• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Finding  Records Of  Your  African  American  Ancestors
 

Finding Records Of Your African American Ancestors

on

  • 1,520 views

In-depth guide to finding records from 1870 to the present.

In-depth guide to finding records from 1870 to the present.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,520
Views on SlideShare
1,520
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Finding  Records Of  Your  African  American  Ancestors Finding Records Of Your African American Ancestors Document Transcript

    • FINDING RECORDS OF YOUR ANCESTORS, PART AAFRICAN AMERICAN 1870 to Present If your African American ancestor died after 1870, follow the steps in this booklet to find the records of his or her family. These instructions will show you how to search nine kinds of records. It will tell you which record to search first, what to look for, and what tools to use. One piece of information will lead to another until you have identified most family members and filled out a family group record. Search these records in the order given. As soon as you have found the information you need, move to the next step. You may not need to search all the records listed. Find your ancestor’s full birth date 1 and birthplace. Records to use: a. Social Security Death Index b. Death record (vital records) c. Social Security application d. Cemetery record e. Obituary f. Funeral home record Learn the names of your ancestor’s 2 parents. Records to use: a. Death record (vital records) b. Birth record (vital records) c. Social Security application 2 1 d. Obituary 3 e. Funeral home record 4 Find the names, birth years, and 3 birth states of your ancestor’s family members. Record to use: Census Find the full names and marriage 4 information for your ancestor’s parents. Record to use: Marriage record (vital records) Latter-day Saints: After step 4 you probably have enough information to submit these names for temple ordinances. The steps and tools you need are described inside.
    • HOW TO BEGIN—PREPARATIONYou should have already gathered as much information as C. Write your searches on a search list. As you search, writepossible from your home and family and filled out family what you found or did not find. (For an example of agroup records and a pedigree chart. Another good starting search list, see page 7.)place is FamilySearch™ or other computer files, where youcan see if others have researched your family. See How Do I TipsStart My Family History? (32916) If you don’t know your ancestor’s death date:To begin: • Start with a more recent generation. Records of recentA. Select an ancestor to search for. From your pedigree chart, ancestors usually lead to records of earlier generations.choose an ancestor who died in the United States after 1870. • Find the records for the family in the example given. ThisYou must know the ancestor’s name, approximate date of will teach you basic research skills before you search fordeath, and state and county (if possible) of death. your own family. This is a good class activity.B. Start with a family group record. Write your ancestor’s name On family group records and pedigree charts:in the children’s section of a new family group record (see • Write dates in this order: day, month, year (11 Aug 1911).page 34). Read through the instructions in this booklet. • Write places in order from smallest to largestThen follow the steps below to find your ancestor’s family. (town, county, state).Write any family information you find on family grouprecords and a pedigree chart. Pedigree Chart Chart no. _______ Family Group Record If typing, set spacing at 1 1/2. Page of Husband Last See "Other Given name(s) name marriages" No. 1 on this chart is the same as no. _______ on chart no. _______. 8 Born (day month year) Place (Father of no. 4) B E SP SS F C Cont. on LDS ordinance dates Temple chart no. Christened Place Baptized Mark boxes when ordinances are completed. When born _______ Where B E Baptized Endowed 4 Simon A. Haley (Father of no. 2) When married Died Place Endowed B E SP SS F C When died Buried Place Sealed to parents SP Sealed to parents When born Where Married Place Sealed to spouse SS Sealed to spouse Where F Husbands father Last Family Group Record exists for this couple 9 Deceased When married (Mother of no. 4) Given name(s) name C B E SP SS Cont. on Childrens ordinances completed Where chart no. Husbands mother Maiden Deceased When born _______ Given name(s) name Write date as: 4 Oct. 1896 When died 1973 Where Wife Maiden See "Other 2 Alex Haley Where Martinsburg, , West VA When died Given name(s) Born (day month year) Place name marriages" (Father) B E SP SS F C Where LDS ordinance dates Temple When born 11 Aug 1921 Christened Place Baptized Where Ithaca, Tompkins, New York 10 (Father of no. 5) B E SP SS F C Cont. on Died Place Endowed When married chart no. When born _______ Buried Place Sealed to parents Where Where Wifes father Last 5 When married Deceased When died 10 Feb 1992 (Mother of no. 2) Given name(s) name B E SP SS When died Where Seattle, , Washington Wifes mother Given name(s) Maiden name Deceased When born Where Where Children List each child (whether living or dead) in order of birth. LDS ordinance dates Temple 11 1 Sex Given Last See "Other When died Where (Mother of no. 5) B E SP SS Cont. on chart no. M name(s) Simon A. Born (day month year) Place name Haley Baptized marriages" When born _______ Where 1 William (Bill) Haley When died Christened Place Endowed (Name) Where Died Place Sealed to parents B E SP SS F C 1973 Martinsburg, , West Virginia When born Spouse Last Where Given name(s) name g 12 Place in (Father of no. 6) Married Sealed to spouse B E SP SS F C Cont. on When married Liv chart no. Where When born _______ 2 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages" Where s: Tryon, Polk, North Carolina, USA or When died Born (day month year) Place Baptized 6 When married Where (Father of no. 3) B E SP SS F C When died Place Christened Endowed When born Where rmingham, Warwick, Eng. Died Place Sealed to parents (Spouse) Where B E SP SS 13 Spouse Last When married (Mother of no. 6) B E SP SS Cont. on Given name(s) name Where chart no. Married Place Sealed to spouse When born _______ 3 When died Where 3 Sex Given Last See "Other (Mother) name(s) name marriages" B E SP SS Where When died Pl A. Bill’s pedigree chart B. Bill begins a family group record with Simon A. Haley listed as a child THE RESEARCH PROCESSThe case study on these pages shows how the research For each record he searches, Bill writes what he finds.process was used to find Bill Haley’s family. After you have A. On the family group record he writes:read this case study and the rest of the booklet, follow the • Family information on the front.same steps to search for your ancestor’s family. • Source information on the back (author and title ofBill Haley is looking for the family of his grandfather, the record, call number, and so on).Simon Haley. He has a family group record, a pedigree chart, B. On the search list he writes:and a blank search list. To find his ancestors, he follows the • The record searched, information found, andsteps suggested on the cover of this booklet. He searches for information not found (for example, “no birth daterecords in a family history center; on the Internet; and at state, for Simon”).county, and other record offices. Family history center staff • A document number he assigns for each photocopymembers can help Bill find records in the Family History he makes or receives.Library Catalog and order microfilmed records to use inthe center.2 African American
    • THE RESEARCH PROCESS Bill’s ancestor: Simon Haley , about 1973 , Martinsburg, West Virginia name death date death place Your ancestor: , , name death date death place FIND YOUR ANCESTOR’S FULL BIRTH DATE AND BIRTHPLACE. Bill looks for Simon Haley in the following records: 1 A. Social Security Death Index (see page 28) B. Death record (vital records) in West Virginia • Bill finds the following birth information about (see page 31) Simon Haley: • Bill orders Simon’s death record from the vital records – Birth date: 8 Mar 1892 office of West Virginia. The death record gives this • Bill now has Simon’s birth date, but no birthplace. information about Simon Haley’s birth: • Simon’s record also contains his Social Security – Birth date: March 8, 1892 number. This will be useful if Bill decides to order – State of birth: Tennessee Simon’s Social Security application for steps 1C or 2C. • Bill has found Simon’s birth state, but no county or town. • Simon’s death record also lists information that may Name Social Security Birth Death Place where death help Bill complete steps 2 and 4: number date date benefit was sent – Parent’s names and birth states: Alex Haley, Alabama; Queen Davis, Alabama – Simon’s full death date: August 19, 1973 – Simon’s death place: Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia – Cemetery location: Little Rock, Arkansas – Funeral home and address: R. N. Horton Co. (in Washington, D.C.) Simon Haley’s record in the Social Security Death Index at – Social Security number: 431-24-8757 www.familysearch.org Death date Birth date Full name Death place Birthplace Social Security no. Parents’ names Funeral home Cemetery location Simon Haley’s death certificate from the state vital records office3 African American
    • Family Group Record If typing, set spacing at 1 1/2. Page of 1B Husband Given name(s) Alexander Last name Haley See "Other marriages" Born (day month year) Place , , Alabama, USA LDS ordinance dates Temple 3 Aug 1845 Christened Place Baptized 1B Died Place Endowed Buried Place Sealed to parents Married Place Sealed to spouse 8 Oct 1881 Husbands father , Hardin, Tennessee, USA Last 4 Deceased Given name(s) name Husbands mother Maiden Deceased Given name(s) 1B name Write date as: 4 Oct. 1896 Wife Given name(s) Queen Maiden name Davis See "Other marriages" Born (day month year) Place 1858 , , ,Alabama, USA LDS ordinance dates Temple 1B 3 Christened Place Baptized Died Place Endowed Buried Place Sealed to parents Wifes father Last Deceased Given name(s) name Wifes mother Maiden Deceased Given name(s) name Children List each child (whether living or dead) in order of birth. LDS ordinance dates Temple 1 3 Sex Given F name(s) Annie Last name Haley See "Other marriages" Place Born (day month year) Apr 1882 Place , , ,Tennessee, USA Baptized 3 Christened Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse 2 3 Sex Given M name(s) Conway Last name Haley See "Other marriages" Write place as: Tryon, Polk, North Carolina, USA or Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Nov 1887 Place , , ,Tennessee, USA Endowed 3 St. Martins, Birmingham, Warwick, Eng. Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse 3 Sex Given M name(s) Simon Alexander Last name Haley See "Other marriages" Place 1A Born (day month year) 8 Mar 1892 Place Savannah, Hardin, Tennessee, USA Baptized 1C Christened Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents 19 Aug 1973 Martinsburg, Berkeley, West Virgina, USA Spouse Given name(s) Last 1B name Married Place Sealed to spouse Select only one of the following options. The option you select applies Your name to all names on this form. Option 1—Family File Send all names to my family file at the Temple. Address Option 2—Temple File Send all names to any temple, and assign proxies for all approved ordinances. Option 3—Ancestral File Send all names to the computerized Ancestral File for research purposes only, not for ordinances. I am including the required pedigree chart. Phone Date prepared ( ) Published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 10/93 Printed in USA 31827 Front of family group record Sources of information Add further information on attached sheets as necessary. 1A. Social Security Death Index 1B. West Virginia State Department of Health, Simon Haley death certificate, cert. 011480 1C. Social Security Administration, Simon Haley Social Security SS-5 Application 2. See 1B. 3. 1900 U.S. Census, Savannah, Twp., Hardin, Co., Tennessee, Dwelling 3, Family 3. 4. Hardin Co. Tennessee Clerk, Alex Haley & Queen Davis marriage cert., Vol. 3, p. 87. Note: Please take every reasonable step to see that the information on this form is as accurate and complete as practical. This will help maintain the integrity of Church family history files and reduce duplication of temple ordinance work. Back of family group record4 African American
