Meter

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Meter

  1. 1. Poetry is Rhythmic sound Married to Meaning
  2. 2. Poetry should be read outloud And The sound should be naturally rhythmic
  3. 3. Meter is the measure Or Rhythm of poetry.
  4. 4. A syllable has quantity Quantity Is the length of time that it takes to pronounce a syllable.
  5. 5. Quantity Is the basis of meter in Latin poetry. In poetry, the regular stress accent of words is subordinated to the metrical rhythm set up by the patterns of long and short syllables.
  6. 6. A Line of poetry is a sequence of Metrical feet
  7. 7. Each foot is a series of two, three, or four syllables that combine to form a metrical building block
  8. 8. Dactyl= ¯ ˘ ˘ long short short IE ¯ ˘˘ M œnia
  9. 9. Spondee= ¯ ¯ long long IE ¯ ¯ opto
  10. 10. Iamb ˘ ¯ short long IE ˘ ¯ cano
  11. 11. Trochee ¯ ˘ long short IE ¯ ˘ esse
  12. 12. Choriamb ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ long short short long IE ¯ ˘ ˘¯ progenies
  13. 13. How do you know if a syllable is long ¯ or short ˘ ? The Vowel!
  14. 14. A syllable is long if it contains a vowel that is long by nature. IE-the ablative singular Puell ā
  15. 15. Dipthongs ARE Long!!!!
  16. 16. What are dipthongs? Two vowels that are pronounced as one! IE- AE, AU, EI, EU, and OE
  17. 17. Vowels Can be long by Position!
  18. 18. A vowel followed by 2 consonants is long by position IE Libellum ¯
  19. 19. Exceptions : (They prove the rule-and make this fun) X=cs so it acts like two consonants
  20. 20. The muta cum liquida rule: A mute consonant followed by a liquid consonant may or may not make a vowel long by position
  21. 21. Mute consonants: b, c, g, p and t Liquid consonants: l, m, n, and r (This rule makes scanning poetry fun!)
  22. 22. More fun! Elision A word that ends in a vowel elides with the next word if it begins with a vowel.
  23. 23. IE Certe ego te in ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯
  24. 24. A final m or an initial h is weak enough to be elided IE Solum hoc
  25. 25. Hendecasyllabic Eleven syllables Five Feet
  26. 26. The first foot may be : 1. An iamb (short long) OR 2. A spondee (long long) OR 3. A trochee (long short)
  27. 27. The second foot is : A dactyl (long short short) The third and fourth feet are: Trochees (long short)
  28. 28. The fifth foot may be : 1. A spondee (long long) OR 2. A trochee (long short)
  29. 29. Cu ī d ŏ/nō lĕpĭ/dūm n ŏ/ v ūm lĭ/bēllū m
  30. 31. Finis

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