ALIGNING PRACTICE AND PRACTITIONER Robert SmaleThursday 28 February 13
ALICE IN COACHING LAND • “Who has won?” Alice asked“Everyone has won and all must have prizes” said the Dodo. • “studies to date demonstrate positive, non speciﬁc effects regardless of the conceptual foundations espoused by practitioners” (Kilburg, 2004, p 203)Thursday 28 February 13
LEARNING FROM PSYCHOLOGY. • “Coaching is not therapy but it is therapeutic” • The difference in practice between coaches and psychologists is 0.26!!! (Mckenna and Davis, 2009) • There are as many differences between psychologists of different disciplines as between psychologists and non psychologist coaches (Smither, 2011, p 137) • Narrative and Pragmatic Paradigms • The role of the relationship, the individual and the context, expectancy and theory and techniques (Mc Kenna and Davis, 2009)Thursday 28 February 13
DEFINE ECLECTIC Humanist -“Coaching is above all about human growth and change” (Stober, 2006, p17). Behaviourist - “The purpose of coaching is to change behaviour” (Peterson, 2006, p51). Adult Development - Coaching is about helping clients develop and grow in maturity. Cognitive Coaching - Coaching is foremost about developing adaptive thoughts. Goal-focused - “Coaching is a goal orientated, solution focused process” (Grant, 2006, p156). Positive Psychology Approach - “Shift attention away from what causes and drives pain to what energises and pulls people forward” (Kauffman, 2006, p 220). Adventure Coaching - Stretching the client through entering into challenging situations and the learning that arises. Adult Learning - A learning approach that helps self-directed learners to reﬂect and grow from their experiences. Systemic coaching- “Coaching is a journey in search of patterns” (Cavanagh, 2006, p 313) Approaches to Coaching (Ives,Y, 2008, p 102)Thursday 28 February 13
ALIGNMENT • Philosophy • Body of Knowledge • PracticeThursday 28 February 13
Philosophy - “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step”- Lao Tzu • What do you believe about people? • What do you believe about change? • What do you believe about the world?Thursday 28 February 13
CREDO - I BELIEVE I believe there are no new ideas in the world just different ways of reframing the conditions by which we perceive our reality. This shapes the coaching process as a journey of reﬂection to build the competence of self-learning rather than a series of speciﬁc goals to be achieved Compassion – I am driven to support and encourage others as they take action and to be rigorously optimistic by holding them accountable for their choices Care – I empathise with my clients and value both their experience and uniqueness whilst actively supporting them through change Connectivity – We do not exist in isolation we are part of ever more complex systems of action, interaction and reaction Simplicity – The relationship between the coach and client is an attempt to synthesise action from an understanding and evaluation of the clients’ complex experience Character Creation through Storytelling-“existence precedes essence: or, if you prefer, that subjectivity must be our point of departure” (Sartre, 1945,Existentialism is a Humanism p 22)Thursday 28 February 13
BUILDING YOUR BODY OF KNOWLEDGE • Truth AND truth • Experiential AND Propositional • Reﬂect AND AcceptThursday 28 February 13
PERSPECTIVES SDT Time to Think Hawkins Secular Humanism Harvard Business McKinsey Quarterly Neuro-semantics Existentialism ReviewHistory Maslow Ethical Choice Kabbalah Seligman Greaves Present-Past Kolb De Bono Lane Simplicity Reki Evidence Liberalism Meta-Coaching Based Coaching Lucas Dickens Present-Future Buddhism Suﬁsm Rogers Oprah Strengths and Virtue Sartre Higgs Organisational Grey NLP Positive Psychology Meta Programs Proctor Present-Present Design Spiral CRM Dynamics Integral Psychology SupervisionThursday 28 February 13
PRACTICE FINDING DIRECTION • Directive or non-directive • Personal-developmental or goal focused • Therapeutic or performance-driven • (Ives, Y, 2008, p 100).Thursday 28 February 13
Uniform Directive (Simple) Master (Sophisticated) Change driven, controlled, managed by top person Change driven, controlled managed by top person Simple theory of Change or a few rules of thumb Complex theory of change - lots of elements, drawing Small range of interventions used on more than two theorists, use of change models Few targets set Wide range of interventions used Little or no attention given to capacity development Capacity DevelopmentPredictable Unpredictable Change Change Self Assembly (DIY) Emergence Tightly set direction Few big rules and loosely set direction Limited capability and capacity development Lateral connections important Strategic direction but local adaptation Innovation and experimentation Use of tool kits and templates Emphasis on sense making and improvisation Differentiated Higgs and Wren 2005Thursday 28 February 13
QUESTIONS? Contact Details web: www.robsmale.co.za email: email@example.com cell: 082 552 6573 linkedin: Robert Smale blog: www.coachrobsa.wordpress.comThursday 28 February 13
Chapman, L. Integrated Experiential Coaching 2010 Dahlsgaard, Katherine, Peterson, Christopher and Seligman, Martin E. P. Shared Virtue: The Convergence of Valued Human Strengths Across Culture and History 2005 Deci, E.L. Why we do what we do 1995 Diener, Ed, Suh, Eunkook M., Lucas, Richard E. and Smith, Heidi L. Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress 1999 Fredrickson, Barbara L. The Role of Positive Emotions in Positive Psychology 2001 Grayling, A.C. Meditations for the Humanist 2002 Harris, S. The Moral landscape 2010 Henderson, Sheila J. Follow Your Bliss: A Process for Career Happiness 2000 Hinchliffe, Geoaffrey. Work and Human Flourishing 2004 Joseph Sirgy, M., Wu, Jiyun. The Pleasant Life, the Engaged Life, and the Meaningful Life: What about the Balanced Life? 2009 Lustein, David L. The Role of Work in Psychological Health and Well-Being 2008 Ryan, Richard M., Deci, Edward L. ON HAPPINESS AND HUMAN POTENTIALS: A Review of Research on Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being 2001 Sheldon, Kennon M., Lyubomirsky, Sonja. Achieving Sustainable Gains in Happiness: Change Your Actions, not Your Circumstances* 2006 Stout Rosteon, S. Business Coaching Wisdom and Practice 2009Thursday 28 February 13
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