    • THE RESEARCH PROCESS C. Social Security application (see pages 26–27) – Birth date and place: 8 Mar 1892, Savannah, Hardin, Tenn. • Bill uses Simon’s information from the Social Security – Place of residence: Pine Bluff, Arkansas Death Index (step 1A) to order a copy of Simon’s Social – Parents’ names, including his mother’s maiden name: Security application. This application gives: Alexander Haley, Queen Davis – Full name: Simon Alexander Haley • Bill now has the town and county of Simon’s birth. Full name Birth date Birthplace Address Social Security application of Simon Haley LEARN THE NAMES OF YOUR ANCESTOR’S PARENTS. Bill already found Simon’s parents’ names in Simon’s death certificate2 (see 1B above). He goes to step 3. FIND THE NAMES, BIRTH YEARS, AND BIRTH STATES OF YOUR ANCESTOR’S FAMILY MEMBERS. Bill now searches census records (see3 pages 16–21) for Simon’s family members. • Bill knows that Simon Haley was born in 1892 in • Bill analyzes the information and notices: Tennessee and that his father’s name is Alexander. Bill – The oldest child, Frelan, had parents born in chooses to search the first Tennessee census after Simon’s Tennessee, but Alec and Queen were born in Alabama. birth—the 1900 census. Using the instructions on pages – Abner, the second child listed, is 19, and Annie, the 16–21, he searches the census index and then the census. third child listed, is 18, but Alec and Queen have been • On the census microfilm he finds names, birth months, married only 17 years. and birth years, ages, and birth states for Simon, his • On his search list, Bill makes a note to verify birth parents, three brothers, and a sister (see page 6): information for Frelan, Abner, and Annie and marriage Alec, Aug 1845, 54, Ala. information for Alex and Queen. Queen, 1858, 42, Ala. • Bill looks for the names of more family members in Frelan, Jan 1879, 21, Tenn. other censuses but does not find the names of any more Abner, Sept 1880, 19, Tenn. children born to Alex and Queen. Annie, Apr 1882, 18, Tenn. Conway, Nov 1887, 12, Tenn. Simon, Nov 1892, 8, Tenn. African American 5
    • THE RESEARCH PROCESS1900 census enumeration of Alec (Alexander) Haley and family, FHL film 1241576. Simon is the youngest child listed in the household. FIND THE FULL NAMES AND MARRIAGE INFORMATION FOR YOUR ANCESTOR’S PARENTS. Bill searches marriage records for4 Simon’s parents’ marriage information (see page 32.) • Bill learned from the 1900 Name of groom Name of bride Marriage date census that Simon’s parents, Alex and Queen, lived in Hardin County, Tennessee, and that their oldest child was born in Tennessee. He finds the marriage record, which gives: – Names: Alex Haley and Queen Davis – Marriage date and place: 8 Oct 1881, Hardin County, Tennessee • Bill learns from the marriage record that the “Number of years married” information Marriage record of Alex Haley and Queen Davis, Simon’s parents on the 1900 census is wrong. Alex and Queen had been married 19 years, not 17, in 1900. Bill notes on his search list to verify the parents of Freelan and Abner. Summary: Bill has found birth and family information for Simon in three kinds of records (Social Security Death Index, death record [vital records], and Social Security application). He has found family information in the 1900 census and marriage information in Simon’s parents’ marriage certificate. Using other censuses, he can assume that he has probably found most members of this family. To find more family information, he could search other records described in this guide. REPEAT STEPS 1 THROUGH 4 TO FIND ANOTHER FAMILY. With the information he has, Bill can start searching the Social Security Death Index for the death dates of Abner and Frelan. He can then continue using steps 1 through 4 to verify their relationship to Alexander and Queen. Then he can use the same steps to search for the parents, brothers, and sisters of Alexander and of Queen. You can use the steps to find your ancestor’s family.6 African American
    • THE RESEARCH PROCESS Search List Ancestor’s Name: Simon Haley Date of Location or Description of source Comments (purpose of search, results, Doc. search call number (author, title, year, pages) years and names searched) number 7 Mar Internet Social Security Death Index, Simon born 8 Mar 1892. Applied for 1 2001 www.familysearch.org SS# in Arkansas. SS# 431-24-8757 7 Mar Internet Family History Library Catalog Place Search for West Virginia death Nil 2001 www.familysearch.org records, 1973. None listed. 7 Mar Internet www.vitalrec.com Printed order form for West Virginia ~ 2001 death records. 9 Mar ~ West Virginia vital records office Ordered Simon’s death cert. (Received 4 2001 23 Mar.) 9 Mar Internet www.findagrave.com Little Rock Nat’l Cem. (501-324-6401) 2 2001 Simon b. 3/8/1892. May have more info! 12 Little Rock National Cemetery, P.K. Miller Funeral Home, Pine Bluff. Cem. 3 Mar ~ 2001 501-324-6401 will mail copy of record. (Rec. 19 Mar) 12 Directory Assistance, 1-411 Found phone number of a P.K. Miller ~ Mar ~ 2001 Mortuary in Pine Bluff. 13 P.K. Miller Mortuary, Clerk said Simon’s body handled there, Nil Mar ~ 2001 870-535-1012 but records show no other information. 23 Simon’s death record Record shows another funeral home! ~ Mar ~ 2001 (Arrived today) R. N. Horton Co. Fun. Home, Wash., D.C.Search list for Simon Haley’s records Tips • Use a pen (pencil will smear and fade). Use a search list to remember: • Write enough source information so that you or others can find the record again if necessary. • Which records you have already searched. • Write down each name and event you search for. • What names, name spellings, and information you searched for in the record. • Photocopy, number, and file the records you find. • Where you filed copies of records you found. Give each 1. Photocopy each record. photocopy of a record a document number. Record the 2. Write a document number on the record. number on your list. The search list then serves as a handy 3. Write the document number on the search list. table of contents for your files. 4. File copies in order by document number. • Clues and ideas of other places and records to search. 5. To find a record in your files, find the document number How to use a search list: on your search list; then find the record. • Use one search list per family (that is, father, mother, and their children). African American 7
    • THE RESEARCH PROCESSTimelinesA simple handwritten timeline of dates, places, and events as you find them can help you know where to look for records. Simon A. Haley’s Timeline 1881 Parents married in Hardin County, Tennessee (marriage record) 1900 Lived as a child in Savannah, Hardin County, Tennessee (census record) 1941 Social Security application from Pine Bluff, Arkansas 1973 Died in veterans’ hospital in Martinsburg, West Virginia (death record) 1973 Funeral home in Washington, D.C. (death record) 1973 Burial in Little Rock National Cemetery (death record)This timeline shows dates and places for records of Simon Haley’s family Tips If you cannot find your African American ancestor in the records on the first try, do one or more of the following: • Look in separate “colored” registers or in the back of “white” registers. • Look in “white” registers, where African Americans with light skin may be listed. • If your ancestor isn’t in the index to a record, look in the record anyway. African Americans may not be listed in the index. • If you cannot find a name, ignore the surname because some African Americans changed their surnames. Search again, focusing on given names, ages, and relationships. For example, Ben and Sarah Bishop are listed in the 1870 census as Ben and Sarah McDaniel and in the 1880 census as Ben and Sarah Hoody. • Look for other places where your ancestor may have moved. Interview relatives and study maps to see where the family might have gone. • Be diligent. You may have to search many kinds of records to find your ancestors.8 African American
    • HELPS FOR FINDING RECORDS Finding PlacesKnowing where your ancestor lived, died, and was buried is key to finding records about his or her life and family.Records of Simon A. Haley and his family originated from the following places. Full name Death place Birth date Death date Name of groom Name of bride Marriage date Relation Mother’s Father’s Mother’s Head of to head of Birth Marital Years Mother’s children Birth birth birth household Names household Race date Age status married children living state state stateMarriage record of Alex Haley and Queen Davis, Simon’s parents1881 Hardin County, Tennessee 1900 census record for Alec Haley family in Savannah, Hardin County, Tennessee. Simon is the youngest child in this household. (FHL film 1241576)County records office has the 1900 Savannah, Hardin County, Social Security number Funeral home Parents’ names Death certificate for Simon Haley from the West Virginia State Vital Records Office Cemetery locationparents’ marriage record. Tennessee 1973 Martinsburg, West Virginia Full name Birth date Birthplace Address U.S. census record shows Simon’s State death record shows that Simon parents and family. died in the veterans’ hospital. L. Erie MartinsburgSocial Security application (SS-5) of Simon Alexander Haley, 1941.1973 Arkansas Washington D.C.Social Security Death Index shows WESTSimon’s Social Security number was VIRGINIAissued in Arkansas. Birth date Date and place of death Funeral home TENNESSEE Savannah ARKANSAS Little Rock Pine Bluff1973 cemetery record for Simon A. Haley from Little Rock National Cemetery1973 Little Rock, ArkansasCemetery record is from the Little Death date Full name Children Full name Occupation Death date Birth dateRock National Cemetery, where Simon A. Haley, commander-in-chief of theSimon was buried. College Educator Stanfield Grady Post 401 of the American legion. Special to the Commercial Survivors include three sons, Full name Birth date Birthplace Address MARTINSBURG, Virginia George Haley and Julius Haley, Simon Alexander Haley for- both of Washington and Alex merly of Pine Bluff, died Haley of Kansas City; a daugh- Wednesday at the Veterans ter, Mrs. Lois Blackstone of Administration Hospital here. Annapolis; 11 grandchildren; He had been head of the and two great-grandchildren. Agriculture Department at Funeral services will be at Arkansas AM&N College, now 2 p.m. Saturday at P. K. the University of Arkansas at Miller Mortuary at Pine Pine Bluff for more than 15 Bluff. Burial will be Monday years. in the National Cemetery at He was born in Tennessee in Little Rock. Pallbearers will be 1892, a son of the late Alex and members of SanfieldSocial Security application (SS-5) of Simon Alexander Haley, 1941. Queen Haley. He graduated Grady Post 401. from Lane College at Knoxville The family will be at the and did further study at A and T home of a foster son, Mr. and1941 Pine Bluff, Arkansas College in Greensboro, North Mrs. Archie Nixon at 1102 East Death place Birthplace Mother’s name Father’s name Carolina. He had served in Harding Avenue, Pine Bluff.Simon Haley’s Social Security World War I and was a former Funeral home record for Simon A. Haley, Horton’s Funeral Service, Washington, D.C., August 21, 1973application shows that Simon lived Birth date and place Parents’ names Cemetery 1973 Washington, D.C.in Pine Bluff. Obituary for Simon A. Haley in the Pine Bluff Commercial, 24 August 1973 R. N. Horton Funeral Home has a 1973 Pine Bluff, Arkansas record for Simon. Obituary is in Pine Bluff Commercial newspaper. African American 9
    • HELPS FOR FINDING RECORDS Finding PlacesTo find your ancestor’s U.S. records, you need to know where your ancestor was and Tips for finding placeswho kept the records. For example, your grandparents’ marriage record may have • Remember that some familiesbeen kept by the town, county, or state government where they were married. moved often.You may need to search four place levels to find the records you need: • If you don’t know where your1. National or federal ancestor was at a specific time, Winnipeg Ontario Regina New P.E.I. Brunswick Winnipeg Quebec Fredericton WASHINGTON Nova Scot Thunder Bay Lake Halifax Superior MAINE MONTANA NORTH DAKOTA Montreal Sault Ste. Marie MINNESOTA see: Lake records and indexes Ottawa VERMONT OREGON Huron Kingston NEW HAMPSHIRE IDAHO SOUTH DAKOTA Toronto L. Ontario MASSACHUSETTES WISCONSIN Lake NEW YORK Michigan MICHIGAN RHODE ISLAND WYOMING CONNETICUT L. Erie IOWA PENNSYLVANIA A NEBRASKA ILLINOIS NEW JERSEY – Your family records. Martinsburg NEVADA OHIO DELEWARE INDIANA Washington DC UTAH MARYLAND COLORADO WEST VIRGINIA CALIFORNIA KANSAS VIRGINIA MISSOURI KENTUCKY NORTH CAROLINA TENNESSEE – A national, every-name index ARIZONA OKLAHOMA Savannah ARKANSAS SOUTH CAROLINA NEW MEXICO Little Rock Mexicali Pine Bluff Pacific Ocean ALABAMA GEORGIA LOUISIANA such as the indexes to the TEXAS MISSISSIPPI FLORIDA Hermosillo Chihuahua ALASKA Nuevo Laredo HAWAII Monterrey Gulf of Mexico 1880 or 1930 censuses or the United States Matamoros THE Culiacan BAHAMAS Durango Ciudad Victoria Havana McDonald Barry Stone Ozark Howell Oregon Ripley Social Security Death Index.2. State records New Madrid Delaware Benton Carroll Fulton Randolph Clay Obio Boone Baxter Marion Greene Izard Sharp Dunklin Pemiscot Washington Madison Lawrence Dyer kee – Later records that might help Newton Searcy Mississippi Adair Stone Craighead Croc Independence Lauderdale Crawford Johnson Jackson Van Buren Cleburne Poinsett Haywoo equoyah Franklin Tipton Pope Logan Conway Cross Crittenden Sebastian White Woodruff Fayette H Faulkner Shelby you find earlier records. For Yell Perry Prairie St. Francis Scott De Soto De Soto Bent Le Flore Pulaski Lee Marshall Lonoke Monroe Tate Garland Saline Tunica Polk Montgomery Phillips Panola Lafayette Hot Spring Arkansas Pike Grant Jefferson Coahoma Quitman Coahoma P McCurtain ver Sevier Little River Bowie Howard Hempstead Nevada Clark Dallas Cleveland Lincoln Ouachita Calhoun Drew Desha Bolivar Tallahatchie Sunflower Leflore Yalobusha Grenada Montgomery Calhoun Webste example, a census or death Arkansas Washington Miller Carroll Choctaw record may give a birthplace. Bradley Washington us Lafayette Ashley Chicot Columbia Union Humphreys Humphreys Holmes Morris Cass Attala W mp Sharkey Bossier Webster Claiborne Union3. County records Redfield Jefferson Plum Bayou Tucker Sherrill Humphrey Wabbaseka Dexter Altheimer Robroy Lake Dick Cornerstone Pine Bluff Lake Farm Swan Lake English Noble Lake Garretson Double Wells Moscow Jefferson County Hannaberry Tamo Locust Cottage4. Town records Pine Bluff Pine BluffYou usually need to know the town to find cemetery, funeral home,or obituary or newspaper records.To find a record in the Family History Library Catalog, use Tips for finding countiesthe Place Search (see “Using the Family History LibraryCatalog” on page 11). Type United States or the name of the • To find counties in the 1800s and 1900s (because countystate, county, or town. The following table shows, in order, borders often changed), see:which place level is likely to have each type of record. 1790–1920 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920, by William Thorndale and William To find this record type Search for records of: Dollarhide (FHL book 973 X2th) Shows county borders during each census year. Cemetery records The town, county, or state of the 1776–1994 AniMap County Boundary Historical Atlas (The cemetery where your ancestor Gold Bug) (FHL CD-ROM 861) was buried. Some cemetery Shows changes in county borders in 48 states directories are available. since 1776. Census (federal) The state where your ancestor 1872 The Monitor Post Office, Banking and Shippers’ records lived. Guide by Edwin W. Bullinger (FHL film 1002373, item 1) Funeral home records The town, county, or state where Lists the parent county of towns, villages, and the funeral was held. Some post offices in 1872. funeral home directories are 1884 The National Gazetteer: A Geographical Dictionary available. of the United States, by Leo De Colange (FHL Obituaries The town or county where the book 973 E5c 1973; fiche 6046725) (or newspapers) person died or where the family Lists parent county of towns in 1884. had lived. 1991 Township Atlas of the United States, by Jay Andriot (FHL book 973 E7an 1991) Social Security Death www.familysearch.org. You can Index search with or without a state. Shows township and county borders in 1991. • To find modern towns and their counties, see a road atlas. Social Security The Freedom of Information • To find county records using a Place Search in the Family applications Officer. It is helpful to give birth History Library Catalog, type the name, but not the word and death dates and places. county. For example, for Hinds County, type: Vital records (birth, The county, then the town, Place Hinds marriage, death) then the state where the birth, Part of Mississippi marriage, or death took place.10 African American
    • HELPS FOR FINDING RECORDSFamily History Library and family history centers Using the Family History Library CatalogMost records in this guide are available at the Family History To find any record available through the Family HistoryLibrary in Salt Lake City, Utah, and through its family history Library system, look in the catalog for titles, descriptions,centers around the world. To find a family history center and call numbers. Use the Place Search or Keyword Searchnear you, see www.familysearch.org. Most centers are in (see page 12) to find records described in this guide.church buildings and have limited hours. Find the catalog at www.familysearch.org. Click Library,These instructions will guide you through resources at and then click Family History Library Catalog to see thefamily history centers. If you need to find the same records at main menu. (The catalog is also available on CD-ROM.)other archives, you can ask for specific help there. At a family Place Searchhistory center, you can: Use the Place Search to find records of a town, county, state,• Get instructions from the staff on how to use the Family or country. History Library Catalog, a microfilm reader, and other basic research tools. For example, to find cemetery records for the town of Jackson, Mississippi:• Order microfilm or microfiche copies of most records by: 1. From the main menu, click Place Search. On the Place 1. Finding the film or fiche number in the Family Search screen, you will see: History Library Catalog. Place 2. Filling out a Microfilm and Microfiche Order Card (34310). Part of (optional) 3. Paying a small fee to cover postage. 2. In the Place field, type the town: Jackson Note: When the film arrives, you must use it in the In the Part of field, type the state: Mississippi center. Click Search. You will see a list of places.• Order photocopied pages of an indexed book, CD-ROM, 3. Click the place you want. Places are listed from largest to microfilm, or microfiche that is not available at your local smallest (state, county, town). For example, the listing family history center by: for Mississippi, Jackson, is for Jackson County. 1. Finding the call number in the Family History Library To select the town of Jackson, click Mississippi, Hinds, Catalog. Jackson. A list of topics will appear. 2. Filling out a Request for Photocopies form (31768). 4. Click the topic you want: Cemeteries. A list of titles will Note: You may request information about a single name appear. or several names. 5. Click a title to learn more about it. Information about the title will appear. 6. Look for the following: In the Notes section, see if the record use is restricted. (A restricted record cannot be sent to a family history center.) For a book or CD-ROM, find the call number. (Books and CD-ROMs are not available through family history centers.) For the microfilm or fiche number, click View Film Notes. If the film or fiche number includes an item number, write it down. The item number tells you which item to search on the film. 7. On your search list, write the title and author. Also write the film or fiche number, CD-ROM number, or call number, which you will use to order the record or order photocopies. African American 11
    • HELPS FOR FINDING RECORDSKeyword Search Using microfilmA Keyword Search is available on some versions of the At this time most records in the Family History Librarycatalog. If you know the exact name of a funeral home system are on microfilm. Staff members can help you useor cemetery, you can use a Keyword Search to see if the a microfilm reader.Family History Library has a copy of its records. Forexample, to find records of the Little Rock National TipCemetery: When you are searching a microfilm of several books, make1. From the Family History Library Catalog main menu, sure you are in the right book. Three or four separate books click Keyword Search. may be on a single microfilm. If your book is item 3, it would2. Type the name of the funeral home or cemetery: be the third item or book on the microfilm. Look for title pages Little Rock National Cemetery. and ending pages to find where a record begins and ends. Click Search. A list of titles will appear.3. Click the title you want: Little Rock (Arkansas) National Cemetery burial roster. The Title Details screen will appear.4. Look for the following: In the Notes section, see if the record use is restricted. (A restricted item cannot be sent to a family history center.) For a book or CD-ROM, find the call number. (Books and CD-ROMs are not available through family history centers.) For the microfilm or fiche number, click View Film Notes. If the film or fiche number includes an item number, This frame marks the beginning of write it down. The item number tells you which item to an item (or book) on the film search on the film.5. On your search list, write the title and author. Also write the film or fiche number, CD-ROM number, or call number, which you will use to order the record or order photocopies. This frame gives the title for the microfilm This frame marks the end of an item on the film Frames from microfilm of Mississippi Cemetery Records, which includes record books from various cemeteries (FHL film 14837)12 African American
    • INTRODUCTION TO RECORDSRecords timelineThe chart below shows the time period covered by each of the records described in this booklet. It also gives page numberswhere you can learn more about these records. 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 See “Vital Records,”Birth p. 29 and “Vital presentrecords Records: Birth,” p. 30.Cemetery presentrecords See pp. 14–15.Censusrecords (federal) See pp. 16–21. See “Vital Records,”Death p. 29 and “Vital presentrecords Records: Death,” p. 31.Funeral home presentrecords See pp. 22–23. See “Vital Records,”Marriage p. 29 and “Vital Records: presentrecords Marriage,” p. 32.Obituary presentrecords See pp. 24–25.Social Security presentapplications See pp. 26–27.Social Security presentDeath Index See p. 28.Terms and symbols in this booklet Microfilm or microfiche Records on microfilm or microfiche at the Family History Library can be ordered Book Only microfilmed copies of books in the Family from Salt Lake Distribution Services (see “Where to History Library can be loaned to family history Order or Download Publications” on page 33) and centers. used at a family history center. Internet Records and other information are available Finding Aids A finding aid is any resource that can on the Internet. help you find a record, an archive, or record keeper or CD-ROM Records on CD-ROM are available at the help you find your ancestor in a record. Family History Library. A few are also available at some Indexes An index is a list of the records or names family history centers or for purchase through Salt Lake Distribution Services (see “Where to Order or available in a larger record. An every-name index for Download Publications,” on page 33). a location (such as the 1880 or 1930 U.S. census index) can be one of the quickest, most useful tools for finding an ancestor. African American 13
    • CEMETERY RECORDS 1865–PresentCase Study Use cemetery records to:Bill wants to find Simon Haley’s • Find reliable death dates and other Searching Cemetery Recordscemetery record. He knows information. Before searching you must know:Simon was buried as a veteran • Your ancestor’s name.in a national cemetery in Little • Find family members buried in the same • A death date (exact if possible, but at least anRock, Arkansas. cemetery. approximate year). • Find children who died young and were not • Place of death (town or county).1. Bill searches the Family listed in other records. • Name of cemetery where buried. History Library Catalog for cemetery records and orders Located at: Content the record at a family history • Family History Library and family history center. Most African American cemetery records were centers a. In the Family History created after 1865. They may contain: • Public libraries (often in one-of-a-kind Library Catalog, he clicks • Birth date. • Occupational information transcripts of local cemetery records) Place Search. In the Place • The cemetery where your ancestor was buried • Death date. (such as military service). field he types Little Rock. Family History Library Catalog: In the Part of field, he • Place of birth or • Religion. death (rarely). • Associations joined (such There are four ways to search: types Arkansas. b. On the Results screen as a school fraternity, • Place Search (town): • Age at death. he clicks Arkansas, Freemasons, and so on). Place [name of town] Pulaski, Little Rock. • Relationships of Part of [name of state or county] c. On the Place Details screen family members. • Parents’ names (rarely). he sees topics for Little Rock Topic to choose: Cemeteries and clicks Cemeteries. Tips • Place Search (county): d.On the Topic Details screen Place [name of county] he clicks Little Rock • Try to find the original sexton’s records, which usually have more information than published Part of [name of state] (Arkansas) National Cemetery burial roster. cemetery records or indexes. Topic to choose: Cemeteries e. On the Title Details screen • Ask for a map of burial plots, and see if any • Place Search (state): he clicks View Film Notes relatives are buried near your ancestor. Place [name of state] to find the film or fiche • Look at tombstone inscriptions for information Part of number. He writes film not found in cemetery records. number 6067446 on his Topic to choose: Cemeteries search list. • Keyword Search (continued on next page) (on some versions): Name Birth date Date and place of death Funeral home [name of cemetery] Search steps: 1. To find cemetery records in your ancestor’s area: a. Look in the Family History Library Catalog. b. See “Cemetery Records: Finding Aids” on page 15. 2. Write the author, title, and call number of each source on your search list. 3. Order the record and search it.1973 cemetery record for Simon A. Haley from Little Rock National Cemetery 14 African American
    • CEMETERY RECORDS: FINDING AIDSTo find cemetery records and locations, see: Index to United States Cemeteries, by the (continued from previous page) www.findagrave.com Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988. f. He orders this film. It will • Lists over 150,000 U.S. cemeteries (FHL films 1206468–94) arrive at the family history • Includes maps to cemeteries • Gives cemetery locations and call center in 10 days. • Links to record transcriptions of 60,000 numbers of cemetery records at the 2. Bill searches the record. cemeteries Family History Library, including a. On the microfiche he finds • Is searchable by name of person periodical articles, which are not listed Simon Haley’s name. He in the Family History Library Catalog. writes down Simon’s death • Arranged by state, county, and cemetery date, cemetery section, and name. grave number. (See the illustration of the cemetery To find cemetery addresses or phone numbers roster at the bottom of this only, see: column.) Cemeteries of the United States: A Guide to b. Because no birth informa- tion is given, Bill looks at Contact Information for U.S. Cemeteries and the beginning of the ceme- Their Records, 1994. (FHL book 973 V34ce) tery roster book to find theSimon A. Haley’s burial listing at www.findagrave.com • Lists over 22,000 U.S. cemeteries address and telephone (operating and inactive) number of the cemetery. www.cemeteryjunction.com • Gives: He copies the information • Lists over 38,000 U.S. cemeteries – Location or mailing address on his search list. • Gives cemetery addresses – Phone and fax numbers c. He calls the cemetery. He • Gives links to transcribed cemetery – Clerks’ contact information learns more information is records – Years of operation available and requests aTo find books and periodicals that have cemetery – Religious and other affiliations photocopy. • Alphabetical by state, county, and d.When the photocopyrecords, see: arrives—listing Simon’s cemetery name Periodical Source Index (PERSI), birth, death, and burial 1999–present, at www.ancestry.com dates—Bill writes a • The most comprehensive index to article document number on titles in U.S. genealogy and local history the copy. periodicals 3. Bill records the information • Fee charged; free at the Family History he finds. Library and family history centers with a. On the family group record Internet access he writes Simon’s birth and death information and source information. b. On his search list he records the results of his search and the document number he gave the Cemetery listings from Cemeteries of the United States cemetery record. (FHL book 973 V34ce)Cemeteries from Pulaski County, Arkansas, from thePeriodical Source Index (PERSI) The Cemetery Record Compendium: Comprising a Directory of Cemetery Records and Where They May Be Located, by John D. Stemmons Cemetery roster showing Simon Haley in the Little Rock (Arkansas) National Cemetery Burial Roster (FHL fiche 6067446) and E. Diane Stemmons, 1979. (FHL book 973 V34s; fiche 6126201) • Lists cemetery records at the Family History Library as of 1979, including periodical articles, which are not listed in the Family History Library Catalog. • Alphabetical by state, county, town, and cemetery name. African American 15
    • CENSUS RECORDS 1870–1930Case Study Use census records to: TipsBill wants to learn about • Learn the names of family members during a census year.Simon’s family in census • When using the 1870 census, • Learn an ancestor’s town or county of residence. This leads look for the second filming,records. He knows Simon’sfather’s name is Alexander. to other records, such as vital records of a town or county. which is usually easier toHe also knows that Simon was • Find a state of birth for an ancestor and his or her parents. read. In the Family Historyborn in 1892 in Tennessee. He Library Catalog, the Filmdecides to search the 1900 U.S. Content Notes that describe eachcensus of Tennessee. census film will say (1st) or 1870 1880 1900 1910 1920 1930 (2nd) in the description.1. Bill searches an index, in this Names of all household • The 1890 census was case the 1900 Soundex Index, members X X X X X X destroyed. for Alexander Haley (see “Census Indexes: Soundex” Age X X X X X X • Search for your family in on pages 20–21). every available census to Birth month and year X find additional children, in- a. He determines the laws, grandparents, and Soundex code for Haley, Birthplace (state) X X X X X X other members of a which is H-400. He writes Birthplace of parents (state) X X X X X changing household. the code on his search list. b. To find the Soundex film • When you find your family, Marital status (single, number, he looks in the photocopy the whole census married, widowed, or X X X X X Family History Library page or ask your family divorced) Catalog and clicks Place history center for a form to Search. Number of children born copy census information. c. In the Place field he types to mother and number still X X • U.S. census records are Tennessee. Then he clicks living opened to the public 70 Search. years after they are taken. d.On the Place Search Occupation X X X X X X Results screen, he clicks Relationship to head of Tennessee. household X X X X X e. On the Place Details screen he clicks Tennessee - Residence (town and Census - 1900. county) X X X X X X f. He browses the titles and clicks Tennessee, 1900 federal census: soundex and population schedules. Search steps: g. On the Title Details screen Searching Census Records 1. Search a census index. he clicks View Film Notes. Before searching you must know: a. See “Census Records: Indexes” on pages He sees that Soundex code • The name of the head of household (usually the 18–19, and find the census year you want. H-400 is on film 1248612. father). If the father is not listed, search for the b. In the index, find the name and write down He writes this number on mother. (For the 1880 and 1930 censuses, you can the county and page number or enumeration his search list. search for any name—father, mother, or child.) district (E.D.) and sheet number. h. On the Soundex film he • The state where the family lived. Most indexes 2. With the index information, search the census film finds an Alec Haley with cover only one state. at a family history center. a son named Simon who a. In the Family History Library Catalog find the Located at: was born in 1892. film number for the county and page or • Family History Library and family history centers i. He photocopies the enumeration district you need. • National Archives (see www.archives.gov for Soundex entry. b. Order the film. addresses of regional branches) j. On his search list he writes c. On the film, find the county and page number • State archives that the family is in Hardin or enumeration district and sheet number. • University libraries and some large public libraries County, enumeration Many census pages have two page or sheet district 33, sheet 1. Family History Library Catalog: numbers. For the 1870 census, use the stamped2. With the Soundex Index Place Search: number; for later censuses, use the handwrit- information, Bill now finds Place [name of state] ten number. the census film for Hardin Part of County, Tennessee. (continued on next page) Topic to choose: Census - [Year] 16 African American
    • CENSUS RECORDS 1870–1930 State County Township Enumeration district Sheet number (continued from previous page) a. In the Family History Library Catalog he returns to the catalog entry where he found the Soundex film number (see steps 1b–1g above). b. On the Film Notes screen, he scrolls past the Soundex entries to the Population Schedule entries. He finds Hardin County on film 1241576. He writes this number on his search list. 3. Bill searches the Hardin County, Tennessee, census for the Alec Haley family. a. He finds Hardin County, then enumeration district 33, then sheet 1. b. He finds the Alec Haley family and notes that Alec and Queen, the parents, were both born in Alabama. c. He sees that the oldest child (Frelan) had parents who were born in Tennessee. d.On his search list he makes a note to search earlier and later censuses to find Frelan’s relationship to this family. e. He photocopies the census page and writes a document number on it. 4. Bill records the information he finds. a. On the family group record he writes the family information and source information. b. On his search list he Relation Mother’s Father’s Mother’s Head of to head of Birth Marital Years Mother’s children Birth birth birth records the results of his household Names household Race date Age status married children living state state state search and the document number.1900 census record for Alec Haley family in Savannah, Hardin County, Tennessee. Simon is the youngest child in this household.(FHL film 1241576) African American 17
    • CENSUS RECORDS: INDEXES 1870–1930Use census indexes to: 1870 census indexes• Quickly learn where your ancestor can be found in African Americans in the 1870 U.S. Federal Census, a census. Heritage Quest, 2001 (FHL CD-ROM 388)• Quickly find almost any ancestor and where he or she Use this index to find: lived (if there is an every-name, national index, such as • African American heads of households. the 1880 and 1930 U.S. Census Indexes). • Males over 50. • Females over 70.Content • Household members with a different surname thanContent varies according to the index you are using. the head of household.• Most indexes contain minimal information, such as a • A family’s town, county, and state of residence. county or enumeration district, a town or ward, and a Located at: page number where your ancestor can be found in the • Family History Library and some family history census (see the 1900 Soundex index sample on page 20). centers• Some indexes contain expanded information about • Some university or public libraries heads of households. AIS Microfiche Indexes of U.S. Census and Other Records,• A few every-name indexes contain extensive informa- by Ronald Vern Jackson tion about all household members and their neighbors Use this index to find: (see the 1880 census index sample on page 19). • Heads of household from Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Dakota Territory, Idaho, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, Tips New Mexico, Washington, and Wyoming. • Some census indexes do not include African Americans. If Located at: you cannot find your ancestor in an index, search the • Family History Library and many family history census line by line for your family. centers (ask for help to find where the fiche are kept) • At family history centers and libraries, ask a staff member if a census index book, CD-ROM, or Web site is available for a www.genealogy.com city, county, or state you are searching. Use this index to find: • To find the most current census indexes, see • Heads of households for all states. www.census-online.com. • Links to 1870 census images. Fee charged. Searching Census Indexes 1880 census indexes Before searching you should know: 1880 United States Census Index • The name of your ancestor or the name of the head of at www.familysearch.org household (for head-of-household indexes). This is the best index to the 1880 census. Use this • The state where your ancestor lived at the time of the index to: census (helpful, but not essential for national indexes). • Find almost anyone listed in the 1880 census. Lists • The Soundex code (for Soundex indexes) for your all members of the household. ancestor’s surname (see “Census Indexes: Soundex” on pages 20–21). • Locate ancestors when you do not know their state of residence. This index covers the entire United Census indexes are located: States; most indexes cover one state only. • At the Family History Library and family history centers. • On the Internet. 1880 United States Census and National Index • At the National Archives (see www.archives.gov for The CD-ROM version of the 1880 census index listed addresses of regional branches). above. • At state archives. • At university libraries and some large public libraries. To order: • Call the Church distribution center at 801-240-2800. To find census indexes in the Family History Library Catalog, • Visit www.familysearch.org. Click Order/Download use the Place Search (for indexes in books, CD-ROMs, Products. microfilm or microfiche): 1880 U.S. Census Soundex Index (see “Census Place [name of state] Indexes: Soundex” on pages 20–21) Part of This is a head-of-household index limited to those Topic to choose: Census - [Year] - Indexes households that had children born between 1869 and 1880.18 African American
    • CENSUS RECORDS: INDEXES 1870–19301880 United States Census Index at www.familysearch.org, Silas Woodruff household record. (There is no 1880 household record for Alex Haley and QueenDavis because they married in 1881.)1900 census indexes At other libraries and family history centers, ask for 1900 Soundex Indexes (see “Census Indexes: book indexes for specific states. Soundex” on pages 20–21) 1910 census indexes for New York on CD-ROM Use the 1900 Soundex indexes to find: Available at the Family History Library only. • Heads of households in all states (search by state). Use these indexes to find: Located at: • Heads of households in upstate New York. (FHL • Family History Library and some family history CD-ROM 842) centers • Heads of households for New York City. (FHL • National archives and its branches CD-ROM 841) • Large libraries 1920 census indexes www.genealogy.com 1920 Soundex Indexes (see “Census Indexes: Use this index to find: Soundex” on pages 20–21) • Heads of households for all states. • Links to 1900 census images. Use the 1920 Soundex indexes to find: • Heads of households in all states (search by state). Fee charged. Located at:1910 census indexes • Family History Library and family history centers 1910 Soundex Indexes (see “Census Indexes: • National archives and its branches Soundex” on pages 20–21) • Large libraries Use the 1910 Soundex indexes to find: www.ancestry.com • Heads of households in some states. Use this site to find: Located at: • Heads of households for all states. • Family History Library and some family history • Links to 1920 census images. centers Fee charged; free at the Family History Library and • National archives and its branches family history centers with Internet access. • Large libraries 1930 census index www.genealogy.com www.ancestry.com Use this index to find: Use this site to find: • Heads of households for all states. • Any name in the 1930 census. • Links to 1910 census images. • Links to 1930 census images. Fee charged. Fee charged; free at the Family History Library and Various 1910 book indexes family history centers with Internet access. At the Family History Library, use book indexes to find: • Heads of households. See the Family History Library Catalog for the available state indexes. African American 19
    • CENSUS INDEXES: SOUNDEXUse Soundex Indexes to: Tips for the 1910 Soundex IndexLearn where your ancestor can be found in a census. • Some major cities and counties have their own indexes. ForSoundex Indexes list surnames by Soundex code. This code example:groups surnames by sound, not exact spelling. For example,the surnames Stewart, Stuart, and Steward have the same –In Alabama: Birmingham, Mobile, and Montgomery –In Georgia: Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, and Savannahcode and appear together in the index. –In Louisiana: New Orleans and Shreveport –In Pennsylvania: Philadelphia County Searching Soundex Indexes • To find film numbers for city indexes in the Family History Before using Soundex you must know: Library Catalog, you must search under the name of the • Your ancestor’s name. state, not the city: • The census year and state you want to search. • The Soundex code for your ancestor’s surname (see the 1. Use the Place Search: chart on page 21). Place [name of state] Located at: Part of • Family History Library and family history centers 2. On the Place Search Results screen, click the state. • Large libraries 3. From the list, click on [state] - Census - 1910. 4. On the Topic Details screen, click the title. Search steps: 5. On the Title Details screen, click View Film Notes. 1. Determine the Soundex code for your ancestor’s surname 6. On the Film Notes screen, look for city indexes after the (see “Converting a surname to a Soundex code” on page 21). Soundex film numbers for the rest of the state. 2. In the Family History Library Catalog, find the number for the correct Soundex film (see “Finding the right Soundex film” on this page). Finding the right Soundex film 3. On the film, find your ancestor’s Soundex code, then search After you have your ancestor’s Soundex Code, find the for the given name (given names are alphabetical within the Soundex film. code group). 4. Copy all the information you find (you may need every 1. In the Family History Library Catalog, click Place Search detail for your census search). and type the state where your ancestor lived. 2. On the Place Search Results screen, click the state. 3. From the list, click the census year you want: [state] - Census - [year]. 4. On the Topic Details screen, click the title you want. 5. On the Title Details screen, click View Film Notes. Scroll to your ancestor’s Soundex code (on the left side of the screen) and write down the microfilm number (on the right side of the screen). Soundex code Race Name Enumeration district State Location in Census 1900 Soundex Index entry for Alec Haley, Simon’s father (FHL film 1248612)20 African American
    • CENSUS INDEXES: SOUNDEXConverting a surname to a Soundex codeConverter on the Internet www.bradandkathy.com The quickest way to convert a surname to a Soundex code is to use the automatic converter on this site. Click Genealogy, and then click Yet Another Soundex Converter.Steps to do it yourself Instructions Examples Your ancestor’s surname 1. Write the family surname in the far right ASHCROFT = ASCROFT / column of this chart, but omit the letters CARWRIGHT = CARRIGT / / H and W if they are not the first letter. 2. Write the first letter of the surname in ASCROFT = A- the first blank. CARRIGT = C- - 3. Cross out the remaining vowels ASCROFT = A-SCRFT / (A, E, I, O, U, or Y). CARRIGT = C-RRGT / / 4. If there are any double letters, CRRGT = C-RGT / cross out one of them. 5. If there are any consonants side by side ASCRFT = A-SRFT / with the same code number (see the Soundex Code Key below), cross out all but one of those consonants. 6. Using the Soundex Code Key below, ASRFT = A-261 assign a Soundex code to the first three CRGT = C-623 of the remaining letters. Soundex codes have one letter and three numbers. 7. Stop coding after you have three Your ancestor’s numbers. If a name does not have Soundex code - enough numbers, add zeros to make three digits. For example, the Soundex code for Haley is H400. Soundex Code Key Letter in surname Code B, P, F, V 1 C, S, K, G, J, Q, X, Z 2 D, T 3 L 4 M, N 5 R 6 African American 21
