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Copyright Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Copyright, Fair Use &Creative Commons Join the interactive backchannel tinyurl.com/unietdchat
  • 2. Questions Do I need permission to use this? If it’s on the web, can anyone use it? Should I cite the source? If there’s no © symbol, can I copy it? I’m in education, so isn’t everything I do considered fair use? See “Brief Notes: Copyright for Students” at http://tinyurl.com/briefnotes
  • 3. Four Concepts GuideDecisionsCopyright Law Public Domainflickr.com/photos/kimberlyfaye flickr.com/photos/library_of_congressFair Use Creative Commons www.creativecommons.org stljfl.org
  • 4. Why Should You Care? Ethical Decision  Modeling the ethical use of media & technology for students It’s the Law  Criminal penalties up to 1 yr in jail  Civil liability for damages & profits • judge’s discretion up to $50,000  Personal liability–your job
  • 5. CopyrightExclusive legal right to decide how, when, andwhere a work can be reproduced. Covers text, music, pictures, video, computer code, sculpture, architecture, & other intellectual works • Established as soon as a work becomes tangible • Does not cover facts or ideas, but does protect the “unique expression” of them Files On Record: http://www.loc.gov/teachers/copyrightmystery
  • 6. Copyright Protection Does not require registration Does not require the display of © symbol Was not intended to stifle creativity Does not exempt teachers or students  “Fair Use” applies to limited portions & circumstances
  • 7. Ownershipas defined by the 1976 Copyright Act: Author’s life + 70 years Work For Hire:  120 years from creation  95 years from publication Works published prior to 1978  28 years; can be renewed up to 95 years Copyright Basics: http://www.copyright.gov/circs/circ1.pdf
  • 8. Public Domain Can be used freely & without permission  Works for which copyright ownership has expired  Facts or ideas (but not their unique expression)  Works by US government employees as part of their job (includes .gov sites such as nasa.gov or noaa.gov)
  • 9. The Commons on Flickr www.flickr.com/commons
  • 10. Fair Use stljfl.org Concepts & guidelinesas defined by 1976 Copyright Act
  • 11. “Fair Use” of MediaA legal concept that applies to… Personal use (like iTunes & its DRM) Teaching & learning News reporting Parody Critical comment www.copyright.gov
  • 12. Purpose of Fair Use Guidelines Balance the rights of individuals  Recognize different needs Define legitimate use without permission  Not simply to avoid purchasing Define acceptable terms of use Specify portion limitations
  • 13. Updated: Teach Act of 2002 1998: congress asked to facilitate digital technologies in distance education 2002: law allows fair use over a secure network such as ICN or Learning Management Systems Distribution via open networks still prohibited ICN images from iptv.org
  • 14. 4 Criteria Determine Fair Use1. Purpose & character of the use2. Nature of the copyrighted work3. Amount used in relation to the whole  Portion limitations4. Effect of the use upon potential market value  Limited or no distribution allowed www.iowaaeaonline.org | www.copyright.gov
  • 15. Fair Use applies when…...using without permission,…portions,...of lawfully acquired works,...in educational multimedia projects,...created by teachers or students,...as part of systematic instruction,...within nonprofit educational institution,…with limited or no distribution.
  • 16. Portion Limitations The amount of a copyrighted work that can be used in a project Limits apply cumulatively to each project for the academic term. Recognizes that K–6 students might not be able to adhere rigidly when working independently. “Brief Notes: Copyright for Students” at http://tinyurl.com/briefnotes
  • 17. BriefNotes: Copyright forStudentshttp://tinyurl.com/briefnotes
  • 18. Examplesof Portion LimitationsFair Use Guidelines for Teachers & StudentsRefer to your own copy ofBriefNotes: Copyright for Students
  • 19. Text Material Up to 10% or 1000 words (whichever less) 10% or 2 pages from short children’s book Poems  Up to 250 words (entire poem if <250 words)  No more than 3 poems by one poet or 5 poems from single anthology.
  • 20. Photos & Illustrations No more than 5 images by one artist No more than 10% or 15 images (whichever less) from one collection Can alter if it supports instructional outcome Must cite the source where image is used – on the same page Linktribute! Image used with permission from pics4learning.com
  • 21. Audio & VideoAudio or music video 10% or 30 seconds (whichever less)Video 10% or 3 minutes (whichever less)
  • 22. Videotaping Only open broadcast or basic cable television  No premium cable channels 10/45 day rule Transmission only via secure network
  • 23. Summary Points: Fair Use Open distribution generally prohibited (www) Using portion of work in limited circumstances Projects may be reused for instructional purposes for 2 years after initial use  Students & teachers can retain longer for portfolios Assume something is copyright-protected Look for terms of use statement
  • 24. Creative CommonsCopyright Public Domain creativecommons.org search.creativecommons.org
  • 25. Creative CommonsLicenses grant permission to: copy the work make derivative works distribute the work profit from the work www.creativecommons.org/about
  • 26. Creators choose conditions www.creativecommons.org/about/licenses
  • 27. Flickr.com – Compare thelicenses
  • 28. www.iowaaeaonline.org
  • 29. www.iowaaeaonline.org
  • 30. Iowa AEA Online Terms &Conditions AP Images  Prohibits use on web, newsletters, etc iCLIPART for Schools  Allows use on your websites  Specific citation format requested World Book  Can’t use on websites without first seeking permission  Only links to their home page allowed (no deep linking)
  • 31. You can always request to domore Obtain written consent from copyright owner May not be a time-consuming process (e-mail) Be specific, don’t request blanket permission  Templates: http://tinyurl.com/2dznwj http://tinyurl.com/24okpx
  • 32. Summary Copyright Law  Protection assumed once tangible form exists Fair Use Guidelines for Teachers & Students  Portions of works may be used in limited circumstances  Does not permit distribution on an open network Creative Commons  Some rights reserved, consult the individual license Iowa AEA Online (and other sources)  Consult individual terms & conditions