcast or basic cable television  No premium cable channels 10/45 day rule Transmission only via secure network
    23. 23. Summary Points: Fair Use Open distribution generally prohibited (www) Using portion of work in limited circumstances Projects may be reused for instructional purposes for 2 years after initial use  Students & teachers can retain longer for portfolios Assume something is copyright-protected Look for terms of use statement
    24. 24. Creative CommonsCopyright Public Domain creativecommons.org search.creativecommons.org
    25. 25. Creative CommonsLicenses grant permission to: copy the work make derivative works distribute the work profit from the work www.creativecommons.org/about
    26. 26. Creators choose conditions www.creativecommons.org/about/licenses
    27. 27. Flickr.com – Compare thelicenses
    28. 28. www.iowaaeaonline.org
    29. 29. www.iowaaeaonline.org
    30. 30. Iowa AEA Online Terms &Conditions AP Images  Prohibits use on web, newsletters, etc iCLIPART for Schools  Allows use on your websites  Specific citation format requested World Book  Can’t use on websites without first seeking permission  Only links to their home page allowed (no deep linking)
    31. 31. You can always request to domore Obtain written consent from copyright owner May not be a time-consuming process (e-mail) Be specific, don’t request blanket permission  Templates: http://tinyurl.com/2dznwj http://tinyurl.com/24okpx
    32. 32. Summary Copyright Law  Protection assumed once tangible form exists Fair Use Guidelines for Teachers & Students  Portions of works may be used in limited circumstances  Does not permit distribution on an open network Creative Commons  Some rights reserved, consult the individual license Iowa AEA Online (and other sources)  Consult individual terms & conditions

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