    • FUNERAL HOME RECORDS About 1880–PresentCase Study Use funeral home records to: TipBill wants to find the funeral • Find an accurate death date and place.home record of Simon Haley, If the funeral home won’t send you a record thatwhose funeral was in August • Find the names of your ancestor’s parents lists living relatives, ask the clerk to photocopy1973 at the Horton funeral (especially helpful for married women). the record and cross out the names of livinghome in Washington, D.C. • Learn where your ancestor is buried. relatives before sending you a copy.1. Bill requests the record. Content a. Bill searches www.switchboard.com Few pre-1880 funeral home records are available. Searching Funeral Home Records and finds the phone num- Records vary widely, but they may contain: Before searching you must know: ber of Horton’s Funeral • Full name and age at death. • The full name of the individual at death (for Service. He writes the women this includes the married surname). • Death date and place (town, county, state). number on his search list. • The date of death or burial. b. He telephones the funeral • Birth date and place (town, county, state). • The town of death or burial. home and asks the clerk to • Names of parents, including mother’s Located at: look for Simon’s record. maiden name. • Family History Library and family history c. Bill asks the clerk to send • Birthplaces of parents (town, county, state). centers him a copy of the record. • Large public libraries He writes a document • Sex, race, occupation, or Social Security • Funeral homes number on it. number.2. Bill reads the record and In the Family History Library Catalog, try these • Home address. three searches: writes any new information: a. On the family group • Marital status (single, widowed, married, • Place Search (town): record he writes family divorced). Place [name of town] information and source • Cause of death (if the death was caused by Part of [name of county or state] information. accident, murder, or rare disease, there may Topic to choose: Funeral homes b. On his search list he be a newspaper report). records the results of his • Place Search (county): search and the document • Name of person who provided information Place [name of county] number he gave the for the record (funeral records are more Part of [name of state] funeral record. reliable when the person is a close relative of the deceased). Topic to choose: Funeral homes • Name of person who paid the mortician’s • Keyword Search bill (usually a relative or friend). [name of funeral home] • Name and religion of clergyman who per- Search steps: formed the funeral (leads to church records). 1. See “Finding Aids” on page 23 to find the name of the funeral home. • Cemetery name and place (city, county, 2. Telephone the funeral home to request a search. state) and burial plot number (this can help you find gravestone and cemetery records). 22 African American
    • FUNERAL HOME RECORDS About 1880–Present Full name Occupation Death date Birth date Death place Birthplace Mother’s name Father’s nameFuneral home record for Simon A. Haley, Horton’s Funeral Service, Washington, D.C., August 21, 1973 FINDING AIDSTo learn the names, addresses, and phone numbers of funeral Yellow Book of Funeral Directors, National Directory ofhomes near your ancestor’s place of death, see: Morticians. (FHL book 973 U24y) • Arranged by state, then city, then funeral home American Blue Book of Funeral Directors, National Funeral Directors Association, biennial. www.switchboard.com (FHL book 973 U24a) • Arranged by state, then county or town • Arranged by state, then city, then funeral home • Funeral directors are listed according to their distance from your ancestor’s place of death African American 23
    • OBITUARY RECORDS About 1900–PresentCase Study Use obituaries to:Bill wants to find Simon Haley’s • Find information about your ancestor, such Searching Obituary Recordsobituary. He knows that Simon’s as birth, marriage, death, and burial. Before searching you must know:funeral was in Pine Bluff, • Your ancestor’s name at death (including aArkansas, in August 1973. • Learn the names of family members, such as woman’s married surname). parents, spouse(s), children, brothers, and • Your ancestor’s approximate death date.1. Bill checks the library in Pine sisters. • The town or county where your ancestor lived Bluff for obituary records. or died or where the funeral occurred. a. To find libraries in Content Pine Bluff, he looks at A few obituaries were published in the 1800s, Located at: www.switchboard.com • Public libraries or newspaper offices (see but the practice became common only after 1900. and writes the phone “Obituary Records: Finding Aids” on page 25) Obituaries range from one-line death notices number of Pine Bluff • Family History Library and family history Library on his search list. to biographies of several paragraphs. They centers (primarily indexes) b. He telephones the library may give: Family History Library Catalog and asks how to get a copy • Full name (including maiden name for • Place Search: of an obituary. He learns women). that the librarian will Place [town or county] search the records for him • Death date and place. Part of [state] (for a fee). The librarian • Burial date and place. Topics to choose: Obituaries or Newspapers sends him a copy of the • Parents’ names. obituary. Search steps: c. When the obituary comes • Occupation. 1. Find newspaper obituaries from a library in in the mail, Bill writes a • Membership in religious or charity groups. the town of your ancestor’s funeral. document number on it. a. Find a library at www.switchboard.com and • Biographical information. write down the telephone number.2. Bill writes down the information he has found • Places of residence. b. Call the librarian, and ask if he or she will in the obituary. search obituaries and send you a copy or • Names and places of residence of surviving lend obituary records to your local library. a. On the family group record children and grandchildren. c. Ask which records are likely to have your he writes new family ancestor’s obituary. information and records Tips d.Ask what information you need to request the source, including the • Some people had more than the copy or an interlibrary loan. newspaper date, volume, and page. one obituary. If you find a b. On his search list he short death notice, look for records the results of his a longer obituary in a later Death date Full name Children search and the document newspaper. Simon A. Haley, commander-in-chief of the number he gave the • Small-town newspapers often Stanfield Grady Post 401 of the obituary. print more detailed obituaries College Educator American legion. than larger newspapers do. Special to the Commercial Survivors include three sons, • Newspapers sometimes report MARTINSBURG, Virginia George Haley and Julius Haley, Simon Alexander Haley both of Washington and Alex the gathering of relatives formerly of Pine Bluff, died Haley of Kansas City; a during an illness or after a Wednesday at the Veterans daughter, Mrs. Lois Blackstone death. If you don’t find an Administration Hospital here. of Annapolis; 11 grandchildren; obituary for your ancestor on He had been head of the and two great-grandchildren. his or her death date, search Agriculture Department at Funeral services will be at the newspaper for two weeks Arkansas AM&N College, now 2 p.m. Saturday at P. K. before and two weeks after. the University of Arkansas at Miller Mortuary at Pine Pine Bluff for more than 15 Bluff. Burial will be Monday • Look for newspapers at the years. in the National Cemetery at newspaper office or a library He was born in Tennessee in Little Rock. Pallbearers will be in your ancestor’s town. The 1892, a son of the late Alex and members of Sanfield Family History Library and Queen Haley. He graduated Grady Post 401. family history centers have from Lane College at Knoxville The family will be at the indexes to obituaries and and did further study at A and T home of a foster son, Mr. and newspaper collections, but College in Greensboro, North Mrs. Archie Nixon at 1102 East few actual records. Carolina. He had served in Harding Avenue, Pine Bluff. World War I and was a former Birth date and place Parents’ names Cemetery Obituary for Simon A. Haley in the Pine Bluff Commercial, 24 August 1973 24 African American
    • OBITUARY RECORDS: FINDING AIDS About 1900–PresentThe easiest way to find an obituary is to telephone thelibrary in the town of your ancestor’s death or funeral. Askthe librarian if he or she will search the records for you or,if not, loan the records to your local library.To find telephone numbers of libraries in your ancestor’s area,see: www.switchboard.com • Arranged by state, then county or town • Libraries are listed according to their distance from a given address, such as an ancestor’s place of deathTo find newspapers and obituary indexes in your ancestor’sarea, see: Obituaries: A Guide to Sources, 2nd ed., by Betty M. Jarboe. (FHL book 973 V43j 1989) • Lists over 3,500 sources of obituary indexes and abstracts • Arranged by state, then author or title • An appendix describes obituary indexes at major libraries in 18 states Newspapers in Microform: United States, 1948–1983, Library of Congress, 1984. (FHL book 011.35 N479s; film 1145942) • Arranged by state, then town • Lists newspaper title, years of operation, parent and spin-off papers, and places where microforms are available Gale Directory of Publications and Broadcast Media, annual, 4 vols., Gale Research. (FHL book 970 B34a) • Arranged by state, then town • Lists addresses and telephone numbers of current Newspapers in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, as listed in the Gale Directory of newspapers and publishers Publications and Broadcast Media (FHL book 970 B34a, 1987) Tip Most newspaper publishers will not search their files for you, but some will photocopy an article if you can provide a specific date and event. African American 25
    • SOCIAL SECURITY APPLICATIONS 1936–PresentCase Study Use Social Security applications to: TipsBill wants to find the Social • Find your ancestor’s birth date and placeSecurity application of • Search the Social Security Death Index first. (city, county, state).Simon Haley, who died See page 28.19 August 1973. • Learn your ancestor’s parents’ names, • Social Security applications list some U.S. including the mother’s maiden name. residents who did not have citizenship.1. Bill searches the Social Security Death Index using • Trace where your ancestor lived. the directions on page 28. • Find information on people who do not2. Bill requests a microprint of appear in any other type of record listed in Searching Obituary Records Simon’s SS-5 card. this guide. Before searching you must know: a. He photocopies the • Your ancestor’s name. Content • Other identifying information. (See the request request form on page 27. b. He fills in the blanks in the The SS-5 (Social Security application) may list form on page 27. Give as much information as form with the information your ancestor’s: you know.) he knows. • Full name at time of application. Located at: c. He mails the form, fee, and • Office of the Freedom of Information Officer Simon’s proof of death to • Full name at birth. in the OEA FOIA Workgroup in Baltimore, the Freedom of • Full birth date. Maryland Information Officer. • Birthplace (city, county, state). Search steps:3. Bill receives Simon’s 1. Search for your ancestor in the Social Security application and writes a • Mailing address at time of application. Death Index, using the instructions on page 28. document number on it. • Employer’s name and mailing address. 2. Request a copy of your ancestor’s Social Security application.4. Bill reads the application • Father’s full name (whether living or dead). and writes down the new a. Photocopy the request form on page 27. • Mother’s full maiden name (whether living b. Read the form to see what fees and information he finds in it. or dead). information are required. a. On the family group c. Fill in as much information on the form as record he writes family you can. information and source d.Mail the request form, the fee, and your information. ancestor’s proof of death (if available) to the b. On his search list he address at the top of the form. records the results of his search and the document number he gave the Social Full name Birth date Birthplace Address Security application. Social Security application (SS-5) of Simon Alexander Haley in 1941 26 African American
