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Energy Security and Diversification of Energy Supplies
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Energy Security and Diversification of Energy Supplies

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Presentation of Anrijs Matiss

Presentation of Anrijs Matiss
State secretary
Ministry of Transport and Communications
of the Republic of Latvia during the EP ECR group Meeting in Riga, September, 2010.

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    Energy Security and Diversification of Energy Supplies Energy Security and Diversification of Energy Supplies Presentation Transcript

    • Energy Security and Diversification of Energy Supplies Anrijs Matiss State secretary Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Latvia MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Contents  Current situation  Development of generating powers  Integration  Diversification of energy sources  Renewable energy  Energy efficiency MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Current situation  Guidelines for Energy policy 2007-2016 approved by Cabinet of Ministers in 2006  Guidelines covers  Primary sources of energy  Electricity  Heat production  Institutional issues  Guidelines revision MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Current situation (2)  High dependency on import  64% primary energy sources  30% electricity  30% of primary sources natural gas  Natural gas supplies from one supplier  High proportion of RES, mainly biomass in primary energy 30%  Electricity is mainly produced from natural gas and hydro  Over 35% of electricity is produced in cogeneration  Deficit of generating powers 200-700 MW MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Current situation (3) MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Eelectricity production and consumption pattern in Latvia 2009 162 65 114 175 83 91 265 118 403 305 363 361 364 406 477 491 731 445 220 477 81 66 79 98 218 174 162 198 169 116 106 121 127 126 -61 -159 Jan Feb Mar Apr Mai Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec HPP TPP Other plants Net imports Demand Data source: Latvian TSO Annual report on system adequacy MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Electricity production and capacity with Ignalina 595 6 239 532 239 157 358 135 345 933 840 146 110 805 821 936 412 605 885 906 89 876 878 860 285 80 50 1418 1454 1473 1312 1258 1202 1202 1034 934 1085 892 920 -295 -117 -566 -338 -210 -155 -106 -25 -171 Jan Feb Mar Apr Mai Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec TTP NPP HPP HPSPP Windmills Other plants Net imports Demand MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Electricity production and capacity without Ignalina 526 762 724 370 779 891 568 655 532 666 239 239 595 697 157 724 754 358 80 135 345 89 146 110 1418 1454 1473 1312 1258 1202 1202 1034 1085 934 892 920 Jan Feb TTP Mar Apr Mai HPP Jun Jul HPSPP Sep Aug Oct Nov Dec Windmills Other plants Net imports Demand MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Consumption prognosis - Baltics 7 500 7 000 6 678 6 544 6 409 6 500 6 273 6 141 6 009 6 000 5 874 5 745 5 753 5 611 5 633 5 487 5 514 5 366 5 398 5 500 5 285 5 242 5 168 5 054 4 948 5 000 4 852 4 729 4 761 4 660 4 500 4 000 5 623 5 446 5 623 4 643 4 459 4 643 4 854 4 452 4 854 5 691 5 121 5 691 5 897 5 467 6 088 6 082 5 490 6 123 6 665 5 249 6 606 6 989 5 249 7 411 6 045 4 302 6 467 5 802 4 014 7 085 5 811 4 018 7 093 6 539 4 019 7 110 3 500 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Updated forecas ted available capacity in Baltics Forecasted available capacity in Baltics as provided by 2008 BALTSO Report (Scenario A) Forecasted available capacity in Baltics as provided by 2008 BALTSO Report (Scenario B) Updated capacity demand in Baltics Capacity demand in Baltics as provided by 2008 BALTSO Report MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Primary sources (electricity) - Latvia Imported electricity Natural gas Oil products Coal Biomas Hydro, wind, other RES MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Problems  High dependency on imported primary sources  Self sufficiency – 29,5% (2008)  Gas supplies from one supplier  Closure of Ignalina nuclear plant in 2009.31.12  Isolation of Baltic electricity and gas markets  Low energy efficiency in  Production  Transmission  Distribution  Consumption MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Targets  Safety of supply  Indepency from one supplier  Diversification of energy sources  Utilisation of local resorces  Diversification of supply routes  Energoefficiency MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Targets (2)  Self sufficiency  80% (2012)  100% (2016)  Reduction of household/housing consumption  235 KWh/m2 (2004)  150 KWh/m2 (2020) MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Diversification  New hard fuel (coal/biomass) power generating plant 400 MW  Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers 2008/12  EC approval on support 2010/1  Selection of partners ongoing  Visagina nuclear power plant  Latvenergo shareholder  Max power 3200 MW  LPG/LNG terminal MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Transmission system - electricity 350 MW 2200 MW 1200 MW 300 MW 2100 MW 1400 MW MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Transmission system - gas MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Gas market in Latvia  Consumption 1,5 billions m³ annually (~5 billions m³ in Baltics)  A/S Latvijas gaze only supplier  Market unbundling / exemption till 2014  Gas infrastructure linked with Russia only  Incukalns storage 4,47 billions m³, 2,32 billions m³ active  Unique possibilities of storage for up to 50 billions m³ (10% of EU consumption)  No LNG/regasification terminal MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Potential gas storage facilities 18 MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Interconnections planned  ESTLINK-2 between Estonia and Finland  2013  NORDBALT (formerly called SWEDLIT) between Lithuania and Sweden  2015  LITPOL between Lithuania and Poland  2015 MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Generating power prognosis  Lithuanian Power Plant AB Lietuvos elektrine 1800 MW (38% of LT consumption 20% of Baltics consumption) (operational)  Visaginas Nuclear Power plant 3000 MW (2020)  Latvenergo Riga CHP-2 400 MW (2013)  Liepaja New hard fuel (coal/biomass) power generating plant 400 MW (2017) MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Renewable energy  State support by increased tariff  Wind  Biomass  Biogas  Cogeneration  Solar  EU funds support for construction of cogeneration facilities MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Price sant./kWh 22 MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Local resources, volume of mandatory purchase in 2009, MWh MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Approved projects on mandatory purchase (March 2010, source MoE) MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Energy Efficiency MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Energy Efficiency  EU support  Residential housing renovation support  Social buildings renovation support  Improvement of centralised heat supply efficiency  Development of Cogeneration facilities MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Summary  Integration of EU networks - Key for ensuring security of supply  Supply meets demand, generating powers development  Reduce residential heating consumption by 50%  Facilitation of use of renewable energy sources MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF
    • Thank you for attention! 3, Gogola Str, LV 1743, Riga, Latvia satmin@sam.gov.lv www.sam.gov.lv www.transport.lv MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF