Argument Analysis Identifying the Parts of An Argument
What is an Argument?
What is an Argument? <ul><li>An Argument is a series of statements used to persuade one’s audience that something is true....
Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim  – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul>
Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim  – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence  – Inf...
Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim  – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence  – Inf...
Homecoming Party You Your Parents Pasotraspaso  Carl.Lacey2  Agok  Pedrosimoes7
Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcoho...
Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcoho...
Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcoho...
Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcoho...
Underlying Assumptions <ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes    Alcohol will be avai...
Underlying Assumptions They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex Assumes    Alcohol will be available… and You are unable ...
Underlying Assumptions They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex Assumes    Alcohol will be available… and You are unable ...
Party:  Yes! Party:  Yes!
With Thanks from Creative Commons for the following photos used: Agok “Free Beer 3.3 Ready to Drink!” November 7, 2009 via...
Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim  – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence  – Inf...
Homecoming Party You Your Parents Pasotraspaso  Carl.Lacey2  Agok  Pedrosimoes7
Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcoho...
Identify Main Claim and Evidence <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise yo...
Underlying Assumptions <ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes    You are unable to pr...
Party:  Yes! Party:  Yes!
With Thanks from Creative Commons for the following photos used: Agok “Free Beer 3.3 Ready to Drink!” November 7, 2009 via...
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Intro to Argument Analysis

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describes and identifies the parts of an example argument, including main claim, supporting evidence, and underlying assumptions

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Intro to Argument Analysis

  1. 1. Argument Analysis Identifying the Parts of An Argument
  2. 2. What is an Argument?
  3. 3. What is an Argument? <ul><li>An Argument is a series of statements used to persuade one’s audience that something is true. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul>
  5. 5. Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence – Information that supports the main claim </li></ul>
  6. 6. Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence – Information that supports the main claim </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions – Underlying beliefs or “givens” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Homecoming Party You Your Parents Pasotraspaso Carl.Lacey2 Agok Pedrosimoes7
  8. 8. Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Host family is unknown (unreliable?) </li></ul><ul><li>You will get sick from no sleep </li></ul><ul><li>They care about you – there is no positive side </li></ul>
  9. 9. Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Host family is unknown (unreliable?) </li></ul><ul><li>You will get sick from no sleep </li></ul><ul><li>They care about you – there is no positive side </li></ul>
  10. 10. Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Host family is unknown (unreliable?) </li></ul><ul><li>You will get sick from no sleep </li></ul><ul><li>They care about you – there is no positive side </li></ul>
  11. 11. Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Host family is unknown (unreliable?) </li></ul><ul><li>You will get sick from no sleep </li></ul><ul><li>They care about you – there is no positive side </li></ul>
  12. 12. Underlying Assumptions <ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes  Alcohol will be available… and You are unable to take care of yourself or make good decisions </li></ul>
  13. 13. Underlying Assumptions They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex Assumes  Alcohol will be available… and You are unable to take care of yourself or make good decisions Host family is unknown (unreliable?) Assumes  Inadequate supervision
  14. 14. Underlying Assumptions They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex Assumes  Alcohol will be available… and You are unable to take care of yourself or make good decisions Host family is unknown (unreliable?) Assumes  Inadequate supervision They care about you – there is no positive side Assumes  The party is nothing special
  15. 15. Party: Yes! Party: Yes!
  16. 16. With Thanks from Creative Commons for the following photos used: Agok “Free Beer 3.3 Ready to Drink!” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.] Carl.Lacey2, “Img_4581” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution. Pasotraspaso, “Party Time / Tiempo de Fiestas” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution. Pedrosimoes7 “The Kiss” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.
  17. 17. Parts of an Argument <ul><li>Main Claim – The conclusion or idea one is trying to prove </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence – Information that supports the main claim </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions – Underlying beliefs or “givens” </li></ul>
  18. 18. Homecoming Party You Your Parents Pasotraspaso Carl.Lacey2 Agok Pedrosimoes7
  19. 19. Your Parents’ Position <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Host family is unknown (unreliable?) </li></ul><ul><li>You will get sick from no sleep </li></ul><ul><li>They care about you – there is no positive side </li></ul>
  20. 20. Identify Main Claim and Evidence <ul><li>It is not a good idea for you to attend </li></ul><ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Host family is unknown (unreliable?) </li></ul><ul><li>You will get sick from no sleep </li></ul><ul><li>They care about you – there is no positive side </li></ul>
  21. 21. Underlying Assumptions <ul><li>They can’t supervise you = alcohol + sex </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes  You are unable to protect yourself or make good decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Host family is unknown (unreliable?) </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes  Inadequate supervision </li></ul><ul><li>They care about you – there is no positive side </li></ul><ul><li>Assumes  The party is nothing special </li></ul>
  22. 22. Party: Yes! Party: Yes!
  23. 23. With Thanks from Creative Commons for the following photos used: Agok “Free Beer 3.3 Ready to Drink!” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.] Carl.Lacey2, “Img_4581” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution. Pasotraspaso, “Party Time / Tiempo de Fiestas” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution. Pedrosimoes7 “The Kiss” November 7, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.
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