    • SOCIAL SECURITY APPLICATIONS: REQUEST FORM 1936–Present Use this form to request Social Security information. See page 26. Provide as much information as you can. Freedom of Information Officer OEA FOIA Workgroup PO Box 33022 Baltimore, MD 21290–3022 Dear sir or madam: This is a Freedom of Information Act request for a microcopy of the SS-5 Social Security Application of the following deceased individual: Name of deceased Social Security number Birth date Birthplace Death date Death place Father’s name Mother’s name Proof of death (see enclosures) Known places of residence Please mail the microcopy to the address below. I understand the fee for this search is $27.00 for an individual whose Social Security number is provided and $29.00 for an individual whose Social Security number is not provided. I have enclosed $ for this search. If you require any further fees or information, please contact me at the telephone number below. Sincerely, Name of sender Date Address Phone number African American 27
    • SOCIAL SECURITY DEATH INDEX (SSDI) 1962–PresentCase Study Use Social Security Death Index to: TipsBill wants to learn more about • Find birth and death information for 63 • Search using only a surname and a givenSimon Haley, who died in 1973. million U.S. residents who have died since name. Middle names are not listed.1. Bill searches the Social 1936. Most records are for deaths after 1962. • To find a woman, search first for her married Security Death Index. • Find clues leading to the Social Security surname. a. He goes to application, which lists full birth dates and • Try different name spellings or nicknames www.familysearch.org parents’ names. (Elisabeth, Elizabeth, Liz, or Liza). and clicks the Search tab. b. He clicks US Social Content • If your first search fails, search again without Security Death Index a place of death or without a death year. This index may list your ancestor’s: (left side of screen). c. He types Simon’s name • Name at the time of application. and death year and clicks • Full birth date. Search. Searching the Social Security • Social Security number. Death Index • State of residence when Before searching you must know: the Social Security • Your ancestor’s name. number was issued. • An approximate death year (1936 or later). • Death month and year. Located at: • www.familysearch.org • Place (city, county, and • Family History Library and family history state) where the last centers benefit was sent. This may or may not be the Search steps: place of death. 1. Go to www.familysearch.org and click the Search tab. 2. On the Search for Ancestors screen, click USSearch screen Social Security Death Index. d.On the results screen he 3. Type your ancestor’s name. clicks Simon HALEY to 4. Under Event, select Death. see the full entry. 5. Provide the information you know (name, state of residence at death, year of death, or Social Security number). 6. Click Search. 7. On the results screen, click your ancestor’s name to see a full record. Results screen e. He prints a copy of the Name Social Security number Birth date Death date Place where death benefit was sent record for his files and writes a document number on it.2. Bill records the results of his search on his search list and on his family group record. Simon Haley’s record in the Social Security Death Index at www.familysearch.org 28 African American
    • VITAL RECORDS Pre-1870–PresentUse vital records of births, deaths, and marriages to: Searching Vital Records• Learn about an ancestor’s birth, death, or marriage in a Before searching you must know: given town, county, or state. For specific information • Your ancestor’s name at the time of birth, marriage, or death. about birth, death, and marriage records, see pages 30–32. • The state (and possibly the city or county) where the event occurred. Tips • Approximate year of the event. • Search first for your ancestor’s death record, then marriage Located at: record, then birth record. Later records are more common, • Family History Library and family history centers more easily found, and contain more information. • Town, county, or state archives (see www.vitalrec.com for • Because most vital records were kept by the county, search addresses, phone numbers, and fees) county records first. Then search for town and state records if they exist. For records in New England, search town In the Family History Library Catalog, try these two searches. records first. • Place Search: • If there are two forms of a record (such as marriage bonds Place [name of state] and marriage certificates), search both. Some forms have Part of more information than others. Topics to choose: Vital records or Vital records - Indexes • When ordering vital records, ask for a photocopy of the original record. This will usually have more information • Place Search: than a certified copy. Place [name of county or town] • Write down the names of any witnesses or informants on Part of [name of state] the record. These are usually relatives or friends. Topics to choose: Vital records or Vital records - Indexes To search vital records on microfilm: 1. Check for an index (in the catalog or the record). 2. Find your ancestor’s name in the index if there is one (try various spellings). 3. Write information about your ancestor’s record: a. Book (volume) number or year of birth, marriage, or death. b. Certificate or page number. 4. Find the record book and then the certificate or page. FINDING AIDSTo find vital records offices, see: Address and Availability and Links to www.vitalrec.com telephone number fees for state information about Search for: of state office records county records • Phone numbers and addresses of state and county archives that keep vital records. • Places where you can find birth, death, and marriage records for a given year (town, county, or state). • Fees charged by record offices. Information about the West Virginia State Vital Records Office as shown on www.vitalrec.com African American 29
    • VITAL RECORDS: BIRTH Pre-1870–PresentUse birth records to learn your ancestor’s: Tips• Full birth date and place. • Birth records may not be as available as death records.• Parents’ names. • To learn how to search birth records, see “Searching VitalContent Records” on page 29. • See the case studies for death records (page 31) andBirth records may contain: marriage records (page 32). You can find birth records in a• Full name of the infant. similar manner.• Birth date and place (town, county, and state).• Parents’ names (including mother’s maiden name).• Home address. Birth Certificate Name of Child Sex of Child Color Date of Birth Place of Birth County of Birth Birth Attendant Mother’s Maiden Name Mother’s Age Mother’s Place of Birth Father’s Name Father’s Age Father’s Place of Birth Date of Registration File Number Date IssuedThis blank record shows what information may have been recorded on birth records in 189130 African American
    • VITAL RECORDS: DEATH Pre-1870–PresentUse death records to learn your ancestor’s: • Occupation. Case Study• Full death date and place. • Marital status (single, married, widowed, or Bill wants to find Simon Haley’s divorced). death record. He knows Simon• Birth date and place. died in West Virginia in 1973.• Parents’ full names. • Parents’ names (including mother’s maiden name). 1. In the Family History Library• Spouse’s full name. Catalog, Bill searches for an • Parents’ birthplace (rarely included). index to West Virginia deathContent: • Name of funeral home or cemetery. records.Death records may contain: • Name of the informant and relationship a. He does a Place Search for• Full name at death. between the informant and the deceased. West Virginia. b. From a list of topics he• Death date. selects Vital records - Tips• Death place (town, county, state). Indexes. The catalog lists • Look for a death record before a birth or no state death records, so• Home address. marriage record. It is more likely to be available. he must order the death• Age at death. record from the West • To learn how to search death records, see• Birth date. “Searching Vital Records” on page 29. Virginia state vital records office.• Birthplace (town, county, and state). 2. Bill orders the death record from the state vital records Full name Death place Birth date Death date office. a. On the Internet, he goes to www.vitalrec.com to find the office address. b. On his search list, he writes the address and phone number of the West Virginia vital records office. c. He phones the office and places a credit card order for Simon’s death record. 3. Bill receives the death record and writes a document number on it. He writes down the new information. a. On the family group record he writes new family information and source information. b. On his search list he records the results of his search and the document number he gave the death record. Social Security number Funeral home Parents’ names Cemetery locationDeath certificate for Simon Haley from the West Virginia State Vital Records Office African American 31
    • VITAL RECORDS: MARRIAGE 1870–PresentCase Study Use marriage records to learn your ancestors’: • Marriage date and place (town, county,Bill wants to find the marriage • Full marriage date and place. and state).record of Alexander Haley and • Whether bride or groom was previously • Full names of bride, groom, and parents,Queen Davis, Simon’s parents. married, widowed, or divorced.He knows from the 1900 U.S. including maiden names.Census (see pages 16–17) that • Possible county of residence at the time of • Parents’ names, including mothers’ maidenthey lived in Hardin County, the marriage. names (very rarely).Tennessee. Because he isn’t surewhich child listed in the census Content Tipsis Alex and Queen’s first child, Marriage records may contain: • Look for a marriage record near the timeBill uses the “Number of years • Names of bride and groom (including when and place where the first childmarried” information on the bride’s maiden name). was born.census to estimate that theywere married no later than 1883. • To learn how to search marriage records, see • Birth date and place (town, county, “Searching Vital Records” on page 29.1. Bill looks for marriage records and state) of bride and groom. of Hardin County, Tennessee, • County of residence of bride and groom. for the 1880s in the Family History Library Catalog. a. He does a Place Search for Name of groom Name of bride Marriage date Hardin, Tennessee. b. He clicks Vital records. c. On the list of titles, he clicks Marriage records, 1863–1914. d.On the Title Details screen in the Notes section, he reads that most volumes are indi- vidually indexed. This tells him that an index of grooms will appear in the beginning of each book of records. e. He clicks View Film Notes and sees that marriages from 1874–1884 are on FHL film 981000.2. Bill orders FHL film 981000, and then searches the record. a. On the film he searches the Hardin County, Tennessee, marriage record of Alex Haley and Queen Davis, Simon’s parents index for Alex Haley. The index says Alex’s marriage record is in Vol. 3, p. 87. b. He finds the marriage record of Alex Haley and Queen Davis. It lists 8 Oct 1881 as the marriage date, which tells him that the census record was incorrect. c. Bill photocopies the record for his files and writes a document number on the photocopy.3. Bill records the marriage information. a. On the family group record he writes the marriage date and place and the source. b. On the search list he records the results of his search and the document number he gave the marriage record. 32 African American
