Youth Offending Risk Screening Tool (YORST) Why When How
Session Outline <ul><li>Risk Screening…what is it and why are we doing it? </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot data  </li></ul><ul><li...
What is it? <ul><li>Risk screening is the systematic evaluation of the likelihood of a child or young person offending.  <...
The YORST   <ul><li>Offending  </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Group </li></ul><ul><li>Education/Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Care ...
History <ul><li>Need to identify high risk children and young people as early as possible to provide an appropriate and ef...
Police Response <ul><li>In December 2003 a Risk Screening Tool (also known as ARNI) was developed by Youth Aid Officers fo...
Review <ul><li>Stage One: </li></ul><ul><li>A brief review of the literature – is it good practice? </li></ul><ul><li>Enqu...
Best Practice? <ul><li>Large body of research – agreement on major risk factors for criminal behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>...
But I do this in my head anyway… Summary of studies on effectiveness of clinical judgement vs formal assessment (Grove & M...
Feedback from Users It is a good trigger to do the queries that I may not otherwise do but are important to doing a good j...
Guides the response that we and other agencies give to the young person. Focus on addressing the causes Reinforces the ide...
Increased understanding between agencies Increases the understanding across agencies about what a high risk kid means Defi...
Pilot in Bay of Plenty & Waikato Police Districts <ul><li>25 Youth Aid sites </li></ul><ul><li>All child offenders (10-13 ...
Interface with Child, Youth & Family <ul><li>Providing information about the risk level of young people is critical for th...
Preliminary Data from Pilot <ul><li>465 YORSTs </li></ul>
Range of Scores
Age
Gender
Ethnicity
Crime Offences: 1000-Level
Time since last came to notice
Age at First Offence
Nature of MO
Influential Peers
School / Employment
Care & Protection History
Alcohol / Drugs
Family Violence
Where Do They Live?
Concerns in Living Situation
Family Members Offending History
Benefits <ul><li>Allows everyone to speak the same language </li></ul><ul><li>More consistent and transparent decisions </...
Where to From Here? <ul><li>National roll-out 2008 (August) as part of NIA upgrade </li></ul><ul><li>Research to ascertain...
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Screening children and young people for risk of re-offending: A Discussion of the Pilot of the Youth Offending Risk Screening Tool (YORST) - Dr Melanie Atkinson (NZ Police)

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Dr Melanie Atkinson (NZ Police)

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  • Screening children and young people for risk of re-offending: A Discussion of the Pilot of the Youth Offending Risk Screening Tool (YORST) - Dr Melanie Atkinson (NZ Police)

    1. 1. Youth Offending Risk Screening Tool (YORST) Why When How
    2. 2. Session Outline <ul><li>Risk Screening…what is it and why are we doing it? </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot data </li></ul><ul><li>Who are the children and young people being screened </li></ul><ul><li>What are offending related needs </li></ul><ul><li>Where to from here </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is it? <ul><li>Risk screening is the systematic evaluation of the likelihood of a child or young person offending. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps identify those young people who are most likely to persist with their offending and anti-social behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>Can also highlight factors that contribute to the offending and provide the foundation for a targeted and appropriate response. </li></ul>
    4. 4. The YORST <ul><li>Offending </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Group </li></ul><ul><li>Education/Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Care & Protection History </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol and/or Drug Use </li></ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul>
    5. 5. History <ul><li>Need to identify high risk children and young people as early as possible to provide an appropriate and effective intervention (Choy review 2002). </li></ul><ul><li>Youth Offending Strategy (2002) recommended a process for systematic & consistent risk screening of young offenders. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Police Response <ul><li>In December 2003 a Risk Screening Tool (also known as ARNI) was developed by Youth Aid Officers for Youth Aid Officers to use with young offenders. </li></ul><ul><li>The tool was distributed for use - the planned trial period was not reviewed and the tool was not evaluated. </li></ul><ul><li>No standard model of practice across Districts </li></ul>
    7. 7. Review <ul><li>Stage One: </li></ul><ul><li>A brief review of the literature – is it good practice? </li></ul><ul><li>Enquiry into the current use of the tool </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations to the tool based on literature and practitioner feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>A six month pilot of the revised tool </li></ul><ul><li>Stage Two: </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis to ascertain the reliability and validity of the tool </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations to the tool based on validity testing </li></ul><ul><li>Refinement of policy and procedures for the use of the tool </li></ul><ul><li>National roll-out of the tool as a web-based electronic form. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Best Practice? <ul><li>Large body of research – agreement on major risk factors for criminal behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>Greater number of factors – higher the risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguish between types of offenders to ensure appropriate level of response given and precious resources can be allocated to where there is the most need. </li></ul>
    9. 9. But I do this in my head anyway… Summary of studies on effectiveness of clinical judgement vs formal assessment (Grove & Meehl, 1996).
    10. 10. Feedback from Users It is a good trigger to do the queries that I may not otherwise do but are important to doing a good job More information gathered Assists with consistent practice It is good for ensuring that all staff are looking for the right things
    11. 11. Guides the response that we and other agencies give to the young person. Focus on addressing the causes Reinforces the idea of causal factors rather than solely focusing on the incident.
    12. 12. Increased understanding between agencies Increases the understanding across agencies about what a high risk kid means Definitely beneficial, it gives everyone a clearer picture of where the kid fits
    13. 13. Pilot in Bay of Plenty & Waikato Police Districts <ul><li>25 Youth Aid sites </li></ul><ul><li>All child offenders (10-13 years) at 2 nd offence. </li></ul><ul><li>All youth offenders being referred for Youth Justice Family Group Conference (including arrest) </li></ul><ul><li>All child offenders being referred to Child Youth & Family for care and protection due to serious offending. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Interface with Child, Youth & Family <ul><li>Providing information about the risk level of young people is critical for their decision making around allocating social workers and administering more in-depth assessments. </li></ul><ul><li>YORST provided at referral meeting (consultation). </li></ul>
    15. 15. Preliminary Data from Pilot <ul><li>465 YORSTs </li></ul>
    16. 16. Range of Scores
    17. 17. Age
    18. 18. Gender
    19. 19. Ethnicity
    20. 20. Crime Offences: 1000-Level
    21. 21. Time since last came to notice
    22. 22. Age at First Offence
    23. 23. Nature of MO
    24. 24. Influential Peers
    25. 25. School / Employment
    26. 26. Care & Protection History
    27. 27. Alcohol / Drugs
    28. 28. Family Violence
    29. 29. Where Do They Live?
    30. 30. Concerns in Living Situation
    31. 31. Family Members Offending History
    32. 32. Benefits <ul><li>Allows everyone to speak the same language </li></ul><ul><li>More consistent and transparent decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Easier transitions if someone else taking over the file </li></ul><ul><li>Guides a more targeted response – early intervention with high risk children and young people </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to monitor and measure change for the young person. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides valuable information across Districts about the nature of our youth offending population – guide service development and policy. </li></ul>
    33. 33. Where to From Here? <ul><li>National roll-out 2008 (August) as part of NIA upgrade </li></ul><ul><li>Research to ascertain validity and reliability of tool </li></ul><ul><li>How predictive is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-rater reliability? </li></ul>

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