    • ADDITIONAL HELPSAfrican American Naming Customs Tips for Latter-day Saints• Some African Americans may have changed their To decide when to submit a family for temple ordinances, surnames (see “Tips” on page 8). consider the following: • You may submit a family with minimal, approximate, orWhat’s Next incomplete information.• United States Research Outline (30972) • If you submit a family with minimal information• FamilySearch research outlines for the states where your (perhaps only approximate birth or death dates for the ancestors lived. Research outlines are available through parents), you can do all the sealings for that family. family history centers and at www.familysearch.org When information is only approximate, duplication of (click Order/Download Products). ordinances is more likely.More about African American Research • If you continue to research until you find exact birth dates for the parents (follow step 1 on page 3), this• Black Roots: A Beginner’s Guide to Tracing the African information will: American Family Tree, by Tony Burroughs, 2001 (FHL book 973 D27bt 2001) – Give a more accurate temple record so that others can find a common ancestor.• Finding a Place Called Home: An African-American Guide to Genealogy and Historical Identity, by Dee Parmer – Make duplication less likely. Woodtor, 1999. (FHL book 973 F2wd) – Make it easier to find information for earlier generations.Archives and LibrariesFamily History Centers Where to Order or Download Publications:www.familysearch.org • Internet: www.familysearch.org800-346-6044 inside the United States and Canada or www.ldscatalog.com801-240-1000 outside the United States and Canada • Salt Lake Distribution Services:Family History Library 801-240-3800 (Salt Lake City area)35 N. West Temple Street, Rm. 344 Toll free 800-537-5971Salt Lake City, UT 84150-3400801-240-2331 All Family History Library publications are described in Family History Materials List (34083).National Archives700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NWWashington, D.C. 20408202-501-5415Fax: 301-837-0459National Archives—Regional Brancheswww.archives.gov/facilities/index.html African American 33
    • Family Group Record If typing, set spacing at 1 1/2. Page of Husband Last See "Other Given name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place LDS ordinance dates Temple Christened Place Baptized Died Place Endowed Buried Place Sealed to parents Married Place Sealed to spouse Husbands father Last Deceased Given name(s) name Husbands mother Maiden Deceased Given name(s) name Write date as: 4 Oct. 1896 Wife Maiden See "Other Given name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place LDS ordinance dates Temple Christened Place Baptized Died Place Endowed Buried Place Sealed to parents Wifes father Last Deceased Given name(s) name Wifes mother Maiden Deceased Given name(s) name Children List each child (whether living or dead) in order of birth. LDS ordinance dates Temple 1 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Place Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse 2 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages"Write place as: Tryon, Polk, North Carolina, USA or Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Place EndowedSt. Martins, Birmingham, Warwick, Eng. Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse 3 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Place Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse Select only one of the following options. The option you select applies Your name to all names on this form. Option 1—Family File Send all names to my family file at the Temple. Address Option 2—Temple File Send all names to any temple, and assign proxies for all approved ordinances. Option 3—Ancestral File Send all names to the computerized Ancestral File for research purposes only, not for ordinances. I am including the required pedigree chart. Phone Date prepared ( ) Published by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 10/93 Printed in USA 31827
    • Page of Husband Last Given name(s) name Wife Maiden Given name(s) name Children List each child (whether living or dead) in order of birth. LDS ordinance dates Temple4 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Place Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse5 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Place Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse6 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Place Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse7 Sex Given Last See "Other name(s) name marriages" Born (day month year) Place Baptized Christened Place Endowed Died Place Sealed to parents Spouse Last Given name(s) name Married Place Sealed to spouse Other marriages List other marriages and sealings of the husband, wife, and children on this form. List any necessary explanations. Sources of information Add further information on attached sheets as necessary. Note: Please take every reasonable step to see that the information on this form is as accurate and complete as practical. This will help maintain the integrity of Church family history files and reduce duplication of temple ordinance work.
    • INDEXAfrican American naming customs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 microfilm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 13archives and libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 naming customs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 33birth records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29, 30 obituary records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24–25case studies ordering publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 cemetery records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14–15 pedigree chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 census records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16–17 photocopying, tips for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 22 death records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Place Search, catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 funeral home records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 places, finding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 marriage records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 obituary records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 publications, ordering or downloading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Social Security applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 records Social Security death index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 birth (vital) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29, 30cemetery records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14–15 cemetery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14–15census indexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18–21 census . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16–17census records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16–17 death (vital) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29, 31counties, finding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 funeral home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22–23death records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29, 31 marriage (vital) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29, 32downloading publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 obituary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24–25family group record . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2, 4, 34–35 Social Security application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26–27family history centers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Social Security Death Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28Family History Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 records, finding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9–12Family History Library catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–12 records timeline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13finding research process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–8 counties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 step 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3, 5 places . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 step 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9–12 step 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5finding aids step 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 cemetery records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 funeral home records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 request form, Social Security application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 obituary records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 search list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 vital records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Social Security application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26–27form, Social Security application request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Social Security application request form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27funeral home records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22–23 Social Security Death Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28how to begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Soundex code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20indexes Soundex Indexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20–21 census . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18–21 SS-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Social Security Death . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 SSDI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Soundex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20–21 terms and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Keyword Search, catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 timelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 13Latter-day Saints, tips for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 vital records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29–32maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 9 birth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30marriage records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29, 32 death . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31microfiche . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 marriage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Please send suggestions to: purpose without the prior written Publications Coordination permission of the publisher. Send all Family History Library requests for such permission to: 35 N. West Temple St., Rm. 344 Copyrights and Permissions Coordinator Salt Lake City, UT 84150-3440 Family and Church History Department Fax: 801-240-5551 50 E. North Temple St., Rm. 599 Salt Lake City, UT 84150-3400-3400 No part of this document may be reprinted, posted online, or fhd-copyright@ldschurch.org reproduced in any form for any Fax: 801-240-2494 ENGLISH© 2003 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. 11/01 36367 4 02363 67000 3 36367